All Titles

African American Eras

Covers a different era of importance to African American culture and includes the events, lifestyles, social history, and key figures unique to that time; included are eyewitness accounts and primary documents.

African American Eras

Covers the time period of 1865 through 1965; topics include the arts, medicine and health, education, religion, government and politics, law, and trade related to the African American experience.

Alternative Energy

This three-volume set introduces students to issues surrounding both current energy sources and alternative energy options. While there is significant discussion of the non-renewable resources now used to meet the majority of the world's energy needs (oil, coal and natural gas), the primary focus of the set is on newer options to meet the ever-growing demand.

Alternative Energy, ed. 2

Introduces students to issues surrounding current energy sources and alternative energy options.

American Civil War Reference Library

American Civil War Reference Library offers comprehensive and wide ranging research options on this compelling era of American history. Material in each of the three titles has been reviewed by an independent advisory board for its curriculum relevance and its accessibility to students in grades 6-12.

American Decades

Cross-disciplinary source for junior and high school students and teachers, public librarians and general researchers who need to document and analyze periods of contemporary American social history (1900-1999).

American Decades

Covers everything from monumental events and groundbreaking individuals to the fascinating details of Americans' daily lives. Supports historical research in disciplines from the arts and business to law, medicine, technology and social trends.

American Decades Primary Sources

Cross-disciplinary source spanning the 20th century. Each volume in the set includes full or excerpted primary sources representing the seminal issues, themes, movements and events from a decade. Includes oral histories, songs, speeches, advertisements, TV, play and movie scripts, letters, laws, legal decisions, newspaper articles, cartoons, recipes, and more.

American Eras

Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to particular eras in U.S. history.

American Eras: Primary Sources, v. 1

Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the era of industrial development in U.S. history.

American Eras: Primary Sources, v. 2

Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the Civil War and Reconstruction Era in U.S. history.

American Eras: Primary Sources, v. 3

Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the Westward Expansion Era in U.S. history.

American Eras: Primary Sources, v. 4

Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the Reform Era and eastern United States development in U.S. history.

American Eras: Primary Sources, v. 5

Includes primary sources documenting events, publications, lifestyles, and individuals important to the early Republic period in U.S. History.

American Eras: Primary Sources, v. 6

Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the Revolutionary Era in U.S. history.

American Eras: Primary Sources, v. 7

Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the American colonial era.

American Eras: Primary Sources, v. 8

Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the era of early American civilizations and exploration before 1600.

American Home Front in World War II

Examines the effect of World War II on people living in America. The Almanac discusses major events on the home front, including the changing role of women, Civil Defense and the draft. Biographies highlights 26 key figures, such as John L. Lewis, J. Robert Oppenheimer and others. Primary Sources includes primary material from a variety of sources, including speeches, documents and other material.

American Revolution Reference Library

This 4-vol. set supplies the in-depth information about the American Revolution that students and researchers need for class assignments and reports.

American Social Reform Movements Reference Library

This four-volume set chronicles and illustrates movements from the American Revolution to the present day. Intended to help students successfully complete research and projects.

Ancient Civilizations Reference Library

The ancient civilizations of Iraq, Egypt, India, China, Central America and other regions are the focus of this remarkable contribution to student reference.

Biotechnology: Changing Life Through Science

Covers biotechnological applications ranging across medicine, agriculture, and industry. Devoted to helping younger students and general readers understand the fast-developing science and issues related to: advances in biotechnology, the science of molecular biology and genetics.

Bowling, Beatniks, and Bell-Bottoms, ed. 2

Covers the popular culture of the 20th Century and first decade of the 21st Century. Provides a cross-disciplinary source for junior and high school students and teachers, public librarians and general researchers who need a single, consistent reference to explore and analyze the social trends, events, and people that have impacted contemporary history.

Bowling, Beatniks, and Bell-Bottoms: Pop Culture of 20th-Century America

The hairstyles, slang terms, advertising jingles, pop music sensations, and all else described as popular culture is covered in this five-volume reference. Arranged chronologically by decade and by broad topics within each decade, this set focuses solely on the popular culture of the twentieth century, offering more detailed information on trends and fads than any other resource. Written specifically for students in grades 5 through 12.

CDs, Super Glue, and Salsa

Provides descriptions of household and high-interest products, step-by-step descriptions of manufacturing processes, and sidebars with additional information. Covers for each entry: why there was a need, who invented it, how it is made, what it is made of, and how it works. Includes photographs, illustrations and line drawings, and a glossary of definitions.

Checks and Balances: The Three Branches of the American Government

Presents easy to understand information about the inner workings of the federal government. Includes historical overviews and examinations of the day-to-day operations of each branch, as well as Constitutional duties and obligations of each branch, specifics related to eligibility, elections and appointments of key positions, changes since 1776, the future of each branch, and other topics. For student and general audiences.

Chemical Compounds

Offers information on the ways in which different chemical elements combine to form commonly-used chemical compounds, such as water, ammonia, and aspirin. Defines what a chemical compound actually is and the difference between organic and inorganic compounds, as well as providing definitions of acids, bases, salts, oxides, and coordination compounds. Features a general historical overview of major discoveries and the notable scientists who made them.

Chemical Elements, ed. 2

Provides in-depth information on 112 known chemical elements, plus coverage of recently discovered elements 113 through 116 and 118.

Cold War Reference Library

Covers the Cold War period between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II through 1989. Includes discussion of the historic causes of the tension and information on the lives and actions of major figures, such as Harry Truman, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin.

Colonial America Reference Library

The Colonial America Reference Library provides students with the comprehensive information on the Colonial American period they need to write reports and class assignments including biographical profiles and primary source documents.

Constitutional Amendments, ed. 2

Provides the history and social context of the amendment process, covering each of the 27 amendments. Significant issues, events, figures, movements and judicial/legislative actions in the history of each amendment are also covered chronologically.

Crime and Punishment in America Reference Library

Covering the evolution of the American criminal justice system throughout history, Crime and Punishment in America Reference Library explores everything from juvenile justice to organized crime.

Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library

In the second half of the 19th century, America transformed itself into an industrial power, ready to assume a dominant position on the world scene in the 20th century. The development of industrialization and the consumer society brought about opportunities for many Americans as part of an ever-growing middle class, but also resulted in environmental and social degradation that we continue to deal with at the present time.

Early Civilizations in the Americas Reference Library

This reference library provides a comprehensive overview of the history of the regions of the American continents in which two of the world's first civilizations developed: Mesoamerica (the name for the lands in which ancient civilizations arose in Central America and Mexico) and the Andes Mountains region of South America (in present-day Peru and parts of Bolivia, northern Argentina, and Ecuador).

Elizabethan World Reference Library

Provides background and information on the culture and history of the Elizabethan period, biographies of significant men and women of the time, and primary sources that represent some of the most significant and studied documents of the era.

Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, ed. 2

This reference work includes articles on the history, religion, cultural practices, and political economies of Muslims from the seventh-century in West Asia to today’s Muslim societies throughout the continents of Asia, Africa, the Subcontinent, Europe, and the Americas.

Encyclopedia of Management, ed. 7

Covers numerous topics in management theories and applications, such as aggregate planning, benchmarking, logistics, diversification strategy, non-traditional work arrangements, performance measurement, productivity measures, supply chain management, and much more.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2

A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, v. 24

A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, v. 25

A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, v. 26

A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, v. 27

A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, v. 28

A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, v. 29

A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, v. 30

A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, v. 31

A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

Endangered Species, ed. 2

Including the addition of 25 new species, this new 2nd edition is completely updated to reflect the changes in endangered and threatened status. Color photographs and maps provide further illustrate the many species threatened by extinction, including amphibians, birds, crustaceans, fish, insects, mammals, mollusks, reptiles, and more. Each entry gives a species description, location, reason for endangerment, and measures being taken to prevent it from extinction.

Epics for Students, ed. 2

Provides critical overviews of literary epics of all time periods, nations, and cultures. Includes discussions of themes, characters, literary traditions and cultural context.

Experiment Central, ed. 2

Provides examples of science projects and experiments that can be replicated for science fairs and other purposes, as well as suggestions on ways to design projects that investigate specific scientific topics and includes step-by-step descriptions of projects.

Fashion, Costume, and Culture: Clothing, Headwear, Body Decorations, and Footwear through the Ages

Provides a broad overview of costume traditions of diverse cultures from prehistoric times to the present day. Examines more than 430 items of human decoration and adornment, ranging from togas to turbans, necklaces to tennis shoes. Explores how and why items were created, the people who made them, and their uses. This set shows how clothing, headwear, body decorations, and footwear reflect the different cultural, religious, and societal beliefs.

French and Indian War

Contains historical overviews, biographical entries, and primary source material on the French and Indian War. Features include illustrations, maps, graphs and charts, photographs, and a further reading list. Designed for student and general audiences.

Gale Encyclopedia of Everyday Law, ed. 3

This encyclopedia fills a much-needed gap between legal texts focusing on the theory and history behind the law and more practical guides dealing with the law and its everyday effect upon its citizens. Containing approximately 200 articles, the Encyclopedia includes: brief descriptions of each issue's historical background, covering important statutes and cases; profiles of various U.S. laws and regulations; and details of how laws and regulations vary from state to state.

Gale Library of Daily Life

Provides historical information on the battlefield and homefront experience and the political, economic, social, and cultural life of the North and South during the War. Primary source documents in the form of first-person accounts, letters, diaries, journals, newspapers, and literature bring to life the experiences of the Union and Confederate participants and the people they left behind.

Gilded Age and Progressive Era Reference Library

Focuses on the significant social and culture changes that occurred in the years 1878-1913.

Great Depression and the New Deal Reference Library

Covers the failure of the U.S. economy and its gradual recovery, with special attention to the New Deal, as well as the global situation, including the rise of Hitler. The Almanac covers the era in 16 subject chapters. Biographies profiles 29 major figures of the period. Primary Sources features annotated excerpts from speeches, newspaper and magazine articles, literature, and other documents from the period. For middle school and general audiences.

Grzimek's Student Animal Life Resource

This resource book offers broad, comprehensive coverage of the animal kingdom, ranging from the simple -- sponges and corals -- to the complex -- mammals. Animals are grouped by major classifications: sponges; corals; jellyfishes; segmented worms; crustaceans and mollusks; insects; fishes; amphibians; reptiles; birds; and mammals.

Harlem Renaissance

This authoritative resource presents the people, places and times that defined an era and documents the launch of cultural development among African Americans in 1920s Harlem. This single volume contains almanac and biographies sections with primary source documents in sidebars throughout.

Industrial Revolution Reference Library

Covers the ideas and social turmoil that marked this transition as well as the machines, manufacturing processes and energy sources that spurred it on.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of Foods and Recipes of the World

This 4-vol. set provides comprehensive coverage of the foods and recipes from 70 representative countries and culture groups worldwide -- from Algeria to Zimbabwe.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of Foods and Recipes of the World, ed. 2

Provides comprehensive coverage of the foods and recipes from 70 representative countries and culture groups worldwide -- from Algeria to Zimbabwe. Entries provide 10-15 recipes for each group and include data on the agriculture and dietary habits of each group as well as an overview of each group's nutrition and health.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of Physical Geography

Includes information on physical properties and characteristics of nearly 200 countries. Designed specifically for students in grades 5-12.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Cities

Students will find everything they need to conduct thorough research on 50 cities from all over the world, including information on each city's history, neighborhoods, museums, parks, transportation, geography, holidays and festivals, population profiles and much more.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Cultures

An easy-to-use, systematic guide to the history and current status of more than 290 cultural groups outside the United States. In nine volumes, the Encyclopedia is intended to offer students background and current status on cultures of the countries they are most likely to study.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Cultures, ed. 2

A guide to the history and current status of numerous cultural groups outside the United States. Offer students background and current status on cultures of the countries they are most likely to study.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Holidays

Written for students in middle and high school, offering in-depth information on such holidays as Children's/Youth Day, Christmas (and related celebrations), Halloween and Festivals of the Dead, Hanukkah, Independence Day (Cinco de Mayo, Bastille Day, etc.), Kwanza, Yom Kippur, New Year celebrations and many others. 4 volume set.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Canadian Provinces, ed. 5

Provides information on Canada's provinces and territories. Includes details on Canada's arts, climate, government, health, languages, notable persons, and ethnic groups.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Mexican States, ed. 2

Presents profiles of the 31 states and the Distrito Federal (federal district) of Mexico. Topics include climate, plants and animals, population and ethnic groups, religions, transportation, history, state and local governments, political parties, judicial system, economy, education, arts, media, tourism, sports, famous people.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, ed. 5

Presents profiles of 194 countries of the world. Topics include climate, plants and animals, population and ethnic groups, religions, transportation, history, government, political parties, judicial system, economy, education, arts, media, tourism, and famous people.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, ed. 6

Presents profiles of 193 countries of the world. Topics include climate, plants and animals, population and ethnic groups, religions, transportation, history, government, political parties, judicial system, economy, education, arts, media, tourism, and famous people.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the States, ed. 5

Presents profiles of the 50 states of the nation, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the US dependencies. Topics include climate, plants and animals, population and ethnic groups, religions, transportation, history, state and local governments, political parties, judicial system, economy, education, arts, media, tourism, sports, famous people.

Korean War Reference Library

Covers the Korean War by exploring the major topics and events related to the period. The combined Almanac and Primary Sources covers the background of and issues related to the conflict in 13 chapters. Biographies includes 25 biographical entries on major figures from the period and 50 photographs.

Literary Movements for Students, ed. 2

Entries provide in-depth historical background information on each movement as well as modern critical interpretation of each movement's characteristic styles and themes.

Literary Newsmakers for Students, v. 3

Provides analysis and criticism of recent novels and other works of fiction, nonfiction, poetry and drama.

Mexican-American War

Covers the period from the U.S. annexation of Texas to the Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo (1848), including the battles of the conflict and also the mixed feelings of Americans regarding the war.

Middle Ages Reference Library

Covers the different civilizations and peoples of Medieval times; includes biographical essays on significant individuals of the era; and presents a collection of excerpts from relevant letters, journal entries, poems and more from the era.

Middle East Conflict Reference Library

Designed to meet the pressing need for a lucid, comprehensive and objective overview of the people, events and documents that are key to understanding the region.

Middle East Conflict, ed. 2

Provides a comprehensive and objective overview of the people, events, and documents that are key to understanding the complex relationships of the countries and cultures of the Middle East.

Pirates Through the Ages Reference Library

Explores the history of piracy from ancient times to the present day. Topics include piracy in antiquity and the Middle Ages, the golden age of piracy in the Caribbean, female pirates, the pirate code of conduct and pirate slang, strongholds and hideouts, ships, weaponry, and sea battles, pirates in literature and film, and modern maritime piracy.

Prejudice in the Modern World Reference Library

Explores the many different types of prejudice, their history, what causes these prejudices in people and societies, and their consequences. Presents profiles of diverse and unique men and women who played key roles in the history of prejudice. Excerpted documents tell various stories in the words of the people who fought prejudice, acted out prejudices, and those who were the victims of prejudice.

Reconstruction Era Reference Library

The three-volume Reconstruction Era Reference Library provides targeted information on post-Civil War America, from the end of the war in 1865 to the Compromise of 1877.

Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library

This resource brings the people and the events of the Renaissance and Reformation to life for today's students. Covering everything from Luther's Revolt to the writings of Shakespeare, the Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library fills the need for comprehensive coverage of this amazing time.

Roaring Twenties Reference Library

The Roaring Twenties Reference Library chronicles and illustrates a time of great social change in everything from fashion to music to politics.

Science and Its Times

The histories of science, technology, and mathematics merge with the study of humanities and social science in this interdisciplinary reference work. Essays on people, theories, discoveries, and concepts are combined with overviews, bibliographies of primary documents, and chronological elements to offer students a fascinating way to understand the impact of science on the course of human history and how science affects everyday life. Approximately 2,000 entries.

Scribner Writers Online Series

Bio-critical essays on the lives and works of more than 1,400 important authors from around the world. Entries include concise essays, citations, and biographical information that places the author's work in personal and historical context.

Shakespeare for Students, ed. 2

Collection of essays by Shakespeare scholars that have been selected for students at the high school or undergraduate college level. Each entry includes an introduction; a plot synopsis; a character list; a discussion of the work's principal themes; information about the style and literary devices used; a conversation about the work's historical context; and a critical overview.

Shaping of America, 1783-1815 Reference Library

This collection chronicles and illustrates the important period between 1783-1815 when America forged its place at home and on the international stage.

Space Exploration Reference Library

From Chinese rockets of the 11th century to the latest developments in modern space travel, the four-volume Space Exploration Reference Library provides a wealth of information on this still-emerging science.

Spanish-American War

Covers the underlying causes of the Spanish American war, the battles, and the resolution of the conflict with the signing of the Treaty of Paris.

St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, ed. 2

Includes more than 3,036 signed essays (300 of them new), alphabetically arranged, and written or reviewed by subject experts and edited to form a consistent, readable, and straightforward reference. Entries cover topics and persons in major areas of popular culture: film; music; print culture; social life; sports; television and radio; and art and performance (which include theater, dance, stand-up comedy, and other live performance).

Supreme Court Drama, ed. 2

Profiles major U.S. Supreme Court decisions that have made a significant impact on American society. Each volume is organized by broad legal principles such as individual liberties, criminal justice and family law, equal protection and civil rights, and business and government law. Within this framework, case entries are arranged under the more specific legal issue to which they relate, such as affirmative action, capital punishment, freedom of speech, and monopolies.

Television in American Society Reference Library

Focused on a popular topic, this exciting collection gives students and teachers substantial material for discussion and research. The three-volume set shows how television has reflected and influenced American society and culture throughout its history, covering both positive and negative effects.

Terrorism Reference Library

This 3-vol. set provides students with an understanding of the complex issue of global terrorism.

The Crusades Reference Library

The three-volume The Crusades covers everything from the First Crusade (1095-99) through the Ninth Crusade (1271-72).

The Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer, ed. 4

Comprehensive survey of cancers, cancer drugs, traditional and alternative treatments, side effects and diagnostic procedures.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Children's Health, ed. 3

Provides in-depth coverage of pediatric diseases and disorders, along with issues related to physical, cognitive and behavioral development. Covers every major body system. There is a distinct emphasis on health issues affecting children under the age of four.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, ed. 4

Includes information on more than 1,700 medical disorders and concepts. Each article includes in-depth discussion of causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, procedures, and other related topics. Written for a general audience with an authoritative tone.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, ed. 5

Includes information on almost 2,000 medical disorders and concepts. Each article includes in-depth discussion of causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, procedures, and other related topics. Written for a general audience with an authoritative tone.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Pregnancy and Childbirth

This encyclopedia is a source for medical information that covers common and rare disease and medical conditions, immunizations and drugs, procedures, and developmental issues related to pregnancy and childbirth. It particularly addresses women’s concerns about their health and their children’s health from before birth through age 18.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Prescription Drugs

This encyclopedia features entries on the most commonly prescribed drugs. It describes potential side effects, drug and food interactions, recommended dosages, and warnings/precautions.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology, ed. 3

This resource covers the entire spectrum of psychology, including: notable people, theories and terms; landmark case studies and experiments; applications of psychology in advertising, medicine and sports; and career information.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Science, ed. 4

Covers all major areas of science, engineering, technology, as well as mathematics and the medical and health sciences, while providing a comprehensive overview of current scientific knowledge and technology. Entries typically describe scientific concepts, provide overviews of scientific areas and, in some cases, define terms.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Senior Health, ed. 2

Covers various issues related to one's aging body, how diseases affect it, and treatment options, including medications, for said diseases for this population. Also includes topics specific to the aging population, but beyond descriptions of medical diagnoses.

The Sixties in America Reference Library

The Sixties in America Reference Library presents a broad overview of the turbulent 1960s, a decade that forever changed the American social, political and cultural landscape.

Twayne's Authors Series

Twayne's is devoted to literary critical interpretation and discussion. It offers in-depth critical introductions to the lives and works of major writers of the world, including close analysis of key works. It provides insightful and original commentary on the history and influence of literary movements.

U.S. Immigration and Migration Reference Library

Chronicles and interpretations of the phenomenal waves of immigration to the United States from the earliest times through the period from 1820 to 1930, when the United States was the destination of some 60% of the world's immigrants -- up to the present day, when restrictive policies have temporarily stanched the flow of immigrants.

UXL American Decades

This series covers 20th-century events and social history beginning in 1900 and ending in 1999, written expressly for middle school students. Each decade is covered in one volume. Topics for each decade include: Headline Makers, Topics in the News, Arts and Entertainment, Business and the Economy, Education, Government, Politics, and Law, Lifestyles and Social Trends, Medicine and Health, Science and Technology, and Sports.

UXL American Decades

A cross-disciplinary source for a single, consistent reference to document and analyze periods of contemporary American social history. Covers the first decade of the 21st Century and includes key events and social history.

UXL Complete Health Resource

Covers the causes symptoms, diagnoses, tests, treatments and prognoses of health problems; the main systems of the human body, including the circulatory system, the endocrine system, special senses and much more; and a detailed examination of nutrition, and medical and mental health issues.

UXL Complete Life Science Resource

Features alphabetically arranged entries on theories, concepts, and scientific discoveries and developments pertinent to the study of life science in schools today. Also featured is a chronology of discoveries and a report topic section that suggests a range of research topics and experiment ideas.

UXL Encyclopedia of Biomes, ed. 2

Offers detailed comparative essays on major biomes and their component ecosystems. Includes entries on land biomes and water biomes and covers climate, elevation, soil, water bodies, vegetation, animal life, food web, plant and animal adaptations, endangered species, human effects on the biome and the effects of the environment on humans' culture and economy.

UXL Encyclopedia of Diseases and Disorders

Contains numerous entries on medical conditions, from avian flu to warts. Entries cover infectious diseases, injuries, genetic disorders, and others.

UXL Encyclopedia of Drugs and Addictive Substances

Provides detailed information on 52 drugs and other addictive substances, defined as illegal drugs, legal addictive drugs and other substances as well as commonly abused classes of prescription and over-the-counter drugs. Statistics highlight each entry and sidebars provide information on the legal, historical or social aspects of the particular drug. Difficult words are defined within the text. Appropriate for middle school students.

UXL Encyclopedia of Landforms and Other Geologic Features

Focuses on the physical and geological aspects, structure, and features of 48 of the earth's landforms - what they are, how they look, how they were created, how they change over time, and major geological events associated with them. Written for middle school students to support earth science and landform-related assignments, alphabetically arranged entries follow a standard and consistent subheaded format; and range in length from 9 to 11 pages.

UXL Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes, ed. 2

Provides detailed studies of tribes from all over the United States and Canada, including small tribes and some that no longer exist. Gives detailed yet accessible information on history, religion, art, government, economy, daily life and current social and political issues.

UXL Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes, ed. 3

Provides detailed studies of tribes from all over the United States and Canada, including small tribes and some that no longer exist. Gives detailed yet accessible information on history, religion, art, government, economy, daily life and current social and political issues.

UXL Encyclopedia of Science, ed. 2

This alphabetically organized set opens up the entire world of science in clear, nontechnical language. Topics profiled are related to the physical, life, and earth sciences, as well as to math, psychology, engineering, technology, and the environment.

UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History

Introduces the history of the United States from pre-Colonial America to the present day. Explores the timeline of America: its founders, key historical figures, wars, events, political environment, economy, and culture.

UXL Encyclopedia of Water Science

This encyclopedia explores water science and issues from an international perspective. Topics covered include lakes and streams, oceans, aquatic animals, weather and climate, glaciers, wetlands, ecology, hydropower, commercial fishing, acid rain, recreation, pollution, economics, water conservation, international water law, global warming and much more.

UXL Encyclopedia of Weather and Natural Disasters

Introduces students to the topic of weather and natural disasters, covering such topics as weather basics, weather phenomena, forecasting, and climate. Provides information on the scientific aspects of various types of disasters including: blizzards, earthquakes, flooding, tornadoes, volcanoes, and wildfires.

UXL Encyclopedia of World Biography

Features biographies of notable historic and current figures from American history, world history, literature, science and math, arts and entertainment, and the social sciences. Entries focus on the people most often studied in middle and high school.

UXL Encyclopedia of World Mythology

Entry topics include gods and goddesses; heroes and other key characters; motifs and global themes; major myths; and national or cultural mythologies. Coverage spans a diversity of cultures, including standard Greek/Roman entries as well as Native North and South American traditions, Norse mythology, Asian Pacific mythology, Judeo-Christian tradition, and Islamic and Hindu mythologies.

UXL Graphic Novelists

Graphic novels -- novels merging pictures and rich language to create a unique experience of literature and art -- are enjoying a renewed popularity, especially with students and young adults. U·X·L's Graphic Novelists introduces researchers to the authors and illustrators behind these works, taking care to define and explore the distinction between comic books and graphic novels.

UXL Newsmakers, vol. 1-4

Covers prominent personalities active on the current scene, including people making headlines in all fields. Entries biographical profiles, career summaries and other facts.

UXL Newsmakers, vol. 5-6

Covers prominent personalities active on the current scene, including people making headlines in all fields. Entries biographical profiles, career summaries and other facts.

Vietnam War Reference Library

This title traces the progression of this controversial war from its beginnings in 1941 with the creation of the Vietminh guerrilla force under Ho Chi Minh, through its last days in 1975 with the fall of Saigon. It covers high ranking government officials both foreign and domestic, antiwar activists, and soldiers and provides a variety of perspectives on the country's involvement in the war with excerpts from screenplays, literature, speeches and hearing testimonies.

War in the Persian Gulf Reference Library

Triggered by its invasion of Kuwait, Iraq was pitted against a 32-nation coalition of forces commanded by Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf, whose air attacks led the way for a ground war that met with success in less than four days.

War of 1812

This concise resource covers the War of 1812 by providing a detailed overview of an often overlooked war.

Westward Expansion Reference Library

This 3-vol. set features volumes dedicated to events, people and insightful primary sources that present an objective yet entertaining look at frontier life.

Witchcraft in America

This fascinating and informative source covers the history of witchcraft in the United States from the hysteria that facilitated the witch hunts during the colonial period to modern day followers of Wicca.

World Eras, v. 1

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of the European Renaissance and Reformation, 1350-1600.

World Eras, v. 10

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of West African kingdoms, 500-1590.

World Eras, v. 2

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of the rise and spread of Islam, 622-1500.

World Eras, v. 3

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of the Roman Republic and Empire, 264 B.C.E.-476 C.E.

World Eras, v. 4

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of medieval Europe, 814-1350.

World Eras, v. 5

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of ancient Egypt, 2615-332 B.C.E.

World Eras, v. 6

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of classical Greek civilization, 800-323 B.C.E.

World Eras, v. 7

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of imperial China, 617-1644.

World Eras, v. 8

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of ancient Mesopotamia, 3300-331 B.C.E.

World Eras, v. 9

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of the Industrial Revolution in Europe, 1750-1914.

World Religions Reference Library

A thorough, objective resource covering the history, traditions and worldviews of dominant and less prominent religions and their sects and offshoots.

World War I Reference Library

Covers major topics related to the period, including the roots of the war; causes of U.S. involvement; the Espionage Act and Sedition Act; weapons of mass destruction; and more. Profiles the major players of the period, including Woodrow Wilson, Kaiser Wilhelm II, John Pershing, and Henri-Philippe Petain. Presents full or excerpted primary source materials, including diaries, speeches, letters, journals and memoirs.

World War II Reference Library

Provides background and information on major topics about the World War II period, biographies of significant men and women involved in the war, and primary sources such as full or excerpted speeches, diary entries, newspaper accounts and other original documents.

Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life, ed. 3

Covers cultural groups in Asia, Europe, the Americas and Africa. Each volume is organized by continent, covering history, politics, customs, religion, education, human rights issues, teen life, and more.

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the States, ed. 8

Details current geographical, social, and political data, historical narrative, and statistical information on the 50 states, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and Caribbean and Pacific dependencies of the United States. Maps, tables, flags and official state seals are included.

Multicultural Studies

African American Eras

Covers a different era of importance to African American culture and includes the events, lifestyles, social history, and key figures unique to that time; included are eyewitness accounts and primary documents.

African American Eras

Covers the time period of 1865 through 1965; topics include the arts, medicine and health, education, religion, government and politics, law, and trade related to the African American experience.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Cultures

An easy-to-use, systematic guide to the history and current status of more than 290 cultural groups outside the United States. In nine volumes, the Encyclopedia is intended to offer students background and current status on cultures of the countries they are most likely to study.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Cultures, ed. 2

A guide to the history and current status of numerous cultural groups outside the United States. Offer students background and current status on cultures of the countries they are most likely to study.

UXL Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes, ed. 2

Provides detailed studies of tribes from all over the United States and Canada, including small tribes and some that no longer exist. Gives detailed yet accessible information on history, religion, art, government, economy, daily life and current social and political issues.

UXL Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes, ed. 3

Provides detailed studies of tribes from all over the United States and Canada, including small tribes and some that no longer exist. Gives detailed yet accessible information on history, religion, art, government, economy, daily life and current social and political issues.

Science

Alternative Energy

This three-volume set introduces students to issues surrounding both current energy sources and alternative energy options. While there is significant discussion of the non-renewable resources now used to meet the majority of the world's energy needs (oil, coal and natural gas), the primary focus of the set is on newer options to meet the ever-growing demand.

Alternative Energy, ed. 2

Introduces students to issues surrounding current energy sources and alternative energy options.

Biotechnology: Changing Life Through Science

Covers biotechnological applications ranging across medicine, agriculture, and industry. Devoted to helping younger students and general readers understand the fast-developing science and issues related to: advances in biotechnology, the science of molecular biology and genetics.

CDs, Super Glue, and Salsa

Provides descriptions of household and high-interest products, step-by-step descriptions of manufacturing processes, and sidebars with additional information. Covers for each entry: why there was a need, who invented it, how it is made, what it is made of, and how it works. Includes photographs, illustrations and line drawings, and a glossary of definitions.

Chemical Compounds

Offers information on the ways in which different chemical elements combine to form commonly-used chemical compounds, such as water, ammonia, and aspirin. Defines what a chemical compound actually is and the difference between organic and inorganic compounds, as well as providing definitions of acids, bases, salts, oxides, and coordination compounds. Features a general historical overview of major discoveries and the notable scientists who made them.

Chemical Elements, ed. 2

Provides in-depth information on 112 known chemical elements, plus coverage of recently discovered elements 113 through 116 and 118.

Experiment Central, ed. 2

Provides examples of science projects and experiments that can be replicated for science fairs and other purposes, as well as suggestions on ways to design projects that investigate specific scientific topics and includes step-by-step descriptions of projects.

Grzimek's Student Animal Life Resource

This resource book offers broad, comprehensive coverage of the animal kingdom, ranging from the simple -- sponges and corals -- to the complex -- mammals. Animals are grouped by major classifications: sponges; corals; jellyfishes; segmented worms; crustaceans and mollusks; insects; fishes; amphibians; reptiles; birds; and mammals.

Science and Its Times

The histories of science, technology, and mathematics merge with the study of humanities and social science in this interdisciplinary reference work. Essays on people, theories, discoveries, and concepts are combined with overviews, bibliographies of primary documents, and chronological elements to offer students a fascinating way to understand the impact of science on the course of human history and how science affects everyday life. Approximately 2,000 entries.

Space Exploration Reference Library

From Chinese rockets of the 11th century to the latest developments in modern space travel, the four-volume Space Exploration Reference Library provides a wealth of information on this still-emerging science.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Science, ed. 4

Covers all major areas of science, engineering, technology, as well as mathematics and the medical and health sciences, while providing a comprehensive overview of current scientific knowledge and technology. Entries typically describe scientific concepts, provide overviews of scientific areas and, in some cases, define terms.

UXL Complete Life Science Resource

Features alphabetically arranged entries on theories, concepts, and scientific discoveries and developments pertinent to the study of life science in schools today. Also featured is a chronology of discoveries and a report topic section that suggests a range of research topics and experiment ideas.

UXL Encyclopedia of Biomes, ed. 2

Offers detailed comparative essays on major biomes and their component ecosystems. Includes entries on land biomes and water biomes and covers climate, elevation, soil, water bodies, vegetation, animal life, food web, plant and animal adaptations, endangered species, human effects on the biome and the effects of the environment on humans' culture and economy.

UXL Encyclopedia of Science, ed. 2

This alphabetically organized set opens up the entire world of science in clear, nontechnical language. Topics profiled are related to the physical, life, and earth sciences, as well as to math, psychology, engineering, technology, and the environment.

UXL Encyclopedia of Weather and Natural Disasters

Introduces students to the topic of weather and natural disasters, covering such topics as weather basics, weather phenomena, forecasting, and climate. Provides information on the scientific aspects of various types of disasters including: blizzards, earthquakes, flooding, tornadoes, volcanoes, and wildfires.

Environment

Alternative Energy

This three-volume set introduces students to issues surrounding both current energy sources and alternative energy options. While there is significant discussion of the non-renewable resources now used to meet the majority of the world's energy needs (oil, coal and natural gas), the primary focus of the set is on newer options to meet the ever-growing demand.

Alternative Energy, ed. 2

Introduces students to issues surrounding current energy sources and alternative energy options.

Endangered Species, ed. 2

Including the addition of 25 new species, this new 2nd edition is completely updated to reflect the changes in endangered and threatened status. Color photographs and maps provide further illustrate the many species threatened by extinction, including amphibians, birds, crustaceans, fish, insects, mammals, mollusks, reptiles, and more. Each entry gives a species description, location, reason for endangerment, and measures being taken to prevent it from extinction.

Grzimek's Student Animal Life Resource

This resource book offers broad, comprehensive coverage of the animal kingdom, ranging from the simple -- sponges and corals -- to the complex -- mammals. Animals are grouped by major classifications: sponges; corals; jellyfishes; segmented worms; crustaceans and mollusks; insects; fishes; amphibians; reptiles; birds; and mammals.

UXL Encyclopedia of Biomes, ed. 2

Offers detailed comparative essays on major biomes and their component ecosystems. Includes entries on land biomes and water biomes and covers climate, elevation, soil, water bodies, vegetation, animal life, food web, plant and animal adaptations, endangered species, human effects on the biome and the effects of the environment on humans' culture and economy.

UXL Encyclopedia of Landforms and Other Geologic Features

Focuses on the physical and geological aspects, structure, and features of 48 of the earth's landforms - what they are, how they look, how they were created, how they change over time, and major geological events associated with them. Written for middle school students to support earth science and landform-related assignments, alphabetically arranged entries follow a standard and consistent subheaded format; and range in length from 9 to 11 pages.

UXL Encyclopedia of Water Science

This encyclopedia explores water science and issues from an international perspective. Topics covered include lakes and streams, oceans, aquatic animals, weather and climate, glaciers, wetlands, ecology, hydropower, commercial fishing, acid rain, recreation, pollution, economics, water conservation, international water law, global warming and much more.

UXL Encyclopedia of Weather and Natural Disasters

Introduces students to the topic of weather and natural disasters, covering such topics as weather basics, weather phenomena, forecasting, and climate. Provides information on the scientific aspects of various types of disasters including: blizzards, earthquakes, flooding, tornadoes, volcanoes, and wildfires.

History

American Civil War Reference Library

American Civil War Reference Library offers comprehensive and wide ranging research options on this compelling era of American history. Material in each of the three titles has been reviewed by an independent advisory board for its curriculum relevance and its accessibility to students in grades 6-12.

American Decades

Cross-disciplinary source for junior and high school students and teachers, public librarians and general researchers who need to document and analyze periods of contemporary American social history (1900-1999).

American Decades

Covers everything from monumental events and groundbreaking individuals to the fascinating details of Americans' daily lives. Supports historical research in disciplines from the arts and business to law, medicine, technology and social trends.

American Decades Primary Sources

Cross-disciplinary source spanning the 20th century. Each volume in the set includes full or excerpted primary sources representing the seminal issues, themes, movements and events from a decade. Includes oral histories, songs, speeches, advertisements, TV, play and movie scripts, letters, laws, legal decisions, newspaper articles, cartoons, recipes, and more.

American Eras

Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to particular eras in U.S. history.

American Eras: Primary Sources, v. 1

Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the era of industrial development in U.S. history.

American Eras: Primary Sources, v. 2

Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the Civil War and Reconstruction Era in U.S. history.

American Eras: Primary Sources, v. 3

Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the Westward Expansion Era in U.S. history.

American Eras: Primary Sources, v. 4

Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the Reform Era and eastern United States development in U.S. history.

American Eras: Primary Sources, v. 5

Includes primary sources documenting events, publications, lifestyles, and individuals important to the early Republic period in U.S. History.

American Eras: Primary Sources, v. 6

Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the Revolutionary Era in U.S. history.

American Eras: Primary Sources, v. 7

Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the American colonial era.

American Eras: Primary Sources, v. 8

Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the era of early American civilizations and exploration before 1600.

American Home Front in World War II

Examines the effect of World War II on people living in America. The Almanac discusses major events on the home front, including the changing role of women, Civil Defense and the draft. Biographies highlights 26 key figures, such as John L. Lewis, J. Robert Oppenheimer and others. Primary Sources includes primary material from a variety of sources, including speeches, documents and other material.

American Revolution Reference Library

This 4-vol. set supplies the in-depth information about the American Revolution that students and researchers need for class assignments and reports.

American Social Reform Movements Reference Library

This four-volume set chronicles and illustrates movements from the American Revolution to the present day. Intended to help students successfully complete research and projects.

Ancient Civilizations Reference Library

The ancient civilizations of Iraq, Egypt, India, China, Central America and other regions are the focus of this remarkable contribution to student reference.

Bowling, Beatniks, and Bell-Bottoms, ed. 2

Covers the popular culture of the 20th Century and first decade of the 21st Century. Provides a cross-disciplinary source for junior and high school students and teachers, public librarians and general researchers who need a single, consistent reference to explore and analyze the social trends, events, and people that have impacted contemporary history.

Bowling, Beatniks, and Bell-Bottoms: Pop Culture of 20th-Century America

The hairstyles, slang terms, advertising jingles, pop music sensations, and all else described as popular culture is covered in this five-volume reference. Arranged chronologically by decade and by broad topics within each decade, this set focuses solely on the popular culture of the twentieth century, offering more detailed information on trends and fads than any other resource. Written specifically for students in grades 5 through 12.

Cold War Reference Library

Covers the Cold War period between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II through 1989. Includes discussion of the historic causes of the tension and information on the lives and actions of major figures, such as Harry Truman, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin.

Colonial America Reference Library

The Colonial America Reference Library provides students with the comprehensive information on the Colonial American period they need to write reports and class assignments including biographical profiles and primary source documents.

Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library

In the second half of the 19th century, America transformed itself into an industrial power, ready to assume a dominant position on the world scene in the 20th century. The development of industrialization and the consumer society brought about opportunities for many Americans as part of an ever-growing middle class, but also resulted in environmental and social degradation that we continue to deal with at the present time.

Early Civilizations in the Americas Reference Library

This reference library provides a comprehensive overview of the history of the regions of the American continents in which two of the world's first civilizations developed: Mesoamerica (the name for the lands in which ancient civilizations arose in Central America and Mexico) and the Andes Mountains region of South America (in present-day Peru and parts of Bolivia, northern Argentina, and Ecuador).

Elizabethan World Reference Library

Provides background and information on the culture and history of the Elizabethan period, biographies of significant men and women of the time, and primary sources that represent some of the most significant and studied documents of the era.

Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, ed. 2

This reference work includes articles on the history, religion, cultural practices, and political economies of Muslims from the seventh-century in West Asia to today’s Muslim societies throughout the continents of Asia, Africa, the Subcontinent, Europe, and the Americas.

Fashion, Costume, and Culture: Clothing, Headwear, Body Decorations, and Footwear through the Ages

Provides a broad overview of costume traditions of diverse cultures from prehistoric times to the present day. Examines more than 430 items of human decoration and adornment, ranging from togas to turbans, necklaces to tennis shoes. Explores how and why items were created, the people who made them, and their uses. This set shows how clothing, headwear, body decorations, and footwear reflect the different cultural, religious, and societal beliefs.

French and Indian War

Contains historical overviews, biographical entries, and primary source material on the French and Indian War. Features include illustrations, maps, graphs and charts, photographs, and a further reading list. Designed for student and general audiences.

Gale Library of Daily Life

Provides historical information on the battlefield and homefront experience and the political, economic, social, and cultural life of the North and South during the War. Primary source documents in the form of first-person accounts, letters, diaries, journals, newspapers, and literature bring to life the experiences of the Union and Confederate participants and the people they left behind.

Gilded Age and Progressive Era Reference Library

Focuses on the significant social and culture changes that occurred in the years 1878-1913.

Great Depression and the New Deal Reference Library

Covers the failure of the U.S. economy and its gradual recovery, with special attention to the New Deal, as well as the global situation, including the rise of Hitler. The Almanac covers the era in 16 subject chapters. Biographies profiles 29 major figures of the period. Primary Sources features annotated excerpts from speeches, newspaper and magazine articles, literature, and other documents from the period. For middle school and general audiences.

Harlem Renaissance

This authoritative resource presents the people, places and times that defined an era and documents the launch of cultural development among African Americans in 1920s Harlem. This single volume contains almanac and biographies sections with primary source documents in sidebars throughout.

Industrial Revolution Reference Library

Covers the ideas and social turmoil that marked this transition as well as the machines, manufacturing processes and energy sources that spurred it on.

Korean War Reference Library

Covers the Korean War by exploring the major topics and events related to the period. The combined Almanac and Primary Sources covers the background of and issues related to the conflict in 13 chapters. Biographies includes 25 biographical entries on major figures from the period and 50 photographs.

Mexican-American War

Covers the period from the U.S. annexation of Texas to the Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo (1848), including the battles of the conflict and also the mixed feelings of Americans regarding the war.

Middle Ages Reference Library

Covers the different civilizations and peoples of Medieval times; includes biographical essays on significant individuals of the era; and presents a collection of excerpts from relevant letters, journal entries, poems and more from the era.

Middle East Conflict Reference Library

Designed to meet the pressing need for a lucid, comprehensive and objective overview of the people, events and documents that are key to understanding the region.

Pirates Through the Ages Reference Library

Explores the history of piracy from ancient times to the present day. Topics include piracy in antiquity and the Middle Ages, the golden age of piracy in the Caribbean, female pirates, the pirate code of conduct and pirate slang, strongholds and hideouts, ships, weaponry, and sea battles, pirates in literature and film, and modern maritime piracy.

Prejudice in the Modern World Reference Library

Explores the many different types of prejudice, their history, what causes these prejudices in people and societies, and their consequences. Presents profiles of diverse and unique men and women who played key roles in the history of prejudice. Excerpted documents tell various stories in the words of the people who fought prejudice, acted out prejudices, and those who were the victims of prejudice.

Reconstruction Era Reference Library

The three-volume Reconstruction Era Reference Library provides targeted information on post-Civil War America, from the end of the war in 1865 to the Compromise of 1877.

Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library

This resource brings the people and the events of the Renaissance and Reformation to life for today's students. Covering everything from Luther's Revolt to the writings of Shakespeare, the Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library fills the need for comprehensive coverage of this amazing time.

Roaring Twenties Reference Library

The Roaring Twenties Reference Library chronicles and illustrates a time of great social change in everything from fashion to music to politics.

Shaping of America, 1783-1815 Reference Library

This collection chronicles and illustrates the important period between 1783-1815 when America forged its place at home and on the international stage.

Spanish-American War

Covers the underlying causes of the Spanish American war, the battles, and the resolution of the conflict with the signing of the Treaty of Paris.

St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, ed. 2

Includes more than 3,036 signed essays (300 of them new), alphabetically arranged, and written or reviewed by subject experts and edited to form a consistent, readable, and straightforward reference. Entries cover topics and persons in major areas of popular culture: film; music; print culture; social life; sports; television and radio; and art and performance (which include theater, dance, stand-up comedy, and other live performance).

Supreme Court Drama, ed. 2

Profiles major U.S. Supreme Court decisions that have made a significant impact on American society. Each volume is organized by broad legal principles such as individual liberties, criminal justice and family law, equal protection and civil rights, and business and government law. Within this framework, case entries are arranged under the more specific legal issue to which they relate, such as affirmative action, capital punishment, freedom of speech, and monopolies.

The Crusades Reference Library

The three-volume The Crusades covers everything from the First Crusade (1095-99) through the Ninth Crusade (1271-72).

The Sixties in America Reference Library

The Sixties in America Reference Library presents a broad overview of the turbulent 1960s, a decade that forever changed the American social, political and cultural landscape.

U.S. Immigration and Migration Reference Library

Chronicles and interpretations of the phenomenal waves of immigration to the United States from the earliest times through the period from 1820 to 1930, when the United States was the destination of some 60% of the world's immigrants -- up to the present day, when restrictive policies have temporarily stanched the flow of immigrants.

UXL American Decades

This series covers 20th-century events and social history beginning in 1900 and ending in 1999, written expressly for middle school students. Each decade is covered in one volume. Topics for each decade include: Headline Makers, Topics in the News, Arts and Entertainment, Business and the Economy, Education, Government, Politics, and Law, Lifestyles and Social Trends, Medicine and Health, Science and Technology, and Sports.

UXL American Decades

A cross-disciplinary source for a single, consistent reference to document and analyze periods of contemporary American social history. Covers the first decade of the 21st Century and includes key events and social history.

UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History

Introduces the history of the United States from pre-Colonial America to the present day. Explores the timeline of America: its founders, key historical figures, wars, events, political environment, economy, and culture.

Vietnam War Reference Library

This title traces the progression of this controversial war from its beginnings in 1941 with the creation of the Vietminh guerrilla force under Ho Chi Minh, through its last days in 1975 with the fall of Saigon. It covers high ranking government officials both foreign and domestic, antiwar activists, and soldiers and provides a variety of perspectives on the country's involvement in the war with excerpts from screenplays, literature, speeches and hearing testimonies.

War in the Persian Gulf Reference Library

Triggered by its invasion of Kuwait, Iraq was pitted against a 32-nation coalition of forces commanded by Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf, whose air attacks led the way for a ground war that met with success in less than four days.

War of 1812

This concise resource covers the War of 1812 by providing a detailed overview of an often overlooked war.

Westward Expansion Reference Library

This 3-vol. set features volumes dedicated to events, people and insightful primary sources that present an objective yet entertaining look at frontier life.

Witchcraft in America

This fascinating and informative source covers the history of witchcraft in the United States from the hysteria that facilitated the witch hunts during the colonial period to modern day followers of Wicca.

World Eras, v. 1

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of the European Renaissance and Reformation, 1350-1600.

World Eras, v. 10

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of West African kingdoms, 500-1590.

World Eras, v. 2

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of the rise and spread of Islam, 622-1500.

World Eras, v. 3

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of the Roman Republic and Empire, 264 B.C.E.-476 C.E.

World Eras, v. 4

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of medieval Europe, 814-1350.

World Eras, v. 5

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of ancient Egypt, 2615-332 B.C.E.

World Eras, v. 6

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of classical Greek civilization, 800-323 B.C.E.

World Eras, v. 7

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of imperial China, 617-1644.

World Eras, v. 8

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of ancient Mesopotamia, 3300-331 B.C.E.

World Eras, v. 9

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of the Industrial Revolution in Europe, 1750-1914.

World War I Reference Library

Covers major topics related to the period, including the roots of the war; causes of U.S. involvement; the Espionage Act and Sedition Act; weapons of mass destruction; and more. Profiles the major players of the period, including Woodrow Wilson, Kaiser Wilhelm II, John Pershing, and Henri-Philippe Petain. Presents full or excerpted primary source materials, including diaries, speeches, letters, journals and memoirs.

World War II Reference Library

Provides background and information on major topics about the World War II period, biographies of significant men and women involved in the war, and primary sources such as full or excerpted speeches, diary entries, newspaper accounts and other original documents.

Social Science

American Social Reform Movements Reference Library

This four-volume set chronicles and illustrates movements from the American Revolution to the present day. Intended to help students successfully complete research and projects.

Television in American Society Reference Library

Focused on a popular topic, this exciting collection gives students and teachers substantial material for discussion and research. The three-volume set shows how television has reflected and influenced American society and culture throughout its history, covering both positive and negative effects.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology, ed. 3

This resource covers the entire spectrum of psychology, including: notable people, theories and terms; landmark case studies and experiments; applications of psychology in advertising, medicine and sports; and career information.

Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life, ed. 3

Covers cultural groups in Asia, Europe, the Americas and Africa. Each volume is organized by continent, covering history, politics, customs, religion, education, human rights issues, teen life, and more.

Law

Checks and Balances: The Three Branches of the American Government

Presents easy to understand information about the inner workings of the federal government. Includes historical overviews and examinations of the day-to-day operations of each branch, as well as Constitutional duties and obligations of each branch, specifics related to eligibility, elections and appointments of key positions, changes since 1776, the future of each branch, and other topics. For student and general audiences.

Constitutional Amendments, ed. 2

Provides the history and social context of the amendment process, covering each of the 27 amendments. Significant issues, events, figures, movements and judicial/legislative actions in the history of each amendment are also covered chronologically.

Crime and Punishment in America Reference Library

Covering the evolution of the American criminal justice system throughout history, Crime and Punishment in America Reference Library explores everything from juvenile justice to organized crime.

Gale Encyclopedia of Everyday Law, ed. 3

This encyclopedia fills a much-needed gap between legal texts focusing on the theory and history behind the law and more practical guides dealing with the law and its everyday effect upon its citizens. Containing approximately 200 articles, the Encyclopedia includes: brief descriptions of each issue's historical background, covering important statutes and cases; profiles of various U.S. laws and regulations; and details of how laws and regulations vary from state to state.

Supreme Court Drama, ed. 2

Profiles major U.S. Supreme Court decisions that have made a significant impact on American society. Each volume is organized by broad legal principles such as individual liberties, criminal justice and family law, equal protection and civil rights, and business and government law. Within this framework, case entries are arranged under the more specific legal issue to which they relate, such as affirmative action, capital punishment, freedom of speech, and monopolies.

Religion

Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, ed. 2

This reference work includes articles on the history, religion, cultural practices, and political economies of Muslims from the seventh-century in West Asia to today’s Muslim societies throughout the continents of Asia, Africa, the Subcontinent, Europe, and the Americas.

World Religions Reference Library

A thorough, objective resource covering the history, traditions and worldviews of dominant and less prominent religions and their sects and offshoots.

Business

Encyclopedia of Management, ed. 7

Covers numerous topics in management theories and applications, such as aggregate planning, benchmarking, logistics, diversification strategy, non-traditional work arrangements, performance measurement, productivity measures, supply chain management, and much more.

Biography

Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2

A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, v. 24

A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, v. 25

A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, v. 26

A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, v. 27

A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, v. 28

A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, v. 29

A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, v. 30

A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, v. 31

A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

UXL Encyclopedia of World Biography

Features biographies of notable historic and current figures from American history, world history, literature, science and math, arts and entertainment, and the social sciences. Entries focus on the people most often studied in middle and high school.

UXL Newsmakers, vol. 1-4

Covers prominent personalities active on the current scene, including people making headlines in all fields. Entries biographical profiles, career summaries and other facts.

UXL Newsmakers, vol. 5-6

Covers prominent personalities active on the current scene, including people making headlines in all fields. Entries biographical profiles, career summaries and other facts.

Literature

Epics for Students, ed. 2

Provides critical overviews of literary epics of all time periods, nations, and cultures. Includes discussions of themes, characters, literary traditions and cultural context.

Literary Movements for Students, ed. 2

Entries provide in-depth historical background information on each movement as well as modern critical interpretation of each movement's characteristic styles and themes.

Literary Newsmakers for Students, v. 3

Provides analysis and criticism of recent novels and other works of fiction, nonfiction, poetry and drama.

Scribner Writers Online Series

Bio-critical essays on the lives and works of more than 1,400 important authors from around the world. Entries include concise essays, citations, and biographical information that places the author's work in personal and historical context.

Shakespeare for Students, ed. 2

Collection of essays by Shakespeare scholars that have been selected for students at the high school or undergraduate college level. Each entry includes an introduction; a plot synopsis; a character list; a discussion of the work's principal themes; information about the style and literary devices used; a conversation about the work's historical context; and a critical overview.

Twayne's Authors Series

Twayne's is devoted to literary critical interpretation and discussion. It offers in-depth critical introductions to the lives and works of major writers of the world, including close analysis of key works. It provides insightful and original commentary on the history and influence of literary movements.

UXL Encyclopedia of World Mythology

Entry topics include gods and goddesses; heroes and other key characters; motifs and global themes; major myths; and national or cultural mythologies. Coverage spans a diversity of cultures, including standard Greek/Roman entries as well as Native North and South American traditions, Norse mythology, Asian Pacific mythology, Judeo-Christian tradition, and Islamic and Hindu mythologies.

UXL Graphic Novelists

Graphic novels -- novels merging pictures and rich language to create a unique experience of literature and art -- are enjoying a renewed popularity, especially with students and young adults. U·X·L's Graphic Novelists introduces researchers to the authors and illustrators behind these works, taking care to define and explore the distinction between comic books and graphic novels.

Nation and World

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of Foods and Recipes of the World

This 4-vol. set provides comprehensive coverage of the foods and recipes from 70 representative countries and culture groups worldwide -- from Algeria to Zimbabwe.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of Foods and Recipes of the World, ed. 2

Provides comprehensive coverage of the foods and recipes from 70 representative countries and culture groups worldwide -- from Algeria to Zimbabwe. Entries provide 10-15 recipes for each group and include data on the agriculture and dietary habits of each group as well as an overview of each group's nutrition and health.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of Physical Geography

Includes information on physical properties and characteristics of nearly 200 countries. Designed specifically for students in grades 5-12.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Cities

Students will find everything they need to conduct thorough research on 50 cities from all over the world, including information on each city's history, neighborhoods, museums, parks, transportation, geography, holidays and festivals, population profiles and much more.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Holidays

Written for students in middle and high school, offering in-depth information on such holidays as Children's/Youth Day, Christmas (and related celebrations), Halloween and Festivals of the Dead, Hanukkah, Independence Day (Cinco de Mayo, Bastille Day, etc.), Kwanza, Yom Kippur, New Year celebrations and many others. 4 volume set.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Canadian Provinces, ed. 5

Provides information on Canada's provinces and territories. Includes details on Canada's arts, climate, government, health, languages, notable persons, and ethnic groups.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Mexican States, ed. 2

Presents profiles of the 31 states and the Distrito Federal (federal district) of Mexico. Topics include climate, plants and animals, population and ethnic groups, religions, transportation, history, state and local governments, political parties, judicial system, economy, education, arts, media, tourism, sports, famous people.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, ed. 5

Presents profiles of 194 countries of the world. Topics include climate, plants and animals, population and ethnic groups, religions, transportation, history, government, political parties, judicial system, economy, education, arts, media, tourism, and famous people.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, ed. 6

Presents profiles of 193 countries of the world. Topics include climate, plants and animals, population and ethnic groups, religions, transportation, history, government, political parties, judicial system, economy, education, arts, media, tourism, and famous people.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the States, ed. 5

Presents profiles of the 50 states of the nation, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the US dependencies. Topics include climate, plants and animals, population and ethnic groups, religions, transportation, history, state and local governments, political parties, judicial system, economy, education, arts, media, tourism, sports, famous people.

Middle East Conflict, ed. 2

Provides a comprehensive and objective overview of the people, events, and documents that are key to understanding the complex relationships of the countries and cultures of the Middle East.

Terrorism Reference Library

This 3-vol. set provides students with an understanding of the complex issue of global terrorism.

UXL Encyclopedia of World Mythology

Entry topics include gods and goddesses; heroes and other key characters; motifs and global themes; major myths; and national or cultural mythologies. Coverage spans a diversity of cultures, including standard Greek/Roman entries as well as Native North and South American traditions, Norse mythology, Asian Pacific mythology, Judeo-Christian tradition, and Islamic and Hindu mythologies.

Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life, ed. 3

Covers cultural groups in Asia, Europe, the Americas and Africa. Each volume is organized by continent, covering history, politics, customs, religion, education, human rights issues, teen life, and more.

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the States, ed. 8

Details current geographical, social, and political data, historical narrative, and statistical information on the 50 states, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and Caribbean and Pacific dependencies of the United States. Maps, tables, flags and official state seals are included.

Arts

St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, ed. 2

Includes more than 3,036 signed essays (300 of them new), alphabetically arranged, and written or reviewed by subject experts and edited to form a consistent, readable, and straightforward reference. Entries cover topics and persons in major areas of popular culture: film; music; print culture; social life; sports; television and radio; and art and performance (which include theater, dance, stand-up comedy, and other live performance).

Technology

Television in American Society Reference Library

Focused on a popular topic, this exciting collection gives students and teachers substantial material for discussion and research. The three-volume set shows how television has reflected and influenced American society and culture throughout its history, covering both positive and negative effects.

Medicine

The Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer, ed. 4

Comprehensive survey of cancers, cancer drugs, traditional and alternative treatments, side effects and diagnostic procedures.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Children's Health, ed. 3

Provides in-depth coverage of pediatric diseases and disorders, along with issues related to physical, cognitive and behavioral development. Covers every major body system. There is a distinct emphasis on health issues affecting children under the age of four.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, ed. 4

Includes information on more than 1,700 medical disorders and concepts. Each article includes in-depth discussion of causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, procedures, and other related topics. Written for a general audience with an authoritative tone.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, ed. 5

Includes information on almost 2,000 medical disorders and concepts. Each article includes in-depth discussion of causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, procedures, and other related topics. Written for a general audience with an authoritative tone.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Pregnancy and Childbirth

This encyclopedia is a source for medical information that covers common and rare disease and medical conditions, immunizations and drugs, procedures, and developmental issues related to pregnancy and childbirth. It particularly addresses women’s concerns about their health and their children’s health from before birth through age 18.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Prescription Drugs

This encyclopedia features entries on the most commonly prescribed drugs. It describes potential side effects, drug and food interactions, recommended dosages, and warnings/precautions.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Senior Health, ed. 2

Covers various issues related to one's aging body, how diseases affect it, and treatment options, including medications, for said diseases for this population. Also includes topics specific to the aging population, but beyond descriptions of medical diagnoses.

UXL Complete Health Resource

Covers the causes symptoms, diagnoses, tests, treatments and prognoses of health problems; the main systems of the human body, including the circulatory system, the endocrine system, special senses and much more; and a detailed examination of nutrition, and medical and mental health issues.

UXL Encyclopedia of Diseases and Disorders

Contains numerous entries on medical conditions, from avian flu to warts. Entries cover infectious diseases, injuries, genetic disorders, and others.

UXL Encyclopedia of Drugs and Addictive Substances

Provides detailed information on 52 drugs and other addictive substances, defined as illegal drugs, legal addictive drugs and other substances as well as commonly abused classes of prescription and over-the-counter drugs. Statistics highlight each entry and sidebars provide information on the legal, historical or social aspects of the particular drug. Difficult words are defined within the text. Appropriate for middle school students.

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