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Indigeneity Studies

This collection supports the study and research of the priorities and aspirations of Indigenous peoples.

This collection supports the study and research of the priorities and aspirations of Indigenous peoples.

Indigenous Peoples: North America

Spans three centuries (17th-19th-century), providing primary source material on the history and culture of indigenous peoples in both the United States and Canada. Tribal languages, materials from the Jacob Javitz collection at the University of Alberta, and tribal records are included.

Spans three centuries (17th-19th-century), providing primary source material on the history and culture of indigenous peoples in both the United States and Canada. Tribal languages, materials from the Jacob Javitz collection at the University of Alberta, and tribal records are included.

Releases March 2022 - Indigenous Peoples of North America, Part 2: The Indian Rights Association, 1882 - 1986

Provides the complete papers of the first organization to address American Indian interests and rights. The archive contains incoming and outgoing correspondence; organizational records; printed material, including early pamphlets and publications both by the Indian Rights Association and other American Indian and Indian-related organizations; Indian Rights Association annual reports; draft legislation; administrative files; news clippings; and the papers of Indian Rights Association founder Herbert Welsh. There are also numerous photographs, mainly from Western field trips, materials from the Council on Indian Affairs, and manuscripts and research notes regarding social and cultural Indian traditions. The Indian Rights Association also maintained close contacts with federal American Indian agents and with American Indians through correspondence and annual field trips to reservations and settlements.

Provides the complete papers of the first organization to address American Indian interests and rights. The archive contains incoming and outgoing correspondence; organizational records; printed material, including early pamphlets and publications both by the Indian Rights Association and other American Indian and Indian-related organizations; Indian Rights Association annual reports; draft legislation; administrative files; news clippings; and the papers of Indian Rights Association founder Herbert Welsh. There are also numerous photographs, mainly from Western field trips, materials from the Council on Indian Affairs, and manuscripts and research notes regarding social and cultural Indian traditions. The Indian Rights Association also maintained close contacts with federal American Indian agents and with American Indians through correspondence and annual field trips to reservations and settlements.

Nineteenth Century Collections Online: Asia and the West: Diplomacy and Cultural Exchange

Key English language primary source coverage of British and American foreign policy and diplomacy, Asian political, economic, and social affairs, and key event coverage of the Philippine Insurrection, the Boxer Rebellion, and missionary activities in Asia.

Key English language primary source coverage of British and American foreign policy and diplomacy, Asian political, economic, and social affairs, and key event coverage of the Philippine Insurrection, the Boxer Rebellion, and missionary activities in Asia.

Nineteenth Century Collections Online: Europe and Africa: Commerce, Christianity, Civilization, and Conquest

Europe and Africa: Commerce, Christianity, Civilization, and Conquest provides an in-depth look into the motivations, activities, and results of the European conquest of Africa during the nineteenth-century, covering two themes: 1) Exploration, military, and missionary activities, and 2) Economic and political imperialism in Africa.

Europe and Africa: Commerce, Christianity, Civilization, and Conquest provides an in-depth look into the motivations, activities, and results of the European conquest of Africa during the nineteenth-century, covering two themes: 1) Exploration, military, and missionary activities, and 2) Economic and political imperialism in Africa.

World Scholar Historical Archive: Latin America

Led by an editorial board of leading scholars in the field, the archive brings together more than 1 million pages of primary source material documenting the history and culture of Latin America. Nearly 300 Spanish colonial maps never before digitized are included.

Led by an editorial board of leading scholars in the field, the archive brings together more than 1 million pages of primary source material documenting the history and culture of Latin America. Nearly 300 Spanish colonial maps never before digitized are included.

Brazilian and Portuguese History and Culture: The Oliveira Lima Collection, Part I, Pamphlets

This resource includes approximately 2,750 pamphlets, defined as monographs of fifty or fewer pages, representing more than 80,000 digitized pages of speeches, flyers, official decrees, sermons, poems, plays, concert and theatre programs, funeral orations, letters to editors, individual newspaper and magazine articles, and separata of newspaper and magazine articles. Covering a date range from 1800 to the mid twentieth century, many of these pamphlets represent the only known copy in the world.

This resource includes approximately 2,750 pamphlets, defined as monographs of fifty or fewer pages, representing more than 80,000 digitized pages of speeches, flyers, official decrees, sermons, poems, plays, concert and theatre programs, funeral orations, letters to editors, individual newspaper and magazine articles, and separata of newspaper and magazine articles. Covering a date range from 1800 to the mid twentieth century, many of these pamphlets represent the only known copy in the world.

Brazilian and Portuguese History and Culture: The Oliveira Lima Collection, Part II, Monographs

Part II: Monographs features approximately one million pages of primary sources on Brazilian history from colony to republic, as well as the political and economic dimensions of Brazil and the Portuguese empire. With primary sources from 3,800 publications dating from the mid-sixteenth century and the early days of printing and moveable type into the ?rst quarter of the twentieth century, Part II o?ers a snapshot into the culture, economics, and history of a past era, which remains of vital interest to contemporary research.

Part II: Monographs features approximately one million pages of primary sources on Brazilian history from colony to republic, as well as the political and economic dimensions of Brazil and the Portuguese empire. With primary sources from 3,800 publications dating from the mid-sixteenth century and the early days of printing and moveable type into the ?rst quarter of the twentieth century, Part II o?ers a snapshot into the culture, economics, and history of a past era, which remains of vital interest to contemporary research.

China and the Modern World: Missionary, Sinology, & Literary Periodicals, 1817-1949

A collection of 17 English language periodicals published in, or about China covering a period of over 130 years. Details the late Qing Dynasty and the Republican era, including information on public morality, intellectual life, politics, literature, and education

A collection of 17 English language periodicals published in, or about China covering a period of over 130 years. Details the late Qing Dynasty and the Republican era, including information on public morality, intellectual life, politics, literature, and education

China and the Modern World: Records of the Maritime Customs Service of China (1854–1949)

The Chinese Maritime Customs Service (CMCS) was an international, although predominantly British-staffed bureaucracy (at senior levels) under the control of successive Chinese central governments from its founding in 1854 until January 1950. It was one of the most important institutions in China during this period, and was at the heart of trade, communications and international affairs. This collection of official correspondence, despatches, reports, memoranda, private and confidential letters provide invaluable and often unique evidence of Chinese life and politics through the Boxer Rebellion, the 1911 Revolution, the May 30 Movement, the two Sino-Japanese Wars, the Japanese Occupation, and the Nationalist period.

The Chinese Maritime Customs Service (CMCS) was an international, although predominantly British-staffed bureaucracy (at senior levels) under the control of successive Chinese central governments from its founding in 1854 until January 1950. It was one of the most important institutions in China during this period, and was at the heart of trade, communications and international affairs. This collection of official correspondence, despatches, reports, memoranda, private and confidential letters provide invaluable and often unique evidence of Chinese life and politics through the Boxer Rebellion, the 1911 Revolution, the May 30 Movement, the two Sino-Japanese Wars, the Japanese Occupation, and the Nationalist period.

China and the Modern World: Diplomacy and Political Secrets

A compilation of primary sources that appeal to scholars around the world doing research on the history of British Empire in the Far East, globalization, Sino-British relations in terms of diplomacy, politics and the military from the mid-19th to the mid-20th centuries. Moreover, researchers of international boundaries, especially those between China, India, Sikkim, Bhutan, Burma, Afghan, Pakistan and Russia Turkestan (comprising today’s Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Kazakhstan), will find this collection a goldmine of rare historical information, helping them to uncover the roots of many of the border-related issues or tensions facing these countries today.

A compilation of primary sources that appeal to scholars around the world doing research on the history of British Empire in the Far East, globalization, Sino-British relations in terms of diplomacy, politics and the military from the mid-19th to the mid-20th centuries. Moreover, researchers of international boundaries, especially those between China, India, Sikkim, Bhutan, Burma, Afghan, Pakistan and Russia Turkestan (comprising today’s Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Kazakhstan), will find this collection a goldmine of rare historical information, helping them to uncover the roots of many of the border-related issues or tensions facing these countries today.

China and the Modern World: Hong Kong, Britain and China (1841-1951)

Contains many records pertaining to the relations between China, Britain, and Japan during World War II. While the focus of the collection is on Hong Kong, a high proportion of the content relates well to the history of modern China and her relations with her neighbors (e.g., Japan) and Britain, covering most of the major historical events in the history of modern China, such as the Second Opium War, The Constitutional Reform, the Revolution of 1911, the general strikes of the 1920s, and the Second Sino-Japanese War. Courses related to the history of late imperial and modern China will find this collection extremely appealing.

Contains many records pertaining to the relations between China, Britain, and Japan during World War II. While the focus of the collection is on Hong Kong, a high proportion of the content relates well to the history of modern China and her relations with her neighbors (e.g., Japan) and Britain, covering most of the major historical events in the history of modern China, such as the Second Opium War, The Constitutional Reform, the Revolution of 1911, the general strikes of the 1920s, and the Second Sino-Japanese War. Courses related to the history of late imperial and modern China will find this collection extremely appealing.

China and the Modern World: Imperial China and the West, Part I 1815-1881

An epic collection detailing China’s opening up to the Western World. Providing access to the FO17 series held at The National Archives, Kew in the United Kingdom. This archive provides one of the largest and most significant collections of historical documents in English for the research and teaching on the history of China and East Asia (Korea and Japan), and Sino-British relations throughout the 19th century in terms of diplomacy, trade, economy, politics, military, and many other aspects.

An epic collection detailing China’s opening up to the Western World. Providing access to the FO17 series held at The National Archives, Kew in the United Kingdom. This archive provides one of the largest and most significant collections of historical documents in English for the research and teaching on the history of China and East Asia (Korea and Japan), and Sino-British relations throughout the 19th century in terms of diplomacy, trade, economy, politics, military, and many other aspects.

China and the Modern World: Imperial China and the West, Part II 1865-1905

The archive covers topics ranging from diplomacy to trade, economy, politics, warfare, emigration, law, and translation. The archive also includes despatches from the British consul general at Seoul in Korea for the period 1890 to 1905. China and the Modern World: Imperial China and the West Part II, 1865-1905 documents many significant historical events that are key to any student of Chinese history, such as the first Sino-Japanese War (1894-95) and the Boxer Rebellion (1900).

The archive covers topics ranging from diplomacy to trade, economy, politics, warfare, emigration, law, and translation. The archive also includes despatches from the British consul general at Seoul in Korea for the period 1890 to 1905. China and the Modern World: Imperial China and the West Part II, 1865-1905 documents many significant historical events that are key to any student of Chinese history, such as the first Sino-Japanese War (1894-95) and the Boxer Rebellion (1900).

American Indian Correspondence: Presbyterian Historical Society Collection of Missionaries' Letters, 1833-1893

The men and women of the Foreign Board of Missions served a variety of tribes. Their letters, intended to be reports from the field, are far more than dry discussions of mission business. Ranging in length from single fragments to reports of over twenty pages, they describe the Indigenous peoples and cultures, tribal factionalism, relations with the U.S. government, and the many problems and achievements of the work. The letters often become personal and even anguished, as the writers disclose their fears, worries, and hopes.

The men and women of the Foreign Board of Missions served a variety of tribes. Their letters, intended to be reports from the field, are far more than dry discussions of mission business. Ranging in length from single fragments to reports of over twenty pages, they describe the Indigenous peoples and cultures, tribal factionalism, relations with the U.S. government, and the many problems and achievements of the work. The letters often become personal and even anguished, as the writers disclose their fears, worries, and hopes.

American Indian Movement and Native American Radicalism

Formed in 1968, the American Indian Movement (AIM) expanded from its roots in Minnesota and broadened its political agenda to include a searching analysis of the nature of social injustice in America. These FBI files provide detailed information on the evolution of AIM as an organization of social protest and the development of Native American radicalism.

Formed in 1968, the American Indian Movement (AIM) expanded from its roots in Minnesota and broadened its political agenda to include a searching analysis of the nature of social injustice in America. These FBI files provide detailed information on the evolution of AIM as an organization of social protest and the development of Native American radicalism.

Indian Trade (The) in the Southeastern Spanish Borderlands: Papers of Panton, Leslie and Company

Comprising the papers of the Panton, Leslie & Co., a trading firm, this collection is the most complete ethnographic collection available for the study of the Native Americans of the Southeast. More than 8,000 legal, political and diplomatic documents recording the company's operations for over half a century have been selected and organized for this collection.

Comprising the papers of the Panton, Leslie & Co., a trading firm, this collection is the most complete ethnographic collection available for the study of the Native Americans of the Southeast. More than 8,000 legal, political and diplomatic documents recording the company's operations for over half a century have been selected and organized for this collection.

Meriam Report on Indian Administration and the Survey of Conditions of the Indians in the U.S.

After 40 years of failed Native American policy, the U.S. Senate called these hearings to see what could be done to improve matters. Under the Dawes Act (or General Allotment Act) of 1887, tribal lands previously held in common by Native American nations had been split up into small parcels for individual owners. The government had said this was because it wanted to encourage self-sufficient farming, but under the Dawes Act some parcels could be sold to non-Native Americans and Native American owners could lose their land if they became too poor to pay taxes or debts. Forty years later the Secretary of the Interior ordered an investigation into the consequences of the Dawes Act, and in 1928 its160-page "Merriam Report" declared that allotment had been a disaster for Native American communities. Non-Native Americans had acquired almost half of all Indian lands in the U.S., and poverty, disease, and anger had all skyrocketed on reservations. In 1928 the Senate ordered the new hearings excerpted here, in order to figure out how to fix the situation. The hearings ultimately lasted for 15 years and filled 41 volumes of text.

After 40 years of failed Native American policy, the U.S. Senate called these hearings to see what could be done to improve matters. Under the Dawes Act (or General Allotment Act) of 1887, tribal lands previously held in common by Native American nations had been split up into small parcels for individual owners. The government had said this was because it wanted to encourage self-sufficient farming, but under the Dawes Act some parcels could be sold to non-Native Americans and Native American owners could lose their land if they became too poor to pay taxes or debts. Forty years later the Secretary of the Interior ordered an investigation into the consequences of the Dawes Act, and in 1928 its160-page "Merriam Report" declared that allotment had been a disaster for Native American communities. Non-Native Americans had acquired almost half of all Indian lands in the U.S., and poverty, disease, and anger had all skyrocketed on reservations. In 1928 the Senate ordered the new hearings excerpted here, in order to figure out how to fix the situation. The hearings ultimately lasted for 15 years and filled 41 volumes of text.

War Department and Indian Affairs, 1800-1824

This collection consists of the letters received by and letters sent to the War Department, including correspondence from Native American superintendents and agents, factors of trading posts, Territorial and State governors, military commanders, Native Americans, missionaries, treaty and other commissioners, Treasury Department officials, and persons having commercial dealings with the War Department, and other public and private individuals. In addition, attachments include vouchers, receipts, requisitions, abstracts and financial statements, certificates of deposit, depositions, contracts, newspapers, copies of speeches to Native Americans, proceedings of conferences with Indians in Washington, licenses of traders, passports for travel in the Indian country, appointments, and instructions to commissioners, superintendents, agents, and other officials.

This collection consists of the letters received by and letters sent to the War Department, including correspondence from Native American superintendents and agents, factors of trading posts, Territorial and State governors, military commanders, Native Americans, missionaries, treaty and other commissioners, Treasury Department officials, and persons having commercial dealings with the War Department, and other public and private individuals. In addition, attachments include vouchers, receipts, requisitions, abstracts and financial statements, certificates of deposit, depositions, contracts, newspapers, copies of speeches to Native Americans, proceedings of conferences with Indians in Washington, licenses of traders, passports for travel in the Indian country, appointments, and instructions to commissioners, superintendents, agents, and other officials.