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America in World History, ed. , v.
America in World History, ed. , v.

America in World History, ed. , v.

This book explores the core historical events, trends, and personalities from U.S. history within the context of global history and international relations.

American Countercultures, ed. , v.
American Countercultures, ed. , v.

American Countercultures, ed. , v.

This reference work examines the impact of countercultural movements on American social history, from colonial times to the present. It highlights the writings, recordings, and visual works produced by these movements to educate, inspire, and incite action throughout the nation's history. A–Z entries provide information on personalities, places, events, concepts, beliefs, groups, and practices.

American Immigration, ed. 2, v.
American Immigration, ed. 2, v.

American Immigration, ed. 2, v.

This reference work covers American immigration from both historical and contemporary perspectives, tracing the scope and sweep of U.S. immigration from the earliest settlement to the present day. Major immigrant groups are examined through analysis of social, legal, political, economic, and demographic factors. Hot-topic current issues and controversies—from amnesty to U.S. border security—are also covered.

American Presidential Campaigns and Elections, ed. , v.
American Presidential Campaigns and Elections, ed. , v.

American Presidential Campaigns and Elections, ed. , v.

This reference work provides coverage of every presidential election campaign in American history, from 1788-1789 through 2012. The section on each election includes profiles of the major candidates, maps and tables of the voting results, a chronology of key events, a selection of primary-source documents (speeches, party platforms, letters, songs, and the like), and recommended readings.

American Revolution Reference Library, ed. , v.
American Revolution Reference Library, ed. , v.

American Revolution Reference Library, ed. , v.

This 4-vol. set supplies the in-depth information about the American Revolution that students and researchers need for class assignments and reports.

Arts and Humanities Through the Eras, ed. , v.
Arts and Humanities Through the Eras, ed. , v.

Arts and Humanities Through the Eras, ed. , v.

Profiling milestones and movements in the arts, literature, music and religion from a specific period, each volume in this set helps students and researchers understand the various disciplines of the humanities in relation to each other, as well as to history and culture. An overview of the period and a chronology of major world events begin each volume.

Asian American History and Culture, ed. , v.
Asian American History and Culture, ed. , v.

Asian American History and Culture, ed. , v.

This encyclopedia examines the myriad ethnicities and histories that make up the Asian American population in the United States. It covers the political, social, and cultural history of immigrants from East Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Pacific Islands, and their descendents, as well as the social and cultural issues faced by Asian American communities, families, and individuals in contemporary society.

Booms and Busts, ed. , v.
Booms and Busts, ed. , v.

Booms and Busts, ed. , v.

This work covers events from Tulipmania in the 1630s to the U.S. economic stimulus package of 2009, introducing readers to underlying concepts, economic theories, recurring themes, major institutions, events, and notable figures, while addressing the historical precedents, causes, and longer-term effects of the current global economic crisis.

Civilizations and Societies, ed. , v.
Civilizations and Societies, ed. , v.

Civilizations and Societies, ed. , v.

This work presents the evolution of human society in five geographic regions (Africa, the Americas, Asia and the Pacific, Europe, and the Middle and Southwest Asia), from ancient to modern times. Articles cover specific nations and empires, peoples and cultures, political movements, economic ideas, and influential individuals in all regions and periods, with thematic entries covering developments in agriculture, arts, literature, science and technology, religion, and more.

Colonial America, ed. , v.
Colonial America, ed. , v.

Colonial America, ed. , v.

This book captures the people, institutions, ideas, and events that helped establish and define the United States of America. While it focuses on the thirteen British colonies along the Atlantic Coast, Colonial America sets this history in a larger context. Entries also cover Canada, the American Southwest and Mexico, and the Caribbean and Atlantic world as they impacted the history of the thirteen colonies.

Culture Wars in America, ed. 2, v.
Culture Wars in America, ed. 2, v.

Culture Wars in America, ed. 2, v.

Examines the history and relevance of the issues, events, controversies, personalities, groups, and concepts that have contributed to the political and social polarization of American society over recent decades.

Democratic, Republican, and Third Parties in America, ed. , v.
Democratic, Republican, and Third Parties in America, ed. , v.

Democratic, Republican, and Third Parties in America, ed. , v.

This book covers the history of major political parties in America, past and present; the organization, operation, and cultures of the two major parties and the party system; major party views on specific issues and legislative policies; notable 3rd parties and alternative political movements from the 18th to the 21st centuries; major party conventions and platforms; national election summaries; state party portraits and statistics; and political leaders.

Encyclopedia of American Folklife, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of American Folklife, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of American Folklife, ed. , v.

This encyclopedia explores the rich and varied cultural traditions of folklife in America. Entries cover major cities and urban centers; new and established immigrant groups as well as Native Americans; U.S. states and territories; social issues, such as education and intellectual property; and expressions of material culture, such as homes, dress, food, and crafts. It addresses religious groups and the diversity within them, diverse age groups, and contemporary folk groups.

Encyclopedia of American Social Movements, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of American Social Movements, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of American Social Movements, ed. , v.

This reference work examines significant social movements in American history, covering each movement’s goals, tactics, and effects, as well as its successes and failures. It also examines the interrelationships among different movements and how they shaped American politics, culture, and society. Also featured are biographical portraits of leaders and key figures of the nation’s social movements, as well as a variety of original documents.

Encyclopedia of Cancer, ed. 2, v.
Encyclopedia of Cancer, ed. 2, v.

Encyclopedia of Cancer, ed. 2, v.

Entries cover a variety of aspects of cancer such as oncology, immunology, epidemiology, gene therapy, oncogenes/tumor suppressor genes, and pharmacology. Includes advances occurring in the etiology, prevention, and treatment of cancer, from basic science to clinical application.

Encyclopedia of Conflicts Since World War II, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Conflicts Since World War II, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Conflicts Since World War II, ed. , v.

This reference presents descriptions and analyses of nearly 200 significant post–World War II conflicts around the globe. It highlights the conflicts that dominate today's headlines and the events that changed the course of late twentieth-century history.

Encyclopedia of Geography, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Geography, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Geography, ed. , v.

Reflects how the growth of geography has propelled a demand for intermediaries between the abstract language of academia and the ordinary language of everyday life. Covers a diverse array of topics to offer a comprehensive and useful summary of the state of the discipline in the early 21st century.

Encyclopedia of Modern Asia, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Modern Asia, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Modern Asia, ed. , v.

A six-volume survey of modern Asia, defined as extending from Japan in the east to Turkey in the west, and from Kazakhstan in the north to Indonesia in the south. Presents entries covering such subjects as countries, cities, regions, natural features, religions, social issues, languages, people, events, customs, politics, and economics.

Encyclopedia of World Trade, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of World Trade, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of World Trade, ed. , v.

This reference traces the historical and contemporary interaction of trade, commerce, and culture in detail, offering a complete account of the central role of commerce in world affairs. It examines the exchange of commodities, cultures, practices, technologies, and ideas between civilizations and nations from ancient times to the present.

Encyclopedia of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, ed. , v.

This reference provides definitive coverage of the social and cultural developments of the period, as well as its political and economic history. This work features hundreds of detailed entries on issues, events, people, and ideas, and includes original documents, sidebar features, and in-depth essays on major themes and developments.

Encyclopedia of the Great Depression and the New Deal, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of the Great Depression and the New Deal, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of the Great Depression and the New Deal, ed. , v.

This reference traces all the major political, economic, social, and cultural movements, as well as the principal events, people, and institutions, of the longest and most severe economic crisis in U.S. history.

Encyclopedia of the Jazz Age, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of the Jazz Age, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of the Jazz Age, ed. , v.

Extending from the end of World War I in 1918 to the Wall Street crash in 1929, the Jazz Age was a time of frenetic energy and unprecedented historical developments. This reference offers in-depth coverage of one of the most fascinating and widely studied periods in American history.

Global History, ed. , v.
Global History, ed. , v.

Global History, ed. , v.

This work recreates and analyzes pivotal encounters, exchanges, and conflicts between cultures and civilizations that profoundly influenced the course of human history. It covers all regions of the globe -- Asia, Africa, Europe, the Middle East, the Americas, and the Pacific -- and all time periods -- from the early trade networks of the Fertile Crescent in 10,000 B.C.E., through Columbus's arrival in the Americas in 1492, and up to the expansion of the World Wide Web.

Global Social Issues, ed. , v.
Global Social Issues, ed. , v.

Global Social Issues, ed. , v.

This reference provides essential, objective information that enables students to understand and evaluate the major challenges facing human society worldwide and to foster awareness and critical thinking as “global citizens” of the 21st century.

Latino History and Culture, ed. , v.
Latino History and Culture, ed. , v.

Latino History and Culture, ed. , v.

This reference work covers the varied national and ethnic groups that make up the Latino population. It explores issues such as labor, immigration, culture, health, education, political activism, art, literature, and family, as well as historical events and developments. A-Z entries cover eras, individuals, organizations and institutions, critical events in U.S. history and the impact of the Latino population, communities and ethnic groups, and key cities and regions.

Literature and Its Times Supplement 1, ed. , v.
Literature and Its Times Supplement 1, ed. , v.

Literature and Its Times Supplement 1, ed. , v.

Provides in-depth commentary on characters, themes, and the historical and social context of 300 most-studied literary works, including novels, plays, poems, speeches, and short stories, both international and American.

Literature and Its Times, ed. , v.
Literature and Its Times, ed. , v.

Literature and Its Times, ed. , v.

Provides in-depth commentary on characters, themes, and the historical and social context of 300 most-studied literary works, including novels, plays, poems, speeches, and short stories, both international and American.

Native Peoples of the World, ed. , v.
Native Peoples of the World, ed. , v.

Native Peoples of the World, ed. , v.

This work examines the world's indigenous peoples, their cultures, the countries in which they reside, and the issues that impact these groups. It highlights the complex relationships between native groups and the physical and social environments in which they live and provides historic and contemporary information on specific groups, countries, and issues.

Poetry for Students, ed. , v. 1
Poetry for Students, ed. , v. 1

Poetry for Students, ed. , v. 1

Features discussion and analysis of poems of all time periods, nations, and cultures. Provides an overview of the poem and discussion of its principal themes, images, form and construction.

Postwar America, ed. , v.
Postwar America, ed. , v.

Postwar America, ed. , v.

This reference work provides coverage of the developments in U.S. affairs from the outbreak of the Cold War to the early twenty-first century, as well as their far-reaching effects on the rest of the world. A-Z entries shed light on notable events, movements, organizations, geographical locations, concepts, and artistic, cultural, and scientific trends.

Reconstruction Era Reference Library, ed. , v.
Reconstruction Era Reference Library, ed. , v.

Reconstruction Era Reference Library, ed. , v.

The three-volume Reconstruction Era Reference Library provides targeted information on post-Civil War America, from the end of the war in 1865 to the Compromise of 1877.

Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library, ed. , v.
Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library, ed. , v.

Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library, ed. , v.

This resource brings the people and the events of the Renaissance and Reformation to life for today's students. Covering everything from Luther's Revolt to the writings of Shakespeare, the Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library fills the need for comprehensive coverage of this amazing time.

Science and Its Times, ed. , v.
Science and Its Times, ed. , v.

Science and Its Times, ed. , v.

The histories of science, technology, and mathematics merge with the study of humanities and social science in this interdisciplinary reference work. Essays on people, theories, discoveries, and concepts are combined with overviews, bibliographies of primary documents, and chronological elements to offer students a fascinating way to understand the impact of science on the course of human history and how science affects everyday life. Approximately 2,000 entries.

Social History of the United States, ed. , v.
Social History of the United States, ed. , v.

Social History of the United States, ed. , v.

Explores the social history of 20th-century America in detail, decade by decade, through the eyes of its everyday citizens.

Social Issues in America, ed. , v.
Social Issues in America, ed. , v.

Social Issues in America, ed. , v.

This work covers hotly contested social issues in America today—everything from abortion, academic freedom, and affirmative action to consumer debt, homeland security, illegal immigration, poverty and wealth, reproductive rights, and terrorism. Each entry discusses the historical origins of a particular debate or controversy; the means for dealing with it in the past; current perspectives and arguments; and the implications for society in the near- and long-term future.

Sports in America from Colonial Times to the Twenty-First Century, ed. , v.
Sports in America from Colonial Times to the Twenty-First Century, ed. , v.

Sports in America from Colonial Times to the Twenty-First Century, ed. , v.

This encyclopedia presents a social, cultural, and economic history of American sports from hunting, bowling, and skating in the 16th century to televised professional sports today. Nearly 400 articles examine historical and cultural aspects of leagues, teams, institutions, major competitions, the media and other related industries, as well as legal and social issues, economic factors, ethnic and racial participation, and the growth of institutions and venues.

The Civil War Era and Reconstruction, ed. , v.
The Civil War Era and Reconstruction, ed. , v.

The Civil War Era and Reconstruction, ed. , v.

This work focuses on non-military aspects of life from the attack on Fort Sumter in April 1861 to the end of Reconstruction in 1877, addressing themes and day-to-day events from multiple perspectives—Northerners and Southerners, slaves and freedmen; plantation owners and abolitionists; frontier settlers and factory workers; Native Americans, women, children, and immigrant groups--in politics, business, science, technology, medicine, family, religion, culture, and the arts.

The Early Republic and Antebellum America, ed. , v.
The Early Republic and Antebellum America, ed. , v.

The Early Republic and Antebellum America, ed. , v.

This reference work provides coverage of the struggles of the fledgling nation, including the creation and ratification of the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights, the War of 1812 and burning of Washington, the Indian Wars and Trail of Tears, the California Gold Rush, the rise of abolitionists and the Underground Railroad, and more.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, ed. 2, v.
The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, ed. 2, v.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, ed. 2, v.

The encyclopedia identifies 150 types of alternative medicine being practiced today, including reflexology, acupressure, acupuncture, chelation therapy, kinesiology, yoga, chiropractic, Feldenkrais, polarity therapy, detoxification, naturopathy, Chinese medicine, biofeedback, Ayurveda and osteopathy. For the practitioner or interested patient, there are current training requirements, listings of organizations, as well as descriptions of treatments.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer, ed. 2, v.
The Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer, ed. 2, v.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer, ed. 2, v.

Comprehensive survey of 120 cancers, cancer drugs, traditional and alternative treatments, side effects and diagnostic procedures.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Genetic Disorders, ed. 2, v.
The Gale Encyclopedia of Genetic Disorders, ed. 2, v.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Genetic Disorders, ed. 2, v.

Provides clear, complete information on genetic disorders, including conditions, tests, procedures, treatments and therapies, in articles that are both comprehensive and easy to understand in language accessible to laypersons.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, ed. 3, v.
The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, ed. 3, v.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, ed. 3, v.

Includes information on more than 1,600 medical disorders and concepts. Each article includes in-depth discussion of causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, procedures, and other related topics. Written for a general audience with an authoritative tone.

The Settlement of America, ed. , v.
The Settlement of America, ed. , v.

The Settlement of America, ed. , v.

This work focuses on the settlement of the frontier and expansion of U.S. territory from the Atlantic to Pacific Ocean. It provides the most current scholarship on America’s frontier movement over the course of three centuries. A multicultural approach allows students to consider frontier settlement from multiple perspectives—of explorers and settlers, trappers and traders, Native Americans, immigrants, and women.

UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.
UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.

UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.

Introduces the history of the United States from pre-Colonial America to the present day. Explores the timeline of America: its founders, key historical figures, wars, events, political environment, economy, and culture.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, ed. 2, v.
West's Encyclopedia of American Law, ed. 2, v.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, ed. 2, v.

Provides current information on more than 5,000 legal topics. Includes completely revised articles covering important issues, biographies, definitions of legal terms and more. Covers such high-profile topics as the Americans with Disabilities Act, capital punishment, domestic violence, gay and lesbian rights, and physician-assisted suicide.

World Food, ed. , v.
World Food, ed. , v.

World Food, ed. , v.

This reference brings a fresh social and cultural perspective to the global history of food, foodstuffs, diet, cuisine, and culinary exchange from primitive human society to contemporary times. Comprehensive in scope, this resource covers the evolution of food production, distribution, trade, nutrition, and health, as well as such contemporary global issues as famine and food aid, farm subsidies, food safety, genetic engineering, and the organic movement.

World History Encyclopedia, ed. , v.
World History Encyclopedia, ed. , v.

World History Encyclopedia, ed. , v.

Focuses on specific themes of human development across cultures era by era, providing the most in-depth, expansive presentation available of the development of humanity from a global perspective.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 1
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 1

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 1

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on major fiction, poetry and nonfiction from Latin America.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 2
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 2

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 2

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on major fiction, poetry and nonfiction from Africa.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 3
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 3

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 3

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on major fiction, poetry and nonfiction from Great Britain and Ireland, from the Celtic migrations to the Reform Bill.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 4
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 4

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 4

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on major fiction, poetry and nonfiction from Great Britain and Ireland, from the Victorian Era to the present.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 5
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 5

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 5

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on major fiction, poetry and nonfiction from Spain and Portugal.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 6
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 6

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 6

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on major fiction, poetry and nonfiction from the Middle East.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 7
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 7

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 7

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on major fiction, poetry and nonfiction from Italy.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 8
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 8

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 8

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on classical literature.

World Monarchies and Dynasties, ed. , v.
World Monarchies and Dynasties, ed. , v.

World Monarchies and Dynasties, ed. , v.

This reference includes nearly 1,000 articles, supported by an extensive collection of photos, maps, lists, sidebars, and other materials, provide a complete survey of major monarchies, ruling families, kingdoms, and empires around the world, past and present.

World Terrorism, ed. 2, v.
World Terrorism, ed. 2, v.

World Terrorism, ed. 2, v.

This reference offers the most complete and authoritative resource on one of the most critical issues in the world today. Articles cover the broad sweep of political violence throughout history; groups, causes, and incidents in countries and regions across the globe; underlying issues of definition and viewpoint; the tactics, methods, and aim of modern terrorists; and approaches to counter-terrorism.

History

America in World History, ed. , v.
America in World History, ed. , v.

America in World History, ed. , v.

This book explores the core historical events, trends, and personalities from U.S. history within the context of global history and international relations.

American Immigration, ed. 2, v.
American Immigration, ed. 2, v.

American Immigration, ed. 2, v.

This reference work covers American immigration from both historical and contemporary perspectives, tracing the scope and sweep of U.S. immigration from the earliest settlement to the present day. Major immigrant groups are examined through analysis of social, legal, political, economic, and demographic factors. Hot-topic current issues and controversies—from amnesty to U.S. border security—are also covered.

American Revolution Reference Library, ed. , v.
American Revolution Reference Library, ed. , v.

American Revolution Reference Library, ed. , v.

This 4-vol. set supplies the in-depth information about the American Revolution that students and researchers need for class assignments and reports.

Booms and Busts, ed. , v.
Booms and Busts, ed. , v.

Booms and Busts, ed. , v.

This work covers events from Tulipmania in the 1630s to the U.S. economic stimulus package of 2009, introducing readers to underlying concepts, economic theories, recurring themes, major institutions, events, and notable figures, while addressing the historical precedents, causes, and longer-term effects of the current global economic crisis.

Colonial America, ed. , v.
Colonial America, ed. , v.

Colonial America, ed. , v.

This book captures the people, institutions, ideas, and events that helped establish and define the United States of America. While it focuses on the thirteen British colonies along the Atlantic Coast, Colonial America sets this history in a larger context. Entries also cover Canada, the American Southwest and Mexico, and the Caribbean and Atlantic world as they impacted the history of the thirteen colonies.

Culture Wars in America, ed. 2, v.
Culture Wars in America, ed. 2, v.

Culture Wars in America, ed. 2, v.

Examines the history and relevance of the issues, events, controversies, personalities, groups, and concepts that have contributed to the political and social polarization of American society over recent decades.

Encyclopedia of Conflicts Since World War II, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Conflicts Since World War II, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Conflicts Since World War II, ed. , v.

This reference presents descriptions and analyses of nearly 200 significant post–World War II conflicts around the globe. It highlights the conflicts that dominate today's headlines and the events that changed the course of late twentieth-century history.

Encyclopedia of Modern Asia, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Modern Asia, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Modern Asia, ed. , v.

A six-volume survey of modern Asia, defined as extending from Japan in the east to Turkey in the west, and from Kazakhstan in the north to Indonesia in the south. Presents entries covering such subjects as countries, cities, regions, natural features, religions, social issues, languages, people, events, customs, politics, and economics.

Encyclopedia of World Trade, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of World Trade, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of World Trade, ed. , v.

This reference traces the historical and contemporary interaction of trade, commerce, and culture in detail, offering a complete account of the central role of commerce in world affairs. It examines the exchange of commodities, cultures, practices, technologies, and ideas between civilizations and nations from ancient times to the present.

Encyclopedia of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, ed. , v.

This reference provides definitive coverage of the social and cultural developments of the period, as well as its political and economic history. This work features hundreds of detailed entries on issues, events, people, and ideas, and includes original documents, sidebar features, and in-depth essays on major themes and developments.

Encyclopedia of the Great Depression and the New Deal, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of the Great Depression and the New Deal, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of the Great Depression and the New Deal, ed. , v.

This reference traces all the major political, economic, social, and cultural movements, as well as the principal events, people, and institutions, of the longest and most severe economic crisis in U.S. history.

Encyclopedia of the Jazz Age, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of the Jazz Age, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of the Jazz Age, ed. , v.

Extending from the end of World War I in 1918 to the Wall Street crash in 1929, the Jazz Age was a time of frenetic energy and unprecedented historical developments. This reference offers in-depth coverage of one of the most fascinating and widely studied periods in American history.

Global History, ed. , v.
Global History, ed. , v.

Global History, ed. , v.

This work recreates and analyzes pivotal encounters, exchanges, and conflicts between cultures and civilizations that profoundly influenced the course of human history. It covers all regions of the globe -- Asia, Africa, Europe, the Middle East, the Americas, and the Pacific -- and all time periods -- from the early trade networks of the Fertile Crescent in 10,000 B.C.E., through Columbus's arrival in the Americas in 1492, and up to the expansion of the World Wide Web.

Postwar America, ed. , v.
Postwar America, ed. , v.

Postwar America, ed. , v.

This reference work provides coverage of the developments in U.S. affairs from the outbreak of the Cold War to the early twenty-first century, as well as their far-reaching effects on the rest of the world. A-Z entries shed light on notable events, movements, organizations, geographical locations, concepts, and artistic, cultural, and scientific trends.

Reconstruction Era Reference Library, ed. , v.
Reconstruction Era Reference Library, ed. , v.

Reconstruction Era Reference Library, ed. , v.

The three-volume Reconstruction Era Reference Library provides targeted information on post-Civil War America, from the end of the war in 1865 to the Compromise of 1877.

Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library, ed. , v.
Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library, ed. , v.

Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library, ed. , v.

This resource brings the people and the events of the Renaissance and Reformation to life for today's students. Covering everything from Luther's Revolt to the writings of Shakespeare, the Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library fills the need for comprehensive coverage of this amazing time.

Social History of the United States, ed. , v.
Social History of the United States, ed. , v.

Social History of the United States, ed. , v.

Explores the social history of 20th-century America in detail, decade by decade, through the eyes of its everyday citizens.

The Civil War Era and Reconstruction, ed. , v.
The Civil War Era and Reconstruction, ed. , v.

The Civil War Era and Reconstruction, ed. , v.

This work focuses on non-military aspects of life from the attack on Fort Sumter in April 1861 to the end of Reconstruction in 1877, addressing themes and day-to-day events from multiple perspectives—Northerners and Southerners, slaves and freedmen; plantation owners and abolitionists; frontier settlers and factory workers; Native Americans, women, children, and immigrant groups--in politics, business, science, technology, medicine, family, religion, culture, and the arts.

The Early Republic and Antebellum America, ed. , v.
The Early Republic and Antebellum America, ed. , v.

The Early Republic and Antebellum America, ed. , v.

This reference work provides coverage of the struggles of the fledgling nation, including the creation and ratification of the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights, the War of 1812 and burning of Washington, the Indian Wars and Trail of Tears, the California Gold Rush, the rise of abolitionists and the Underground Railroad, and more.

The Settlement of America, ed. , v.
The Settlement of America, ed. , v.

The Settlement of America, ed. , v.

This work focuses on the settlement of the frontier and expansion of U.S. territory from the Atlantic to Pacific Ocean. It provides the most current scholarship on America’s frontier movement over the course of three centuries. A multicultural approach allows students to consider frontier settlement from multiple perspectives—of explorers and settlers, trappers and traders, Native Americans, immigrants, and women.

UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.
UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.

UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.

Introduces the history of the United States from pre-Colonial America to the present day. Explores the timeline of America: its founders, key historical figures, wars, events, political environment, economy, and culture.

World Food, ed. , v.
World Food, ed. , v.

World Food, ed. , v.

This reference brings a fresh social and cultural perspective to the global history of food, foodstuffs, diet, cuisine, and culinary exchange from primitive human society to contemporary times. Comprehensive in scope, this resource covers the evolution of food production, distribution, trade, nutrition, and health, as well as such contemporary global issues as famine and food aid, farm subsidies, food safety, genetic engineering, and the organic movement.

World History Encyclopedia, ed. , v.
World History Encyclopedia, ed. , v.

World History Encyclopedia, ed. , v.

Focuses on specific themes of human development across cultures era by era, providing the most in-depth, expansive presentation available of the development of humanity from a global perspective.

World Monarchies and Dynasties, ed. , v.
World Monarchies and Dynasties, ed. , v.

World Monarchies and Dynasties, ed. , v.

This reference includes nearly 1,000 articles, supported by an extensive collection of photos, maps, lists, sidebars, and other materials, provide a complete survey of major monarchies, ruling families, kingdoms, and empires around the world, past and present.

World Terrorism, ed. 2, v.
World Terrorism, ed. 2, v.

World Terrorism, ed. 2, v.

This reference offers the most complete and authoritative resource on one of the most critical issues in the world today. Articles cover the broad sweep of political violence throughout history; groups, causes, and incidents in countries and regions across the globe; underlying issues of definition and viewpoint; the tactics, methods, and aim of modern terrorists; and approaches to counter-terrorism.

Social Science

American Countercultures, ed. , v.
American Countercultures, ed. , v.

American Countercultures, ed. , v.

This reference work examines the impact of countercultural movements on American social history, from colonial times to the present. It highlights the writings, recordings, and visual works produced by these movements to educate, inspire, and incite action throughout the nation's history. A–Z entries provide information on personalities, places, events, concepts, beliefs, groups, and practices.

American Immigration, ed. 2, v.
American Immigration, ed. 2, v.

American Immigration, ed. 2, v.

This reference work covers American immigration from both historical and contemporary perspectives, tracing the scope and sweep of U.S. immigration from the earliest settlement to the present day. Major immigrant groups are examined through analysis of social, legal, political, economic, and demographic factors. Hot-topic current issues and controversies—from amnesty to U.S. border security—are also covered.

Booms and Busts, ed. , v.
Booms and Busts, ed. , v.

Booms and Busts, ed. , v.

This work covers events from Tulipmania in the 1630s to the U.S. economic stimulus package of 2009, introducing readers to underlying concepts, economic theories, recurring themes, major institutions, events, and notable figures, while addressing the historical precedents, causes, and longer-term effects of the current global economic crisis.

Civilizations and Societies, ed. , v.
Civilizations and Societies, ed. , v.

Civilizations and Societies, ed. , v.

This work presents the evolution of human society in five geographic regions (Africa, the Americas, Asia and the Pacific, Europe, and the Middle and Southwest Asia), from ancient to modern times. Articles cover specific nations and empires, peoples and cultures, political movements, economic ideas, and influential individuals in all regions and periods, with thematic entries covering developments in agriculture, arts, literature, science and technology, religion, and more.

Encyclopedia of American Social Movements, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of American Social Movements, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of American Social Movements, ed. , v.

This reference work examines significant social movements in American history, covering each movement’s goals, tactics, and effects, as well as its successes and failures. It also examines the interrelationships among different movements and how they shaped American politics, culture, and society. Also featured are biographical portraits of leaders and key figures of the nation’s social movements, as well as a variety of original documents.

Encyclopedia of Geography, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Geography, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Geography, ed. , v.

Reflects how the growth of geography has propelled a demand for intermediaries between the abstract language of academia and the ordinary language of everyday life. Covers a diverse array of topics to offer a comprehensive and useful summary of the state of the discipline in the early 21st century.

Global Social Issues, ed. , v.
Global Social Issues, ed. , v.

Global Social Issues, ed. , v.

This reference provides essential, objective information that enables students to understand and evaluate the major challenges facing human society worldwide and to foster awareness and critical thinking as “global citizens” of the 21st century.

Native Peoples of the World, ed. , v.
Native Peoples of the World, ed. , v.

Native Peoples of the World, ed. , v.

This work examines the world's indigenous peoples, their cultures, the countries in which they reside, and the issues that impact these groups. It highlights the complex relationships between native groups and the physical and social environments in which they live and provides historic and contemporary information on specific groups, countries, and issues.

Social Issues in America, ed. , v.
Social Issues in America, ed. , v.

Social Issues in America, ed. , v.

This work covers hotly contested social issues in America today—everything from abortion, academic freedom, and affirmative action to consumer debt, homeland security, illegal immigration, poverty and wealth, reproductive rights, and terrorism. Each entry discusses the historical origins of a particular debate or controversy; the means for dealing with it in the past; current perspectives and arguments; and the implications for society in the near- and long-term future.

Nation and World

American Countercultures, ed. , v.
American Countercultures, ed. , v.

American Countercultures, ed. , v.

This reference work examines the impact of countercultural movements on American social history, from colonial times to the present. It highlights the writings, recordings, and visual works produced by these movements to educate, inspire, and incite action throughout the nation's history. A–Z entries provide information on personalities, places, events, concepts, beliefs, groups, and practices.

American Presidential Campaigns and Elections, ed. , v.
American Presidential Campaigns and Elections, ed. , v.

American Presidential Campaigns and Elections, ed. , v.

This reference work provides coverage of every presidential election campaign in American history, from 1788-1789 through 2012. The section on each election includes profiles of the major candidates, maps and tables of the voting results, a chronology of key events, a selection of primary-source documents (speeches, party platforms, letters, songs, and the like), and recommended readings.

Civilizations and Societies, ed. , v.
Civilizations and Societies, ed. , v.

Civilizations and Societies, ed. , v.

This work presents the evolution of human society in five geographic regions (Africa, the Americas, Asia and the Pacific, Europe, and the Middle and Southwest Asia), from ancient to modern times. Articles cover specific nations and empires, peoples and cultures, political movements, economic ideas, and influential individuals in all regions and periods, with thematic entries covering developments in agriculture, arts, literature, science and technology, religion, and more.

Encyclopedia of American Folklife, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of American Folklife, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of American Folklife, ed. , v.

This encyclopedia explores the rich and varied cultural traditions of folklife in America. Entries cover major cities and urban centers; new and established immigrant groups as well as Native Americans; U.S. states and territories; social issues, such as education and intellectual property; and expressions of material culture, such as homes, dress, food, and crafts. It addresses religious groups and the diversity within them, diverse age groups, and contemporary folk groups.

Encyclopedia of American Social Movements, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of American Social Movements, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of American Social Movements, ed. , v.

This reference work examines significant social movements in American history, covering each movement’s goals, tactics, and effects, as well as its successes and failures. It also examines the interrelationships among different movements and how they shaped American politics, culture, and society. Also featured are biographical portraits of leaders and key figures of the nation’s social movements, as well as a variety of original documents.

Postwar America, ed. , v.
Postwar America, ed. , v.

Postwar America, ed. , v.

This reference work provides coverage of the developments in U.S. affairs from the outbreak of the Cold War to the early twenty-first century, as well as their far-reaching effects on the rest of the world. A-Z entries shed light on notable events, movements, organizations, geographical locations, concepts, and artistic, cultural, and scientific trends.

Social Issues in America, ed. , v.
Social Issues in America, ed. , v.

Social Issues in America, ed. , v.

This work covers hotly contested social issues in America today—everything from abortion, academic freedom, and affirmative action to consumer debt, homeland security, illegal immigration, poverty and wealth, reproductive rights, and terrorism. Each entry discusses the historical origins of a particular debate or controversy; the means for dealing with it in the past; current perspectives and arguments; and the implications for society in the near- and long-term future.

Sports in America from Colonial Times to the Twenty-First Century, ed. , v.
Sports in America from Colonial Times to the Twenty-First Century, ed. , v.

Sports in America from Colonial Times to the Twenty-First Century, ed. , v.

This encyclopedia presents a social, cultural, and economic history of American sports from hunting, bowling, and skating in the 16th century to televised professional sports today. Nearly 400 articles examine historical and cultural aspects of leagues, teams, institutions, major competitions, the media and other related industries, as well as legal and social issues, economic factors, ethnic and racial participation, and the growth of institutions and venues.

Law

American Presidential Campaigns and Elections, ed. , v.
American Presidential Campaigns and Elections, ed. , v.

American Presidential Campaigns and Elections, ed. , v.

This reference work provides coverage of every presidential election campaign in American history, from 1788-1789 through 2012. The section on each election includes profiles of the major candidates, maps and tables of the voting results, a chronology of key events, a selection of primary-source documents (speeches, party platforms, letters, songs, and the like), and recommended readings.

Democratic, Republican, and Third Parties in America, ed. , v.
Democratic, Republican, and Third Parties in America, ed. , v.

Democratic, Republican, and Third Parties in America, ed. , v.

This book covers the history of major political parties in America, past and present; the organization, operation, and cultures of the two major parties and the party system; major party views on specific issues and legislative policies; notable 3rd parties and alternative political movements from the 18th to the 21st centuries; major party conventions and platforms; national election summaries; state party portraits and statistics; and political leaders.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, ed. 2, v.
West's Encyclopedia of American Law, ed. 2, v.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, ed. 2, v.

Provides current information on more than 5,000 legal topics. Includes completely revised articles covering important issues, biographies, definitions of legal terms and more. Covers such high-profile topics as the Americans with Disabilities Act, capital punishment, domestic violence, gay and lesbian rights, and physician-assisted suicide.

Arts

Arts and Humanities Through the Eras, ed. , v.
Arts and Humanities Through the Eras, ed. , v.

Arts and Humanities Through the Eras, ed. , v.

Profiling milestones and movements in the arts, literature, music and religion from a specific period, each volume in this set helps students and researchers understand the various disciplines of the humanities in relation to each other, as well as to history and culture. An overview of the period and a chronology of major world events begin each volume.

Multicultural Studies

Asian American History and Culture, ed. , v.
Asian American History and Culture, ed. , v.

Asian American History and Culture, ed. , v.

This encyclopedia examines the myriad ethnicities and histories that make up the Asian American population in the United States. It covers the political, social, and cultural history of immigrants from East Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Pacific Islands, and their descendents, as well as the social and cultural issues faced by Asian American communities, families, and individuals in contemporary society.

Latino History and Culture, ed. , v.
Latino History and Culture, ed. , v.

Latino History and Culture, ed. , v.

This reference work covers the varied national and ethnic groups that make up the Latino population. It explores issues such as labor, immigration, culture, health, education, political activism, art, literature, and family, as well as historical events and developments. A-Z entries cover eras, individuals, organizations and institutions, critical events in U.S. history and the impact of the Latino population, communities and ethnic groups, and key cities and regions.

Medicine

Encyclopedia of Cancer, ed. 2, v.
Encyclopedia of Cancer, ed. 2, v.

Encyclopedia of Cancer, ed. 2, v.

Entries cover a variety of aspects of cancer such as oncology, immunology, epidemiology, gene therapy, oncogenes/tumor suppressor genes, and pharmacology. Includes advances occurring in the etiology, prevention, and treatment of cancer, from basic science to clinical application.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, ed. 2, v.
The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, ed. 2, v.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, ed. 2, v.

The encyclopedia identifies 150 types of alternative medicine being practiced today, including reflexology, acupressure, acupuncture, chelation therapy, kinesiology, yoga, chiropractic, Feldenkrais, polarity therapy, detoxification, naturopathy, Chinese medicine, biofeedback, Ayurveda and osteopathy. For the practitioner or interested patient, there are current training requirements, listings of organizations, as well as descriptions of treatments.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer, ed. 2, v.
The Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer, ed. 2, v.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer, ed. 2, v.

Comprehensive survey of 120 cancers, cancer drugs, traditional and alternative treatments, side effects and diagnostic procedures.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Genetic Disorders, ed. 2, v.
The Gale Encyclopedia of Genetic Disorders, ed. 2, v.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Genetic Disorders, ed. 2, v.

Provides clear, complete information on genetic disorders, including conditions, tests, procedures, treatments and therapies, in articles that are both comprehensive and easy to understand in language accessible to laypersons.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, ed. 3, v.
The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, ed. 3, v.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, ed. 3, v.

Includes information on more than 1,600 medical disorders and concepts. Each article includes in-depth discussion of causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, procedures, and other related topics. Written for a general audience with an authoritative tone.

Literature

Literature and Its Times Supplement 1, ed. , v.
Literature and Its Times Supplement 1, ed. , v.

Literature and Its Times Supplement 1, ed. , v.

Provides in-depth commentary on characters, themes, and the historical and social context of 300 most-studied literary works, including novels, plays, poems, speeches, and short stories, both international and American.

Literature and Its Times, ed. , v.
Literature and Its Times, ed. , v.

Literature and Its Times, ed. , v.

Provides in-depth commentary on characters, themes, and the historical and social context of 300 most-studied literary works, including novels, plays, poems, speeches, and short stories, both international and American.

Poetry for Students, ed. , v. 1
Poetry for Students, ed. , v. 1

Poetry for Students, ed. , v. 1

Features discussion and analysis of poems of all time periods, nations, and cultures. Provides an overview of the poem and discussion of its principal themes, images, form and construction.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 1
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 1

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 1

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on major fiction, poetry and nonfiction from Latin America.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 2
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 2

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 2

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on major fiction, poetry and nonfiction from Africa.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 3
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 3

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 3

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on major fiction, poetry and nonfiction from Great Britain and Ireland, from the Celtic migrations to the Reform Bill.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 4
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 4

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 4

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on major fiction, poetry and nonfiction from Great Britain and Ireland, from the Victorian Era to the present.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 5
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 5

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 5

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on major fiction, poetry and nonfiction from Spain and Portugal.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 6
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 6

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 6

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on major fiction, poetry and nonfiction from the Middle East.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 7
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 7

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 7

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on major fiction, poetry and nonfiction from Italy.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 8
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 8

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 8

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on classical literature.

Science

Science and Its Times, ed. , v.
Science and Its Times, ed. , v.

Science and Its Times, ed. , v.

The histories of science, technology, and mathematics merge with the study of humanities and social science in this interdisciplinary reference work. Essays on people, theories, discoveries, and concepts are combined with overviews, bibliographies of primary documents, and chronological elements to offer students a fascinating way to understand the impact of science on the course of human history and how science affects everyday life. Approximately 2,000 entries.