All Titles

A Companion to Renaissance and Baroque Art

Provides a diverse collection of essays addressing key issues for European art produced between 1300 and 1700, a period that might be termed the beginning of modern history.

Africa

This work provides readers with an overview of contemporary customs and life in North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa through discussions of key concepts and topics that touch everyday life among the nations' peoples.

All Things Medieval

Covers the widest definition of "medieval Europe" possible, not by covering history in the traditional, textbook manner of listing wars, leaders, and significant historic events, but by presenting detailed alphabetical entries that describe the artifacts of medieval Europe.

America in the World, 1776 to the Present

This set provides a transnational view of US history, focusing on the role of Americans and the US while analyzing how the world has influenced the US and Americans. It examines the impact of US policies on the world, as well as on the domestic agenda and discusses the increasingly important role of the US, from the early days of the republic to the present.

American Countercultures

This reference work examines the impact of countercultural movements on American social history, from colonial times to the present. It highlights the writings, recordings, and visual works produced by these movements to educate, inspire, and incite action throughout the nation's history. A–Z entries provide information on personalities, places, events, concepts, beliefs, groups, and practices.

American Food by the Decades

A survey of American food trends highlights the key inventions, brands, restaurant chains, and individuals that shaped the American diet and palate in the 20th century.

American Governance

Provides answers on all questions related to the variety of ways by which the American people govern themselves – from their constitutions and governments to the political norms and ideals that guide their actions as citizens and leaders; to local communities, civic associations, and political associations people form for collective deliberation and action; and to the relationships they form with their elected representatives.

American History through American Sports

This collection blends historical and popular culture perspectives in its analysis of the development of sports and sports figures throughout American history.

Anti-Immigration in the United States

Covers major historical periods and relevant concepts, as well as discussions of various anti-immigration stances. Leading figures and groups in the anti-immigration movements of the past and present are also explored.

Anti-Semitism and the "Final Solution"

This book analyzes the factors that led to the persecution of Jews, as well as the rise and fall of Hitler's Third Reich.

At the Table

This book examines all aspects of dinner in international settings, enabling cross-cultural comparisons and an understanding of the effects of modernization and globalization on food habits.

Auschwitz

This book examines the history of Auschwitz, the infamous Nazi death camp during the Holocaust, and how it came to be built and used.

Auschwitz, Bergen-Belsen, Treblinka

This book details the system of camps in Europe during the Holocaust and recounts the horrifying conditions suffered by camp inmates as well as their struggles for life and hope in a world gone mad.

Clothing and Fashion

This encyclopedia examines the historical significance of fashion trends, revealing the social and cultural connections of clothing from the precolonial times to the present day. This overview of fashion and apparel covers several centuries of American history as seen through the lens of the clothes we wear—from the Native American moccasin to Manolo Blahnik's contribution to stiletto heels.

Cuban Missile Crisis

This book captures the historical context, the minute-by-minute drama, and the profound repercussions of the "Missiles of October" confrontation that brought the very real threat of nuclear attack to the United States' doorstep.

Daily Life in Victorian England, ed. 2

Provides a summary of information about the ordinary experience of most people during the nineteenth century in Great Britain and covers the daily life of most Victorians, no matter of what class or gender.

Daily Life of the Aztecs, ed. 2

Examines the details of the daily lives of the ancient Aztecs through the study of their social history, culture, and continuing influence, written from the perspective of the history of religions.

Daily Lives of Civilians in Wartime Twentieth-Century Europe

Includes accounts of civilians' roles and experiences through wars in twentieth-century Europe.

Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library

In the second half of the 19th century, America transformed itself into an industrial power, ready to assume a dominant position on the world scene in the 20th century. The development of industrialization and the consumer society brought about opportunities for many Americans as part of an ever-growing middle class, but also resulted in environmental and social degradation that we continue to deal with at the present time.

Dictionary of American History, ed. 3

The first comprehensive revision of this classic reference source, originally published in 1940, features updated and revised entries from previous editions, as well as more than 800 new entries covering recent events and topics not covered previously. This authoritative work serves students, scholars, and general readers interested in a wide range of topics in American history, from the well studied and familiar to the obscure.

Encyclopedia of African Colonial Conflicts

This encyclopedia introduces the history of colonial wars in Africa and illustrates why African countries like the Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria, Somalia, and Sudan continue to experience ethnic, political, and religious violence in the early 21st century.

Encyclopedia of Society and Culture in the Medieval World

Provides comprehensive coverage of the medieval world, from the fall of Rome to the European Renaissance, including Western and non-Western cultures and civilizations.

Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire

A five-volume survey of European history from the onset of the French Revolution to the outbreak of World War. Alphabetically arranged entries cover the period's most significant personalities and meaningful developments in the arts, religion, politics, exploration, and warfare. For students, scholars, and general readers.

Europe Since 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction

A multi-volume survey of European history from the beginning of World War I in 1914 to the present, presented through alphabetically arranged entries that focus on the period's scientific, social and cultural history as well as the political, military and economic developments. For students and general readers.

Europe, 1450 to 1789

A six-volume survey of European history from 1450, the beginning of the print revolution, to 1789 and the French Revolution. Presents over 1,000 alphabetically arranged entries covering the period's most significant personalities and meaningful developments in the arts, religion, politics, exploration, and warfare. For students, scholars, and general readers.

Events That Changed Germany

Provides a synopsis of the ten most important events or developments that shaped German history over the past 150 years. Describes what Germany is, who it was, and what the factors were that led to its several modern manifestations upon the world's stage.

Events That Formed the Modern World

This set covers times from the Renaissance to the present. Each volume focuses on a specific historic period and examines 12 events within those time frames that changed the world. Each entry provides an introduction that lays out factual material in a chronological manner, an in-depth essay interpreting the event's significance, and an annotated bibliography of the most important current works on the topic.

Fixing the Food System

This book answers questions about what changes are needed, who is advocating the changes, what parties are opposing these changes (and why), and what a new food system would look like. Organized into three sections, the work identifies the problems with the current system, reviews the changing landscape of food policy, and suggests workable solutions for progress.

Food Safety

This book examines the history of food safety and describes key events and trends that have created the food safety issues of today. It explores the many controversies concerning food consumption, including contaminants in food, GMOs, factory farm-produced meat, and standards regarding the labeling of food products as well as the ways that these issues have been handled by authorities. Viewpoints from food safety professionals and researchers on key issues are also presented.

Food Safety in the 21st Century

This book discusses ways to assess risk and to employ epidemiological methods to improve food safety. It also describes the regulatory context that shapes food safety activities at the local, national, and international levels and looks forward to the future of food safety.

Food Science

This title presents the history of food science. Text details how early studies of nutrition and food chemistry led to today's food safety standards and genetically modified crops. It also puts a spotlight on the brilliant scientists who made these advances possible.

Food and Drink in American History

This three-volume encyclopedia on the history of American food and beverages covers topics ranging from early American Indian foods to mandatory nutrition information at fast food restaurants.

Foods That Changed History

Presents nearly 100 entries on foods that have shaped history. In learning about foods and their importance, readers will gain valuable insight into other areas such as religious movements, literature, economics, technology, and the human condition itself.

Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia, ed. 2

A completely revised and updated version of the original work published in Germany in 1960, this edition incorporates recent developments in the animal world as noted by prominent advisors and contributors from the scientific community.

Gun Politics in America

This work offers the most complete collection of primary documents on the subject of guns and gun politics, giving readers a comprehensive, unbiased understanding of the complex and often-surprising evolution of gun ownership, gun culture, and gun politics in the United States.

Hitler, Goebbels, Himmler

This book thoroughly examines the causes and events that led up to the Holocaust, Adolf Hitler's rise to power, and the role he played in World War II in perpetuating the Holocaust.

How Food Works

This book that explains key concepts about food and what makes it good or bad for you. Covers a wide variety of topics, from dieting to gluten intolerance, debunks common food myths, explains nutrition, covers the food groups, and looks into organic vs. processed foods. Follow the history of food production and free-range farming, how food is transported, and what "sell by" dates really mean.

Icons of the Middle Ages

Examines the lives of some of the most remarkable personalities of the Medieval Era, powerful, ruthless, compassionate, brilliant people who remain widely influential today.

Invention of the Modern Cookbook

Discusses the roots of cookbook collections in 17th-century England and illuminates the cookbook's role as it has evolved over time. Provides the first analysis of what a modern cookbook actually is and shows how its characteristics originated.

Inventors and Inventions

Covers inventors of the past and present, including the creators of Kevlar, Coca Cola, eBay, and the Global Positioning System. Explores the early life of each inventor, their education and professional life, and their contributions to society. Surveys the history of technological advancements in fields such as agriculture, transportation, communication, entertainment, textiles, medicine, and others.

Life During Medieval Times

Concentrating on the high Middle Ages, the lives of the nobility, peasants, bourgeoisie, and academics are among the topics discussed in this social history.

Life in Nazi Germany

This book examines life in Nazi Germany, representing one of the darkest chapters in human history as the regime of Adolf Hitler took dictatorial control while leading the country into war.

Modern Genocide

This four-volume work provides students with an examination of 10 modern genocides. It is enhanced by documents and introductions that provide additional historical and contemporary context for learning about and understanding these tragic events.

New Dictionary of the History of Ideas

A six-volume survey of the history of Western thought and culture, presented through 700 alphabetically arranged entries. Each entry explores the origin, cultural interpretations, and historical themes of such subjects as beauty, love, feminism, diversity, and social capital, among many others. For students and general readers.

Nuclear Power, ed. 2

This guide helps readers explore the science, technology, politics, and culture that surround nuclear energy.

Philip's Astronomy Encyclopedia

Comprehensive resource containing more than 3000 articles on all aspects of astronomy and astrophysics. Includes special features on each of the constellations and tables listing brightest stars, nearest stars, Messier objects, Caldwell objects, and surface features of the Moon and terrestrial planets. Written by more than 100 leading astronomers from the world's universities and observatories.

Police Powers

This title examines issues related to police powers. A narrative-driven pro/con format supported by relevant facts, quotes, anecdotes, and full-color illustrations are also provided.

Roaring Twenties Reference Library

The Roaring Twenties Reference Library chronicles and illustrates a time of great social change in everything from fashion to music to politics.

Schindler, Wallenberg, Miep Gies

This book recounts the actions some people took to save the lives of thousands of people trying to escape from the Nazis and their deadly persecution. Some heroes are now famous, but many unknown heroes took action to forge false identity papers, leave out food for refugees, and hide Jews in their homes.

Science and Technology in Modern European Life

Providea a summary of the impact science and technology has had in the last two hundred years in the daily lives of Europeans.

Shaping of America, 1783-1815 Reference Library

This collection chronicles and illustrates the important period between 1783-1815 when America forged its place at home and on the international stage.

Solar System Maps

This book recounts the evolving conceptualization of the solar system from ancient to modern times. It provides examples of the artistry of antiquarian celestial maps from books and atlases, and includes a section on solar system mapping in the Space Age, highlighting large telescope and space probe images. Each illustration is accompanied by a legend explaining the relevant astronomical and cartographical features.

St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture

Includes more than 2,700 signed essays ranging from 500 to 2,500 words, written by subject experts and edited to form a consistent, readable, and straightforward reference. Entries include subject-specific bibliographies and, where appropriate, photographs and textual cross-references to related essays.

Stand Together or Starve Alone

This book examines how the United States--one of the world's wealthiest and resource-richest nations—has multiple food-related problems: declining food quality due to industrialization of its production, obesity across all ages, and a large number of households suffering from food insecurity. It explores the root causes of food-related problems in the 20th and 21st centuries and explains why collective impact is the method to be employed to reach a successful resolution.

The 21st-Century Voter

This reference covers major aspects of politics and voting in the 21st century -- from elections and campaigns, to major political figures and parties, to the role of media and major activist groups.

The 9/11 Encyclopedia, ed. 2

Presents a thorough examination of all the individuals, groups, and events surrounding the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

The Arab Spring

This book covers the demonstrations and revolutions in the Arab world, during the spring of 2011. It discusses the history of these revolutions, America's role in them, their causes, impact on the world at large and their implications for the future.

The Basics of Biology

Introduction to the science of biology. Details the history of biology, as well as many of the field's basic theories and concepts for students. Demonstrates the modern tools and techniques that biologists use today. Presents the most noteworthy discoveries in biology. Provides easy experiments for students to replicate.

The Basics of Chemistry

Encompasses many different topics in and approaches to introductory chemistry. Discusses broad areas of chemistry including organic chemistry, biochemistry, environmental chemistry, and industrial chemistry. Historical developments of chemical concepts are covered, and biographical information is provided on key individuals responsible for the development of modern chemistry.

The Berlin Wall

This title examines an important historic event--the Berlin Wall's division of the city of Berlin, Germany, from the building of the wall to its destruction.

The Britannica Guide to Inventions That Changed the Modern World

This book gives readers a deeper appreciation for the inventions that have made their lives easier, better, or more aesthetically pleasing.

The Chernobyl Disaster

Provides comprehensive information on the nuclear disaster at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and the differing perspectives accompanying it.

The Civil War Era and Reconstruction

This work focuses on non-military aspects of life from the attack on Fort Sumter in April 1861 to the end of Reconstruction in 1877, addressing themes and day-to-day events from multiple perspectives—Northerners and Southerners, slaves and freedmen; plantation owners and abolitionists; frontier settlers and factory workers; Native Americans, women, children, and immigrant groups--in politics, business, science, technology, medicine, family, religion, culture, and the arts.

The Encyclopedia of the Korean War, ed. 2

Offers complete coverage of strategies, weapon systems, and clashes that marked the course of events on the battlefield.

The Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War, ed. 2

Provides a comprehensive study of the Vietnam War and sheds more light on the longest and one of the most controversial conflicts in U.S. history.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Nutrition and Food Labels

This guide provides a unique source of information on food, nutrition, food labels, and associated legislation, organizations, and diseases and conditions. Coverage includes various topics related to nutrition and food labels.

The History of Argentina, ed. 2

This book provides a broad overview of the country's cycles and changes with emphasis placed on the political and economic events that shaped the last five decades. The content covers a wide range of topics, including the impact of state-sponsored industrial growth since 1945, Spanish settlement and colonization, the Wars of Independence, and Argentina's "mother industries," ranching and grain farming.

The History of Bulgaria

Covers events in this important Balkan nation from its 9th-century origins in the first Bulgarian Empire through the present day.

The History of China, ed. 2

Presents an informative introduction to China's past and present, from traditional accounts of its beginnings more than 3,000 years ago to its modern emergence as a first-world nation.

The History of Iran, ed. 2

This book covers the entirety of Iranian history up to the present day, including recent political and social developments.

The History of Korea, ed. 2

This work analyzes how tragic experiences in the regions' collective history-particularly Japanese colonial rule and the division of the country-have contributed to the dichotomous state of affairs in the Koreas. It traces the development of two contradistinctive nations-North and South Korea-with communism in the north and democracy and industrialization in the south transforming the geopolitical and geo-economic condition of each area.

The Holocaust

Offers multiple perspectives on momentous events. This volume introduces and provides a brief overview of major factors that contributed to the Holocaust, the mass genocide to exterminate Jews and other groups deemed undesirable by the Nazis in Germany.

The Holocaust

Examines the origins of the Holocaust, the means by which Nazi Germany carried it out, and some of the debates it has inspired.

The Holocaust

This book contains reference entries, primary documents, and memoirs and personal narratives from individuals who lived through the Holocaust enabling a better understanding of the cultural, political, and economic motivations that spurred the Final Solution in Europe during World War II as well as the ideas and policies used by perpetrators to justify their actions in the annihilation of the Jews of Europe.

The Literature of Propaganda

Contains 300 entries that explore literary works that deal with propaganda. The set includes a wide variety of genres and has an international scope. It explores the works of authors shaped by a variety of political, social, and economic movements, and places each work in its historical context. Each entry includes an overview of the work, historical context, primary themes and style, and critical discussion.

The Middle Ages

Covers an array of topics on the Middle Ages including daily life, art and architecture, science, religion, politics, women's issues, and more.

The Papers of James Monroe, v. 5

This volume of primary documents about President James Monroe and the early history of the United States includes coverage of Monroe's involvement in treaty negotiations with England, Spain, and France--most notably, those talks surrounding the Louisiana Purchase; his candidacy in the 1808 presidential election; and his appointment as Secretary of State in 1811.

The Persian Empire

This reference on ancient Persia demonstrates the region’s contributions to the growth and development of human civilization from the 7th century BCE through the fall of the Persian Sasanian Empire in 651CE.

The Police in a Free Society

This book explores the role of police in society, the communities they serve, and the politicians who direct them. Police misconduct and incompetence, and the widespread problem of eroding respect for police agencies, are among the topics discussed.

The Rise of the Nazis

This book explores why the Germans chose to follow Nazi leader Adolf Hitler, whose vision of German exceptionalism and world domination sparked a second and even more devastating world war.

The Use and Abuse of Police Power in America

This book provides a timely and much-needed investigation of how U.S. law enforcement carries out its public safety and crime fighting mandates. Included are excerpts from important laws, speeches, reports, and studies pertaining to the subject of the use and abuse of police power in the United States.

War and Religion

This three-volume reference is a guide for readers investigating the crucial interplay between war and religion from ancient times until today, enabling a deeper understanding of the role of religious wars across cultures.

Warsaw, Lodz, Vilna

This book describes how the Jews kept alive their cultural and religious lives despite the poverty and hardships of ghetto life. Also included are accounts of the revolts by those who dared to fight back.

Wiesel, Wiesenthal, Klarsfeld

This book tells the harsh stories of those who lived through the Holocaust concentrating on the aftermath’s effect on survivors. The fate of many Nazi war criminals is described as well.

Women in American History

Offering comprehensive coverage of women of a diverse range of cultures, classes, ethnicities, religions, and sexual identifications, this set identifies the many ways in which women have helped to shape and strengthen the United States.

Women's Rights in the United States

A comprehensive encyclopedia tracing the history of the women’s rights movement in the United States from the American Revolution to the present day.

World Food

This reference brings a fresh social and cultural perspective to the global history of food, foodstuffs, diet, cuisine, and culinary exchange from primitive human society to contemporary times. Comprehensive in scope, this resource covers the evolution of food production, distribution, trade, nutrition, and health, as well as such contemporary global issues as famine and food aid, farm subsidies, food safety, genetic engineering, and the organic movement.

World War II Propaganda

This book focuses on key themes associated with World War II propaganda, revealing how leaders and spin doctors operating at behest of the state sought to shape popular attitudes both at home and overseas. A comprehensive introductory essay sets out the principles of propaganda theory in World War II, while the subsequent material provides examples of Allied- and Axis-generated propaganda and presents them in a way that will help readers understand the context.

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, ed. 12

Presents easy-to-understand information on 200 countries and dependencies from around the world. Entries discuss a variety of topics in detail, from banking and securities to climate, from government data to demographic statistics. Also includes biographical essays on national leaders.

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, ed. 14

Presents easy-to-understand information on more than 200 countries and dependencies from around the world. Entries discuss a variety of topics in detail, from banking and securities to climate, from government data to demographic statistics. Also includes biographical essays on national leaders.

Youth Cultures in America

This work offers information on groups beyond the gangs the public associates with youth culture, providing definitions of suburban youth culture, survivalists and preppers, the deaf, skateboarders, Gen X, soldiers, and street kids. It provides coverage of the expressive genres of American youth and the way they have shaped public tastes and trends, such as music, dance, fashion, tattooing, body piercing, and social media.

Arts

A Companion to Renaissance and Baroque Art

Provides a diverse collection of essays addressing key issues for European art produced between 1300 and 1700, a period that might be termed the beginning of modern history.

Business

Food Safety

This book examines the history of food safety and describes key events and trends that have created the food safety issues of today. It explores the many controversies concerning food consumption, including contaminants in food, GMOs, factory farm-produced meat, and standards regarding the labeling of food products as well as the ways that these issues have been handled by authorities. Viewpoints from food safety professionals and researchers on key issues are also presented.

Food Safety in the 21st Century

This book discusses ways to assess risk and to employ epidemiological methods to improve food safety. It also describes the regulatory context that shapes food safety activities at the local, national, and international levels and looks forward to the future of food safety.

Environment

Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia, ed. 2

A completely revised and updated version of the original work published in Germany in 1960, this edition incorporates recent developments in the animal world as noted by prominent advisors and contributors from the scientific community.

Food and Nutrition

American Food by the Decades

A survey of American food trends highlights the key inventions, brands, restaurant chains, and individuals that shaped the American diet and palate in the 20th century.

At the Table

This book examines all aspects of dinner in international settings, enabling cross-cultural comparisons and an understanding of the effects of modernization and globalization on food habits.

Fixing the Food System

This book answers questions about what changes are needed, who is advocating the changes, what parties are opposing these changes (and why), and what a new food system would look like. Organized into three sections, the work identifies the problems with the current system, reviews the changing landscape of food policy, and suggests workable solutions for progress.

Food and Drink in American History

This three-volume encyclopedia on the history of American food and beverages covers topics ranging from early American Indian foods to mandatory nutrition information at fast food restaurants.

Food Safety

This book examines the history of food safety and describes key events and trends that have created the food safety issues of today. It explores the many controversies concerning food consumption, including contaminants in food, GMOs, factory farm-produced meat, and standards regarding the labeling of food products as well as the ways that these issues have been handled by authorities. Viewpoints from food safety professionals and researchers on key issues are also presented.

Food Safety in the 21st Century

This book discusses ways to assess risk and to employ epidemiological methods to improve food safety. It also describes the regulatory context that shapes food safety activities at the local, national, and international levels and looks forward to the future of food safety.

Food Science

This title presents the history of food science. Text details how early studies of nutrition and food chemistry led to today's food safety standards and genetically modified crops. It also puts a spotlight on the brilliant scientists who made these advances possible.

Foods That Changed History

Presents nearly 100 entries on foods that have shaped history. In learning about foods and their importance, readers will gain valuable insight into other areas such as religious movements, literature, economics, technology, and the human condition itself.

How Food Works

This book that explains key concepts about food and what makes it good or bad for you. Covers a wide variety of topics, from dieting to gluten intolerance, debunks common food myths, explains nutrition, covers the food groups, and looks into organic vs. processed foods. Follow the history of food production and free-range farming, how food is transported, and what "sell by" dates really mean.

Invention of the Modern Cookbook

Discusses the roots of cookbook collections in 17th-century England and illuminates the cookbook's role as it has evolved over time. Provides the first analysis of what a modern cookbook actually is and shows how its characteristics originated.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Nutrition and Food Labels

This guide provides a unique source of information on food, nutrition, food labels, and associated legislation, organizations, and diseases and conditions. Coverage includes various topics related to nutrition and food labels.

Stand Together or Starve Alone

This book examines how the United States--one of the world's wealthiest and resource-richest nations—has multiple food-related problems: declining food quality due to industrialization of its production, obesity across all ages, and a large number of households suffering from food insecurity. It explores the root causes of food-related problems in the 20th and 21st centuries and explains why collective impact is the method to be employed to reach a successful resolution.

World Food

This reference brings a fresh social and cultural perspective to the global history of food, foodstuffs, diet, cuisine, and culinary exchange from primitive human society to contemporary times. Comprehensive in scope, this resource covers the evolution of food production, distribution, trade, nutrition, and health, as well as such contemporary global issues as famine and food aid, farm subsidies, food safety, genetic engineering, and the organic movement.

General Reference

How Food Works

This book that explains key concepts about food and what makes it good or bad for you. Covers a wide variety of topics, from dieting to gluten intolerance, debunks common food myths, explains nutrition, covers the food groups, and looks into organic vs. processed foods. Follow the history of food production and free-range farming, how food is transported, and what "sell by" dates really mean.

Invention of the Modern Cookbook

Discusses the roots of cookbook collections in 17th-century England and illuminates the cookbook's role as it has evolved over time. Provides the first analysis of what a modern cookbook actually is and shows how its characteristics originated.

History

All Things Medieval

Covers the widest definition of "medieval Europe" possible, not by covering history in the traditional, textbook manner of listing wars, leaders, and significant historic events, but by presenting detailed alphabetical entries that describe the artifacts of medieval Europe.

America in the World, 1776 to the Present

This set provides a transnational view of US history, focusing on the role of Americans and the US while analyzing how the world has influenced the US and Americans. It examines the impact of US policies on the world, as well as on the domestic agenda and discusses the increasingly important role of the US, from the early days of the republic to the present.

American Food by the Decades

A survey of American food trends highlights the key inventions, brands, restaurant chains, and individuals that shaped the American diet and palate in the 20th century.

American History through American Sports

This collection blends historical and popular culture perspectives in its analysis of the development of sports and sports figures throughout American history.

Anti-Immigration in the United States

Covers major historical periods and relevant concepts, as well as discussions of various anti-immigration stances. Leading figures and groups in the anti-immigration movements of the past and present are also explored.

Anti-Semitism and the "Final Solution"

This book analyzes the factors that led to the persecution of Jews, as well as the rise and fall of Hitler's Third Reich.

Auschwitz

This book examines the history of Auschwitz, the infamous Nazi death camp during the Holocaust, and how it came to be built and used.

Auschwitz, Bergen-Belsen, Treblinka

This book details the system of camps in Europe during the Holocaust and recounts the horrifying conditions suffered by camp inmates as well as their struggles for life and hope in a world gone mad.

Clothing and Fashion

This encyclopedia examines the historical significance of fashion trends, revealing the social and cultural connections of clothing from the precolonial times to the present day. This overview of fashion and apparel covers several centuries of American history as seen through the lens of the clothes we wear—from the Native American moccasin to Manolo Blahnik's contribution to stiletto heels.

Cuban Missile Crisis

This book captures the historical context, the minute-by-minute drama, and the profound repercussions of the "Missiles of October" confrontation that brought the very real threat of nuclear attack to the United States' doorstep.

Daily Life in Victorian England, ed. 2

Provides a summary of information about the ordinary experience of most people during the nineteenth century in Great Britain and covers the daily life of most Victorians, no matter of what class or gender.

Daily Life of the Aztecs, ed. 2

Examines the details of the daily lives of the ancient Aztecs through the study of their social history, culture, and continuing influence, written from the perspective of the history of religions.

Daily Lives of Civilians in Wartime Twentieth-Century Europe

Includes accounts of civilians' roles and experiences through wars in twentieth-century Europe.

Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library

In the second half of the 19th century, America transformed itself into an industrial power, ready to assume a dominant position on the world scene in the 20th century. The development of industrialization and the consumer society brought about opportunities for many Americans as part of an ever-growing middle class, but also resulted in environmental and social degradation that we continue to deal with at the present time.

Dictionary of American History, ed. 3

The first comprehensive revision of this classic reference source, originally published in 1940, features updated and revised entries from previous editions, as well as more than 800 new entries covering recent events and topics not covered previously. This authoritative work serves students, scholars, and general readers interested in a wide range of topics in American history, from the well studied and familiar to the obscure.

Encyclopedia of African Colonial Conflicts

This encyclopedia introduces the history of colonial wars in Africa and illustrates why African countries like the Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria, Somalia, and Sudan continue to experience ethnic, political, and religious violence in the early 21st century.

Encyclopedia of Society and Culture in the Medieval World

Provides comprehensive coverage of the medieval world, from the fall of Rome to the European Renaissance, including Western and non-Western cultures and civilizations.

Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire

A five-volume survey of European history from the onset of the French Revolution to the outbreak of World War. Alphabetically arranged entries cover the period's most significant personalities and meaningful developments in the arts, religion, politics, exploration, and warfare. For students, scholars, and general readers.

Europe Since 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction

A multi-volume survey of European history from the beginning of World War I in 1914 to the present, presented through alphabetically arranged entries that focus on the period's scientific, social and cultural history as well as the political, military and economic developments. For students and general readers.

Europe, 1450 to 1789

A six-volume survey of European history from 1450, the beginning of the print revolution, to 1789 and the French Revolution. Presents over 1,000 alphabetically arranged entries covering the period's most significant personalities and meaningful developments in the arts, religion, politics, exploration, and warfare. For students, scholars, and general readers.

Events That Changed Germany

Provides a synopsis of the ten most important events or developments that shaped German history over the past 150 years. Describes what Germany is, who it was, and what the factors were that led to its several modern manifestations upon the world's stage.

Events That Formed the Modern World

This set covers times from the Renaissance to the present. Each volume focuses on a specific historic period and examines 12 events within those time frames that changed the world. Each entry provides an introduction that lays out factual material in a chronological manner, an in-depth essay interpreting the event's significance, and an annotated bibliography of the most important current works on the topic.

Food Science

This title presents the history of food science. Text details how early studies of nutrition and food chemistry led to today's food safety standards and genetically modified crops. It also puts a spotlight on the brilliant scientists who made these advances possible.

Food and Drink in American History

This three-volume encyclopedia on the history of American food and beverages covers topics ranging from early American Indian foods to mandatory nutrition information at fast food restaurants.

Foods That Changed History

Presents nearly 100 entries on foods that have shaped history. In learning about foods and their importance, readers will gain valuable insight into other areas such as religious movements, literature, economics, technology, and the human condition itself.

Gun Politics in America

This work offers the most complete collection of primary documents on the subject of guns and gun politics, giving readers a comprehensive, unbiased understanding of the complex and often-surprising evolution of gun ownership, gun culture, and gun politics in the United States.

Hitler, Goebbels, Himmler

This book thoroughly examines the causes and events that led up to the Holocaust, Adolf Hitler's rise to power, and the role he played in World War II in perpetuating the Holocaust.

Icons of the Middle Ages

Examines the lives of some of the most remarkable personalities of the Medieval Era, powerful, ruthless, compassionate, brilliant people who remain widely influential today.

Life During Medieval Times

Concentrating on the high Middle Ages, the lives of the nobility, peasants, bourgeoisie, and academics are among the topics discussed in this social history.

Life in Nazi Germany

This book examines life in Nazi Germany, representing one of the darkest chapters in human history as the regime of Adolf Hitler took dictatorial control while leading the country into war.

New Dictionary of the History of Ideas

A six-volume survey of the history of Western thought and culture, presented through 700 alphabetically arranged entries. Each entry explores the origin, cultural interpretations, and historical themes of such subjects as beauty, love, feminism, diversity, and social capital, among many others. For students and general readers.

Roaring Twenties Reference Library

The Roaring Twenties Reference Library chronicles and illustrates a time of great social change in everything from fashion to music to politics.

Schindler, Wallenberg, Miep Gies

This book recounts the actions some people took to save the lives of thousands of people trying to escape from the Nazis and their deadly persecution. Some heroes are now famous, but many unknown heroes took action to forge false identity papers, leave out food for refugees, and hide Jews in their homes.

Science and Technology in Modern European Life

Providea a summary of the impact science and technology has had in the last two hundred years in the daily lives of Europeans.

Shaping of America, 1783-1815 Reference Library

This collection chronicles and illustrates the important period between 1783-1815 when America forged its place at home and on the international stage.

St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture

Includes more than 2,700 signed essays ranging from 500 to 2,500 words, written by subject experts and edited to form a consistent, readable, and straightforward reference. Entries include subject-specific bibliographies and, where appropriate, photographs and textual cross-references to related essays.

The 9/11 Encyclopedia, ed. 2

Presents a thorough examination of all the individuals, groups, and events surrounding the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

The Arab Spring

This book covers the demonstrations and revolutions in the Arab world, during the spring of 2011. It discusses the history of these revolutions, America's role in them, their causes, impact on the world at large and their implications for the future.

The Berlin Wall

This title examines an important historic event--the Berlin Wall's division of the city of Berlin, Germany, from the building of the wall to its destruction.

The Britannica Guide to Inventions That Changed the Modern World

This book gives readers a deeper appreciation for the inventions that have made their lives easier, better, or more aesthetically pleasing.

The Chernobyl Disaster

Provides comprehensive information on the nuclear disaster at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and the differing perspectives accompanying it.

The Civil War Era and Reconstruction

This work focuses on non-military aspects of life from the attack on Fort Sumter in April 1861 to the end of Reconstruction in 1877, addressing themes and day-to-day events from multiple perspectives—Northerners and Southerners, slaves and freedmen; plantation owners and abolitionists; frontier settlers and factory workers; Native Americans, women, children, and immigrant groups--in politics, business, science, technology, medicine, family, religion, culture, and the arts.

The Encyclopedia of the Korean War, ed. 2

Offers complete coverage of strategies, weapon systems, and clashes that marked the course of events on the battlefield.

The Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War, ed. 2

Provides a comprehensive study of the Vietnam War and sheds more light on the longest and one of the most controversial conflicts in U.S. history.

The History of Bulgaria

Covers events in this important Balkan nation from its 9th-century origins in the first Bulgarian Empire through the present day.

The History of China, ed. 2

Presents an informative introduction to China's past and present, from traditional accounts of its beginnings more than 3,000 years ago to its modern emergence as a first-world nation.

The History of Iran, ed. 2

This book covers the entirety of Iranian history up to the present day, including recent political and social developments.

The History of Korea, ed. 2

This work analyzes how tragic experiences in the regions' collective history-particularly Japanese colonial rule and the division of the country-have contributed to the dichotomous state of affairs in the Koreas. It traces the development of two contradistinctive nations-North and South Korea-with communism in the north and democracy and industrialization in the south transforming the geopolitical and geo-economic condition of each area.

The Holocaust

Offers multiple perspectives on momentous events. This volume introduces and provides a brief overview of major factors that contributed to the Holocaust, the mass genocide to exterminate Jews and other groups deemed undesirable by the Nazis in Germany.

The Holocaust

This book contains reference entries, primary documents, and memoirs and personal narratives from individuals who lived through the Holocaust enabling a better understanding of the cultural, political, and economic motivations that spurred the Final Solution in Europe during World War II as well as the ideas and policies used by perpetrators to justify their actions in the annihilation of the Jews of Europe.

The Middle Ages

Covers an array of topics on the Middle Ages including daily life, art and architecture, science, religion, politics, women's issues, and more.

The Papers of James Monroe, v. 5

This volume of primary documents about President James Monroe and the early history of the United States includes coverage of Monroe's involvement in treaty negotiations with England, Spain, and France--most notably, those talks surrounding the Louisiana Purchase; his candidacy in the 1808 presidential election; and his appointment as Secretary of State in 1811.

The Persian Empire

This reference on ancient Persia demonstrates the region’s contributions to the growth and development of human civilization from the 7th century BCE through the fall of the Persian Sasanian Empire in 651CE.

The Rise of the Nazis

This book explores why the Germans chose to follow Nazi leader Adolf Hitler, whose vision of German exceptionalism and world domination sparked a second and even more devastating world war.

The Use and Abuse of Police Power in America

This book provides a timely and much-needed investigation of how U.S. law enforcement carries out its public safety and crime fighting mandates. Included are excerpts from important laws, speeches, reports, and studies pertaining to the subject of the use and abuse of police power in the United States.

War and Religion

This three-volume reference is a guide for readers investigating the crucial interplay between war and religion from ancient times until today, enabling a deeper understanding of the role of religious wars across cultures.

Warsaw, Lodz, Vilna

This book describes how the Jews kept alive their cultural and religious lives despite the poverty and hardships of ghetto life. Also included are accounts of the revolts by those who dared to fight back.

Wiesel, Wiesenthal, Klarsfeld

This book tells the harsh stories of those who lived through the Holocaust concentrating on the aftermath’s effect on survivors. The fate of many Nazi war criminals is described as well.

Women in American History

Offering comprehensive coverage of women of a diverse range of cultures, classes, ethnicities, religions, and sexual identifications, this set identifies the many ways in which women have helped to shape and strengthen the United States.

Women's Rights in the United States

A comprehensive encyclopedia tracing the history of the women’s rights movement in the United States from the American Revolution to the present day.

World Food

This reference brings a fresh social and cultural perspective to the global history of food, foodstuffs, diet, cuisine, and culinary exchange from primitive human society to contemporary times. Comprehensive in scope, this resource covers the evolution of food production, distribution, trade, nutrition, and health, as well as such contemporary global issues as famine and food aid, farm subsidies, food safety, genetic engineering, and the organic movement.

World War II Propaganda

This book focuses on key themes associated with World War II propaganda, revealing how leaders and spin doctors operating at behest of the state sought to shape popular attitudes both at home and overseas. A comprehensive introductory essay sets out the principles of propaganda theory in World War II, while the subsequent material provides examples of Allied- and Axis-generated propaganda and presents them in a way that will help readers understand the context.

Law

American Governance

Provides answers on all questions related to the variety of ways by which the American people govern themselves – from their constitutions and governments to the political norms and ideals that guide their actions as citizens and leaders; to local communities, civic associations, and political associations people form for collective deliberation and action; and to the relationships they form with their elected representatives.

The 21st-Century Voter

This reference covers major aspects of politics and voting in the 21st century -- from elections and campaigns, to major political figures and parties, to the role of media and major activist groups.

The Police in a Free Society

This book explores the role of police in society, the communities they serve, and the politicians who direct them. Police misconduct and incompetence, and the widespread problem of eroding respect for police agencies, are among the topics discussed.

The Use and Abuse of Police Power in America

This book provides a timely and much-needed investigation of how U.S. law enforcement carries out its public safety and crime fighting mandates. Included are excerpts from important laws, speeches, reports, and studies pertaining to the subject of the use and abuse of police power in the United States.

Literature

The Literature of Propaganda

Contains 300 entries that explore literary works that deal with propaganda. The set includes a wide variety of genres and has an international scope. It explores the works of authors shaped by a variety of political, social, and economic movements, and places each work in its historical context. Each entry includes an overview of the work, historical context, primary themes and style, and critical discussion.

Medicine

The Gale Encyclopedia of Nutrition and Food Labels

This guide provides a unique source of information on food, nutrition, food labels, and associated legislation, organizations, and diseases and conditions. Coverage includes various topics related to nutrition and food labels.

Nation and World

Africa

This work provides readers with an overview of contemporary customs and life in North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa through discussions of key concepts and topics that touch everyday life among the nations' peoples.

American Countercultures

This reference work examines the impact of countercultural movements on American social history, from colonial times to the present. It highlights the writings, recordings, and visual works produced by these movements to educate, inspire, and incite action throughout the nation's history. A–Z entries provide information on personalities, places, events, concepts, beliefs, groups, and practices.

At the Table

This book examines all aspects of dinner in international settings, enabling cross-cultural comparisons and an understanding of the effects of modernization and globalization on food habits.

Food and Drink in American History

This three-volume encyclopedia on the history of American food and beverages covers topics ranging from early American Indian foods to mandatory nutrition information at fast food restaurants.

The History of Argentina, ed. 2

This book provides a broad overview of the country's cycles and changes with emphasis placed on the political and economic events that shaped the last five decades. The content covers a wide range of topics, including the impact of state-sponsored industrial growth since 1945, Spanish settlement and colonization, the Wars of Independence, and Argentina's "mother industries," ranching and grain farming.

The History of Bulgaria

Covers events in this important Balkan nation from its 9th-century origins in the first Bulgarian Empire through the present day.

The History of China, ed. 2

Presents an informative introduction to China's past and present, from traditional accounts of its beginnings more than 3,000 years ago to its modern emergence as a first-world nation.

The History of Iran, ed. 2

This book covers the entirety of Iranian history up to the present day, including recent political and social developments.

The History of Korea, ed. 2

This work analyzes how tragic experiences in the regions' collective history-particularly Japanese colonial rule and the division of the country-have contributed to the dichotomous state of affairs in the Koreas. It traces the development of two contradistinctive nations-North and South Korea-with communism in the north and democracy and industrialization in the south transforming the geopolitical and geo-economic condition of each area.

The Papers of James Monroe, v. 5

This volume of primary documents about President James Monroe and the early history of the United States includes coverage of Monroe's involvement in treaty negotiations with England, Spain, and France--most notably, those talks surrounding the Louisiana Purchase; his candidacy in the 1808 presidential election; and his appointment as Secretary of State in 1811.

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, ed. 12

Presents easy-to-understand information on 200 countries and dependencies from around the world. Entries discuss a variety of topics in detail, from banking and securities to climate, from government data to demographic statistics. Also includes biographical essays on national leaders.

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, ed. 14

Presents easy-to-understand information on more than 200 countries and dependencies from around the world. Entries discuss a variety of topics in detail, from banking and securities to climate, from government data to demographic statistics. Also includes biographical essays on national leaders.

Religion

War and Religion

This three-volume reference is a guide for readers investigating the crucial interplay between war and religion from ancient times until today, enabling a deeper understanding of the role of religious wars across cultures.

Science

Fixing the Food System

This book answers questions about what changes are needed, who is advocating the changes, what parties are opposing these changes (and why), and what a new food system would look like. Organized into three sections, the work identifies the problems with the current system, reviews the changing landscape of food policy, and suggests workable solutions for progress.

Food Science

This title presents the history of food science. Text details how early studies of nutrition and food chemistry led to today's food safety standards and genetically modified crops. It also puts a spotlight on the brilliant scientists who made these advances possible.

Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia, ed. 2

A completely revised and updated version of the original work published in Germany in 1960, this edition incorporates recent developments in the animal world as noted by prominent advisors and contributors from the scientific community.

Philip's Astronomy Encyclopedia

Comprehensive resource containing more than 3000 articles on all aspects of astronomy and astrophysics. Includes special features on each of the constellations and tables listing brightest stars, nearest stars, Messier objects, Caldwell objects, and surface features of the Moon and terrestrial planets. Written by more than 100 leading astronomers from the world's universities and observatories.

Solar System Maps

This book recounts the evolving conceptualization of the solar system from ancient to modern times. It provides examples of the artistry of antiquarian celestial maps from books and atlases, and includes a section on solar system mapping in the Space Age, highlighting large telescope and space probe images. Each illustration is accompanied by a legend explaining the relevant astronomical and cartographical features.

The Basics of Biology

Introduction to the science of biology. Details the history of biology, as well as many of the field's basic theories and concepts for students. Demonstrates the modern tools and techniques that biologists use today. Presents the most noteworthy discoveries in biology. Provides easy experiments for students to replicate.

The Basics of Chemistry

Encompasses many different topics in and approaches to introductory chemistry. Discusses broad areas of chemistry including organic chemistry, biochemistry, environmental chemistry, and industrial chemistry. Historical developments of chemical concepts are covered, and biographical information is provided on key individuals responsible for the development of modern chemistry.

Social Science

American Countercultures

This reference work examines the impact of countercultural movements on American social history, from colonial times to the present. It highlights the writings, recordings, and visual works produced by these movements to educate, inspire, and incite action throughout the nation's history. A–Z entries provide information on personalities, places, events, concepts, beliefs, groups, and practices.

Modern Genocide

This four-volume work provides students with an examination of 10 modern genocides. It is enhanced by documents and introductions that provide additional historical and contemporary context for learning about and understanding these tragic events.

Nuclear Power, ed. 2

This guide helps readers explore the science, technology, politics, and culture that surround nuclear energy.

Police Powers

This title examines issues related to police powers. A narrative-driven pro/con format supported by relevant facts, quotes, anecdotes, and full-color illustrations are also provided.

Stand Together or Starve Alone

This book examines how the United States--one of the world's wealthiest and resource-richest nations—has multiple food-related problems: declining food quality due to industrialization of its production, obesity across all ages, and a large number of households suffering from food insecurity. It explores the root causes of food-related problems in the 20th and 21st centuries and explains why collective impact is the method to be employed to reach a successful resolution.

The Holocaust

Examines the origins of the Holocaust, the means by which Nazi Germany carried it out, and some of the debates it has inspired.

Youth Cultures in America

This work offers information on groups beyond the gangs the public associates with youth culture, providing definitions of suburban youth culture, survivalists and preppers, the deaf, skateboarders, Gen X, soldiers, and street kids. It provides coverage of the expressive genres of American youth and the way they have shaped public tastes and trends, such as music, dance, fashion, tattooing, body piercing, and social media.

Technology

Food Safety in the 21st Century

This book discusses ways to assess risk and to employ epidemiological methods to improve food safety. It also describes the regulatory context that shapes food safety activities at the local, national, and international levels and looks forward to the future of food safety.

Inventors and Inventions

Covers inventors of the past and present, including the creators of Kevlar, Coca Cola, eBay, and the Global Positioning System. Explores the early life of each inventor, their education and professional life, and their contributions to society. Surveys the history of technological advancements in fields such as agriculture, transportation, communication, entertainment, textiles, medicine, and others.

Nuclear Power, ed. 2

This guide helps readers explore the science, technology, politics, and culture that surround nuclear energy.

eBooks Search