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Amendment XII, ed. , v.
Amendment XII, ed. , v.

Amendment XII, ed. , v.

Presents the Twelfth Amendment in a historical context, examining how it has been tested in the courts and present current controversies and debates. Focuses on the Presidential election process.

Amendment XIII, ed. , v.
Amendment XIII, ed. , v.

Amendment XIII, ed. , v.

Presents the Thirteenth Amendment in a historical context, examining how it has been tested in the courts and present current controversies and debates. Focuses on slavery.

Amendment XIV, ed. , v.
Amendment XIV, ed. , v.

Amendment XIV, ed. , v.

Presents the Fourteenth Amendment in a historical context, examining how it has been tested in the courts and present current controversies and debates. Focuses on equal protection.

Amendment XIV, ed. , v.
Amendment XIV, ed. , v.

Amendment XIV, ed. , v.

Presents the Fourteenth Amendment in a historical context, examining how it has been tested in the courts and present current controversies and debates. Focuses on due process.

Amendment XIV, ed. , v.
Amendment XIV, ed. , v.

Amendment XIV, ed. , v.

Presents the Fourteenth Amendment in a historical context, examining how it has been tested in the courts and present current controversies and debates. Focuses on citizenship.

Amendment XIX, ed. , v.
Amendment XIX, ed. , v.

Amendment XIX, ed. , v.

Presents the Nineteenth Amendment in a historical context, examining how it has been tested in the courts and present current controversies and debates. Focuses on women's voting rights.

Amendment XV, ed. , v.
Amendment XV, ed. , v.

Amendment XV, ed. , v.

Presents the Fifteenth Amendment in a historical context, examining how it has been tested in the courts and present current controversies and debates. Focuses on race and the right to vote.

Amendment XVIII and XXI, ed. , v.
Amendment XVIII and XXI, ed. , v.

Amendment XVIII and XXI, ed. , v.

Presents the Eighteenth and Twenty-first Amendments in a historical context, examining how they have been tested in the courts and present current controversies and debates. Focuses on prohibition and repeal.

American Civil War Reference Library, ed. , v.
American Civil War Reference Library, ed. , v.

American Civil War Reference Library, ed. , v.

American Civil War Reference Library offers comprehensive and wide ranging research options on this compelling era of American history. Material in each of the three titles has been reviewed by an independent advisory board for its curriculum relevance and its accessibility to students in grades 6-12.

American Decades Primary Sources, ed. , v.
American Decades Primary Sources, ed. , v.

American Decades Primary Sources, ed. , v.

Cross-disciplinary source spanning the 20th century. Each volume in the set includes full or excerpted primary sources representing the seminal issues, themes, movements and events from a decade. Includes oral histories, songs, speeches, advertisements, TV, play and movie scripts, letters, laws, legal decisions, newspaper articles, cartoons, recipes, and more.

American Decades, ed. , v.
American Decades, ed. , v.

American Decades, ed. , v.

Cross-disciplinary source for junior and high school students and teachers, public librarians and general researchers who need to document and analyze periods of contemporary American social history (1900-1999).

American Eras, ed. , v.
American Eras, ed. , v.

American Eras, ed. , v.

Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to particular eras in U.S. history.

American History Through Literature 1820-1870, ed. , v.
American History Through Literature 1820-1870, ed. , v.

American History Through Literature 1820-1870, ed. , v.

Designed for the general reader, this set presents literature not as a simple inventory of authors or titles but rather as a historical and cultural field viewed from a wide array of contemporary perspectives. The set, which is 'new historicist' in its approach to literary criticism, endorses the notion that not only does history affect literature, but literature itself informs history.

American History Through Literature 1870-1920, ed. , v.
American History Through Literature 1870-1920, ed. , v.

American History Through Literature 1870-1920, ed. , v.

Designed for the general reader, this set presents literature not as a simple inventory of authors or titles but rather as a historical and cultural field viewed from a wide array of contemporary perspectives. The set, which is 'new historicist' in its approach to literary criticism, endorses the notion that not only does history affect literature, but literature itself informs history.

American Home Front in World War II, ed. , v.
American Home Front in World War II, ed. , v.

American Home Front in World War II, ed. , v.

Examines the effect of World War II on people living in America. The Almanac discusses major events on the home front, including the changing role of women, Civil Defense and the draft. Biographies highlights 26 key figures, such as John L. Lewis, J. Robert Oppenheimer and others. Primary Sources includes primary material from a variety of sources, including speeches, documents and other material.

American Revolution Reference Library, ed. , v.
American Revolution Reference Library, ed. , v.

American Revolution Reference Library, ed. , v.

This 4-vol. set supplies the in-depth information about the American Revolution that students and researchers need for class assignments and reports.

American Social Reform Movements Reference Library, ed. , v.
American Social Reform Movements Reference Library, ed. , v.

American Social Reform Movements Reference Library, ed. , v.

This four-volume set chronicles and illustrates movements from the American Revolution to the present day. Intended to help students successfully complete research and projects.

Ancient Civilizations Reference Library, ed. , v.
Ancient Civilizations Reference Library, ed. , v.

Ancient Civilizations Reference Library, ed. , v.

The ancient civilizations of Iraq, Egypt, India, China, Central America and other regions are the focus of this remarkable contribution to student reference.

Ancient Europe, 8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000, ed. , v.
Ancient Europe, 8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000, ed. , v.

Ancient Europe, 8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000, ed. , v.

Examines the diverse peoples of early European civilization through a series of 212 essays, presented in chronological order. Coverage includes prehistoric origins through the early Middle Ages (8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000). Includes maps, photos, and chronologies. For the general reader.

Ancient Greece and Rome, ed. , v.
Ancient Greece and Rome, ed. , v.

Ancient Greece and Rome, ed. , v.

Covers an extensive array of topics on ancient Greece and Rome including daily life, art and architecture, philosophy, science, religion, statesmen, military leaders, emperors, and more.

Arts and Humanities Through the Eras, ed. , v.
Arts and Humanities Through the Eras, ed. , v.

Arts and Humanities Through the Eras, ed. , v.

Profiling milestones and movements in the arts, literature, music and religion from a specific period, each volume in this set helps students and researchers understand the various disciplines of the humanities in relation to each other, as well as to history and culture. An overview of the period and a chronology of major world events begin each volume.

Biographical Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa, ed. , v.
Biographical Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa, ed. , v.

Biographical Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa, ed. , v.

Illuminates the lives of the most influential and controversial figures in the Middle East and North Africa who came to prominence during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Includes profiles of contemporary leaders who belong to various political, ethnic, and religious groups, as well as notable individuals associated with business, law, science, social issues, sports, entertainment, literature, and the fine and performing arts.

Black Literature Criticism, ed. 2, v.
Black Literature Criticism, ed. 2, v.

Black Literature Criticism, ed. 2, v.

Focuses on writers and works published since 1950. The majority of the authors surveyed are African American, but representative African and Caribbean authors are also included.

Building Blocks of Matter: A Supplement to the Macmillan Encyclopedia of Physics, ed. , v.
Building Blocks of Matter: A Supplement to the Macmillan Encyclopedia of Physics, ed. , v.

Building Blocks of Matter: A Supplement to the Macmillan Encyclopedia of Physics, ed. , v.

This supplement to the Macmillan Encyclopedia of Physics presents the most recent data on particle physics. Reviews all observed and theoretical particles known to date, retracing the history of each particle's discovery and function. Covers current research; practical applications both hypothetical and actual; and provides biographical entries on scientists who made significant contributions. Case studies and experiments round out the broad range of topics covered.

Checks and Balances: The Three Branches of the American Government, ed. , v.
Checks and Balances: The Three Branches of the American Government, ed. , v.

Checks and Balances: The Three Branches of the American Government, ed. , v.

Presents easy to understand information about the inner workings of the federal government. Includes historical overviews and examinations of the day-to-day operations of each branch, as well as Constitutional duties and obligations of each branch, specifics related to eligibility, elections and appointments of key positions, changes since 1776, the future of each branch, and other topics. For student and general audiences.

Chemical Compounds, ed. , v.
Chemical Compounds, ed. , v.

Chemical Compounds, ed. , v.

Offers information on the ways in which different chemical elements combine to form commonly-used chemical compounds, such as water, ammonia, and aspirin. Defines what a chemical compound actually is and the difference between organic and inorganic compounds, as well as providing definitions of acids, bases, salts, oxides, and coordination compounds. Features a general historical overview of major discoveries and the notable scientists who made them.

Chemical Elements: From Carbon to Krypton, ed. , v.
Chemical Elements: From Carbon to Krypton, ed. , v.

Chemical Elements: From Carbon to Krypton, ed. , v.

Provides in-depth information on 112 known chemical elements. For younger and middle school students, but also appropriate for high school students.

Cold War Reference Library, ed. , v.
Cold War Reference Library, ed. , v.

Cold War Reference Library, ed. , v.

Covers the Cold War period between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II through 1989. Includes discussion of the historic causes of the tension and information on the lives and actions of major figures, such as Harry Truman, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin.

Colonial America Reference Library, ed. , v.
Colonial America Reference Library, ed. , v.

Colonial America Reference Library, ed. , v.

The Colonial America Reference Library provides students with the comprehensive information on the Colonial American period they need to write reports and class assignments including biographical profiles and primary source documents.

Concise Major 21st Century Writers, ed. , v.
Concise Major 21st Century Writers, ed. , v.

Concise Major 21st Century Writers, ed. , v.

A comprehensive, five-volume set, Concise Major 21st-Century Writers profiles today’s most outstanding and widely known writers. Clearly written in an easy-to-use format, it collects detailed biographical and bibliographical information on approximately 700 authors who are most often studied in college and high school.

Constitutional Amendments, ed. 2, v.
Constitutional Amendments, ed. 2, v.

Constitutional Amendments, ed. 2, v.

Provides the history and social context of the amendment process, covering each of the 27 amendments. Significant issues, events, figures, movements and judicial/legislative actions in the history of each amendment are also covered chronologically.

Contemporary American Religion, ed. , v.
Contemporary American Religion, ed. , v.

Contemporary American Religion, ed. , v.

Explores contemporary American religion in all its diversity. In addition to profiling religious groups, from the modern forms of Catholicism and Judaism to cults such as Heaven's Gate and the Branch Davidians, the set includes articles on cultural, social, and legal issues, as well as holidays and celebrations, the arts, and other topics. 2 volumes. For general and academic audiences.

Contemporary Hispanic Biography, ed. , v. 2
Contemporary Hispanic Biography, ed. , v. 2

Contemporary Hispanic Biography, ed. , v. 2

Provides informative biographical profiles of the important and influential persons of Latino heritage who form the international Hispanic community. Covers persons of various nationalities in a wide variety of fields, including art, music and literature to science, politics and business.

Crime and Punishment in America Reference Library, ed. , v.
Crime and Punishment in America Reference Library, ed. , v.

Crime and Punishment in America Reference Library, ed. , v.

Covering the evolution of the American criminal justice system throughout history, Crime and Punishment in America Reference Library explores everything from juvenile justice to organized crime.

Crime and Punishment: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.
Crime and Punishment: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.

Crime and Punishment: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.

A focus on leading social issues of the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. Each title contains approximately 175 full or excerpted documents---speeches, legislation, magazine and newspaper articles, essays, memoirs, letters, interviews, novels, songs, and works of art---as well as overview information that places each document in context.

Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library, ed. , v.
Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library, ed. , v.

Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library, ed. , v.

In the second half of the 19th century, America transformed itself into an industrial power, ready to assume a dominant position on the world scene in the 20th century. The development of industrialization and the consumer society brought about opportunities for many Americans as part of an ever-growing middle class, but also resulted in environmental and social degradation that we continue to deal with at the present time.

Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, ed. , v.
Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, ed. , v.

Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, ed. , v.

Covers the history of the Arab-Israeli conflict from the birth of Zionism at the end of the 19th century. Covers five Arab-Israeli wars, and provides biographies of political personnel in Syria, Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Jordan, and the occupied territories. The Dictionary provides clear definitions and comprehensive explanations of the history, geography, religion, and demographics of the area. 2 volumes.

Disabilities Affecting Learning, ed. , v.
Disabilities Affecting Learning, ed. , v.

Disabilities Affecting Learning, ed. , v.

Explores the issues surrounding vocabulary and reading comprehension by placing opinions from a wide range of sources in a pro/con format. Features articles that express various perspectives on this topic.

Early Civilizations in the Americas Reference Library, ed. , v.
Early Civilizations in the Americas Reference Library, ed. , v.

Early Civilizations in the Americas Reference Library, ed. , v.

This reference library provides a comprehensive overview of the history of the regions of the American continents in which two of the world's first civilizations developed: Mesoamerica (the name for the lands in which ancient civilizations arose in Central America and Mexico) and the Andes Mountains region of South America (in present-day Peru and parts of Bolivia, northern Argentina, and Ecuador).

Elizabethan World Reference Library, ed. , v.
Elizabethan World Reference Library, ed. , v.

Elizabethan World Reference Library, ed. , v.

Provides background and information on the culture and history of the Elizabethan period, biographies of significant men and women of the time, and primary sources that represent some of the most significant and studied documents of the era.

Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History, ed. 2, v.
Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History, ed. 2, v.

Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History, ed. 2, v.

A five-volume set and supplement covering all aspects of the African-American experience from 1619 to the present day. Using biographies, historical essays, and thematic pieces, many written by foremost scholars, it addresses a wide array of subjects in over 2,300 articles to define in one source the cultural roots, participation in American life, and current condition of the African-American community.

Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy, ed. 2, v.
Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy, ed. 2, v.

Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy, ed. 2, v.

Essays by subject experts treat concepts and doctrines, policymaking, commerce and science, human rights and arms control, with specific articles on topics ranging from anti-imperialism to environmental diplomacy, from refugee policies to terrorism and countermeasures. Also includes a chronology.

Encyclopedia of American Religions, ed. 7, v.
Encyclopedia of American Religions, ed. 7, v.

Encyclopedia of American Religions, ed. 7, v.

Comprehensive coverage of more than 2,300 North American religious groups in the U.S. and Canada -- from Adventists to Zen Buddhists. Information is presented in two distinct sections, essays and directory listings describing the historical development of religious families and providing factual information about each group within those families. Includes, when available, rubrics for membership figures, educational facilities and periodicals.

Encyclopedia of Bioethics, ed. 3, v.
Encyclopedia of Bioethics, ed. 3, v.

Encyclopedia of Bioethics, ed. 3, v.

Covering a wealth of topics on the ethics of health professions, animal research, population control and the environment, this title helps researchers to consider the impact of new scientific knowledge and its potential to harm or benefit present and future generations.

Encyclopedia of Buddhism, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Buddhism, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Buddhism, ed. , v.

This encyclopedia describes the Buddhist world view, basic teachings and practices of Buddhism, as well as its different schools and sects. In addition to containing entries on Buddhist scriptures, art, architecture, divinities, monastic orders, festivals, rites and ceremonies, this 2-vol. set explores the history of Buddhism, the different forms it has taken in different parts of the world, and how Buddhism has blended with other religions.

Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood: In History and Society, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood: In History and Society, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood: In History and Society, ed. , v.

This 3-vol. set presents the social and cultural history of childhood from antiquity to the present. Children and Childhood examines this history through articles on education, parenting, child labor, economics, images of childhood, children's literature, play, toys and games, health, physiology, law, the criminal justice system and social welfare.

Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion, ed. , v.

A survey of clothing, costume and fashion. Coverage includes the origins of clothing and body adornment, the development of fabrics and technologies, and the social meanings of dress, as well as representative costumes from a wide range of historical eras. For students and researchers at the high-school level or higher.

Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice, ed. 2, v.
Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice, ed. 2, v.

Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice, ed. 2, v.

An interdisciplinary source that addresses not only law but also sociology, psychology, history and economics. Entries vary widely from abortion to rape and from family violence to wiretapping, offering a mirror of issues dominating today's headlines. This edition is a complete update and revision of the previous edition that includes new essays on topics such as stalking, hate crimes, and HIV.

Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy, ed. , v.

Examines the philosophical and ethical issues underlying contemporary and historical environmental issues, policies, and debates. Covers concepts, institutions, topics, events and people, including global warming, animal rights, environmental movements, alternative energy, green chemistry, industrial ecology, and eco-sabotage.

Encyclopedia of European Social History, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of European Social History, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of European Social History, ed. , v.

This six-volume reference includes more than 230 articles, ranging from 5,000 to 10,000 words, on everything from serfdom and the economy, to witchcraft and public health.

Encyclopedia of Food and Culture, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Food and Culture, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Food and Culture, ed. , v.

A three-volume survey of food and its place in human culture and society, presented through 600 alphabetically sorted entries. Features multidisciplinary coverage of such topics as comfort food, ethnicity and food, medieval banquets, and nutrient composition, among many others. Includes photographs, illustrations, sidebars, recipes, menus, and timelines. For students and general readers.

Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity, ed. , v.

This encyclopedia spans the globe to explain the issues behind crimes against humanity and human rights issues as they relate to individual countries and the world at large. It traces the history of events that qualify as genocide and crimes against humanity, profiles perpetrators and heroes, and explains international laws and law proceedings aimed at ending genocide and crimes against humanity.

Encyclopedia of India, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of India, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of India, ed. , v.

A four-volume survey of the history, cultures, geography and religions of India from ancient times to the present day. Includes more than 600 entries, arranged alphabetically. For students and general readers.

Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture, ed. , v.

Spans Irish history from prehistoric times to the present, treating both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland in detail. Entries represent an inclusive, cross-disciplinary approach, written by specialists and covering history, archaeology, anthropology, geography, politics, economics, the Irish and English languages and literatures, the visual arts, and other fields.

Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, ed. , v.

This encyclopedia looks at Islam's role in the modern world, doing so in the context of the religion's history and development over the last 13 centuries. Containing thematic articles, biographies of key figures, definitions, illustrations, maps and more, this new encyclopedia fills a need in this key area of religious studies.

Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture, ed. 2, v.
Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture, ed. 2, v.

Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture, ed. 2, v.

Provides a comprehensive, multidisciplinary view of Latin American history and culture from prehistoric times to the present. Covers cultural issues and includes numerous biographical profiles of important figures in politics, letters and the arts.

Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender History in America, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender History in America, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender History in America, ed. , v.

A three-volume survey of more than 400 years of lesbian and gay history and culture in the United States, presented through over 500 alphabetically arranged entries. Coverage includes people, public policy, economics, social issues, identities, and culture, among many others. For students, researchers, and general readers.

Encyclopedia of Modern Asia, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Modern Asia, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Modern Asia, ed. , v.

A six-volume survey of modern Asia, defined as extending from Japan in the east to Turkey in the west, and from Kazakhstan in the north to Indonesia in the south. Presents entries covering such subjects as countries, cities, regions, natural features, religions, social issues, languages, people, events, customs, politics, and economics.

Encyclopedia of Race and Racism, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Race and Racism, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Race and Racism, ed. , v.

Examines the anthropological, sociological, historical, economic, and scientific theories of race and racism in the modem era. Delves into the historic origins of ideas of race and racism and explores their social and scientific consequences. Includes biographies of significant theorists, as well as political and social leaders and notorious racists.

Encyclopedia of Russian History, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Russian History, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Russian History, ed. , v.

Provides a comprehensive discussion of Russia's people, politics, economics, religion, and social systems; and is designed to complement the study of comparative politics, world history, geography, literature, arts and culture and world cultures. Entries span the period from the earliest beginnings of the Russian nation to the rise and fall of the Soviet Union.

Encyclopedia of Science and Religion, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Science and Religion, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Science and Religion, ed. , v.

A multidisciplinary approach that addresses all aspects of the dialogue between the sciences and the world's religions, reaching into the humanities as well as into the physical sciences and technology. Examines controversial issues such as human cloning and stem cell research long with more traditional questions such as the origins of life, the nature of sin, and the philosophy of science and religion. 4 volumes.

Encyclopedia of Sociology, ed. 2, v.
Encyclopedia of Sociology, ed. 2, v.

Encyclopedia of Sociology, ed. 2, v.

This classic reference has been updated to reflect many changes in society and in the field of sociology in recent years. Articles covering core issues such as race, poverty, violence, economics, pregnancy and abortion have been updated and expanded, and completely new articles have been written on topics such as the Internet, privacy and epidemiology.

Encyclopedia of Western Colonialism since 1450, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Western Colonialism since 1450, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Western Colonialism since 1450, ed. , v.

Provides students and researchers with a much-needed, comprehensive resource on the subject of colonialism and expansion. From a global perspective, the set traces many facets of colonial growth and imperialism, and much more.

Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, ed. 2, v.
Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, ed. 2, v.

Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, ed. 2, v.

Contains new and updated original articles covering recent concepts (i.e. adoption, race, the Constitution, birthright citizenship) and court cases since 1992 offering comprehensive coverage of all aspects of constitutional law, as well as biographies of people who have had an impact on our government's legal framework (Supreme Court Justices, Presidents, Cabinet Members, Lawyers, and more). Also covers judicial decisions handed down by the Supreme Court.

Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History, ed. , v.

A three-volume survey of the military aspects of the American Revolutionary War, covering the period 1763-1783. The alphabetically arranged entries include biographies as well as discussions of campaigns and strategy; battles, skirmishes, and naval actions; weaponry; political issues and events; and how the European powers participated in the conflict. For students, historians, and general readers.

Encyclopedia of the Great Depression, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of the Great Depression, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of the Great Depression, ed. , v.

This 2-vol. set encompasses nearly two decades of American history, beginning with the farm crisis of the mid-1920s, through the 1929 stock market crash, the gradual recovery during the 1930s with Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal and World War II. This wide-ranging, multidisciplinary encyclopedia features entries on depression-era politics, government, business, economics, literature, the arts, society and culture.

Encyclopedia of the Life Course and Human Development, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of the Life Course and Human Development, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of the Life Course and Human Development, ed. , v.

Examines three key life stages from a sociological perspective, exploring how enduring experiences, as well as transitions and events such as childcare, education, stress, marriage, career, addiction, friendship, parenthood, disease, spirituality, and retirement influence the individual's life course. The life stages examined are: Childhood and Adolescence; Adulthood; and Later Life.

Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa, ed. 2, v.
Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa, ed. 2, v.

Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa, ed. 2, v.

The set covers the modern history of the Middle East and North Africa, with major sections on Colonialism and Imperialism, the World Wars, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the United Nations involvement in the region. Each country in the region is reviewed, detailing its population, economy and government.

Encyclopedia of the Supreme Court of the United States, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of the Supreme Court of the United States, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of the Supreme Court of the United States, ed. , v.

Focuses on the substance of American law, the processes that produce its legal principles, and the history of the Supreme Court, from its creation to the present. Overview essays address the history of such topics as citizenship, due process, Native Americans, racism, and contraception, emphasizing the social context of each and the social and political pressures that shaped interpretation.

English Language Learners, ed. , v.
English Language Learners, ed. , v.

English Language Learners, ed. , v.

Explores the issues surrounding English language learners. Presents diversity of opinion on the topic, including both conservative and liberal points of view in an even balance.

Environmental Issues: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.
Environmental Issues: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.

Environmental Issues: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.

A focus on leading social issues of the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. Each title contains approximately 175 full or excerpted documents---speeches, legislation, magazine and newspaper articles, essays, memoirs, letters, interviews, novels, songs, and works of art---as well as overview information that places each document in context.

Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire, ed. , v.
Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire, ed. , v.

Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire, ed. , v.

A five-volume survey of European history from the onset of the French Revolution to the outbreak of World War. Alphabetically arranged entries cover the period's most significant personalities and meaningful developments in the arts, religion, politics, exploration, and warfare. For students, scholars, and general readers.

Europe Since 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction, ed. , v.
Europe Since 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction, ed. , v.

Europe Since 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction, ed. , v.

A multi-volume survey of European history from the beginning of World War I in 1914 to the present, presented through alphabetically arranged entries that focus on the period's scientific, social and cultural history as well as the political, military and economic developments. For students and general readers.

Europe, 1450 to 1789, ed. , v.
Europe, 1450 to 1789, ed. , v.

Europe, 1450 to 1789, ed. , v.

A six-volume survey of European history from 1450, the beginning of the print revolution, to 1789 and the French Revolution. Presents over 1,000 alphabetically arranged entries covering the period's most significant personalities and meaningful developments in the arts, religion, politics, exploration, and warfare. For students, scholars, and general readers.

Family in Society: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.
Family in Society: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.

Family in Society: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.

Provides primary source documents focused family in society in the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. Contains approximately 175 full or excerpted documents---speeches, legislation, magazine and newspaper articles, essays, memoirs, letters, interviews, novels, songs, and works of art---as well as overview information that places each document in context. International in scope.

Fashion, Costume, and Culture: Clothing, Headwear, Body Decorations, and Footwear through the Ages, ed. , v.
Fashion, Costume, and Culture: Clothing, Headwear, Body Decorations, and Footwear through the Ages, ed. , v.

Fashion, Costume, and Culture: Clothing, Headwear, Body Decorations, and Footwear through the Ages, ed. , v.

Provides a broad overview of costume traditions of diverse cultures from prehistoric times to the present day. Examines more than 430 items of human decoration and adornment, ranging from togas to turbans, necklaces to tennis shoes. Explores how and why items were created, the people who made them, and their uses. This set shows how clothing, headwear, body decorations, and footwear reflect the different cultural, religious, and societal beliefs.

Feminism in Literature: A Gale Critical Companion, ed. , v.
Feminism in Literature: A Gale Critical Companion, ed. , v.

Feminism in Literature: A Gale Critical Companion, ed. , v.

This six-volume set explores the history of women and feminism throughout literature, from classical antiquity to modern times. Topics covered include misogyny and women's social roles in ancient civilizations, 16th-century women's devotional literature, 17th- and 18th-century women's captivity narratives, the women's suffrage movement in 19th-century America, women writers of the 'Lost Generation,' lesbian literature, and much more.

French and Indian War, ed. , v.
French and Indian War, ed. , v.

French and Indian War, ed. , v.

Contains historical overviews, biographical entries, and primary source material on the French and Indian War. Features include illustrations, maps, graphs and charts, photographs, and a further reading list. Designed for student and general audiences.

Gale Contextual Encyclopedia of American Literature, ed. , v.
Gale Contextual Encyclopedia of American Literature, ed. , v.

Gale Contextual Encyclopedia of American Literature, ed. , v.

Covers American authors from many periods and genres, building a broad understanding of the various contexts - from the biographical to the literary to the historical - in which literature can be viewed.

Gale Contextual Encyclopedia of World Literature, ed. , v.
Gale Contextual Encyclopedia of World Literature, ed. , v.

Gale Contextual Encyclopedia of World Literature, ed. , v.

Covers world authors from many periods and genres, building an understanding of the various contexts -- from the biographical to the literary to the historical -- in which literature can be viewed. Identifies the significant literary devices and global themes that define a writer's style and place the author in a larger literary tradition as chronicled and evaluated by critics over time.

Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.
Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.

Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.

Provides a broad overview of war throughout American history, with a special emphasis on how war effects, and is affected by, political, economic, and social change in American and global society.

Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.
Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.

Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.

Provides a concise history of the U.S. government and political scene throughout American history, with a particular emphasis on how government and politics effects, and is affected by, social change.

Gale Encyclopedia of World History, ed. , v.
Gale Encyclopedia of World History, ed. , v.

Gale Encyclopedia of World History, ed. , v.

Provides a broad overview of war throughout world history, from ancient times to present, with a special emphasis on its causes and repercussions.

Gale Encyclopedia of World History, ed. , v.
Gale Encyclopedia of World History, ed. , v.

Gale Encyclopedia of World History, ed. , v.

Provides a broad overview of national governments throughout history, explaining their structures and histories, key players and events, and how governments effect, and are affected by, social change.

Gale Library of Daily Life, ed. , v.
Gale Library of Daily Life, ed. , v.

Gale Library of Daily Life, ed. , v.

Provides historical information on the battlefield and homefront experience and the political, economic, social, and cultural life of the North and South during the War. Primary source documents in the form of first-person accounts, letters, diaries, journals, newspapers, and literature bring to life the experiences of the Union and Confederate participants and the people they left behind.

Gale Library of Daily Life, ed. , v.
Gale Library of Daily Life, ed. , v.

Gale Library of Daily Life, ed. , v.

Illuminates daily life in slave society in America from colonial times to the end of the Civil War. Provides information on the business and regulation of slavery, the plantation way of life, work, family and community, culture and leisure, health and medicine, religion, resistance and rebellion, and slavery and freedom in the North.

Gilded Age and Progressive Era Reference Library, ed. , v.
Gilded Age and Progressive Era Reference Library, ed. , v.

Gilded Age and Progressive Era Reference Library, ed. , v.

Focuses on the significant social and culture changes that occurred in the years 1878-1913.

Gothic Literature: A Gale Critical Companion, ed. , v.
Gothic Literature: A Gale Critical Companion, ed. , v.

Gothic Literature: A Gale Critical Companion, ed. , v.

Spans all facets of gothic literature, including visual and performing arts, society and culture, themes, and settings. Includes primary source documents and critical material to provide a contextual perspective, a related chronology of key events, full-text commentaries, and lists of further readings.

Government, Politics, and Protest: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.
Government, Politics, and Protest: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.

Government, Politics, and Protest: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.

A collection of primary source documents that focus on leading social issues of the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. International in scope, each title is devoted to one topic.

Great Depression and the New Deal Reference Library, ed. , v.
Great Depression and the New Deal Reference Library, ed. , v.

Great Depression and the New Deal Reference Library, ed. , v.

Covers the failure of the U.S. economy and its gradual recovery, with special attention to the New Deal, as well as the global situation, including the rise of Hitler. The Almanac covers the era in 16 subject chapters. Biographies profiles 29 major figures of the period. Primary Sources features annotated excerpts from speeches, newspaper and magazine articles, literature, and other documents from the period. For middle school and general audiences.

Harlem Renaissance, ed. , v.
Harlem Renaissance, ed. , v.

Harlem Renaissance, ed. , v.

This authoritative resource presents the people, places and times that defined an era and documents the launch of cultural development among African Americans in 1920s Harlem. This single volume contains almanac and biographies sections with primary source documents in sidebars throughout.

Historic Events for Students: The Great Depression, ed. , v.
Historic Events for Students: The Great Depression, ed. , v.

Historic Events for Students: The Great Depression, ed. , v.

Each volume includes 15-20 entries covering a specific issue or incident related to the Great Depression in a global perspective. Entries follow a standard format for comparison purposes and typically include an introduction, an issue or incident summary, an exploration of different perspectives, a summary of key political, social and economic influences, and sources for further research. Includes primary source documents. Aimed at students and the general public. 3 volumes.

History in Dispute, ed. , v. 1
History in Dispute, ed. , v. 1

History in Dispute, ed. , v. 1

This series addresses heavily debated questions by offering different critical perspectives on major historical events, drawn from all time periods and from all parts of the globe. Each volume in this series has a thematic, era or subject-specific focus that coincides with the way history is studied at the academic level. Entries are selected by an advisory board of historians and academics.

History of World Trade Since 1450, ed. , v.
History of World Trade Since 1450, ed. , v.

History of World Trade Since 1450, ed. , v.

History of World Trade Since 1450 starts at a year regarded as the beginning of the Age of Exploration and examines how the hunt for new resources and markets during that period resulted in the establishment of colonies in Africa, the Americas and Asia. The set looks at the Industrial Revolution, the rise of capitalism and the effects of imperialism on the global economy.

Human Diseases and Conditions, ed. 2, v.
Human Diseases and Conditions, ed. 2, v.

Human Diseases and Conditions, ed. 2, v.

Presents information on numerous diseases and conditions. Articles include a definition of the disease or condition, an explanation of how it works in the body, information on causes, symptoms and diagnosis, treatment or cure, and lifestyles.

Human and Civil Rights: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.
Human and Civil Rights: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.

Human and Civil Rights: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.

These volumes of primary source documents focus on leading social issues of the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. International in scope, each title is devoted to one topic.

Immigration and Multiculturalism: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.
Immigration and Multiculturalism: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.

Immigration and Multiculturalism: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.

Provides primary source documents focused on immigration and multiculturalism in the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. Contains approximately 175 full or excerpted documents---speeches, legislation, magazine and newspaper articles, essays, memoirs, letters, interviews, novels, songs, and works of art---as well as overview information that places each document in context. International in scope.

Industrial Revolution Reference Library, ed. , v.
Industrial Revolution Reference Library, ed. , v.

Industrial Revolution Reference Library, ed. , v.

Covers the ideas and social turmoil that marked this transition as well as the machines, manufacturing processes and energy sources that spurred it on.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of Foods and Recipes of the World, ed. , v.
Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of Foods and Recipes of the World, ed. , v.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of Foods and Recipes of the World, ed. , v.

This 4-vol. set provides comprehensive coverage of the foods and recipes from 70 representative countries and culture groups worldwide -- from Algeria to Zimbabwe.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of Physical Geography, ed. , v.
Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of Physical Geography, ed. , v.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of Physical Geography, ed. , v.

Includes information on physical properties and characteristics of nearly 200 countries. Designed specifically for students in grades 5-12.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Holidays, ed. , v.
Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Holidays, ed. , v.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Holidays, ed. , v.

Written for students in middle and high school, offering in-depth information on such holidays as Children's/Youth Day, Christmas (and related celebrations), Halloween and Festivals of the Dead, Hanukkah, Independence Day (Cinco de Mayo, Bastille Day, etc.), Kwanza, Yom Kippur, New Year celebrations and many others. 4 volume set.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Canadian Provinces, ed. 5, v.
Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Canadian Provinces, ed. 5, v.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Canadian Provinces, ed. 5, v.

Provides information on Canada's provinces and territories. Includes details on Canada's arts, climate, government, health, languages, notable persons, and ethnic groups.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Mexican States, ed. 2, v.
Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Mexican States, ed. 2, v.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Mexican States, ed. 2, v.

Presents profiles of the 31 states and the Distrito Federal (federal district) of Mexico. Topics include climate, plants and animals, population and ethnic groups, religions, transportation, history, state and local governments, political parties, judicial system, economy, education, arts, media, tourism, sports, famous people.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, ed. 5, v.
Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, ed. 5, v.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, ed. 5, v.

Presents profiles of 194 countries of the world. Topics include climate, plants and animals, population and ethnic groups, religions, transportation, history, government, political parties, judicial system, economy, education, arts, media, tourism, and famous people.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the States, ed. 5, v.
Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the States, ed. 5, v.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the States, ed. 5, v.

Presents profiles of the 50 states of the nation, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the US dependencies. Topics include climate, plants and animals, population and ethnic groups, religions, transportation, history, state and local governments, political parties, judicial system, economy, education, arts, media, tourism, sports, famous people.

Kim Jong Il, ed. , v.
Kim Jong Il, ed. , v.

Kim Jong Il, ed. , v.

Profiles the life and career of North Korean leader Kim Jong Il.

Korean War Reference Library, ed. , v.
Korean War Reference Library, ed. , v.

Korean War Reference Library, ed. , v.

Covers the Korean War by exploring the major topics and events related to the period. The combined Almanac and Primary Sources covers the background of and issues related to the conflict in 13 chapters. Biographies includes 25 biographical entries on major figures from the period and 50 photographs.

Landmarks of the American Revolution: Library of Military History, ed. 2, v.
Landmarks of the American Revolution: Library of Military History, ed. 2, v.

Landmarks of the American Revolution: Library of Military History, ed. 2, v.

Zooming in on key locations connected to the American Revolution, this expanded and completely revised edition of Col. Mark M. Boatner III's original book goes beyond U.S. borders when profiling historical sites and landmarks significant to the war. The original state-by-state guide now also includes coverage of the war in the West Indies and an expanded treatment of Canada.

Learning About the Holocaust, ed. , v.
Learning About the Holocaust, ed. , v.

Learning About the Holocaust, ed. , v.

Offers articles written at the 9th and 10th grade reading levels; includes diary entries and stories about young people who lived during the Holocaust.

Literary Movements for Students, ed. 2, v.
Literary Movements for Students, ed. 2, v.

Literary Movements for Students, ed. 2, v.

Entries provide in-depth historical background information on each movement as well as modern critical interpretation of each movement's characteristic styles and themes.

Literary Newsmakers for Students, ed. , v. 3
Literary Newsmakers for Students, ed. , v. 3

Literary Newsmakers for Students, ed. , v. 3

Provides analysis and criticism of recent novels and other works of fiction, nonfiction, poetry and drama.

Literary Themes for Students: Race and Prejudice, ed. , v.
Literary Themes for Students: Race and Prejudice, ed. , v.

Literary Themes for Students: Race and Prejudice, ed. , v.

Works included represent a wide range of circumstances in which individuals experience prejudice in American, British and world literature. The discussion goes well beyond race, religion, and gender into ethnicity, social status, mental and physical health, and personal beliefs and behaviors.

Literary Themes for Students: The American Dream, ed. , v.
Literary Themes for Students: The American Dream, ed. , v.

Literary Themes for Students: The American Dream, ed. , v.

Provides readers with an overview of literary works that explore the theme of the American dream. Analyzes poetry, plays, short stories, novels, and works of nonfiction that address this theme in some capacity, and how that theme has been treated in literature at different times in history and across diverse cultures.

Literary Themes for Students: War and Peace, ed. , v.
Literary Themes for Students: War and Peace, ed. , v.

Literary Themes for Students: War and Peace, ed. , v.

Presents a myriad of viewpoints, so that modern readers can begin to grasp the complexities of war and its impact. Such stories give voice to the individuals who fight and are fought against, who are injured, who suffer on the battlefield and at home, and who, inevitably, can no longer speak for themselves. Examines dominant and recurring subthemes in the literature of war; including survival, terrorism, leadership, and genocide.

Literature and Its Times Supplement 1, ed. , v.
Literature and Its Times Supplement 1, ed. , v.

Literature and Its Times Supplement 1, ed. , v.

Provides in-depth commentary on characters, themes, and the historical and social context of 300 most-studied literary works, including novels, plays, poems, speeches, and short stories, both international and American.

Literature and Its Times, ed. , v.
Literature and Its Times, ed. , v.

Literature and Its Times, ed. , v.

Provides in-depth commentary on characters, themes, and the historical and social context of 300 most-studied literary works, including novels, plays, poems, speeches, and short stories, both international and American.

Major Acts of Congress, ed. , v.
Major Acts of Congress, ed. , v.

Major Acts of Congress, ed. , v.

In 262 entries, this 3-vol. set examines landmark pieces of legislation, explaining the historical factors that led to the proposal of each act, looking at the adoption process and assessing each act's impact on American life. All aspects of legislation are covered, including the National Prohibition Act, the Civil Rights Act, the Family and Medical Leave Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Fair Housing Act, the Freedom of Information Act and much more.

Maya Angelou, ed. , v.
Maya Angelou, ed. , v.

Maya Angelou, ed. , v.

Profiles the life and career of writer Maya Angelou.

Medicine, Health, and Bioethics: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.
Medicine, Health, and Bioethics: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.

Medicine, Health, and Bioethics: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.

A focus on leading social issues of the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. Each title contains approximately 175 full or excerpted documents---speeches, legislation, magazine and newspaper articles, essays, memoirs, letters, interviews, novels, songs, and works of art---as well as overview information that places each document in context.

Melton's Encyclopedia of American Religions, ed. 8, v.
Melton's Encyclopedia of American Religions, ed. 8, v.

Melton's Encyclopedia of American Religions, ed. 8, v.

Comprehensive coverage of more than 2,300 North American religious groups in the U.S. and Canada -- from Adventists to Zen Buddhists. Information is presented in two distinct sections, essays and directory listings describing the historical development of religious families and providing factual information about each group within those families. Includes, when available, rubrics for membership figures, educational facilities and periodicals.

Middle Ages Reference Library, ed. , v.
Middle Ages Reference Library, ed. , v.

Middle Ages Reference Library, ed. , v.

Covers the different civilizations and peoples of Medieval times; includes biographical essays on significant individuals of the era; and presents a collection of excerpts from relevant letters, journal entries, poems and more from the era.

New Encyclopedia of Africa, ed. 2, v.
New Encyclopedia of Africa, ed. 2, v.

New Encyclopedia of Africa, ed. 2, v.

Addresses the entire history of African cultures from the pharaohs and the ancient civilizations of the south through the colonial era to the emergence of 53 independent countries, some of them newly emergent in world commerce and others deep in conflict. Covers issues facing the continent such as global development, the AIDS crisis, and international terrorism.

Nonfiction Classics for Students, ed. , v.
Nonfiction Classics for Students, ed. , v.

Nonfiction Classics for Students, ed. , v.

Provides critical overviews on the most frequently studied nonfiction essays, books, biographies, and memoirs. Includes discussions of literary format, themes, and structure.

Notable Black American Men, Book II, ed. , v.
Notable Black American Men, Book II, ed. , v.

Notable Black American Men, Book II, ed. , v.

Profiles contemporary and historic figures whose accomplishments will inspire students of every heritage. Covering the most prominent newsmakers as well as lesser-known individuals, each volume offers full biographical entries, portraits, addresses for living listees and recommended sources for further study.

Nutrition and Well-Being A to Z, ed. , v.
Nutrition and Well-Being A to Z, ed. , v.

Nutrition and Well-Being A to Z, ed. , v.

This two-volume reference examines the relationship between food and health on a historical, national and personal level. It analyzes how nutrition has affected quality of life, health and fitness in various countries at different times in history.

Political Theories for Students, ed. , v.
Political Theories for Students, ed. , v.

Political Theories for Students, ed. , v.

In-depth information on major political theories and systems from all time periods. Each entry begins with a general overview of the system/theory followed by a discussion of the principal aspects of the theory, the theory's philosophy and an analysis of the historical context in which the theory was developed, including critical response.

Prejudice in the Modern World Reference Library, ed. , v.
Prejudice in the Modern World Reference Library, ed. , v.

Prejudice in the Modern World Reference Library, ed. , v.

Explores the many different types of prejudice, their history, what causes these prejudices in people and societies, and their consequences. Presents profiles of diverse and unique men and women who played key roles in the history of prejudice. Excerpted documents tell various stories in the words of the people who fought prejudice, acted out prejudices, and those who were the victims of prejudice.

Psychologists and Their Theories for Students, ed. , v.
Psychologists and Their Theories for Students, ed. , v.

Psychologists and Their Theories for Students, ed. , v.

Perfect for research assignments in psychology, science and history, this one-stop source for in-depth coverage of major psychological theories and the people who developed them provides a unique approach to the study of psychological history as it pertains to analysis. 2 volumes.

Psychology of Classroom Learning, ed. , v.
Psychology of Classroom Learning, ed. , v.

Psychology of Classroom Learning, ed. , v.

Examines the fundamental psychological aspects of learning such as cognition, motivation, and emotion, as well as individual and environmental factors at work in the classroom. Explores how instruction and learning are affected by factors such as classroom management, multiculturalism, learning styles, home schooling, peer relationships, school culture, discipline, self-esteem, socioeconomic status, and more.

Real-Life Math, ed. , v.
Real-Life Math, ed. , v.

Real-Life Math, ed. , v.

Provides an understanding of commonly studied math concepts by illustrating their use in everyday life in everyday tasks, such as buying insurance, constructing a budget, reading graphs, adjusting cooking recipes or planning for retirement. Topics are designed to support the modern mathematics curriculum and contain examples related to the global economy. 2 volumes.

Reconstruction Era Reference Library, ed. , v.
Reconstruction Era Reference Library, ed. , v.

Reconstruction Era Reference Library, ed. , v.

The three-volume Reconstruction Era Reference Library provides targeted information on post-Civil War America, from the end of the war in 1865 to the Compromise of 1877.

Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library, ed. , v.
Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library, ed. , v.

Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library, ed. , v.

This resource brings the people and the events of the Renaissance and Reformation to life for today's students. Covering everything from Luther's Revolt to the writings of Shakespeare, the Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library fills the need for comprehensive coverage of this amazing time.

Renaissance: An Encyclopedia for Students, ed. , v.
Renaissance: An Encyclopedia for Students, ed. , v.

Renaissance: An Encyclopedia for Students, ed. , v.

A survey of the Renaissance-era topics most studied in high school world history, art literature, economics and science curriculum. Presents 465 alphabetically arranged entries broadly covering people, places, events, concepts, works of art and literature, and scientific achievements from around 1350 to 1620. For students in grades 7 and higher.

Roaring Twenties Reference Library, ed. , v.
Roaring Twenties Reference Library, ed. , v.

Roaring Twenties Reference Library, ed. , v.

The Roaring Twenties Reference Library chronicles and illustrates a time of great social change in everything from fashion to music to politics.

Shakespeare for Students, ed. 2, v.
Shakespeare for Students, ed. 2, v.

Shakespeare for Students, ed. 2, v.

Collection of essays by Shakespeare scholars that have been selected for students at the high school or undergraduate college level. Each entry includes an introduction; a plot synopsis; a character list; a discussion of the work's principal themes; information about the style and literary devices used; a conversation about the work's historical context; and a critical overview.

Shaping of America, 1783-1815 Reference Library, ed. , v.
Shaping of America, 1783-1815 Reference Library, ed. , v.

Shaping of America, 1783-1815 Reference Library, ed. , v.

This collection chronicles and illustrates the important period between 1783-1815 when America forged its place at home and on the international stage.

Social Policy: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.
Social Policy: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.

Social Policy: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.

A collection of primary source documents that focus on leading social issues of the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. International in scope, each title is devoted to one topic.

Spanish-American War, ed. , v.
Spanish-American War, ed. , v.

Spanish-American War, ed. , v.

Covers the underlying causes of the Spanish American war, the battles, and the resolution of the conflict with the signing of the Treaty of Paris.

St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide, ed. , v.
St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide, ed. , v.

St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide, ed. , v.

The 2-vol. St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide provides in-depth analysis of more than 300 key events in labor history over the last 200 years, focusing on the relevance of these events to both the labor movement as a whole and to societal changes around the world.

St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, ed. , v.
St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, ed. , v.

St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, ed. , v.

Covers topics and persons in major areas of popular culture: film, music, print culture, social life, sports, television and radio, and art and performance (including theater, dance, stand-up comedy, and other live performance).

Supreme Court Drama: Cases That Changed America, ed. , v.
Supreme Court Drama: Cases That Changed America, ed. , v.

Supreme Court Drama: Cases That Changed America, ed. , v.

Profiles major U.S. Supreme Court decisions that have made a significant impact on American society. Each volume is organized by broad legal principles such as individual liberties, criminal justice, equal protection, and business and government law. Within this framework, case entries are arranged under the more specific legal issue to which they relate, such as affirmative action, capital punishment, freedom of speech, and monopolies.

The African-American Years: Chronologies of American History and Experience, ed. , v.
The African-American Years: Chronologies of American History and Experience, ed. , v.

The African-American Years: Chronologies of American History and Experience, ed. , v.

Discusses the history of African Americans from pre-colonial times to the present. Includes memoirs, letters, family histories, newspapers, oral histories, and city directories, providing historical evidence to help understand and interpret past events. For high school and college students, as well as general readers.

The Ancient Near East, ed. , v.
The Ancient Near East, ed. , v.

The Ancient Near East, ed. , v.

Provides an overview of Egypt, Mesopotamia, Iran/Persia, and the Arabian Peninsula, covering more than 4,000 years, from the Early Bronze Age to 325 B.C.E.

The Crusades Reference Library, ed. , v.
The Crusades Reference Library, ed. , v.

The Crusades Reference Library, ed. , v.

The three-volume The Crusades covers everything from the First Crusade (1095-99) through the Ninth Crusade (1271-72).

The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers, ed. , v. 1
The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers, ed. , v. 1

The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers, ed. , v. 1

Chronicling Eleanor Roosevelt's development as diplomat, journalist, and political strategist in the years 1945 to 1948, this publication is filled with original writings and speeches.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, ed. 3, v.
The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, ed. 3, v.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, ed. 3, v.

Covers all aspects of the subject including therapies, conditions/diseases, herbs/plants, and people. Identifies numerous types of alternative medicine being practiced today, including reflexology, acupressure, acupuncture, chelation therapy, kinesiology, yoga, chiropractic, Feldenkrais, polarity therapy, detoxification, naturopathy, Chinese medicine, biofeedback, Ayurveda and osteopathy.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Diets, ed. , v.
The Gale Encyclopedia of Diets, ed. , v.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Diets, ed. , v.

Covers topics such as dieting and popular diets, dietary concerns, nutritional basics, and the effects of a person's dietary choices on one's health. Topics are organized around the development and history of a diet, its basic principles, any key figures that influence the trend, and any public or regulatory concerns associated with the practice. Provides information across all age groups from infants to the elderly.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Mental Health, ed. 2, v.
The Gale Encyclopedia of Mental Health, ed. 2, v.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Mental Health, ed. 2, v.

Provides detailed information on mental disorders and conditions. Also features entries for prescription, alternative and over-the-counter drugs, as well as the various therapies used to treat mental disorders.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Neurological Disorders, ed. , v.
The Gale Encyclopedia of Neurological Disorders, ed. , v.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Neurological Disorders, ed. , v.

Provides in-depth coverage of neurological diseases and disorders, including stroke, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson disease, Tourette Syndrome, Alzheimer's disease, cerebral palsy, vertigo, amnesia, and epilepsy, targeted to patients, their families and allied health students. Related topics include communication aids, electric personal assistive mobility devices, medications, and the needs of Alzheimer patient caregivers among others.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology, ed. 2, v.
The Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology, ed. 2, v.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology, ed. 2, v.

This single-volume, accessible resource covers the entire spectrum of psychology, including: notable people, theories and terms; landmark case studies and experiments; applications of psychology in advertising, medicine and sports; and career information. More than 650 articles -- 65% of those are entirely new or updated since the last edition.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Science, ed. 4, v.
The Gale Encyclopedia of Science, ed. 4, v.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Science, ed. 4, v.

Covers all major areas of science, engineering, technology, as well as mathematics and the medical and health sciences, while providing a comprehensive overview of current scientific knowledge and technology. Entries typically describe scientific concepts, provide overviews of scientific areas and, in some cases, define terms.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Surgery and Medical Tests, ed. 2, v.
The Gale Encyclopedia of Surgery and Medical Tests, ed. 2, v.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Surgery and Medical Tests, ed. 2, v.

Provides coverage of numerous surgical procedures, medical tests and related topics, such as anesthetics, common lab test and procedures, medications and postoperative care. Entries for medical test and surgical include definition; purpose; demographic information; diagnosis/preparation; aftercare; risks; morbidity and mortality rates; alternatives; and more.

The Gale Encyclopedia of the Unusual and Unexplained, ed. , v.
The Gale Encyclopedia of the Unusual and Unexplained, ed. , v.

The Gale Encyclopedia of the Unusual and Unexplained, ed. , v.

Responding to the surging interest among students for information on topics relating to magic, witchcraft, the supernatural and other mysterious phenomena, Gale presents this in-depth, comprehensive 3-vol. set. Information is arranged in an objective manner, presenting varying viewpoints when appropriate, and is written at a level that younger students and researchers can understand.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt, ed. , v.
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt, ed. , v.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt, ed. , v.

Provides numerous entries covering the world of ancient Egypt. Entries include definitions of important terms, biographies of central figures, and brief narratives of pivotal events.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece, ed. , v.
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece, ed. , v.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece, ed. , v.

Provides numerous entries covering the world of ancient Greece. Entries include definitions of important terms, biographies of central figures, and brief narratives of pivotal events.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Mesopotamia, ed. , v.
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Mesopotamia, ed. , v.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Mesopotamia, ed. , v.

Provides numerous entries covering the world of ancient Mesopotamia. Entries include definitions of important terms, biographies of central figures, and brief narratives of pivotal events.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Rome, ed. , v.
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Rome, ed. , v.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Rome, ed. , v.

Provides numerous entries covering the world of ancient Rome. Entries include definitions of important terms, biographies of central figures, and brief narratives of pivotal events.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Capital Punishment, ed. , v.
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Capital Punishment, ed. , v.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Capital Punishment, ed. , v.

Provides a history of capital punishment, and of the opposition to it. Includes well-known figures on both sides of the issue. Various methods of execution are explained and their use placed in historical context. Legal terminology important to the debate is defined and explained.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Greek and Roman Mythology, ed. , v.
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Greek and Roman Mythology, ed. , v.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Greek and Roman Mythology, ed. , v.

Provides numerous entries covering Greek and Roman mythology. Entries include heroes, gods, and stories of classical mythology.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Paranormal Phenomena, ed. , v.
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Paranormal Phenomena, ed. , v.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Paranormal Phenomena, ed. , v.

Presents the views of both believers and skeptics while providing information related to such paranormal phenomena as UFOs, alien abductions, mysterious beasts, haunted houses, ESP, near-death and out-of-body experiences, spiritual healing, stigmata, and spontaneous human combustion.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Terrorism, ed. , v.
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Terrorism, ed. , v.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Terrorism, ed. , v.

Provides numerous entries covering terrorism. Entries include specific events, organizations, people, and places.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Civil War, ed. , v.
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Civil War, ed. , v.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Civil War, ed. , v.

A guide to the most significant facts about the Civil War, with entries representing important battles, military equipment, people, places, and issues.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Middle Ages, ed. , v.
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Middle Ages, ed. , v.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Middle Ages, ed. , v.

Includes entries covering key historical figures, events, and places significant to the Middle Ages.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Renaissance, ed. , v.
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Renaissance, ed. , v.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Renaissance, ed. , v.

Includes entries covering key historical figures, significant events, and influential ideas from the European Renaissance.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Vietnam War, ed. , v.
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Vietnam War, ed. , v.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Vietnam War, ed. , v.

Entries cover important figures of the Vietnam War, including military and political leaders, prisoners of war, and antiwar activists; important battles and operations; key military units, equipment, and weaponry; and various cultural topics.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Witchcraft, ed. , v.
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Witchcraft, ed. , v.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Witchcraft, ed. , v.

Explores all aspects of witchcraft: magical tools, rituals, concepts, and traditions as well as witchcraft-related deities and historical events. Offers information about important figures in the field of witchcraft, from witch-trial judges and other persecutors to people at the forefront of the modern witchcraft movement.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of World Religions, ed. , v.
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of World Religions, ed. , v.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of World Religions, ed. , v.

Provides numerous entries covering world religions including gods and other holy figures, concepts, historical figures, places, rites, and festivals.

The History of Terrorism, ed. , v.
The History of Terrorism, ed. , v.

The History of Terrorism, ed. , v.

A factbook on the history of terrorism, written for young adults. Examines how those with extreme views have used terrorist tactics for decades and in various parts of the world.

The Iraqi Prisoner Abuse Scandal, ed. , v.
The Iraqi Prisoner Abuse Scandal, ed. , v.

The Iraqi Prisoner Abuse Scandal, ed. , v.

A factbook on the Iraqi prisoner abuse scandal, written for young adults. Explores the issues surrounding the scandal and its effects on the war on terror.

The John F. Kennedy Assassination, ed. , v.
The John F. Kennedy Assassination, ed. , v.

The John F. Kennedy Assassination, ed. , v.

Offers step-by-step explanations of the scientific and legal processes used in the search for clues to the assassination of John F. Kennedy.

The Patriot Act, ed. , v.
The Patriot Act, ed. , v.

The Patriot Act, ed. , v.

Presents differing views on whether the Patriot Act protects national security, violates civil liberties, and whether it should or should not be expanded.

The Patriot Act, ed. , v.
The Patriot Act, ed. , v.

The Patriot Act, ed. , v.

Examines the issues surrounding the Patriot Act and provides an overview of the topic.

The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, Thematic Series: Sports Figures, ed. , v.
The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, Thematic Series: Sports Figures, ed. , v.

The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, Thematic Series: Sports Figures, ed. , v.

A two-volume biographical resource for professional sports figures. Presents over 600 entries covering a who's who of American sports, including athletes, coaches, owners, and media personalities. Each entry provides a brief introduction, photo, detailed biography, career highlights, and a bibliography. For general readers.

The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, Thematic Series: The 1960s, ed. , v.
The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, Thematic Series: The 1960s, ed. , v.

The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, Thematic Series: The 1960s, ed. , v.

A two-volume biographical resource for key individuals of the 1960s. Presents 500 entries describing Americans who defined the decade, including politicians, athletes, entertainers, and artists, among many others. The alphabetically arranged entries focus on the individual's activities during the 1960s and include photos and bibliographies. For students and general readers.

The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, ed. , v. 1
The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, ed. , v. 1

The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, ed. , v. 1

Presents original scholarly biographies of notable Americans. Profiles careers and achievements as well as biographical data including family members; educational background; names of spouses and marriage and divorce dates; addresses of residences; and cause of death and place of burial.

The Sixties in America Reference Library, ed. , v.
The Sixties in America Reference Library, ed. , v.

The Sixties in America Reference Library, ed. , v.

The Sixties in America Reference Library presents a broad overview of the turbulent 1960s, a decade that forever changed the American social, political and cultural landscape.

The War in Iraq, ed. , v.
The War in Iraq, ed. , v.

The War in Iraq, ed. , v.

Examines the issues surrounding the war in Iraq from a variety of international perspectives.

Tobacco in History and Culture: An Encyclopedia, ed. , v.
Tobacco in History and Culture: An Encyclopedia, ed. , v.

Tobacco in History and Culture: An Encyclopedia, ed. , v.

A two-volume survey of how tobacco became one of the most important commodities in the history of world trade and the source of one of the biggest public health concerns in modern history. Presents 136 alphabetically arranged entries on all aspects of tobacco. Illustrated with graphs, charts, drawings and photographs. For high school and college students as well as general readers.

UXL American Decades, ed. , v.
UXL American Decades, ed. , v.

UXL American Decades, ed. , v.

This series covers 20th-century events and social history beginning in 1900 and ending in 1999, written expressly for middle school students. Each decade is covered in one volume. Topics for each decade include: Headline Makers, Topics in the News, Arts and Entertainment, Business and the Economy, Education, Government, Politics, and Law, Lifestyles and Social Trends, Medicine and Health, Science and Technology, and Sports.

UXL Encyclopedia of Biomes, ed. 2, v.
UXL Encyclopedia of Biomes, ed. 2, v.

UXL Encyclopedia of Biomes, ed. 2, v.

Offers detailed comparative essays on major biomes and their component ecosystems. Includes entries on land biomes and water biomes and covers climate, elevation, soil, water bodies, vegetation, animal life, food web, plant and animal adaptations, endangered species, human effects on the biome and the effects of the environment on humans' culture and economy.

UXL Encyclopedia of Diseases and Disorders, ed. , v.
UXL Encyclopedia of Diseases and Disorders, ed. , v.

UXL Encyclopedia of Diseases and Disorders, ed. , v.

Contains numerous entries on medical conditions, from avian flu to warts. Entries cover infectious diseases, injuries, genetic disorders, and others.

UXL Encyclopedia of Landforms and Other Geologic Features, ed. , v.
UXL Encyclopedia of Landforms and Other Geologic Features, ed. , v.

UXL Encyclopedia of Landforms and Other Geologic Features, ed. , v.

Focuses on the physical and geological aspects, structure, and features of 48 of the earth's landforms - what they are, how they look, how they were created, how they change over time, and major geological events associated with them. Written for middle school students to support earth science and landform-related assignments, alphabetically arranged entries follow a standard and consistent subheaded format; and range in length from 9 to 11 pages.

UXL Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes, ed. 2, v.
UXL Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes, ed. 2, v.

UXL Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes, ed. 2, v.

Provides detailed studies of tribes from all over the United States and Canada, including small tribes and some that no longer exist. Gives detailed yet accessible information on history, religion, art, government, economy, daily life and current social and political issues.

UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.
UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.

UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.

Introduces the history of the United States from pre-Colonial America to the present day. Explores the timeline of America: its founders, key historical figures, wars, events, political environment, economy, and culture.

UXL Encyclopedia of Water Science, ed. , v.
UXL Encyclopedia of Water Science, ed. , v.

UXL Encyclopedia of Water Science, ed. , v.

This encyclopedia explores water science and issues from an international perspective. Topics covered include lakes and streams, oceans, aquatic animals, weather and climate, glaciers, wetlands, ecology, hydropower, commercial fishing, acid rain, recreation, pollution, economics, water conservation, international water law, global warming and much more.

UXL Encyclopedia of Weather and Natural Disasters, ed. , v.
UXL Encyclopedia of Weather and Natural Disasters, ed. , v.

UXL Encyclopedia of Weather and Natural Disasters, ed. , v.

Introduces students to the topic of weather and natural disasters, covering such topics as weather basics, weather phenomena, forecasting, and climate. Provides information on the scientific aspects of various types of disasters including: blizzards, earthquakes, flooding, tornadoes, volcanoes, and wildfires.

UXL Encyclopedia of World Mythology, ed. , v.
UXL Encyclopedia of World Mythology, ed. , v.

UXL Encyclopedia of World Mythology, ed. , v.

Entry topics include gods and goddesses; heroes and other key characters; motifs and global themes; major myths; and national or cultural mythologies. Coverage spans a diversity of cultures, including standard Greek/Roman entries as well as Native North and South American traditions, Norse mythology, Asian Pacific mythology, Judeo-Christian tradition, and Islamic and Hindu mythologies.

Vietnam War Reference Library, ed. , v.
Vietnam War Reference Library, ed. , v.

Vietnam War Reference Library, ed. , v.

This title traces the progression of this controversial war from its beginnings in 1941 with the creation of the Vietminh guerrilla force under Ho Chi Minh, through its last days in 1975 with the fall of Saigon. It covers high ranking government officials both foreign and domestic, antiwar activists, and soldiers and provides a variety of perspectives on the country's involvement in the war with excerpts from screenplays, literature, speeches and hearing testimonies.

War of 1812, ed. , v.
War of 1812, ed. , v.

War of 1812, ed. , v.

This concise resource covers the War of 1812 by providing a detailed overview of an often overlooked war.

Westward Expansion Reference Library, ed. , v.
Westward Expansion Reference Library, ed. , v.

Westward Expansion Reference Library, ed. , v.

This 3-vol. set features volumes dedicated to events, people and insightful primary sources that present an objective yet entertaining look at frontier life.

Witchcraft in America, ed. , v.
Witchcraft in America, ed. , v.

Witchcraft in America, ed. , v.

This fascinating and informative source covers the history of witchcraft in the United States from the hysteria that facilitated the witch hunts during the colonial period to modern day followers of Wicca.

World Encyclopedia of Police Forces and Correctional Systems, ed. 2, v.
World Encyclopedia of Police Forces and Correctional Systems, ed. 2, v.

World Encyclopedia of Police Forces and Correctional Systems, ed. 2, v.

This fully updated version of the original 1989 edition of the World Encyclopedia of Police Forces and Correctional Systems describes the national law enforcement and correctional systems of more than 195 countries across the globe.

World Eras, ed. , v. 1
World Eras, ed. , v. 1

World Eras, ed. , v. 1

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of the European Renaissance and Reformation, 1350-1600.

World Eras, ed. , v. 10
World Eras, ed. , v. 10

World Eras, ed. , v. 10

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of West African kingdoms, 500-1590.

World Eras, ed. , v. 2
World Eras, ed. , v. 2

World Eras, ed. , v. 2

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of the rise and spread of Islam, 622-1500.

World Eras, ed. , v. 3
World Eras, ed. , v. 3

World Eras, ed. , v. 3

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of the Roman Republic and Empire, 264 B.C.E.-476 C.E.

World Eras, ed. , v. 4
World Eras, ed. , v. 4

World Eras, ed. , v. 4

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of medieval Europe, 814-1350.

World Eras, ed. , v. 5
World Eras, ed. , v. 5

World Eras, ed. , v. 5

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of ancient Egypt, 2615-332 B.C.E.

World Eras, ed. , v. 6
World Eras, ed. , v. 6

World Eras, ed. , v. 6

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of classical Greek civilization, 800-323 B.C.E.

World Eras, ed. , v. 7
World Eras, ed. , v. 7

World Eras, ed. , v. 7

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of imperial China, 617-1644.

World Eras, ed. , v. 8
World Eras, ed. , v. 8

World Eras, ed. , v. 8

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of ancient Mesopotamia, 3300-331 B.C.E.

World Eras, ed. , v. 9
World Eras, ed. , v. 9

World Eras, ed. , v. 9

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of the Industrial Revolution in Europe, 1750-1914.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 1
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 1

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 1

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on major fiction, poetry and nonfiction from Latin America.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 2
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 2

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 2

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on major fiction, poetry and nonfiction from Africa.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 3
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 3

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 3

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on major fiction, poetry and nonfiction from Great Britain and Ireland, from the Celtic migrations to the Reform Bill.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 4
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 4

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 4

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on major fiction, poetry and nonfiction from Great Britain and Ireland, from the Victorian Era to the present.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 5
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 5

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 5

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on major fiction, poetry and nonfiction from Spain and Portugal.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 6
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 6

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 6

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on major fiction, poetry and nonfiction from the Middle East.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 7
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 7

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 7

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on major fiction, poetry and nonfiction from Italy.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 8
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 8

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 8

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on classical literature.

World Religions Reference Library, ed. , v.
World Religions Reference Library, ed. , v.

World Religions Reference Library, ed. , v.

A thorough, objective resource covering the history, traditions and worldviews of dominant and less prominent religions and their sects and offshoots.

World War I Reference Library, ed. , v.
World War I Reference Library, ed. , v.

World War I Reference Library, ed. , v.

Covers major topics related to the period, including the roots of the war; causes of U.S. involvement; the Espionage Act and Sedition Act; weapons of mass destruction; and more. Profiles the major players of the period, including Woodrow Wilson, Kaiser Wilhelm II, John Pershing, and Henri-Philippe Petain. Presents full or excerpted primary source materials, including diaries, speeches, letters, journals and memoirs.

World War II Reference Library, ed. , v.
World War II Reference Library, ed. , v.

World War II Reference Library, ed. , v.

Provides background and information on major topics about the World War II period, biographies of significant men and women involved in the war, and primary sources such as full or excerpted speeches, diary entries, newspaper accounts and other original documents.

World of Sports Science, ed. , v.
World of Sports Science, ed. , v.

World of Sports Science, ed. , v.

Covers theoretical and practical treatment of all aspects of sports science and exercise physiology, kinesiology, and biomechanics. Particular emphasis is placed on such high-interest topics as sports medicine, specifically the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of sports injuries; and much more.

Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life, ed. 2, v.
Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life, ed. 2, v.

Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life, ed. 2, v.

Covers cultural groups in Asia, Europe, the Americas and Africa. Each volume is organized by continent, covering history, politics, customs, religion, education, human rights issues, teen life, and more.

Worldmark Encyclopedia of Religious Practices, ed. , v.
Worldmark Encyclopedia of Religious Practices, ed. , v.

Worldmark Encyclopedia of Religious Practices, ed. , v.

In 1,800 pages across 3 volumes, Worldmark Encyclopedia of Religious Practices provides information on current religious practices around the world with an emphasis on how religions impact the daily lives of their followers.

Zero Tolerance Policies in Schools, ed. , v.
Zero Tolerance Policies in Schools, ed. , v.

Zero Tolerance Policies in Schools, ed. , v.

Looks at zero tolerance policies in U.S. public schools, authors debate the effectiveness and fairness of such policies.

World History

Encyclopedia of Russian History, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Russian History, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Russian History, ed. , v.

Provides a comprehensive discussion of Russia's people, politics, economics, religion, and social systems; and is designed to complement the study of comparative politics, world history, geography, literature, arts and culture and world cultures. Entries span the period from the earliest beginnings of the Russian nation to the rise and fall of the Soviet Union.

Renaissance: An Encyclopedia for Students, ed. , v.
Renaissance: An Encyclopedia for Students, ed. , v.

Renaissance: An Encyclopedia for Students, ed. , v.

A survey of the Renaissance-era topics most studied in high school world history, art literature, economics and science curriculum. Presents 465 alphabetically arranged entries broadly covering people, places, events, concepts, works of art and literature, and scientific achievements from around 1350 to 1620. For students in grades 7 and higher.

Gale Encyclopedia of World History, ed. , v.
Gale Encyclopedia of World History, ed. , v.

Gale Encyclopedia of World History, ed. , v.

Provides a broad overview of war throughout world history, from ancient times to present, with a special emphasis on its causes and repercussions.

Gale Encyclopedia of World History, ed. , v.
Gale Encyclopedia of World History, ed. , v.

Gale Encyclopedia of World History, ed. , v.

Provides a broad overview of national governments throughout history, explaining their structures and histories, key players and events, and how governments effect, and are affected by, social change.

World Eras, ed. , v. 5
World Eras, ed. , v. 5

World Eras, ed. , v. 5

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of ancient Egypt, 2615-332 B.C.E.

Ancient Europe, 8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000, ed. , v.
Ancient Europe, 8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000, ed. , v.

Ancient Europe, 8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000, ed. , v.

Examines the diverse peoples of early European civilization through a series of 212 essays, presented in chronological order. Coverage includes prehistoric origins through the early Middle Ages (8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000). Includes maps, photos, and chronologies. For the general reader.

The Gale Encyclopedia of the Unusual and Unexplained, ed. , v.
The Gale Encyclopedia of the Unusual and Unexplained, ed. , v.

The Gale Encyclopedia of the Unusual and Unexplained, ed. , v.

Responding to the surging interest among students for information on topics relating to magic, witchcraft, the supernatural and other mysterious phenomena, Gale presents this in-depth, comprehensive 3-vol. set. Information is arranged in an objective manner, presenting varying viewpoints when appropriate, and is written at a level that younger students and researchers can understand.

World Eras, ed. , v. 2
World Eras, ed. , v. 2

World Eras, ed. , v. 2

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of the rise and spread of Islam, 622-1500.

Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, ed. , v.

This encyclopedia looks at Islam's role in the modern world, doing so in the context of the religion's history and development over the last 13 centuries. Containing thematic articles, biographies of key figures, definitions, illustrations, maps and more, this new encyclopedia fills a need in this key area of religious studies.

Kim Jong Il, ed. , v.
Kim Jong Il, ed. , v.

Kim Jong Il, ed. , v.

Profiles the life and career of North Korean leader Kim Jong Il.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 1
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 1

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 1

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on major fiction, poetry and nonfiction from Latin America.

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 2
World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 2

World Literature and Its Times, ed. , v. 2

Examines the relationship between the political/social climate during which books were written and the works themselves. This volume focuses on major fiction, poetry and nonfiction from Africa.

St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide, ed. , v.
St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide, ed. , v.

St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide, ed. , v.

The 2-vol. St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide provides in-depth analysis of more than 300 key events in labor history over the last 200 years, focusing on the relevance of these events to both the labor movement as a whole and to societal changes around the world.

History of World Trade Since 1450, ed. , v.
History of World Trade Since 1450, ed. , v.

History of World Trade Since 1450, ed. , v.

History of World Trade Since 1450 starts at a year regarded as the beginning of the Age of Exploration and examines how the hunt for new resources and markets during that period resulted in the establishment of colonies in Africa, the Americas and Asia. The set looks at the Industrial Revolution, the rise of capitalism and the effects of imperialism on the global economy.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece, ed. , v.
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece, ed. , v.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece, ed. , v.

Provides numerous entries covering the world of ancient Greece. Entries include definitions of important terms, biographies of central figures, and brief narratives of pivotal events.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Mexican States, ed. 2, v.
Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Mexican States, ed. 2, v.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Mexican States, ed. 2, v.

Presents profiles of the 31 states and the Distrito Federal (federal district) of Mexico. Topics include climate, plants and animals, population and ethnic groups, religions, transportation, history, state and local governments, political parties, judicial system, economy, education, arts, media, tourism, sports, famous people.

Gale Contextual Encyclopedia of World Literature, ed. , v.
Gale Contextual Encyclopedia of World Literature, ed. , v.

Gale Contextual Encyclopedia of World Literature, ed. , v.

Covers world authors from many periods and genres, building an understanding of the various contexts -- from the biographical to the literary to the historical -- in which literature can be viewed. Identifies the significant literary devices and global themes that define a writer's style and place the author in a larger literary tradition as chronicled and evaluated by critics over time.

World Eras, ed. , v. 4
World Eras, ed. , v. 4

World Eras, ed. , v. 4

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of medieval Europe, 814-1350.

Arts and Humanities Through the Eras, ed. , v.
Arts and Humanities Through the Eras, ed. , v.

Arts and Humanities Through the Eras, ed. , v.

Profiling milestones and movements in the arts, literature, music and religion from a specific period, each volume in this set helps students and researchers understand the various disciplines of the humanities in relation to each other, as well as to history and culture. An overview of the period and a chronology of major world events begin each volume.

Arts

Arts and Humanities Through the Eras, ed. , v.
Arts and Humanities Through the Eras, ed. , v.

Arts and Humanities Through the Eras, ed. , v.

Profiling milestones and movements in the arts, literature, music and religion from a specific period, each volume in this set helps students and researchers understand the various disciplines of the humanities in relation to each other, as well as to history and culture. An overview of the period and a chronology of major world events begin each volume.

Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion, ed. , v.

A survey of clothing, costume and fashion. Coverage includes the origins of clothing and body adornment, the development of fabrics and technologies, and the social meanings of dress, as well as representative costumes from a wide range of historical eras. For students and researchers at the high-school level or higher.

Biography

Biographical Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa, ed. , v.
Biographical Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa, ed. , v.

Biographical Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa, ed. , v.

Illuminates the lives of the most influential and controversial figures in the Middle East and North Africa who came to prominence during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Includes profiles of contemporary leaders who belong to various political, ethnic, and religious groups, as well as notable individuals associated with business, law, science, social issues, sports, entertainment, literature, and the fine and performing arts.

Contemporary Hispanic Biography, ed. , v. 2
Contemporary Hispanic Biography, ed. , v. 2

Contemporary Hispanic Biography, ed. , v. 2

Provides informative biographical profiles of the important and influential persons of Latino heritage who form the international Hispanic community. Covers persons of various nationalities in a wide variety of fields, including art, music and literature to science, politics and business.

Kim Jong Il, ed. , v.
Kim Jong Il, ed. , v.

Kim Jong Il, ed. , v.

Profiles the life and career of North Korean leader Kim Jong Il.

Maya Angelou, ed. , v.
Maya Angelou, ed. , v.

Maya Angelou, ed. , v.

Profiles the life and career of writer Maya Angelou.

Notable Black American Men, Book II, ed. , v.
Notable Black American Men, Book II, ed. , v.

Notable Black American Men, Book II, ed. , v.

Profiles contemporary and historic figures whose accomplishments will inspire students of every heritage. Covering the most prominent newsmakers as well as lesser-known individuals, each volume offers full biographical entries, portraits, addresses for living listees and recommended sources for further study.

The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, Thematic Series: Sports Figures, ed. , v.
The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, Thematic Series: Sports Figures, ed. , v.

The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, Thematic Series: Sports Figures, ed. , v.

A two-volume biographical resource for professional sports figures. Presents over 600 entries covering a who's who of American sports, including athletes, coaches, owners, and media personalities. Each entry provides a brief introduction, photo, detailed biography, career highlights, and a bibliography. For general readers.

The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, Thematic Series: The 1960s, ed. , v.
The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, Thematic Series: The 1960s, ed. , v.

The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, Thematic Series: The 1960s, ed. , v.

A two-volume biographical resource for key individuals of the 1960s. Presents 500 entries describing Americans who defined the decade, including politicians, athletes, entertainers, and artists, among many others. The alphabetically arranged entries focus on the individual's activities during the 1960s and include photos and bibliographies. For students and general readers.

The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, ed. , v. 1
The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, ed. , v. 1

The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, ed. , v. 1

Presents original scholarly biographies of notable Americans. Profiles careers and achievements as well as biographical data including family members; educational background; names of spouses and marriage and divorce dates; addresses of residences; and cause of death and place of burial.

Education

Psychology of Classroom Learning, ed. , v.
Psychology of Classroom Learning, ed. , v.

Psychology of Classroom Learning, ed. , v.

Examines the fundamental psychological aspects of learning such as cognition, motivation, and emotion, as well as individual and environmental factors at work in the classroom. Explores how instruction and learning are affected by factors such as classroom management, multiculturalism, learning styles, home schooling, peer relationships, school culture, discipline, self-esteem, socioeconomic status, and more.

Environment

Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy, ed. , v.

Examines the philosophical and ethical issues underlying contemporary and historical environmental issues, policies, and debates. Covers concepts, institutions, topics, events and people, including global warming, animal rights, environmental movements, alternative energy, green chemistry, industrial ecology, and eco-sabotage.

Environmental Issues: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.
Environmental Issues: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.

Environmental Issues: Essential Primary Sources, ed. , v.

A focus on leading social issues of the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. Each title contains approximately 175 full or excerpted documents---speeches, legislation, magazine and newspaper articles, essays, memoirs, letters, interviews, novels, songs, and works of art---as well as overview information that places each document in context.

UXL Encyclopedia of Biomes, ed. 2, v.
UXL Encyclopedia of Biomes, ed. 2, v.

UXL Encyclopedia of Biomes, ed. 2, v.

Offers detailed comparative essays on major biomes and their component ecosystems. Includes entries on land biomes and water biomes and covers climate, elevation, soil, water bodies, vegetation, animal life, food web, plant and animal adaptations, endangered species, human effects on the biome and the effects of the environment on humans' culture and economy.

UXL Encyclopedia of Landforms and Other Geologic Features, ed. , v.
UXL Encyclopedia of Landforms and Other Geologic Features, ed. , v.

UXL Encyclopedia of Landforms and Other Geologic Features, ed. , v.

Focuses on the physical and geological aspects, structure, and features of 48 of the earth's landforms - what they are, how they look, how they were created, how they change over time, and major geological events associated with them. Written for middle school students to support earth science and landform-related assignments, alphabetically arranged entries follow a standard and consistent subheaded format; and range in length from 9 to 11 pages.

UXL Encyclopedia of Water Science, ed. , v.
UXL Encyclopedia of Water Science, ed. , v.

UXL Encyclopedia of Water Science, ed. , v.

This encyclopedia explores water science and issues from an international perspective. Topics covered include lakes and streams, oceans, aquatic animals, weather and climate, glaciers, wetlands, ecology, hydropower, commercial fishing, acid rain, recreation, pollution, economics, water conservation, international water law, global warming and much more.

UXL Encyclopedia of Weather and Natural Disasters, ed. , v.
UXL Encyclopedia of Weather and Natural Disasters, ed. , v.

UXL Encyclopedia of Weather and Natural Disasters, ed. , v.

Introduces students to the topic of weather and natural disasters, covering such topics as weather basics, weather phenomena, forecasting, and climate. Provides information on the scientific aspects of various types of disasters including: blizzards, earthquakes, flooding, tornadoes, volcanoes, and wildfires.

General Reference

Real-Life Math, ed. , v.
Real-Life Math, ed. , v.

Real-Life Math, ed. , v.

Provides an understanding of commonly studied math concepts by illustrating their use in everyday life in everyday tasks, such as buying insurance, constructing a budget, reading graphs, adjusting cooking recipes or planning for retirement. Topics are designed to support the modern mathematics curriculum and contain examples related to the global economy. 2 volumes.

History

American Civil War Reference Library, ed. , v.
American Civil War Reference Library, ed. , v.

American Civil War Reference Library, ed. , v.

American Civil War Reference Library offers comprehensive and wide ranging research options on this compelling era of American history. Material in each of the three titles has been reviewed by an independent advisory board for its curriculum relevance and its accessibility to students in grades 6-12.

American Decades Primary Sources, ed. , v.
American Decades Primary Sources, ed. , v.

American Decades Primary Sources, ed. , v.

Cross-disciplinary source spanning the 20th century. Each volume in the set includes full or excerpted primary sources representing the seminal issues, themes, movements and events from a decade. Includes oral histories, songs, speeches, advertisements, TV, play and movie scripts, letters, laws, legal decisions, newspaper articles, cartoons, recipes, and more.

American Decades, ed. , v.
American Decades, ed. , v.

American Decades, ed. , v.

Cross-disciplinary source for junior and high school students and teachers, public librarians and general researchers who need to document and analyze periods of contemporary American social history (1900-1999).

American Eras, ed. , v.
American Eras, ed. , v.

American Eras, ed. , v.

Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to particular eras in U.S. history.

American History Through Literature 1820-1870, ed. , v.
American History Through Literature 1820-1870, ed. , v.

American History Through Literature 1820-1870, ed. , v.

Designed for the general reader, this set presents literature not as a simple inventory of authors or titles but rather as a historical and cultural field viewed from a wide array of contemporary perspectives. The set, which is 'new historicist' in its approach to literary criticism, endorses the notion that not only does history affect literature, but literature itself informs history.

American History Through Literature 1870-1920, ed. , v.
American History Through Literature 1870-1920, ed. , v.

American History Through Literature 1870-1920, ed. , v.

Designed for the general reader, this set presents literature not as a simple inventory of authors or titles but rather as a historical and cultural field viewed from a wide array of contemporary perspectives. The set, which is 'new historicist' in its approach to literary criticism, endorses the notion that not only does history affect literature, but literature itself informs history.

American Home Front in World War II, ed. , v.
American Home Front in World War II, ed. , v.

American Home Front in World War II, ed. , v.

Examines the effect of World War II on people living in America. The Almanac discusses major events on the home front, including the changing role of women, Civil Defense and the draft. Biographies highlights 26 key figures, such as John L. Lewis, J. Robert Oppenheimer and others. Primary Sources includes primary material from a variety of sources, including speeches, documents and other material.

American Revolution Reference Library, ed. , v.
American Revolution Reference Library, ed. , v.

American Revolution Reference Library, ed. , v.

This 4-vol. set supplies the in-depth information about the American Revolution that students and researchers need for class assignments and reports.

American Social Reform Movements Reference Library, ed. , v.
American Social Reform Movements Reference Library, ed. , v.

American Social Reform Movements Reference Library, ed. , v.

This four-volume set chronicles and illustrates movements from the American Revolution to the present day. Intended to help students successfully complete research and projects.

Ancient Civilizations Reference Library, ed. , v.
Ancient Civilizations Reference Library, ed. , v.

Ancient Civilizations Reference Library, ed. , v.

The ancient civilizations of Iraq, Egypt, India, China, Central America and other regions are the focus of this remarkable contribution to student reference.

Ancient Europe, 8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000, ed. , v.
Ancient Europe, 8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000, ed. , v.

Ancient Europe, 8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000, ed. , v.

Examines the diverse peoples of early European civilization through a series of 212 essays, presented in chronological order. Coverage includes prehistoric origins through the early Middle Ages (8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000). Includes maps, photos, and chronologies. For the general reader.

Ancient Greece and Rome, ed. , v.
Ancient Greece and Rome, ed. , v.

Ancient Greece and Rome, ed. , v.

Covers an extensive array of topics on ancient Greece and Rome including daily life, art and architecture, philosophy, science, religion, statesmen, military leaders, emperors, and more.

Cold War Reference Library, ed. , v.
Cold War Reference Library, ed. , v.

Cold War Reference Library, ed. , v.

Covers the Cold War period between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II through 1989. Includes discussion of the historic causes of the tension and information on the lives and actions of major figures, such as Harry Truman, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin.

Colonial America Reference Library, ed. , v.
Colonial America Reference Library, ed. , v.

Colonial America Reference Library, ed. , v.

The Colonial America Reference Library provides students with the comprehensive information on the Colonial American period they need to write reports and class assignments including biographical profiles and primary source documents.

Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library, ed. , v.
Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library, ed. , v.

Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library, ed. , v.

In the second half of the 19th century, America transformed itself into an industrial power, ready to assume a dominant position on the world scene in the 20th century. The development of industrialization and the consumer society brought about opportunities for many Americans as part of an ever-growing middle class, but also resulted in environmental and social degradation that we continue to deal with at the present time.

Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, ed. , v.
Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, ed. , v.

Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, ed. , v.

Covers the history of the Arab-Israeli conflict from the birth of Zionism at the end of the 19th century. Covers five Arab-Israeli wars, and provides biographies of political personnel in Syria, Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Jordan, and the occupied territories. The Dictionary provides clear definitions and comprehensive explanations of the history, geography, religion, and demographics of the area. 2 volumes.

Early Civilizations in the Americas Reference Library, ed. , v.
Early Civilizations in the Americas Reference Library, ed. , v.

Early Civilizations in the Americas Reference Library, ed. , v.

This reference library provides a comprehensive overview of the history of the regions of the American continents in which two of the world's first civilizations developed: Mesoamerica (the name for the lands in which ancient civilizations arose in Central America and Mexico) and the Andes Mountains region of South America (in present-day Peru and parts of Bolivia, northern Argentina, and Ecuador).

Elizabethan World Reference Library, ed. , v.
Elizabethan World Reference Library, ed. , v.

Elizabethan World Reference Library, ed. , v.

Provides background and information on the culture and history of the Elizabethan period, biographies of significant men and women of the time, and primary sources that represent some of the most significant and studied documents of the era.

Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History, ed. 2, v.
Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History, ed. 2, v.

Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History, ed. 2, v.

A five-volume set and supplement covering all aspects of the African-American experience from 1619 to the present day. Using biographies, historical essays, and thematic pieces, many written by foremost scholars, it addresses a wide array of subjects in over 2,300 articles to define in one source the cultural roots, participation in American life, and current condition of the African-American community.

Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy, ed. 2, v.
Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy, ed. 2, v.

Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy, ed. 2, v.

Essays by subject experts treat concepts and doctrines, policymaking, commerce and science, human rights and arms control, with specific articles on topics ranging from anti-imperialism to environmental diplomacy, from refugee policies to terrorism and countermeasures. Also includes a chronology.

Encyclopedia of European Social History, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of European Social History, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of European Social History, ed. , v.

This six-volume reference includes more than 230 articles, ranging from 5,000 to 10,000 words, on everything from serfdom and the economy, to witchcraft and public health.

Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity, ed. , v.

This encyclopedia spans the globe to explain the issues behind crimes against humanity and human rights issues as they relate to individual countries and the world at large. It traces the history of events that qualify as genocide and crimes against humanity, profiles perpetrators and heroes, and explains international laws and law proceedings aimed at ending genocide and crimes against humanity.

Encyclopedia of India, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of India, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of India, ed. , v.

A four-volume survey of the history, cultures, geography and religions of India from ancient times to the present day. Includes more than 600 entries, arranged alphabetically. For students and general readers.

Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture, ed. , v.

Spans Irish history from prehistoric times to the present, treating both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland in detail. Entries represent an inclusive, cross-disciplinary approach, written by specialists and covering history, archaeology, anthropology, geography, politics, economics, the Irish and English languages and literatures, the visual arts, and other fields.

Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, ed. , v.

This encyclopedia looks at Islam's role in the modern world, doing so in the context of the religion's history and development over the last 13 centuries. Containing thematic articles, biographies of key figures, definitions, illustrations, maps and more, this new encyclopedia fills a need in this key area of religious studies.

Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture, ed. 2, v.
Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture, ed. 2, v.

Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture, ed. 2, v.

Provides a comprehensive, multidisciplinary view of Latin American history and culture from prehistoric times to the present. Covers cultural issues and includes numerous biographical profiles of important figures in politics, letters and the arts.

Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender History in America, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender History in America, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender History in America, ed. , v.

A three-volume survey of more than 400 years of lesbian and gay history and culture in the United States, presented through over 500 alphabetically arranged entries. Coverage includes people, public policy, economics, social issues, identities, and culture, among many others. For students, researchers, and general readers.

Encyclopedia of Modern Asia, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Modern Asia, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Modern Asia, ed. , v.

A six-volume survey of modern Asia, defined as extending from Japan in the east to Turkey in the west, and from Kazakhstan in the north to Indonesia in the south. Presents entries covering such subjects as countries, cities, regions, natural features, religions, social issues, languages, people, events, customs, politics, and economics.

Encyclopedia of Russian History, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Russian History, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Russian History, ed. , v.

Provides a comprehensive discussion of Russia's people, politics, economics, religion, and social systems; and is designed to complement the study of comparative politics, world history, geography, literature, arts and culture and world cultures. Entries span the period from the earliest beginnings of the Russian nation to the rise and fall of the Soviet Union.

Encyclopedia of Western Colonialism since 1450, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of Western Colonialism since 1450, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of Western Colonialism since 1450, ed. , v.

Provides students and researchers with a much-needed, comprehensive resource on the subject of colonialism and expansion. From a global perspective, the set traces many facets of colonial growth and imperialism, and much more.

Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History, ed. , v.

A three-volume survey of the military aspects of the American Revolutionary War, covering the period 1763-1783. The alphabetically arranged entries include biographies as well as discussions of campaigns and strategy; battles, skirmishes, and naval actions; weaponry; political issues and events; and how the European powers participated in the conflict. For students, historians, and general readers.

Encyclopedia of the Great Depression, ed. , v.
Encyclopedia of the Great Depression, ed. , v.

Encyclopedia of the Great Depression, ed. , v.

This 2-vol. set encompasses nearly two decades of American history, beginning with the farm crisis of the mid-1920s, through the 1929 stock market crash, the gradual recovery during the 1930s with Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal and World War II. This wide-ranging, multidisciplinary encyclopedia features entries on depression-era politics, government, business, economics, literature, the arts, society and culture.

Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa, ed. 2, v.
Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa, ed. 2, v.

Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa, ed. 2, v.

The set covers the modern history of the Middle East and North Africa, with major sections on Colonialism and Imperialism, the World Wars, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the United Nations involvement in the region. Each country in the region is reviewed, detailing its population, economy and government.

Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire, ed. , v.
Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire, ed. , v.

Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire, ed. , v.

A five-volume survey of European history from the onset of the French Revolution to the outbreak of World War. Alphabetically arranged entries cover the period's most significant personalities and meaningful developments in the arts, religion, politics, exploration, and warfare. For students, scholars, and general readers.

Europe Since 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction, ed. , v.
Europe Since 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction, ed. , v.

Europe Since 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction, ed. , v.

A multi-volume survey of European history from the beginning of World War I in 1914 to the present, presented through alphabetically arranged entries that focus on the period's scientific, social and cultural history as well as the political, military and economic developments. For students and general readers.

Europe, 1450 to 1789, ed. , v.
Europe, 1450 to 1789, ed. , v.

Europe, 1450 to 1789, ed. , v.

A six-volume survey of European history from 1450, the beginning of the print revolution, to 1789 and the French Revolution. Presents over 1,000 alphabetically arranged entries covering the period's most significant personalities and meaningful developments in the arts, religion, politics, exploration, and warfare. For students, scholars, and general readers.

Fashion, Costume, and Culture: Clothing, Headwear, Body Decorations, and Footwear through the Ages, ed. , v.
Fashion, Costume, and Culture: Clothing, Headwear, Body Decorations, and Footwear through the Ages, ed. , v.

Fashion, Costume, and Culture: Clothing, Headwear, Body Decorations, and Footwear through the Ages, ed. , v.

Provides a broad overview of costume traditions of diverse cultures from prehistoric times to the present day. Examines more than 430 items of human decoration and adornment, ranging from togas to turbans, necklaces to tennis shoes. Explores how and why items were created, the people who made them, and their uses. This set shows how clothing, headwear, body decorations, and footwear reflect the different cultural, religious, and societal beliefs.

French and Indian War, ed. , v.
French and Indian War, ed. , v.

French and Indian War, ed. , v.

Contains historical overviews, biographical entries, and primary source material on the French and Indian War. Features include illustrations, maps, graphs and charts, photographs, and a further reading list. Designed for student and general audiences.

Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.
Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.

Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.

Provides a broad overview of war throughout American history, with a special emphasis on how war effects, and is affected by, political, economic, and social change in American and global society.

Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.
Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.

Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.

Provides a concise history of the U.S. government and political scene throughout American history, with a particular emphasis on how government and politics effects, and is affected by, social change.

Gale Encyclopedia of World History, ed. , v.
Gale Encyclopedia of World History, ed. , v.

Gale Encyclopedia of World History, ed. , v.

Provides a broad overview of war throughout world history, from ancient times to present, with a special emphasis on its causes and repercussions.

Gale Encyclopedia of World History, ed. , v.
Gale Encyclopedia of World History, ed. , v.

Gale Encyclopedia of World History, ed. , v.

Provides a broad overview of national governments throughout history, explaining their structures and histories, key players and events, and how governments effect, and are affected by, social change.

Gale Library of Daily Life, ed. , v.
Gale Library of Daily Life, ed. , v.

Gale Library of Daily Life, ed. , v.

Provides historical information on the battlefield and homefront experience and the political, economic, social, and cultural life of the North and South during the War. Primary source documents in the form of first-person accounts, letters, diaries, journals, newspapers, and literature bring to life the experiences of the Union and Confederate participants and the people they left behind.

Gale Library of Daily Life, ed. , v.
Gale Library of Daily Life, ed. , v.

Gale Library of Daily Life, ed. , v.

Illuminates daily life in slave society in America from colonial times to the end of the Civil War. Provides information on the business and regulation of slavery, the plantation way of life, work, family and community, culture and leisure, health and medicine, religion, resistance and rebellion, and slavery and freedom in the North.

Gilded Age and Progressive Era Reference Library, ed. , v.
Gilded Age and Progressive Era Reference Library, ed. , v.

Gilded Age and Progressive Era Reference Library, ed. , v.

Focuses on the significant social and culture changes that occurred in the years 1878-1913.

Great Depression and the New Deal Reference Library, ed. , v.
Great Depression and the New Deal Reference Library, ed. , v.

Great Depression and the New Deal Reference Library, ed. , v.

Covers the failure of the U.S. economy and its gradual recovery, with special attention to the New Deal, as well as the global situation, including the rise of Hitler. The Almanac covers the era in 16 subject chapters. Biographies profiles 29 major figures of the period. Primary Sources features annotated excerpts from speeches, newspaper and magazine articles, literature, and other documents from the period. For middle school and general audiences.

Harlem Renaissance, ed. , v.
Harlem Renaissance, ed. , v.

Harlem Renaissance, ed. , v.

This authoritative resource presents the people, places and times that defined an era and documents the launch of cultural development among African Americans in 1920s Harlem. This single volume contains almanac and biographies sections with primary source documents in sidebars throughout.

Historic Events for Students: The Great Depression, ed. , v.
Historic Events for Students: The Great Depression, ed. , v.

Historic Events for Students: The Great Depression, ed. , v.

Each volume includes 15-20 entries covering a specific issue or incident related to the Great Depression in a global perspective. Entries follow a standard format for comparison purposes and typically include an introduction, an issue or incident summary, an exploration of different perspectives, a summary of key political, social and economic influences, and sources for further research. Includes primary source documents. Aimed at students and the general public. 3 volumes.

History in Dispute, ed. , v. 1
History in Dispute, ed. , v. 1

History in Dispute, ed. , v. 1

This series addresses heavily debated questions by offering different critical perspectives on major historical events, drawn from all time periods and from all parts of the globe. Each volume in this series has a thematic, era or subject-specific focus that coincides with the way history is studied at the academic level. Entries are selected by an advisory board of historians and academics.

History of World Trade Since 1450, ed. , v.
History of World Trade Since 1450, ed. , v.

History of World Trade Since 1450, ed. , v.

History of World Trade Since 1450 starts at a year regarded as the beginning of the Age of Exploration and examines how the hunt for new resources and markets during that period resulted in the establishment of colonies in Africa, the Americas and Asia. The set looks at the Industrial Revolution, the rise of capitalism and the effects of imperialism on the global economy.

Industrial Revolution Reference Library, ed. , v.
Industrial Revolution Reference Library, ed. , v.

Industrial Revolution Reference Library, ed. , v.

Covers the ideas and social turmoil that marked this transition as well as the machines, manufacturing processes and energy sources that spurred it on.

Korean War Reference Library, ed. , v.
Korean War Reference Library, ed. , v.

Korean War Reference Library, ed. , v.

Covers the Korean War by exploring the major topics and events related to the period. The combined Almanac and Primary Sources covers the background of and issues related to the conflict in 13 chapters. Biographies includes 25 biographical entries on major figures from the period and 50 photographs.

Landmarks of the American Revolution: Library of Military History, ed. 2, v.
Landmarks of the American Revolution: Library of Military History, ed. 2, v.

Landmarks of the American Revolution: Library of Military History, ed. 2, v.

Zooming in on key locations connected to the American Revolution, this expanded and completely revised edition of Col. Mark M. Boatner III's original book goes beyond U.S. borders when profiling historical sites and landmarks significant to the war. The original state-by-state guide now also includes coverage of the war in the West Indies and an expanded treatment of Canada.

Learning About the Holocaust, ed. , v.
Learning About the Holocaust, ed. , v.

Learning About the Holocaust, ed. , v.

Offers articles written at the 9th and 10th grade reading levels; includes diary entries and stories about young people who lived during the Holocaust.

Middle Ages Reference Library, ed. , v.
Middle Ages Reference Library, ed. , v.

Middle Ages Reference Library, ed. , v.

Covers the different civilizations and peoples of Medieval times; includes biographical essays on significant individuals of the era; and presents a collection of excerpts from relevant letters, journal entries, poems and more from the era.

New Encyclopedia of Africa, ed. 2, v.
New Encyclopedia of Africa, ed. 2, v.

New Encyclopedia of Africa, ed. 2, v.

Addresses the entire history of African cultures from the pharaohs and the ancient civilizations of the south through the colonial era to the emergence of 53 independent countries, some of them newly emergent in world commerce and others deep in conflict. Covers issues facing the continent such as global development, the AIDS crisis, and international terrorism.

Prejudice in the Modern World Reference Library, ed. , v.
Prejudice in the Modern World Reference Library, ed. , v.

Prejudice in the Modern World Reference Library, ed. , v.

Explores the many different types of prejudice, their history, what causes these prejudices in people and societies, and their consequences. Presents profiles of diverse and unique men and women who played key roles in the history of prejudice. Excerpted documents tell various stories in the words of the people who fought prejudice, acted out prejudices, and those who were the victims of prejudice.

Reconstruction Era Reference Library, ed. , v.
Reconstruction Era Reference Library, ed. , v.

Reconstruction Era Reference Library, ed. , v.

The three-volume Reconstruction Era Reference Library provides targeted information on post-Civil War America, from the end of the war in 1865 to the Compromise of 1877.

Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library, ed. , v.
Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library, ed. , v.

Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library, ed. , v.

This resource brings the people and the events of the Renaissance and Reformation to life for today's students. Covering everything from Luther's Revolt to the writings of Shakespeare, the Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library fills the need for comprehensive coverage of this amazing time.

Renaissance: An Encyclopedia for Students, ed. , v.
Renaissance: An Encyclopedia for Students, ed. , v.

Renaissance: An Encyclopedia for Students, ed. , v.

A survey of the Renaissance-era topics most studied in high school world history, art literature, economics and science curriculum. Presents 465 alphabetically arranged entries broadly covering people, places, events, concepts, works of art and literature, and scientific achievements from around 1350 to 1620. For students in grades 7 and higher.

Roaring Twenties Reference Library, ed. , v.
Roaring Twenties Reference Library, ed. , v.

Roaring Twenties Reference Library, ed. , v.

The Roaring Twenties Reference Library chronicles and illustrates a time of great social change in everything from fashion to music to politics.

Shaping of America, 1783-1815 Reference Library, ed. , v.
Shaping of America, 1783-1815 Reference Library, ed. , v.

Shaping of America, 1783-1815 Reference Library, ed. , v.

This collection chronicles and illustrates the important period between 1783-1815 when America forged its place at home and on the international stage.

Spanish-American War, ed. , v.
Spanish-American War, ed. , v.

Spanish-American War, ed. , v.

Covers the underlying causes of the Spanish American war, the battles, and the resolution of the conflict with the signing of the Treaty of Paris.

St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide, ed. , v.
St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide, ed. , v.

St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide, ed. , v.

The 2-vol. St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide provides in-depth analysis of more than 300 key events in labor history over the last 200 years, focusing on the relevance of these events to both the labor movement as a whole and to societal changes around the world.

St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, ed. , v.
St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, ed. , v.

St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, ed. , v.

Covers topics and persons in major areas of popular culture: film, music, print culture, social life, sports, television and radio, and art and performance (including theater, dance, stand-up comedy, and other live performance).

Supreme Court Drama: Cases That Changed America, ed. , v.
Supreme Court Drama: Cases That Changed America, ed. , v.

Supreme Court Drama: Cases That Changed America, ed. , v.

Profiles major U.S. Supreme Court decisions that have made a significant impact on American society. Each volume is organized by broad legal principles such as individual liberties, criminal justice, equal protection, and business and government law. Within this framework, case entries are arranged under the more specific legal issue to which they relate, such as affirmative action, capital punishment, freedom of speech, and monopolies.

The Ancient Near East, ed. , v.
The Ancient Near East, ed. , v.

The Ancient Near East, ed. , v.

Provides an overview of Egypt, Mesopotamia, Iran/Persia, and the Arabian Peninsula, covering more than 4,000 years, from the Early Bronze Age to 325 B.C.E.

The Crusades Reference Library, ed. , v.
The Crusades Reference Library, ed. , v.

The Crusades Reference Library, ed. , v.

The three-volume The Crusades covers everything from the First Crusade (1095-99) through the Ninth Crusade (1271-72).

The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers, ed. , v. 1
The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers, ed. , v. 1

The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers, ed. , v. 1

Chronicling Eleanor Roosevelt's development as diplomat, journalist, and political strategist in the years 1945 to 1948, this publication is filled with original writings and speeches.

The Gale Encyclopedia of the Unusual and Unexplained, ed. , v.
The Gale Encyclopedia of the Unusual and Unexplained, ed. , v.

The Gale Encyclopedia of the Unusual and Unexplained, ed. , v.

Responding to the surging interest among students for information on topics relating to magic, witchcraft, the supernatural and other mysterious phenomena, Gale presents this in-depth, comprehensive 3-vol. set. Information is arranged in an objective manner, presenting varying viewpoints when appropriate, and is written at a level that younger students and researchers can understand.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt, ed. , v.
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt, ed. , v.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt, ed. , v.

Provides numerous entries covering the world of ancient Egypt. Entries include definitions of important terms, biographies of central figures, and brief narratives of pivotal events.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece, ed. , v.
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece, ed. , v.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece, ed. , v.

Provides numerous entries covering the world of ancient Greece. Entries include definitions of important terms, biographies of central figures, and brief narratives of pivotal events.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Mesopotamia, ed. , v.
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Mesopotamia, ed. , v.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Mesopotamia, ed. , v.

Provides numerous entries covering the world of ancient Mesopotamia. Entries include definitions of important terms, biographies of central figures, and brief narratives of pivotal events.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Rome, ed. , v.
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Rome, ed. , v.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Rome, ed. , v.

Provides numerous entries covering the world of ancient Rome. Entries include definitions of important terms, biographies of central figures, and brief narratives of pivotal events.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Civil War, ed. , v.
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Civil War, ed. , v.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Civil War, ed. , v.

A guide to the most significant facts about the Civil War, with entries representing important battles, military equipment, people, places, and issues.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Middle Ages, ed. , v.
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Middle Ages, ed. , v.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Middle Ages, ed. , v.

Includes entries covering key historical figures, events, and places significant to the Middle Ages.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Renaissance, ed. , v.
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Renaissance, ed. , v.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Renaissance, ed. , v.

Includes entries covering key historical figures, significant events, and influential ideas from the European Renaissance.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Vietnam War, ed. , v.
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Vietnam War, ed. , v.

The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Vietnam War, ed. , v.

Entries cover important figures of the Vietnam War, including military and political leaders, prisoners of war, and antiwar activists; important battles and operations; key military units, equipment, and weaponry; and various cultural topics.

The History of Terrorism, ed. , v.
The History of Terrorism, ed. , v.

The History of Terrorism, ed. , v.

A factbook on the history of terrorism, written for young adults. Examines how those with extreme views have used terrorist tactics for decades and in various parts of the world.

The Iraqi Prisoner Abuse Scandal, ed. , v.
The Iraqi Prisoner Abuse Scandal, ed. , v.

The Iraqi Prisoner Abuse Scandal, ed. , v.

A factbook on the Iraqi prisoner abuse scandal, written for young adults. Explores the issues surrounding the scandal and its effects on the war on terror.

The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, ed. , v. 1
The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, ed. , v. 1

The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, ed. , v. 1

Presents original scholarly biographies of notable Americans. Profiles careers and achievements as well as biographical data including family members; educational background; names of spouses and marriage and divorce dates; addresses of residences; and cause of death and place of burial.

The Sixties in America Reference Library, ed. , v.
The Sixties in America Reference Library, ed. , v.

The Sixties in America Reference Library, ed. , v.

The Sixties in America Reference Library presents a broad overview of the turbulent 1960s, a decade that forever changed the American social, political and cultural landscape.

Tobacco in History and Culture: An Encyclopedia, ed. , v.
Tobacco in History and Culture: An Encyclopedia, ed. , v.

Tobacco in History and Culture: An Encyclopedia, ed. , v.

A two-volume survey of how tobacco became one of the most important commodities in the history of world trade and the source of one of the biggest public health concerns in modern history. Presents 136 alphabetically arranged entries on all aspects of tobacco. Illustrated with graphs, charts, drawings and photographs. For high school and college students as well as general readers.

UXL American Decades, ed. , v.
UXL American Decades, ed. , v.

UXL American Decades, ed. , v.

This series covers 20th-century events and social history beginning in 1900 and ending in 1999, written expressly for middle school students. Each decade is covered in one volume. Topics for each decade include: Headline Makers, Topics in the News, Arts and Entertainment, Business and the Economy, Education, Government, Politics, and Law, Lifestyles and Social Trends, Medicine and Health, Science and Technology, and Sports.

UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.
UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.

UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History, ed. , v.

Introduces the history of the United States from pre-Colonial America to the present day. Explores the timeline of America: its founders, key historical figures, wars, events, political environment, economy, and culture.

Vietnam War Reference Library, ed. , v.
Vietnam War Reference Library, ed. , v.

Vietnam War Reference Library, ed. , v.

This title traces the progression of this controversial war from its beginnings in 1941 with the creation of the Vietminh guerrilla force under Ho Chi Minh, through its last days in 1975 with the fall of Saigon. It covers high ranking government officials both foreign and domestic, antiwar activists, and soldiers and provides a variety of perspectives on the country's involvement in the war with excerpts from screenplays, literature, speeches and hearing testimonies.

War of 1812, ed. , v.
War of 1812, ed. , v.

War of 1812, ed. , v.

This concise resource covers the War of 1812 by providing a detailed overview of an often overlooked war.

Westward Expansion Reference Library, ed. , v.
Westward Expansion Reference Library, ed. , v.

Westward Expansion Reference Library, ed. , v.

This 3-vol. set features volumes dedicated to events, people and insightful primary sources that present an objective yet entertaining look at frontier life.

Witchcraft in America, ed. , v.
Witchcraft in America, ed. , v.

Witchcraft in America, ed. , v.

This fascinating and informative source covers the history of witchcraft in the United States from the hysteria that facilitated the witch hunts during the colonial period to modern day followers of Wicca.

World Eras, ed. , v. 1
World Eras, ed. , v. 1

World Eras, ed. , v. 1

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of the European Renaissance and Reformation, 1350-1600.

World Eras, ed. , v. 10
World Eras, ed. , v. 10

World Eras, ed. , v. 10

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of West African kingdoms, 500-1590.

World Eras, ed. , v. 2
World Eras, ed. , v. 2

World Eras, ed. , v. 2

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of the rise and spread of Islam, 622-1500.

World Eras, ed. , v. 3
World Eras, ed. , v. 3

World Eras, ed. , v. 3

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of the Roman Republic and Empire, 264 B.C.E.-476 C.E.

World Eras, ed. , v. 4
World Eras, ed. , v. 4

World Eras, ed. , v. 4

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of medieval Europe, 814-1350.

World Eras, ed. , v. 5
World Eras, ed. , v. 5

World Eras, ed. , v. 5

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of ancient Egypt, 2615-332 B.C.E.

World Eras, ed. , v. 6
World Eras, ed. , v. 6

World Eras, ed. , v. 6

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of classical Greek civilization, 800-323 B.C.E.

World Eras, ed. , v. 7
World Eras, ed. , v. 7

World Eras, ed. , v. 7

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of imperial China, 617-1644.

World Eras, ed. , v. 8
World Eras, ed. , v. 8

World Eras, ed. , v. 8

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of ancient Mesopotamia, 3300-331 B.C.E.

World Eras, ed. , v. 9
World Eras, ed. , v. 9

World Eras, ed. , v. 9

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history. This volume provides in-depth coverage of the Industrial Revolution in Europe, 1750-1914.

World War I Reference Library, ed. , v.
World War I Reference Library, ed. , v.

World War I Reference Library, ed. , v.

Covers major topics related to the period, including the roots of the war; causes of U.S. involvement; the Espionage Act and Sedition Act; weapons of mass destruction; and more. Profiles the major players of the period, including Woodrow Wilson, Kaiser Wilhelm II, John Pershing, and Henri-Philippe Petain. Presents full or excerpted primary source materials, including diaries, speeches, letters, journals and memoirs.

World War II Reference Library, ed. , v.
World War II Reference Library, ed. , v.

World War II Reference Library, ed. , v.

Provides background and information on major topics about the World War II period, biographies of significant men and women involved in the war, and primary sources such as full or excerpted speeches, diary entries, newspaper accounts and other original documents.

Law

Amendment XII, ed. , v.
Amendment XII, ed. , v.

Amendment XII, ed. , v.

Presents the Twelfth Amendment in a historical context, examining how it has been tested in the courts and present current controversies and debates. Focuses on the Presidential election process.

Amendment XIII, ed. , v.
Amendment XIII, ed. , v.

Amendment XIII, ed. , v.

Presents the Thirteenth Amendment in a historical context, examining how it has been tested in the courts and present current controversies and debates. Focuses on slavery.

Amendment XIV, ed. , v.
Amendment XIV, ed. , v.

Amendment XIV, ed. , v.

Presents the Fourteenth Amendment in a historical context, examining how it has been tested in the courts and present current controversies and debates. Focuses on equal protection.

Amendment XIV, ed. , v.
Amendment XIV, ed. , v.

Amendment XIV, ed. , v.

Presents the Fourteenth Amendment in a historical context, examining how it has been tested in the courts and present current controversies and debates. Focuses on due process.

Amendment XIV, ed. , v.
Amendment XIV, ed. , v.

Amendment XIV, ed. , v.

Presents the Fourteenth Amendment in a historical context, examining how it has been tested in the courts and present current controversies and debates. Focuses on citizenship.

Amendment XIX, ed. , v.
Amendment XIX, ed. , v.

Amendment XIX, ed. , v.

Presents the Nineteenth Amendment in a historical context, examining how it has been tested in the courts and present current controversies and debates. Focuses on women's voting rights.

Amendment XV, ed. , v.
Amendment XV, ed. , v.

Amendment XV, ed. , v.

Presents the Fifteenth Amendment in a historical context, examining how it has been tested in the courts and present current controversies and debates. Focuses on race and the right to vote.

Amendment XVIII and XXI, ed. , v.
Amendment XVIII and XXI, ed. , v.

Amendment XVIII and XXI, ed. , v.

Presents the Eighteenth and Twenty-first Amendments in a historical context, examining how they have been tested in the courts and present current controversies and debates. Focuses on prohibition and repeal.

Checks and Balances: The Three Branches of the American Government, ed. , v.
Checks and Balances: The Three Branches of the American Government, ed. , v.

Checks and Balances: The Three Branches of the American Government, ed. , v.

Presents easy to understand information about the inner workings of the federal government. Includes historical overviews and examinations of the day-to-day operations of each branch, as well as Constitutional duties and obligations of each branch, specifics related to eligibility, elections and appointments of key positions, changes since 1776, the future of each branch, and other topics. For student and general audiences.

Constitutional Amendments, ed. 2, v.
Constitutional Amendments, ed. 2, v.

Constitutional Amendments, ed. 2, v.

Provides the history and social context of the amendment process, covering each of the 27 amendments. Significant issues, events, figures, movements and judicial/legislative actions in the history of each amendment are also covered chronologically.

Crime and Punishment in America Reference Library, ed. , v.
Crime and Punishment in America Reference Library, ed. , v.

Crime and Punishment in America Reference Library, ed. , v.

Covering the evolution of the American criminal justice system throughout history, Crime and Punishment in America Reference Library explores everything from juvenile justice to organized crime.

Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice, ed. 2, v.