All Titles

New Catholic Encyclopedia, ed. 2

This 15 volume, second edition features revised and new articles. Among the 12,000 entries in the encyclopedia are articles on theology, philosophy, history, literary figures, saints, musicians and much more.

New Catholic Encyclopedia Supplement, Jubilee Volume: The Wojtyla Years

A scholarly supplement to the New Catholic Encyclopedia that focuses on the pontificate of John Paul II and includes thematic essays presenting the man and his work. Headings include: The Papacy of John Paul II; Church Documents; People and Places; Institutions and Events, Saints and Blessed.

New Catholic Encyclopedia Supplement 2009

A supplement to the New Catholic Encyclopedia that focuses on the theme of science and the church.

New Catholic Encyclopedia Supplement 2010

This supplement focuses on the Church in Modern History, particularly WWII and after. It also includes about 200 entries on the men and women who have been beatified or canonized since 2003.

New Catholic Encyclopedia Supplement 2011

This supplement covers the areas of art, music and literature. It includes articles written by specialists and scholars, bios of the beatified and canonized since 2010 as well as entries on other relevant current Catholic issues, events and topics, such as: Internet and the Church, Pope Benedict XVI, popular culture, sex abuse crisis, television and Catholicism, and women artists and Catholic art.

Africa: An Encyclopedia for Students

A general resource for African research for students at the high-school level or higher. Consists of 450 alphabetically arranged entries covering countries, regions, geographic features, cultural groups, personalities, and general subjects such as body adornment and clothing, oral tradition, and writing systems. Includes timelines, definitions and quick-reference fact boxes.

African American Almanac, ed. 10

Provides a range of historical and current information on African American history, society and culture. Includes coverage of such topics as: Africa and the Black diaspora; film and television; landmarks; national organizations; population; religion; science and technology; and sports.

Alternative Energy

This three-volume set introduces students to issues surrounding both current energy sources and alternative energy options. While there is significant discussion of the non-renewable resources now used to meet the majority of the world's energy needs (oil, coal and natural gas), the primary focus of the set is on newer options to meet the ever-growing demand.

American Civil War Reference Library

American Civil War Reference Library offers comprehensive and wide ranging research options on this compelling era of American history. Material in each of the three titles has been reviewed by an independent advisory board for its curriculum relevance and its accessibility to students in grades 6-12.

American Decades

Cross-disciplinary source for junior and high school students and teachers, public librarians and general researchers who need to document and analyze periods of contemporary American social history (1900-1999).

American Decades

Covers everything from monumental events and groundbreaking individuals to the fascinating details of Americans' daily lives. Supports historical research in disciplines from the arts and business to law, medicine, technology and social trends.

American Decades Primary Sources

Cross-disciplinary source spanning the 20th century. Each volume in the set includes full or excerpted primary sources representing the seminal issues, themes, movements and events from a decade. Includes oral histories, songs, speeches, advertisements, TV, play and movie scripts, letters, laws, legal decisions, newspaper articles, cartoons, recipes, and more.

American Eras

Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to particular eras in U.S. history.

American History Through Literature 1820-1870

Designed for the general reader, this set presents literature not as a simple inventory of authors or titles but rather as a historical and cultural field viewed from a wide array of contemporary perspectives. The set, which is "new historicist" in its approach to literary criticism, endorses the notion that not only does history affect literature, but literature itself informs history.

American History Through Literature 1870-1920

Designed for the general reader, this set presents literature not as a simple inventory of authors or titles but rather as a historical and cultural field viewed from a wide array of contemporary perspectives. The set, which is "new historicist" in its approach to literary criticism, endorses the notion that not only does history affect literature, but literature itself informs history.

American Home Front in World War II

Examines the effect of World War II on people living in America. The Almanac discusses major events on the home front, including the changing role of women, Civil Defense and the draft. Biographies highlights 26 key figures, such as John L. Lewis, J. Robert Oppenheimer and others. Primary Sources includes primary material from a variety of sources, including speeches, documents and other material.

American Inaugurals: The Speeches, The Presidents, and Their Times

Presents the inaugural addresses of each of the 43 United States Presidents. Each entry includes a brief biography, a list of important events during that president's term of office, the actual text of the speech, and notable quotes. Illustrated with portraits and reproductions of period paintings, photos, and engravings. For students in grades 8 and higher.

American Men & Women of Science, ed. 23

This respected resource is a biographical dictionary of the significant players in the physical, biological and related sciences. Each edition includes biographical entries on approximately 120,000 living scientists, providing birthdate; birthplace; field of specialty; education; honorary degrees; current position; professional and career information; awards; memberships; research information; and addresses for each entrant where available.

American Revolution Reference Library

This 4-vol. set supplies the in-depth information about the American Revolution that students and researchers need for class assignments and reports.

American Social Reform Movements Reference Library

This four-volume set chronicles and illustrates movements from the American Revolution to the present day. Intended to help students successfully complete research and projects.

American Women Writers: A Critical Reference Guide from Colonial Times to the Present, ed. 2

Provides coverage on the best-known American women writers spanning from colonial days to the present, including biography, criticism, and bibliography for each; also includes lesser-known writers whose work is found in journals, letters, stories, and even hymns. Entries feature an assessment of the writer's works; basic biography and complete bibliography, as well as comprehensive data on writers' names, including pseudonyms, aliases, parents' names and husbands' names, etc.

Americans at War

Covers major American conflicts from the Colonial Wars through the War on Terrorism in the context of cultural and social events and conditions on the home front. Illustrated articles cover both biographies and topics such as civil liberties, media, politics, popular culture, religion, memory and national identity, civic celebrations, monumental art, literature, the roles of women and minorities, veterans, science and technology, humor, and music. General audiences.

Ancient Civilizations Reference Library

The ancient civilizations of Iraq, Egypt, India, China, Central America and other regions are the focus of this remarkable contribution to student reference.

Ancient Europe, 8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000

Examines the diverse peoples of early European civilization through a series of 212 essays, presented in chronological order. Coverage includes prehistoric origins through the early Middle Ages (8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000). Includes maps, photos, and chronologies. For the general reader.

Ancient Greece and Rome

Covers an extensive array of topics on ancient Greece and Rome including daily life, art and architecture, philosophy, science, religion, statesmen, military leaders, emperors, and more.

Arts and Humanities Through the Eras

Profiling milestones and movements in the arts, literature, music and religion from a specific period, each volume in this set helps students and researchers understand the various disciplines of the humanities in relation to each other, as well as to history and culture. An overview of the period and a chronology of major world events begin each volume.

Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians

Covers all musical genres, with new entries written by a distinguished group of area specialists as well as the original articles by Nicolas Slonimsky. This work continues the tradition of offering the most comprehensive and authoritative information on musicians, along with interesting and insightful evaluations of their contributions to the musical world.

Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Popular Musicians Since 1990

An A-Z biographical reference that focuses on individual artists and groups in all popular styles active from 1990 to the present, including those in rock, rhythm and blues, rap, country, electronica, jazz, vocal and classical. Features include select discographies, bibliographies, a glossary of musical terms, and other information. Also features appendix essays on various topics including the music industry, rap, and grunge.

Biographical Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa

Illuminates the lives of the most influential and controversial figures in the Middle East and North Africa who came to prominence during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Includes profiles of contemporary leaders who belong to various political, ethnic, and religious groups, as well as notable individuals associated with business, law, science, social issues, sports, entertainment, literature, and the fine and performing arts.

Biotechnology: Changing Life Through Science

Covers biotechnological applications ranging across medicine, agriculture, and industry. Devoted to helping younger students and general readers understand the fast-developing science and issues related to: advances in biotechnology, the science of molecular biology and genetics.

Black Literature Criticism, ed. 2

Focuses on writers and works published since 1950. The majority of the authors surveyed are African American, but representative African and Caribbean authors are also included.

Bowling, Beatniks, and Bell-Bottoms: Pop Culture of 20th-Century America

The hairstyles, slang terms, advertising jingles, pop music sensations, and all else described as popular culture is covered in this five-volume reference. Arranged chronologically by decade and by broad topics within each decade, this set focuses solely on the popular culture of the twentieth century, offering more detailed information on trends and fads than any other resource. Written specifically for students in grades 5 through 12.

Britannica Encyclopedia of World Religions

Covers religions of the world and the concepts, movements, people, and events that have shaped them. Includes entries on religious movements and concepts, historical and legendary figures, divinities, religious sites and ceremonies, images that show sacred places, vestments, rituals, objects, and texts.

Building Blocks of Matter: A Supplement to the Macmillan Encyclopedia of Physics

This supplement to the Macmillan Encyclopedia of Physics presents the most recent data on particle physics. Reviews all observed and theoretical particles known to date, retracing the history of each particle's discovery and function. Covers current research; practical applications both hypothetical and actual; and provides biographical entries on scientists who made significant contributions. Case studies and experiments round out the broad range of topics covered.

Business Leader Profiles for Students

Profiles of significant contributors to business and industry, past and present, written especially for high school students.

CDs, Super Glue, and Salsa

Provides descriptions of household and high-interest products, step-by-step descriptions of manufacturing processes, and sidebars with additional information. Covers for each entry: why there was a need, who invented it, how it is made, what it is made of, and how it works. Includes photographs, illustrations and line drawings, and a glossary of definitions.

Career Information Center, ed. 9

Provides information for job seekers on various career areas. Each profile includes a job summary chart, a job description, and up-to-date salary information.

Checks and Balances: The Three Branches of the American Government

Presents easy to understand information about the inner workings of the federal government. Includes historical overviews and examinations of the day-to-day operations of each branch, as well as Constitutional duties and obligations of each branch, specifics related to eligibility, elections and appointments of key positions, changes since 1776, the future of each branch, and other topics. For student and general audiences.

Chemical Compounds

Offers information on the ways in which different chemical elements combine to form commonly-used chemical compounds, such as water, ammonia, and aspirin. Defines what a chemical compound actually is and the difference between organic and inorganic compounds, as well as providing definitions of acids, bases, salts, oxides, and coordination compounds. Features a general historical overview of major discoveries and the notable scientists who made them.

Chemical Elements: From Carbon to Krypton

Provides in-depth information on 112 known chemical elements. For younger and middle school students, but also appropriate for high school students.

Chemistry

Provides a broad approach to chemistry, its laws, processes, applications and subdisciplines, and its many branches, including inorganic, industrial, atmospheric and computational chemistry as well as biotechnology, including biographies of scientists past and present. Reviews the history of the field up to modern research and practical applications, and topical essays examine the role chemistry plays in various aspects of everyday life. For academic readers.

Cities of the World, ed. 6

A compilation of current information on cultural, geographic, and political conditions in 193 countries and their cities covering six continents, based on the Department of State's Post Reports. Maps and photos of many cities included.

Climate Change

Offers coverage of the history, politics, and ethical debates related to climate change, including the impact of climate change on daily life, trade and commerce, travel, and the future of both industrialized and impoverished nations. Provides insights on leading social issues and spurs critical thinking about the impact of environmental issues on daily life and globalization.

Cold War Reference Library

Covers the Cold War period between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II through 1989. Includes discussion of the historic causes of the tension and information on the lives and actions of major figures, such as Harry Truman, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin.

Colonial America Reference Library

The Colonial America Reference Library provides students with the comprehensive information on the Colonial American period they need to write reports and class assignments including biographical profiles and primary source documents.

Company Profiles for Students

Covers more than 400 prominent companies most studied by students. Entries follow a standard set of rubrics to facilitate comparison between companies. Also included are company logos, illustrations and ticker symbols, current market share, new products, and where to write for an annual report.

Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography

Provides information on the history of science through articles on the professional lives of scientists. All periods of science from classical antiquity to modern times are represented.

Complete Human Diseases and Conditions

Presents information on numerous diseases and conditions. Articles include a definition of the disease or condition, an explanation of how it works in the body, information on causes, symptoms and diagnosis, treatment or cure, and lifestyles.

Constitutional Amendments, ed. 2

Provides the history and social context of the amendment process, covering each of the 27 amendments. Significant issues, events, figures, movements and judicial/legislative actions in the history of each amendment are also covered chronologically.

Contemporary Fashion, ed. 2

Provides biographical and critical coverage of primarily U.S. designers, milliners, footwear designers, fashion companies and textile houses. Entries include a biographical summary; primary and secondary bibliography that includes articles and exhibition catalogs; and a signed, critical essay written by an expert in the field as well as photographs.

Contemporary Hispanic Biography, v. 1

Provides informative biographical profiles of the important and influential persons of Latino heritage who form the international Hispanic community. Covers persons of various nationalities in a wide variety of fields, including art, music and literature to science, politics and business.

Contemporary Novelists, ed. 7

Concise discussions of the lives and principal works of contemporary novelists, written by subject experts.

Contemporary Poets, ed. 7

Concise discussions of the lives and principal works of poets from around the world, written by subject experts.

Countries and Their Cultures

Presents the cultural similarities within a country that set it apart from others by examining over 200 countries to document the myriad ways in which culture defines and separates the nations of the world as much as geographical borders do. Surveys each country's shared values, behaviors and cultural variations from foods and rituals to pastimes and arts, using a standard entry format for easy comparison. Provides illustrations, photographs and maps. 4 volumes.

Countries of the World and Their Leaders Yearbook

Covering nearly 200 countries, this yearbook is filled with background notes reports from the U.S. Department of State. Entries typically cover geography, history, government and political conditions, economy, and state of relations with the United States.

Crime and Punishment in America Reference Library

Covering the evolution of the American criminal justice system throughout history, Crime and Punishment in America Reference Library explores everything from juvenile justice to organized crime.

Crime and Punishment: Essential Primary Sources

A focus on leading social issues of the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. Each title contains approximately 175 full or excerpted documents---speeches, legislation, magazine and newspaper articles, essays, memoirs, letters, interviews, novels, songs, and works of art---as well as overview information that places each document in context.

Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library

In the second half of the 19th century, America transformed itself into an industrial power, ready to assume a dominant position on the world scene in the 20th century. The development of industrialization and the consumer society brought about opportunities for many Americans as part of an ever-growing middle class, but also resulted in environmental and social degradation that we continue to deal with at the present time.

Dictionary of American History, ed. 3

The first comprehensive revision of this classic reference source, originally published in 1940, features updated and revised entries from previous editions, as well as more than 800 new entries covering recent events and topics not covered previously. This authoritative work serves students, scholars, and general readers interested in a wide range of topics in American history, from the well studied and familiar to the obscure.

Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

Covers the history of the Arab-Israeli conflict from the birth of Zionism at the end of the 19th century. Covers five Arab-Israeli wars, and provides biographies of political personnel in Syria, Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Jordan, and the occupied territories. The Dictionary provides clear definitions and comprehensive explanations of the history, geography, religion, and demographics of the area. 2 volumes.

Drama for Students, v. 17

Provides critical overviews of the most-studied plays of all time periods, nations, and cultures. Includes discussions of themes, characters, critical reception, dramatic devices and traditions as well as cultural and historical context.

Drugs and Controlled Substances: Information for Students

This single-volume resource provides detailed information on the physiological and psychological effects of addictive drugs and substances, from illegal drugs to commonly abused classes of prescription and over-the-counter drugs. Arranged alphabetically by drug name, each entry follows a standard format, allowing researchers to easily find the information they need and also to facilitate comparison between drugs.

Early Civilizations in the Americas Reference Library

This reference library provides a comprehensive overview of the history of the regions of the American continents in which two of the world's first civilizations developed: Mesoamerica (the name for the lands in which ancient civilizations arose in Central America and Mexico) and the Andes Mountains region of South America (in present-day Peru and parts of Bolivia, northern Argentina, and Ecuador).

Elizabethan World Reference Library

Provides background and information on the culture and history of the Elizabethan period, biographies of significant men and women of the time, and primary sources that represent some of the most significant and studied documents of the era.

Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History, ed. 2

A five-volume set and supplement covering all aspects of the African-American experience from 1619 to the present day. Using biographies, historical essays, and thematic pieces, many written by foremost scholars, it addresses a wide array of subjects in over 2,300 articles to define in one source the cultural roots, participation in American life, and current condition of the African-American community.

Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy, ed. 2

Essays by subject experts treat concepts and doctrines, policymaking, commerce and science, human rights and arms control, with specific articles on topics ranging from anti-imperialism to environmental diplomacy, from refugee policies to terrorism and countermeasures. Also includes a chronology.

Encyclopedia of Buddhism

This encyclopedia describes the Buddhist world view, basic teachings and practices of Buddhism, as well as its different schools and sects. In addition to containing entries on Buddhist scriptures, art, architecture, divinities, monastic orders, festivals, rites and ceremonies, this 2-vol. set explores the history of Buddhism, the different forms it has taken in different parts of the world, and how Buddhism has blended with other religions.

Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion

A survey of clothing, costume and fashion. Coverage includes the origins of clothing and body adornment, the development of fabrics and technologies, and the social meanings of dress, as well as representative costumes from a wide range of historical eras. For students and researchers at the high-school level or higher.

Encyclopedia of Espionage, Intelligence and Security

Comprehensive guide to the history, uses, related scientific principles, and technology of espionage and intelligence, written by experts in the field. Topics range from the historical use of espionage to the emerging use of technology in modern espionage and counterintelligence.

Encyclopedia of European Social History

This six-volume reference includes more than 230 articles, ranging from 5,000 to 10,000 words, on everything from serfdom and the economy, to witchcraft and public health.

Encyclopedia of Food and Culture

A three-volume survey of food and its place in human culture and society, presented through 600 alphabetically sorted entries. Features multidisciplinary coverage of such topics as comfort food, ethnicity and food, medieval banquets, and nutrient composition, among many others. Includes photographs, illustrations, sidebars, recipes, menus, and timelines. For students and general readers.

Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity

This encyclopedia spans the globe to explain the issues behind crimes against humanity and human rights issues as they relate to individual countries and the world at large. It traces the history of events that qualify as genocide and crimes against humanity, profiles perpetrators and heroes, and explains international laws and law proceedings aimed at ending genocide and crimes against humanity.

Encyclopedia of India

A four-volume survey of the history, cultures, geography and religions of India from ancient times to the present day. Includes more than 600 entries, arranged alphabetically. For students and general readers.

Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture

Spans Irish history from prehistoric times to the present, treating both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland in detail. Entries represent an inclusive, cross-disciplinary approach, written by specialists and covering history, archaeology, anthropology, geography, politics, economics, the Irish and English languages and literatures, the visual arts, and other fields.

Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World

This encyclopedia looks at Islam's role in the modern world, doing so in the context of the religion's history and development over the last 13 centuries. Containing thematic articles, biographies of key figures, definitions, illustrations, maps and more, this new encyclopedia fills a need in this key area of religious studies.

Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture, ed. 2

Provides a comprehensive, multidisciplinary view of Latin American history and culture from prehistoric times to the present. Covers cultural issues and includes numerous biographical profiles of important figures in politics, letters and the arts.

Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgendered History in America

A three-volume survey of more than 400 years of lesbian and gay history and culture in the United States, presented through over 500 alphabetically arranged entries. Coverage includes people, public policy, economics, social issues, identities, and culture, among many others. For students, researchers, and general readers.

Encyclopedia of Modern Asia

A six-volume survey of modern Asia, defined as extending from Japan in the east to Turkey in the west, and from Kazakhstan in the north to Indonesia in the south. Presents entries covering such subjects as countries, cities, regions, natural features, religions, social issues, languages, people, events, customs, politics, and economics.

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, ed. 5

Entries examine topical essays, recent phenomena, concepts, cults, prominent individuals and personalities, organizations and publications, as well as providing entries tracing the development of occultism and parapsychology in particular countries. In certain controversial areas, the case both for and against has been indicated, with sources noted for further study.

Encyclopedia of Philosophy, ed. 2

English-language reference source for philosophy," has been the cornerstone of the philosophy reference shelf. Lauded for its clear and accessible presentation of wide-ranging philosophical subjects, the Encyclopedia has earned its place as a first-stop resource for general readers, students and educators.

Encyclopedia of Race and Racism

Examines the anthropological, sociological, historical, economic, and scientific theories of race and racism in the modem era. Delves into the historic origins of ideas of race and racism and explores their social and scientific consequences. Includes biographies of significant theorists, as well as political and social leaders and notorious racists.

Encyclopedia of Recreation and Leisure in America

A two-volume survey of the pursuit of leisure in the United States, from Colonial to modern times, presented through 271 alphabetically arranged entries. Coverage includes specific types of recreational activities as well as important themes in the history of leisure. For students, researchers, and general readers.

Encyclopedia of Russian History

Provides a comprehensive discussion of Russia's people, politics, economics, religion, and social systems; and is designed to complement the study of comparative politics, world history, geography, literature, arts and culture and world cultures. Entries span the period from the earliest beginnings of the Russian nation to the rise and fall of the Soviet Union.

Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics

This Encyclopedia considers both the professional ethics of science and technology, and the ethical and political issues raised by science and technology in an increasingly complex and global society. This broad coverage supports the numerous courses in applied and professional ethics and policy related to the practice of science and technology in education.

Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender

Addresses issues of sex and gender at the personal and the social level; examines issues of identity, status, class, ethnicity, race, and nation; of sexuality and the body; of social institutions and the structures of representation. Topics include changing conceptions of "the feminine," the family and masculinity, religion, morality, cultural images, medical practice, public health, economy and society and many more.

Encyclopedia of Sociology, ed. 2

This classic reference has been updated to reflect many changes in society and in the field of sociology in recent years. Articles covering core issues such as race, poverty, violence, economics, pregnancy and abortion have been updated and expanded, and completely new articles have been written on topics such as the Internet, privacy and epidemiology.

Encyclopedia of Western Colonialism since 1450

Provides students and researchers with a much-needed, comprehensive resource on the subject of colonialism and expansion. From a global perspective, the set traces many facets of colonial growth and imperialism, and much more.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2

A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, v. 24

A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, v. 25

A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, v. 26

A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, v. 27

A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, ed. 2

Contains new and updated original articles covering recent concepts (i.e. adoption, race, the Constitution, birthright citizenship) and court cases since 1992 offering comprehensive coverage of all aspects of constitutional law, as well as biographies of people who have had an impact on our government's legal framework (Supreme Court Justices, Presidents, Cabinet Members, Lawyers, and more). Also covers judicial decisions handed down by the Supreme Court.

Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History

A three-volume survey of the military aspects of the American Revolutionary War, covering the period 1763-1783. The alphabetically arranged entries include biographies as well as discussions of campaigns and strategy; battles, skirmishes, and naval actions; weaponry; political issues and events; and how the European powers participated in the conflict. For students, historians, and general readers.

Encyclopedia of the Great Depression

This 2-vol. set encompasses nearly two decades of American history, beginning with the farm crisis of the mid-1920s, through the 1929 stock market crash, the gradual recovery during the 1930s with Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal and World War II. This wide-ranging, multidisciplinary encyclopedia features entries on depression-era politics, government, business, economics, literature, the arts, society and culture.

Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa, ed. 2

The set covers the modern history of the Middle East and North Africa, with major sections on Colonialism and Imperialism, the World Wars, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the United Nations involvement in the region. Each country in the region is reviewed, detailing its population, economy and government.

Encyclopedia of the New American Nation

A three-volume survey of the formative years of the United States, starting just prior to the American Revolution and ending with the inauguration of Andrew Jackson in 1829. Presents 671 alphabetically arranged entries focusing on the major political markers and milestones, as well as the art, music, literature and daily life, of this period. For secondary and college students, researchers, and general readers.

Endangered Species, ed. 2

Including the addition of 25 new species, this new 2nd edition is completely updated to reflect the changes in endangered and threatened status. Color photographs and maps provide further illustrate the many species threatened by extinction, including amphibians, birds, crustaceans, fish, insects, mammals, mollusks, reptiles, and more. Each entry gives a species description, location, reason for endangerment, and measures being taken to prevent it from extinction.

Environmental Encyclopedia, ed. 3

Provides in-depth, worldwide coverage of environmental issues. Each article is written in a nontechnical style and provides current status, analysis, and suggested solutions whenever possible.

Environmental Issues: Essential Primary Sources

A focus on leading social issues of the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. Each title contains approximately 175 full or excerpted documents---speeches, legislation, magazine and newspaper articles, essays, memoirs, letters, interviews, novels, songs, and works of art---as well as overview information that places each document in context.

Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire

A five-volume survey of European history from the onset of the French Revolution to the outbreak of World War. Alphabetically arranged entries cover the period's most significant personalities and meaningful developments in the arts, religion, politics, exploration, and warfare. For students, scholars, and general readers.

Europe Since 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction

A multi-volume survey of European history from the beginning of World War I in 1914 to the present, presented through alphabetically arranged entries that focus on the period's scientific, social and cultural history as well as the political, military and economic developments. For students and general readers.

Europe, 1450 to 1789

A six-volume survey of European history from 1450, the beginning of the print revolution, to 1789 and the French Revolution. Presents over 1,000 alphabetically arranged entries covering the period's most significant personalities and meaningful developments in the arts, religion, politics, exploration, and warfare. For students, scholars, and general readers.

Everyday Finance

Provides a mix of basic and practical information on economics, personal money management, and starting a business.

Extremist Groups: Information for Students

Provides an overview and history of 150 extremist organizations worldwide that are active today.

Family in Society: Essential Primary Sources

Provides primary source documents focused family in society in the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. Contains approximately 175 full or excerpted documents---speeches, legislation, magazine and newspaper articles, essays, memoirs, letters, interviews, novels, songs, and works of art---as well as overview information that places each document in context. International in scope.

Fashion, Costume, and Culture: Clothing, Headwear, Body Decorations, and Footwear through the Ages

Provides a broad overview of costume traditions of diverse cultures from prehistoric times to the present day. Examines more than 430 items of human decoration and adornment, ranging from togas to turbans, necklaces to tennis shoes. Explores how and why items were created, the people who made them, and their uses. This set shows how clothing, headwear, body decorations, and footwear reflect the different cultural, religious, and societal beliefs.

Feminism in Literature: A Gale Critical Companion

This six-volume set explores the history of women and feminism throughout literature, from classical antiquity to modern times. Topics covered include misogyny and women's social roles in ancient civilizations, 16th-century women's devotional literature, 17th- and 18th-century women's captivity narratives, the women's suffrage movement in 19th-century America, women writers of the "Lost Generation," lesbian literature, and much more.

French and Indian War

Contains historical overviews, biographical entries, and primary source material on the French and Indian War. Features include illustrations, maps, graphs and charts, photographs, and a further reading list. Designed for student and general audiences.

Gale Encyclopedia of Everyday Law, ed. 2

This encyclopedia fills a much-needed gap between legal texts focusing on the theory and history behind the law and more practical guides dealing with the law and its everyday effect upon its citizens. Containing approximately 200 articles, the Encyclopedia includes: brief descriptions of each issue's historical background, covering important statutes and cases; profiles of various U.S. laws and regulations; and details of how laws and regulations vary from state to state.

Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. History

Provides a broad overview of war throughout American history, with a special emphasis on how war effects, and is affected by, political, economic, and social change in American and global society.

Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. History

Provides a concise history of the U.S. government and political scene throughout American history, with a particular emphasis on how government and politics effects, and is affected by, social change.

Gale Encyclopedia of World History

Provides a broad overview of war throughout world history, from ancient times to present, with a special emphasis on its causes and repercussions.

Gale Encyclopedia of World History

Provides a broad overview of national governments throughout history, explaining their structures and histories, key players and events, and how governments effect, and are affected by, social change.

Gale Library of Daily Life

Provides historical information on the battlefield and homefront experience and the political, economic, social, and cultural life of the North and South during the War. Primary source documents in the form of first-person accounts, letters, diaries, journals, newspapers, and literature bring to life the experiences of the Union and Confederate participants and the people they left behind.

Gale Library of Daily Life

Illuminates daily life in slave society in America from colonial times to the end of the Civil War. Provides information on the business and regulation of slavery, the plantation way of life, work, family and community, culture and leisure, health and medicine, religion, resistance and rebellion, and slavery and freedom in the North.

Gender Issues and Sexuality: Essential Primary Sources

A focus on leading social issues of the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. Each title contains approximately 175 full or excerpted documents---speeches, legislation, magazine and newspaper articles, essays, memoirs, letters, interviews, novels, songs, and works of art---as well as overview information that places each document in context.

Genetics

A comprehensive collection of articles on all aspects of genetics, from Mendel to the decoding of the human genome. Explains the workings of genes and chromosomes, genetic diseases, and biotechnology. Also covers the ethical, legal, and social issues connected to genetic science. Includes full-color photos and line drawings, a glossary of scientific terms, and coverage of careers in the field.

Geo-Data: The World Geographical Encyclopedia, ed. 3

The 3rd edition of this comprehensive resource, now published by Gale, provides entries on the physical geography of every country in the world plus other selected locations. Each entry features a relief map depicting the geography of the location plus detailed text that describes its features, climate and vegetation. Entries are formatted with standardized rubrics to facilitate comparison.

Gilded Age and Progressive Era Reference Library

Focuses on the significant social and culture changes that occurred in the years 1878-1913.

Gothic Literature: A Gale Critical Companion

Spans all facets of gothic literature, including visual and performing arts, society and culture, themes, and settings. Includes primary source documents and critical material to provide a contextual perspective, a related chronology of key events, full-text commentaries, and lists of further readings.

Government, Politics, and Protest: Essential Primary Sources

A collection of primary source documents that focus on leading social issues of the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. International in scope, each title is devoted to one topic.

Great Depression and the New Deal Reference Library

Covers the failure of the U.S. economy and its gradual recovery, with special attention to the New Deal, as well as the global situation, including the rise of Hitler. The Almanac covers the era in 16 subject chapters. Biographies profiles 29 major figures of the period. Primary Sources features annotated excerpts from speeches, newspaper and magazine articles, literature, and other documents from the period. For middle school and general audiences.

Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia, ed. 2

A completely revised and updated version of the original work published in Germany in 1960, this edition incorporates recent developments in the animal world as noted by prominent advisors and contributors from the scientific community.

Harlem Renaissance

This authoritative resource presents the people, places and times that defined an era and documents the launch of cultural development among African Americans in 1920s Harlem. This single volume contains almanac and biographies sections with primary source documents in sidebars throughout.

Historic Events for Students: The Great Depression

Each volume includes 15-20 entries covering a specific issue or incident related to the Great Depression in a global perspective. Entries follow a standard format for comparison purposes and typically include an introduction, an issue or incident summary, an exploration of different perspectives, a summary of key political, social and economic influences, and sources for further research. Includes primary source documents. Aimed at students and the general public. 3 volumes.

History Behind the Headlines

Presents in-depth information on conflicts appearing in today's headlines. Users are provided with historical background and analysis to events to give a greater understanding of the politics, players, and layers of current affairs.

History of World Trade Since 1450

History of World Trade Since 1450 starts at a year regarded as the beginning of the Age of Exploration and examines how the hunt for new resources and markets during that period resulted in the establishment of colonies in Africa, the Americas and Asia. The set looks at the Industrial Revolution, the rise of capitalism and the effects of imperialism on the global economy.

Human and Civil Rights: Essential Primary Sources

These volumes of primary source documents focus on leading social issues of the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. International in scope, each title is devoted to one topic.

Immigration and Multiculturalism: Essential Primary Sources

Provides primary source documents focused on immigration and multiculturalism in the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. Contains approximately 175 full or excerpted documents---speeches, legislation, magazine and newspaper articles, essays, memoirs, letters, interviews, novels, songs, and works of art---as well as overview information that places each document in context. International in scope.

Industrial Revolution Reference Library

Covers the ideas and social turmoil that marked this transition as well as the machines, manufacturing processes and energy sources that spurred it on.

Infectious Diseases

Covers the history, politics, and ethical debate related to infectious diseases. Includes articles on how such diseases impact trade and commerce, travel, and the future of industrialized and impoverished nations.

International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers, ed. 4

Provides thorough coverage of films and filmmakers, including legendary films, actors and actresses, directors, writers and other production artists. Entries include a detailed essay written by an expert; biographies; filmographies; comprehensive credits; major awards; and updated bibliographies, as well as photographs. General and professional audiences.

International Encyclopedia of Marriage and Family, ed. 2

Includes articles specific to countries and to religious traditions, examining the history of family life within these cultures and discussing how families have been affected by political and social change.

International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences

Includes numerous entries on topics in social science research and practice.

International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, ed. 2

Covers scholarship and fields that have emerged and matured since the publication of the original international edition. Highlights the expanding influence of economics in social science research and features new articles and biographies contributed by scholars from around the world on a wide array of global topics in the social sciences.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of Foods and Recipes of the World

This 4-vol. set provides comprehensive coverage of the foods and recipes from 70 representative countries and culture groups worldwide -- from Algeria to Zimbabwe.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of Physical Geography

Includes information on physical properties and characteristics of nearly 200 countries. Designed specifically for students in grades 5-12.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Cities

Students will find everything they need to conduct thorough research on 50 cities from all over the world, including information on each city's history, neighborhoods, museums, parks, transportation, geography, holidays and festivals, population profiles and much more.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Cultures

An easy-to-use, systematic guide to the history and current status of more than 290 cultural groups outside the United States. In nine volumes, the Encyclopedia is intended to offer students background and current status on cultures of the countries they are most likely to study.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Holidays

Written for students in middle and high school, offering in-depth information on such holidays as Children's/Youth Day, Christmas (and related celebrations), Halloween and Festivals of the Dead, Hanukkah, Independence Day (Cinco de Mayo, Bastille Day, etc.), Kwanza, Yom Kippur, New Year celebrations and many others. 4 volume set.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Canadian Provinces, ed. 5

Provides information on Canada's provinces and territories. Includes details on Canada's arts, climate, government, health, languages, notable persons, and ethnic groups.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Mexican States, ed. 2

Presents profiles of the 31 states and the Distrito Federal (federal district) of Mexico. Topics include climate, plants and animals, population and ethnic groups, religions, transportation, history, state and local governments, political parties, judicial system, economy, education, arts, media, tourism, sports, famous people.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, ed. 5

Presents profiles of 194 countries of the world. Topics include climate, plants and animals, population and ethnic groups, religions, transportation, history, government, political parties, judicial system, economy, education, arts, media, tourism, and famous people.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the States, ed. 5

Presents profiles of the 50 states of the nation, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the US dependencies. Topics include climate, plants and animals, population and ethnic groups, religions, transportation, history, state and local governments, political parties, judicial system, economy, education, arts, media, tourism, sports, famous people.

Korean War Reference Library

Covers the Korean War by exploring the major topics and events related to the period. The combined Almanac and Primary Sources covers the background of and issues related to the conflict in 13 chapters. Biographies includes 25 biographical entries on major figures from the period and 50 photographs.

Landmarks of the American Revolution: Library of Military History, ed. 2

Zooming in on key locations connected to the American Revolution, this expanded and completely revised edition of Col. Mark M. Boatner III's original book goes beyond U.S. borders when profiling historical sites and landmarks significant to the war. The original state-by-state guide now also includes coverage of the war in the West Indies and an expanded treatment of Canada.

Learning About the Holocaust

Offers articles written at the 9th and 10th grade reading levels; includes diary entries and stories about young people who lived during the Holocaust.

Literary Newsmakers for Students, v. 1

Provides analysis and criticism of recent novels and other works of fiction, nonfiction, poetry and drama.

Literary Themes for Students: Race and Prejudice

Works included represent a wide range of circumstances in which individuals experience prejudice in American, British and world literature. The discussion goes well beyond race, religion, and gender into ethnicity, social status, mental and physical health, and personal beliefs and behaviors.

Literary Themes for Students: The American Dream

Provides readers with an overview of literary works that explore the theme of the American dream. Analyzes poetry, plays, short stories, novels, and works of nonfiction that address this theme in some capacity, and how that theme has been treated in literature at different times in history and across diverse cultures.

Literary Themes for Students: War and Peace

Presents a myriad of viewpoints, so that modern readers can begin to grasp the complexities of war and its impact. Such stories give voice to the individuals who fight and are fought against, who are injured, who suffer on the battlefield and at home, and who, inevitably, can no longer speak for themselves. Examines dominant and recurring subthemes in the literature of war; including survival, terrorism, leadership, and genocide.

Major 21st-Century Writers

Contains detailed biographical and bibliographical information on the most-studied authors at the turn of the twenty-first century. More than 1,000 fully-updated entries cover the most influential contemporary writers and their careers through 2004.

Major Acts of Congress

In 262 entries, this 3-vol. set examines landmark pieces of legislation, explaining the historical factors that led to the proposal of each act, looking at the adoption process and assessing each act's impact on American life. All aspects of legislation are covered, including the National Prohibition Act, the Civil Rights Act, the Family and Medical Leave Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Fair Housing Act, the Freedom of Information Act and much more.

Medicine, Health, and Bioethics: Essential Primary Sources

A focus on leading social issues of the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. Each title contains approximately 175 full or excerpted documents---speeches, legislation, magazine and newspaper articles, essays, memoirs, letters, interviews, novels, songs, and works of art---as well as overview information that places each document in context.

Mexican-American War

Covers the period from the U.S. annexation of Texas to the Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo (1848), including the battles of the conflict and also the mixed feelings of Americans regarding the war.

Middle Ages Reference Library

Covers the different civilizations and peoples of Medieval times; includes biographical essays on significant individuals of the era; and presents a collection of excerpts from relevant letters, journal entries, poems and more from the era.

Middle East Conflict Reference Library

Designed to meet the pressing need for a lucid, comprehensive and objective overview of the people, events and documents that are key to understanding the region.

Modern American Literature, ed. 5

Provides insight into the careers of nearly 500 20th-century American writers, including black and women writers. Entries include important critical excerpts, chronologically arranged and collected from a wide variety of sources such as books, scholarly journals, general periodicals and newspapers.

National Survey of State Laws, ed. 6

A quick, state-by-state comparison of current state laws -- how they differ and how they're similar -- for a range of relevant subjects from abortion to employment discrimination, child custody to interest rates.

New Dictionary of the History of Ideas

A six-volume survey of the history of Western thought and culture, presented through 700 alphabetically arranged entries. Each entry explores the origin, cultural interpretations, and historical themes of such subjects as beauty, love, feminism, diversity, and social capital, among many others. For students and general readers.

New Encyclopedia of Africa, ed. 2

Addresses the entire history of African cultures from the pharaohs and the ancient civilizations of the south through the colonial era to the emergence of 53 independent countries, some of them newly emergent in world commerce and others deep in conflict. Covers issues facing the continent such as global development, the AIDS crisis, and international terrorism.

Newsmakers

Provides timely and informative profiles of the world's most interesting people.

Nonfiction Classics for Students

Provides critical overviews on the most frequently studied nonfiction essays, books, biographies, and memoirs. Includes discussions of literary format, themes, and structure.

Notable Black American Men, Book II

Profiles contemporary and historic figures whose accomplishments will inspire students of every heritage. Covering the most prominent newsmakers as well as lesser-known individuals, each volume offers full biographical entries, portraits, addresses for living listees and recommended sources for further study.

Notable Sports Figures

Features biographies on more than 600 sports figures from around the world and throughout history who have had an impact not only on their sport, but also on the society and culture of their times.

Novels for Students, v. 17

Provides critical overviews of novels from various cultures and time periods. Includes discussions of plot, characters, themes and structure as well as the work's cultural and historical significance.

Nutrition and Well-Being A to Z

This two-volume reference examines the relationship between food and health on a historical, national and personal level. It analyzes how nutrition has affected quality of life, health and fitness in various countries at different times in history.

Political Theories for Students

In-depth information on major political theories and systems from all time periods. Each entry begins with a general overview of the system/theory followed by a discussion of the principal aspects of the theory, the theory's philosophy and an analysis of the historical context in which the theory was developed, including critical response.

Pollution A to Z

Provides information on a variety of pollution issues, including sources of pollution; disposal; remediation; and the ethical, social and legal environment, as well as topics such as acid rain, cancer, noise pollution and zero growth population. Also covers careers and biographies of key people. For academic and general audiences. 2 volumes.

Prejudice in the Modern World Reference Library

Explores the many different types of prejudice, their history, what causes these prejudices in people and societies, and their consequences. Presents profiles of diverse and unique men and women who played key roles in the history of prejudice. Excerpted documents tell various stories in the words of the people who fought prejudice, acted out prejudices, and those who were the victims of prejudice.

Presidents: A Reference History, ed. 3

Presents in-depth profiles of each American president and his administration. Includes black-and-white portraits of the presidents and extensive bibliographies. Also features a new history of the White House and a general introduction to the presidency. For students in grades 10 and higher, as well as general readers.

Psychologists and Their Theories for Students

Perfect for research assignments in psychology, science and history, this one-stop source for in-depth coverage of major psychological theories and the people who developed them provides a unique approach to the study of psychological history as it pertains to analysis. 2 volumes.

Real-Life Math

Provides an understanding of commonly studied math concepts by illustrating their use in everyday life in everyday tasks, such as buying insurance, constructing a budget, reading graphs, adjusting cooking recipes or planning for retirement. Topics are designed to support the modern mathematics curriculum and contain examples related to the global economy. 2 volumes.

Reconstruction Era Reference Library

The three-volume Reconstruction Era Reference Library provides targeted information on post-Civil War America, from the end of the war in 1865 to the Compromise of 1877.

Reference Guide to Holocaust Literature

Covering the entire spectrum of the literature of the Holocaust era, from the beginnings of Nazism through the concentration camp experience, survivor syndrome and second generation response, this detailed survey includes entries on more than 200 authors and 300 works.

Reference Guide to Short Fiction, ed. 2

Concise discussions of the lives and principal works of short-fiction authors, written by subject experts.

Reference Guide to World Literature, ed. 3

Covers writers from the ancient Greeks to 20th-century authors. Includes biographical-bibliographical entries on nearly 500 writers and approximately 550 entries focusing on significant works of world literature. Each author entry provides a detailed overview of the writer's life and works. Work entries cover a particular piece of world literature in detail. 2 volumes.

Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library

This resource brings the people and the events of the Renaissance and Reformation to life for today's students. Covering everything from Luther's Revolt to the writings of Shakespeare, the Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library fills the need for comprehensive coverage of this amazing time.

Renaissance: An Encyclopedia for Students

A survey of the Renaissance-era topics most studied in high school world history, art literature, economics and science curriculum. Presents 465 alphabetically arranged entries broadly covering people, places, events, concepts, works of art and literature, and scientific achievements from around 1350 to 1620. For students in grades 7 and higher.

Roaring Twenties Reference Library

The Roaring Twenties Reference Library chronicles and illustrates a time of great social change in everything from fashion to music to politics.

Schirmer Encyclopedia of Film

This reference provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to film and film studies, covering such aspects as production, national traditions, studios, genres, critical theory and film history.

Science and Its Times

The histories of science, technology, and mathematics merge with the study of humanities and social science in this interdisciplinary reference work. Essays on people, theories, discoveries, and concepts are combined with overviews, bibliographies of primary documents, and chronological elements to offer students a fascinating way to understand the impact of science on the course of human history and how science affects everyday life. Approximately 2,000 entries.

Science in Dispute, v. 1

This series explores controversial topics in science and technology by featuring informative essays, both pro and con, on the major theories, ethical questions and commercial applications of science from all disciplines. 3 volumes.

Science in Dispute, v. 2

This series explores controversial topics in science and technology by featuring informative essays, both pro and con, on the major theories, ethical questions and commercial applications of science from all disciplines. 3 volumes.

Science in Dispute, v. 3

This series explores controversial topics in science and technology by featuring informative essays, both pro and con, on the major theories, ethical questions and commercial applications of science from all disciplines. 3 volumes.

Science of Everyday Things

This 4-vol. set illustrates the importance of scientific and mathematical principles through their use in everyday life. Each volume focuses on a specific scientific discipline -- biology, chemistry, earth sciences and physics -- offering students an in-depth understanding of each discipline and its theories.

Shakespeare for Students, ed. 2

Collection of essays by Shakespeare scholars that have been selected for students at the high school or undergraduate college level. Each entry includes an introduction; a plot synopsis; a character list; a discussion of the work's principal themes; information about the style and literary devices used; a conversation about the work's historical context; and a critical overview.

Shaping of America, 1783-1815 Reference Library

This collection chronicles and illustrates the important period between 1783-1815 when America forged its place at home and on the international stage.

Short Stories for Students, v. 17

Provides critical overviews of short stories from all cultures and time periods. Includes discussions of plot, characters, themes and structure as well as the story's cultural and historical significance.

Social Policy: Essential Primary Sources

A collection of primary source documents that focus on leading social issues of the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. International in scope, each title is devoted to one topic.

Social Trends and Indicators USA

Provides in-depth statistics on social issues with expert analyses. Data is drawn from Federal agencies, newspapers and stock exchanges. Individual volumes are titled: 1. Work & Leisure; 2. Community & Education; 3. Health & Illness; and 4. Crime & Justice.

Space Exploration Reference Library

From Chinese rockets of the 11th century to the latest developments in modern space travel, the four-volume Space Exploration Reference Library provides a wealth of information on this still-emerging science.

Spanish-American War

Covers the underlying causes of the Spanish American war, the battles, and the resolution of the conflict with the signing of the Treaty of Paris.

St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide

The 2-vol. St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide provides in-depth analysis of more than 300 key events in labor history over the last 200 years, focusing on the relevance of these events to both the labor movement as a whole and to societal changes around the world.

St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture

Includes more than 2,700 signed essays ranging from 500 to 2,500 words, written by subject experts and edited to form a consistent, readable, and straightforward reference. Entries include subject-specific bibliographies and, where appropriate, photographs and textual cross-references to related essays.

Supreme Court Drama: Cases That Changed America

Profiles major U.S. Supreme Court decisions that have made a significant impact on American society. Each volume is organized by broad legal principles such as individual liberties, criminal justice, equal protection, and business and government law. Within this framework, case entries are arranged under the more specific legal issue to which they relate, such as affirmative action, capital punishment, freedom of speech, and monopolies.

Television in American Society Reference Library

Focused on a popular topic, this exciting collection gives students and teachers substantial material for discussion and research. The three-volume set shows how television has reflected and influenced American society and culture throughout its history, covering both positive and negative effects.

Terrorism Reference Library

This 3-vol. set provides students with an understanding of the complex issue of global terrorism.

Terrorism: Essential Primary Sources

These volumes of primary source documents focus on leading social issues of the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. International in scope, each title is devoted to one topic.

The African-American Years: Chronologies of American History and Experience

Discusses the history of African Americans from pre-colonial times to the present. Includes memoirs, letters, family histories, newspapers, oral histories, and city directories, providing historical evidence to help understand and interpret past events. For high school and college students, as well as general readers.

The Ancient Near East

Provides an overview of Egypt, Mesopotamia, Iran/Persia, and the Arabian Peninsula, covering more than 4,000 years, from the Early Bronze Age to 325 B.C.E.

The College Blue Book, ed. 35

Guide to thousands of 2- and 4-year schools in the U.S. and Canada. Covers the expected listings and detailed descriptions, degree programs offered, scholarships, and occupational education programs.

The Crusades Reference Library

The three-volume The Crusades covers everything from the First Crusade (1095-99) through the Ninth Crusade (1271-72).

The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers, v. 1

Chronicling Eleanor Roosevelt's development as diplomat, journalist, and political strategist in the years 1945 to 1948, this publication is filled with original writings and speeches.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Children's Health

Provides in-depth coverage of pediatric diseases and disorders, with issues related to physical and cognitive and behavioral development. Covers every major body system. There is a distinct emphasis on health issues affecting children under the age of four.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Diets

Covers topics such as dieting and popular diets, dietary concerns, nutritional basics, and the effects of a person's dietary choices on one's health. Topics are organized around the development and history of a diet, its basic principles, any key figures that influence the trend, and any public or regulatory concerns associated with the practice. Provides information across all age groups from infants to the elderly.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Genetic Disorders, ed. 2

Provides clear, complete information on genetic disorders, including conditions, tests, procedures, treatments and therapies, in articles that are both comprehensive and easy to understand in language accessible to laypersons.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Mental Health, ed. 2

Provides detailed information on mental disorders and conditions. Also features entries for prescription, alternative and over-the-counter drugs, as well as the various therapies used to treat mental disorders.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Neurological Disorders

Provides in-depth coverage of neurological diseases and disorders, including stroke, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson disease, Tourette Syndrome, Alzheimer's disease, cerebral palsy, vertigo, amnesia, and epilepsy, targeted to patients, their families and allied health students. Related topics include communication aids, electric personal assistive mobility devices, medications, and the needs of Alzheimer patient caregivers among others.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology, ed. 2

This single-volume, accessible resource covers the entire spectrum of psychology, including: notable people, theories and terms; landmark case studies and experiments; applications of psychology in advertising, medicine and sports; and career information. More than 650 articles -- 65% of those are entirely new or updated since the last edition.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Science, ed. 4

Covers all major areas of science, engineering, technology, as well as mathematics and the medical and health sciences, while providing a comprehensive overview of current scientific knowledge and technology. Entries typically describe scientific concepts, provide overviews of scientific areas and, in some cases, define terms.

The Gale Encyclopedia of the Unusual and Unexplained

Responding to the surging interest among students for information on topics relating to magic, witchcraft, the supernatural and other mysterious phenomena, Gale presents this in-depth, comprehensive 3-vol. set. Information is arranged in an objective manner, presenting varying viewpoints when appropriate, and is written at a level that younger students and researchers can understand.

The Middle Ages

Covers an array of topics on the Middle Ages including daily life, art and architecture, science, religion, politics, women's issues, and more.

The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, Thematic Series: Sports Figures

A two-volume biographical resource for professional sports figures. Presents over 600 entries covering a who's who of American sports, including athletes, coaches, owners, and media personalities. Each entry provides a brief introduction, photo, detailed biography, career highlights, and a bibliography. For general readers.

The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, Thematic Series: The 1960s

A two-volume biographical resource for key individuals of the 1960s. Presents 500 entries describing Americans who defined the decade, including politicians, athletes, entertainers, and artists, among many others. The alphabetically arranged entries focus on the individual's activities during the 1960s and include photos and bibliographies. For students and general readers.

The Sixties in America Reference Library

The Sixties in America Reference Library presents a broad overview of the turbulent 1960s, a decade that forever changed the American social, political and cultural landscape.

Tobacco in History and Culture: An Encyclopedia

A two-volume survey of how tobacco became one of the most important commodities in the history of world trade and the source of one of the biggest public health concerns in modern history. Presents 136 alphabetically arranged entries on all aspects of tobacco. Illustrated with graphs, charts, drawings and photographs. For high school and college students as well as general readers.

U.S. Immigration and Migration Reference Library

Chronicles and interpretations of the phenomenal waves of immigration to the United States from the earliest times through the period from 1820 to 1930, when the United States was the destination of some 60% of the world's immigrants -- up to the present day, when restrictive policies have temporarily stanched the flow of immigrants.

UXL American Decades

This series covers 20th-century events and social history beginning in 1900 and ending in 1999, written expressly for middle school students. Each decade is covered in one volume. Topics for each decade include: Headline Makers, Topics in the News, Arts and Entertainment, Business and the Economy, Education, Government, Politics, and Law, Lifestyles and Social Trends, Medicine and Health, Science and Technology, and Sports.

UXL Complete Health Resource

Covers the causes symptoms, diagnoses, tests, treatments and prognoses of health problems; the main systems of the human body, including the circulatory system, the endocrine system, special senses and much more; and a detailed examination of nutrition, and medical and mental health issues.

UXL Complete Life Science Resource

Features alphabetically arranged entries on theories, concepts, and scientific discoveries and developments pertinent to the study of life science in schools today. Also featured is a chronology of discoveries and a report topic section that suggests a range of research topics and experiment ideas.

UXL Encyclopedia of Biomes

Offers students and researchers comprehensive information on 12 of the Earth's major biomes and its many component ecosystems. Includes entries on land and water biomes, and covers climate, vegetation, animal life, food web, plant and animal adaptations, endangered species, human effects on the biome, and more.

UXL Encyclopedia of Drugs and Addictive Substances

Provides detailed information on 52 drugs and other addictive substances, defined as illegal drugs, legal addictive drugs and other substances as well as commonly abused classes of prescription and over-the-counter drugs. Statistics highlight each entry and sidebars provide information on the legal, historical or social aspects of the particular drug. Difficult words are defined within the text. Appropriate for middle school students.

UXL Encyclopedia of Landforms and Other Geologic Features

Focuses on the physical and geological aspects, structure, and features of 48 of the earth's landforms - what they are, how they look, how they were created, how they change over time, and major geological events associated with them. Written for middle school students to support earth science and landform-related assignments, alphabetically arranged entries follow a standard and consistent subheaded format; and range in length from 9 to 11 pages.

UXL Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes, ed. 2

Provides detailed studies of tribes from all over the United States and Canada, including small tribes and some that no longer exist. Gives detailed yet accessible information on history, religion, art, government, economy, daily life and current social and political issues.

UXL Encyclopedia of Science, ed. 2

This alphabetically organized set opens up the entire world of science in clear, nontechnical language. Topics profiled are related to the physical, life, and earth sciences, as well as to math, psychology, engineering, technology, and the environment.

UXL Encyclopedia of Water Science

This encyclopedia explores water science and issues from an international perspective. Topics covered include lakes and streams, oceans, aquatic animals, weather and climate, glaciers, wetlands, ecology, hydropower, commercial fishing, acid rain, recreation, pollution, economics, water conservation, international water law, global warming and much more.

UXL Encyclopedia of Weather and Natural Disasters

Introduces students to the topic of weather and natural disasters, covering such topics as weather basics, weather phenomena, forecasting, and climate. Provides information on the scientific aspects of various types of disasters including: blizzards, earthquakes, flooding, tornadoes, volcanoes, and wildfires.

UXL Encyclopedia of World Biography

Features biographies of notable historic and current figures from American history, world history, literature, science and math, arts and entertainment, and the social sciences. Entries focus on the people most often studied in middle and high school.

UXL Graphic Novelists

Graphic novels -- novels merging pictures and rich language to create a unique experience of literature and art -- are enjoying a renewed popularity, especially with students and young adults. U*X*L's Graphic Novelists introduces researchers to the authors and illustrators behind these works, taking care to define and explore the distinction between comic books and graphic novels.

UXL Newsmakers, vol. 1-4

Covers prominent personalities active on the current scene, including people making headlines in all fields. Entries biographical profiles, career summaries and other facts.

UXL Newsmakers, vol. 5-6

Covers prominent personalities active on the current scene, including people making headlines in all fields. Entries biographical profiles, career summaries and other facts.

Vietnam War Reference Library

This title traces the progression of this controversial war from its beginnings in 1941 with the creation of the Vietminh guerrilla force under Ho Chi Minh, through its last days in 1975 with the fall of Saigon. It covers high ranking government officials both foreign and domestic, antiwar activists, and soldiers and provides a variety of perspectives on the country's involvement in the war with excerpts from screenplays, literature, speeches and hearing testimonies.

War in the Persian Gulf Reference Library

Triggered by its invasion of Kuwait, Iraq was pitted against a 32-nation coalition of forces commanded by Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf, whose air attacks led the way for a ground war that met with success in less than four days.

War of 1812

This concise resource covers the War of 1812 by providing a detailed overview of an often overlooked war.

Water: Science and Issues

This set covers all important water science concepts and current issues and highlights major historical developments and key figures. 4 volumes.

Weather Almanac, ed. 11

The almanac presents hundreds of in-depth weather records for 108 major U.S. cities and a climatic overview of the country, including 33 U.S. weather atlas maps.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, ed. 2

Provides current information on more than 5,000 legal topics. Includes completely revised articles covering important issues, biographies, definitions of legal terms and more. Covers such high-profile topics as the Americans with Disabilities Act, capital punishment, domestic violence, gay and lesbian rights, and physician-assisted suicide.

Westward Expansion Reference Library

This 3-vol. set features volumes dedicated to events, people and insightful primary sources that present an objective yet entertaining look at frontier life.

Who's Who Among African Americans, ed. 19

Provides biographical and career details on notable African American individuals, including leaders from sports, the arts, business, religion and other fields.

Who's Who Among African Americans, ed. 20

Provides biographical and career details on notable African American individuals, including leaders from sports, the arts, business, religion and other fields.

Witchcraft in America

This fascinating and informative source covers the history of witchcraft in the United States from the hysteria that facilitated the witch hunts during the colonial period to modern day followers of Wicca.

World Encyclopedia of Police Forces and Correctional Systems, ed. 2

This fully updated version of the original 1989 edition of the World Encyclopedia of Police Forces and Correctional Systems describes the national law enforcement and correctional systems of more than 195 countries across the globe.

World Religions Reference Library

A thorough, objective resource covering the history, traditions and worldviews of dominant and less prominent religions and their sects and offshoots.

World War I Reference Library

Covers major topics related to the period, including the roots of the war; causes of U.S. involvement; the Espionage Act and Sedition Act; weapons of mass destruction; and more. Profiles the major players of the period, including Woodrow Wilson, Kaiser Wilhelm II, John Pershing, and Henri-Philippe Petain. Presents full or excerpted primary source materials, including diaries, speeches, letters, journals and memoirs.

World War II Reference Library

Provides background and information on major topics about the World War II period, biographies of significant men and women involved in the war, and primary sources such as full or excerpted speeches, diary entries, newspaper accounts and other original documents.

World of Earth Science

This new title in Gale's World Of...Series is a comprehensive guide to the concepts, theories, discoveries, pioneers and issues relating to topics in earth science. World of Earth Science's encyclopedic approach offers approximately 650 entries in a convenient A-Z format, cross-reference headings and is written in easy to understand language.

World of Forensic Science

Guide to the scientific processes and the legal, social and ethical issues involved in the forensic sciences.

World of Sports Science

Covers theoretical and practical treatment of all aspects of sports science and exercise physiology, kinesiology, and biomechanics. Particular emphasis is placed on such high-interest topics as sports medicine, specifically the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of sports injuries; and much more.

Worldmark Encyclopedia of National Economies

The 4-vol. Worldmark Encyclopedia of National Economies satisfies this need for a comprehensive, up-to-date economic information about foreign companies. It provides students and business leaders with a thorough understanding of the current and historical economic development of foreign nations.

Worldmark Encyclopedia of Religious Practices

In 1,800 pages across 3 volumes, Worldmark Encyclopedia of Religious Practices provides information on current religious practices around the world with an emphasis on how religions impact the daily lives of their followers.

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, ed. 12

Presents easy-to-understand information on 200 countries and dependencies from around the world. Entries discuss a variety of topics in detail, from banking and securities to climate, from government data to demographic statistics. Also includes biographical essays on national leaders.

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the States, ed. 7

Details current geographical, social, and political data, historical narrative, and statistical information on the 50 states, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Caribbean and Pacific dependencies of the U.S. Each entry consistently contains data on 50 rubrics. Maps, tables, flags and official state seals included.

History

Africa: An Encyclopedia for Students

A general resource for African research for students at the high-school level or higher. Consists of 450 alphabetically arranged entries covering countries, regions, geographic features, cultural groups, personalities, and general subjects such as body adornment and clothing, oral tradition, and writing systems. Includes timelines, definitions and quick-reference fact boxes.

American Civil War Reference Library

American Civil War Reference Library offers comprehensive and wide ranging research options on this compelling era of American history. Material in each of the three titles has been reviewed by an independent advisory board for its curriculum relevance and its accessibility to students in grades 6-12.

American Decades

Cross-disciplinary source for junior and high school students and teachers, public librarians and general researchers who need to document and analyze periods of contemporary American social history (1900-1999).

American Decades

Covers everything from monumental events and groundbreaking individuals to the fascinating details of Americans' daily lives. Supports historical research in disciplines from the arts and business to law, medicine, technology and social trends.

American Decades Primary Sources

Cross-disciplinary source spanning the 20th century. Each volume in the set includes full or excerpted primary sources representing the seminal issues, themes, movements and events from a decade. Includes oral histories, songs, speeches, advertisements, TV, play and movie scripts, letters, laws, legal decisions, newspaper articles, cartoons, recipes, and more.

American Eras

Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to particular eras in U.S. history.

American History Through Literature 1820-1870

Designed for the general reader, this set presents literature not as a simple inventory of authors or titles but rather as a historical and cultural field viewed from a wide array of contemporary perspectives. The set, which is "new historicist" in its approach to literary criticism, endorses the notion that not only does history affect literature, but literature itself informs history.

American History Through Literature 1870-1920

Designed for the general reader, this set presents literature not as a simple inventory of authors or titles but rather as a historical and cultural field viewed from a wide array of contemporary perspectives. The set, which is "new historicist" in its approach to literary criticism, endorses the notion that not only does history affect literature, but literature itself informs history.

American Home Front in World War II

Examines the effect of World War II on people living in America. The Almanac discusses major events on the home front, including the changing role of women, Civil Defense and the draft. Biographies highlights 26 key figures, such as John L. Lewis, J. Robert Oppenheimer and others. Primary Sources includes primary material from a variety of sources, including speeches, documents and other material.

American Inaugurals: The Speeches, The Presidents, and Their Times

Presents the inaugural addresses of each of the 43 United States Presidents. Each entry includes a brief biography, a list of important events during that president's term of office, the actual text of the speech, and notable quotes. Illustrated with portraits and reproductions of period paintings, photos, and engravings. For students in grades 8 and higher.

American Revolution Reference Library

This 4-vol. set supplies the in-depth information about the American Revolution that students and researchers need for class assignments and reports.

American Social Reform Movements Reference Library

This four-volume set chronicles and illustrates movements from the American Revolution to the present day. Intended to help students successfully complete research and projects.

Americans at War

Covers major American conflicts from the Colonial Wars through the War on Terrorism in the context of cultural and social events and conditions on the home front. Illustrated articles cover both biographies and topics such as civil liberties, media, politics, popular culture, religion, memory and national identity, civic celebrations, monumental art, literature, the roles of women and minorities, veterans, science and technology, humor, and music. General audiences.

Ancient Civilizations Reference Library

The ancient civilizations of Iraq, Egypt, India, China, Central America and other regions are the focus of this remarkable contribution to student reference.

Ancient Europe, 8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000

Examines the diverse peoples of early European civilization through a series of 212 essays, presented in chronological order. Coverage includes prehistoric origins through the early Middle Ages (8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000). Includes maps, photos, and chronologies. For the general reader.

Ancient Greece and Rome

Covers an extensive array of topics on ancient Greece and Rome including daily life, art and architecture, philosophy, science, religion, statesmen, military leaders, emperors, and more.

Bowling, Beatniks, and Bell-Bottoms: Pop Culture of 20th-Century America

The hairstyles, slang terms, advertising jingles, pop music sensations, and all else described as popular culture is covered in this five-volume reference. Arranged chronologically by decade and by broad topics within each decade, this set focuses solely on the popular culture of the twentieth century, offering more detailed information on trends and fads than any other resource. Written specifically for students in grades 5 through 12.

Cold War Reference Library

Covers the Cold War period between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II through 1989. Includes discussion of the historic causes of the tension and information on the lives and actions of major figures, such as Harry Truman, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin.

Colonial America Reference Library

The Colonial America Reference Library provides students with the comprehensive information on the Colonial American period they need to write reports and class assignments including biographical profiles and primary source documents.

Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library

In the second half of the 19th century, America transformed itself into an industrial power, ready to assume a dominant position on the world scene in the 20th century. The development of industrialization and the consumer society brought about opportunities for many Americans as part of an ever-growing middle class, but also resulted in environmental and social degradation that we continue to deal with at the present time.

Dictionary of American History, ed. 3

The first comprehensive revision of this classic reference source, originally published in 1940, features updated and revised entries from previous editions, as well as more than 800 new entries covering recent events and topics not covered previously. This authoritative work serves students, scholars, and general readers interested in a wide range of topics in American history, from the well studied and familiar to the obscure.

Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

Covers the history of the Arab-Israeli conflict from the birth of Zionism at the end of the 19th century. Covers five Arab-Israeli wars, and provides biographies of political personnel in Syria, Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Jordan, and the occupied territories. The Dictionary provides clear definitions and comprehensive explanations of the history, geography, religion, and demographics of the area. 2 volumes.

Early Civilizations in the Americas Reference Library

This reference library provides a comprehensive overview of the history of the regions of the American continents in which two of the world's first civilizations developed: Mesoamerica (the name for the lands in which ancient civilizations arose in Central America and Mexico) and the Andes Mountains region of South America (in present-day Peru and parts of Bolivia, northern Argentina, and Ecuador).

Elizabethan World Reference Library

Provides background and information on the culture and history of the Elizabethan period, biographies of significant men and women of the time, and primary sources that represent some of the most significant and studied documents of the era.

Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History, ed. 2

A five-volume set and supplement covering all aspects of the African-American experience from 1619 to the present day. Using biographies, historical essays, and thematic pieces, many written by foremost scholars, it addresses a wide array of subjects in over 2,300 articles to define in one source the cultural roots, participation in American life, and current condition of the African-American community.

Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy, ed. 2

Essays by subject experts treat concepts and doctrines, policymaking, commerce and science, human rights and arms control, with specific articles on topics ranging from anti-imperialism to environmental diplomacy, from refugee policies to terrorism and countermeasures. Also includes a chronology.

Encyclopedia of Espionage, Intelligence and Security

Comprehensive guide to the history, uses, related scientific principles, and technology of espionage and intelligence, written by experts in the field. Topics range from the historical use of espionage to the emerging use of technology in modern espionage and counterintelligence.

Encyclopedia of European Social History

This six-volume reference includes more than 230 articles, ranging from 5,000 to 10,000 words, on everything from serfdom and the economy, to witchcraft and public health.

Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity

This encyclopedia spans the globe to explain the issues behind crimes against humanity and human rights issues as they relate to individual countries and the world at large. It traces the history of events that qualify as genocide and crimes against humanity, profiles perpetrators and heroes, and explains international laws and law proceedings aimed at ending genocide and crimes against humanity.

Encyclopedia of India

A four-volume survey of the history, cultures, geography and religions of India from ancient times to the present day. Includes more than 600 entries, arranged alphabetically. For students and general readers.

Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture

Spans Irish history from prehistoric times to the present, treating both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland in detail. Entries represent an inclusive, cross-disciplinary approach, written by specialists and covering history, archaeology, anthropology, geography, politics, economics, the Irish and English languages and literatures, the visual arts, and other fields.

Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World

This encyclopedia looks at Islam's role in the modern world, doing so in the context of the religion's history and development over the last 13 centuries. Containing thematic articles, biographies of key figures, definitions, illustrations, maps and more, this new encyclopedia fills a need in this key area of religious studies.

Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture, ed. 2

Provides a comprehensive, multidisciplinary view of Latin American history and culture from prehistoric times to the present. Covers cultural issues and includes numerous biographical profiles of important figures in politics, letters and the arts.

Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgendered History in America

A three-volume survey of more than 400 years of lesbian and gay history and culture in the United States, presented through over 500 alphabetically arranged entries. Coverage includes people, public policy, economics, social issues, identities, and culture, among many others. For students, researchers, and general readers.

Encyclopedia of Modern Asia

A six-volume survey of modern Asia, defined as extending from Japan in the east to Turkey in the west, and from Kazakhstan in the north to Indonesia in the south. Presents entries covering such subjects as countries, cities, regions, natural features, religions, social issues, languages, people, events, customs, politics, and economics.

Encyclopedia of Recreation and Leisure in America

A two-volume survey of the pursuit of leisure in the United States, from Colonial to modern times, presented through 271 alphabetically arranged entries. Coverage includes specific types of recreational activities as well as important themes in the history of leisure. For students, researchers, and general readers.

Encyclopedia of Russian History

Provides a comprehensive discussion of Russia's people, politics, economics, religion, and social systems; and is designed to complement the study of comparative politics, world history, geography, literature, arts and culture and world cultures. Entries span the period from the earliest beginnings of the Russian nation to the rise and fall of the Soviet Union.

Encyclopedia of Western Colonialism since 1450

Provides students and researchers with a much-needed, comprehensive resource on the subject of colonialism and expansion. From a global perspective, the set traces many facets of colonial growth and imperialism, and much more.

Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History

A three-volume survey of the military aspects of the American Revolutionary War, covering the period 1763-1783. The alphabetically arranged entries include biographies as well as discussions of campaigns and strategy; battles, skirmishes, and naval actions; weaponry; political issues and events; and how the European powers participated in the conflict. For students, historians, and general readers.

Encyclopedia of the Great Depression

This 2-vol. set encompasses nearly two decades of American history, beginning with the farm crisis of the mid-1920s, through the 1929 stock market crash, the gradual recovery during the 1930s with Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal and World War II. This wide-ranging, multidisciplinary encyclopedia features entries on depression-era politics, government, business, economics, literature, the arts, society and culture.

Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa, ed. 2

The set covers the modern history of the Middle East and North Africa, with major sections on Colonialism and Imperialism, the World Wars, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the United Nations involvement in the region. Each country in the region is reviewed, detailing its population, economy and government.

Encyclopedia of the New American Nation

A three-volume survey of the formative years of the United States, starting just prior to the American Revolution and ending with the inauguration of Andrew Jackson in 1829. Presents 671 alphabetically arranged entries focusing on the major political markers and milestones, as well as the art, music, literature and daily life, of this period. For secondary and college students, researchers, and general readers.

Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire

A five-volume survey of European history from the onset of the French Revolution to the outbreak of World War. Alphabetically arranged entries cover the period's most significant personalities and meaningful developments in the arts, religion, politics, exploration, and warfare. For students, scholars, and general readers.

Europe Since 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction

A multi-volume survey of European history from the beginning of World War I in 1914 to the present, presented through alphabetically arranged entries that focus on the period's scientific, social and cultural history as well as the political, military and economic developments. For students and general readers.

Europe, 1450 to 1789

A six-volume survey of European history from 1450, the beginning of the print revolution, to 1789 and the French Revolution. Presents over 1,000 alphabetically arranged entries covering the period's most significant personalities and meaningful developments in the arts, religion, politics, exploration, and warfare. For students, scholars, and general readers.

Fashion, Costume, and Culture: Clothing, Headwear, Body Decorations, and Footwear through the Ages

Provides a broad overview of costume traditions of diverse cultures from prehistoric times to the present day. Examines more than 430 items of human decoration and adornment, ranging from togas to turbans, necklaces to tennis shoes. Explores how and why items were created, the people who made them, and their uses. This set shows how clothing, headwear, body decorations, and footwear reflect the different cultural, religious, and societal beliefs.

French and Indian War

Contains historical overviews, biographical entries, and primary source material on the French and Indian War. Features include illustrations, maps, graphs and charts, photographs, and a further reading list. Designed for student and general audiences.

Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. History

Provides a broad overview of war throughout American history, with a special emphasis on how war effects, and is affected by, political, economic, and social change in American and global society.

Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. History

Provides a concise history of the U.S. government and political scene throughout American history, with a particular emphasis on how government and politics effects, and is affected by, social change.

Gale Encyclopedia of World History

Provides a broad overview of war throughout world history, from ancient times to present, with a special emphasis on its causes and repercussions.

Gale Encyclopedia of World History

Provides a broad overview of national governments throughout history, explaining their structures and histories, key players and events, and how governments effect, and are affected by, social change.

Gale Library of Daily Life

Provides historical information on the battlefield and homefront experience and the political, economic, social, and cultural life of the North and South during the War. Primary source documents in the form of first-person accounts, letters, diaries, journals, newspapers, and literature bring to life the experiences of the Union and Confederate participants and the people they left behind.

Gale Library of Daily Life

Illuminates daily life in slave society in America from colonial times to the end of the Civil War. Provides information on the business and regulation of slavery, the plantation way of life, work, family and community, culture and leisure, health and medicine, religion, resistance and rebellion, and slavery and freedom in the North.

Gilded Age and Progressive Era Reference Library

Focuses on the significant social and culture changes that occurred in the years 1878-1913.

Great Depression and the New Deal Reference Library

Covers the failure of the U.S. economy and its gradual recovery, with special attention to the New Deal, as well as the global situation, including the rise of Hitler. The Almanac covers the era in 16 subject chapters. Biographies profiles 29 major figures of the period. Primary Sources features annotated excerpts from speeches, newspaper and magazine articles, literature, and other documents from the period. For middle school and general audiences.

Harlem Renaissance

This authoritative resource presents the people, places and times that defined an era and documents the launch of cultural development among African Americans in 1920s Harlem. This single volume contains almanac and biographies sections with primary source documents in sidebars throughout.

Historic Events for Students: The Great Depression

Each volume includes 15-20 entries covering a specific issue or incident related to the Great Depression in a global perspective. Entries follow a standard format for comparison purposes and typically include an introduction, an issue or incident summary, an exploration of different perspectives, a summary of key political, social and economic influences, and sources for further research. Includes primary source documents. Aimed at students and the general public. 3 volumes.

History Behind the Headlines

Presents in-depth information on conflicts appearing in today's headlines. Users are provided with historical background and analysis to events to give a greater understanding of the politics, players, and layers of current affairs.

History of World Trade Since 1450

History of World Trade Since 1450 starts at a year regarded as the beginning of the Age of Exploration and examines how the hunt for new resources and markets during that period resulted in the establishment of colonies in Africa, the Americas and Asia. The set looks at the Industrial Revolution, the rise of capitalism and the effects of imperialism on the global economy.

Industrial Revolution Reference Library

Covers the ideas and social turmoil that marked this transition as well as the machines, manufacturing processes and energy sources that spurred it on.

Korean War Reference Library

Covers the Korean War by exploring the major topics and events related to the period. The combined Almanac and Primary Sources covers the background of and issues related to the conflict in 13 chapters. Biographies includes 25 biographical entries on major figures from the period and 50 photographs.

Landmarks of the American Revolution: Library of Military History, ed. 2

Zooming in on key locations connected to the American Revolution, this expanded and completely revised edition of Col. Mark M. Boatner III's original book goes beyond U.S. borders when profiling historical sites and landmarks significant to the war. The original state-by-state guide now also includes coverage of the war in the West Indies and an expanded treatment of Canada.

Learning About the Holocaust

Offers articles written at the 9th and 10th grade reading levels; includes diary entries and stories about young people who lived during the Holocaust.

Mexican-American War

Covers the period from the U.S. annexation of Texas to the Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo (1848), including the battles of the conflict and also the mixed feelings of Americans regarding the war.

Middle Ages Reference Library

Covers the different civilizations and peoples of Medieval times; includes biographical essays on significant individuals of the era; and presents a collection of excerpts from relevant letters, journal entries, poems and more from the era.

Middle East Conflict Reference Library

Designed to meet the pressing need for a lucid, comprehensive and objective overview of the people, events and documents that are key to understanding the region.

New Dictionary of the History of Ideas

A six-volume survey of the history of Western thought and culture, presented through 700 alphabetically arranged entries. Each entry explores the origin, cultural interpretations, and historical themes of such subjects as beauty, love, feminism, diversity, and social capital, among many others. For students and general readers.

New Encyclopedia of Africa, ed. 2

Addresses the entire history of African cultures from the pharaohs and the ancient civilizations of the south through the colonial era to the emergence of 53 independent countries, some of them newly emergent in world commerce and others deep in conflict. Covers issues facing the continent such as global development, the AIDS crisis, and international terrorism.

Prejudice in the Modern World Reference Library

Explores the many different types of prejudice, their history, what causes these prejudices in people and societies, and their consequences. Presents profiles of diverse and unique men and women who played key roles in the history of prejudice. Excerpted documents tell various stories in the words of the people who fought prejudice, acted out prejudices, and those who were the victims of prejudice.

Presidents: A Reference History, ed. 3

Presents in-depth profiles of each American president and his administration. Includes black-and-white portraits of the presidents and extensive bibliographies. Also features a new history of the White House and a general introduction to the presidency. For students in grades 10 and higher, as well as general readers.

Reconstruction Era Reference Library

The three-volume Reconstruction Era Reference Library provides targeted information on post-Civil War America, from the end of the war in 1865 to the Compromise of 1877.

Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library

This resource brings the people and the events of the Renaissance and Reformation to life for today's students. Covering everything from Luther's Revolt to the writings of Shakespeare, the Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library fills the need for comprehensive coverage of this amazing time.

Renaissance: An Encyclopedia for Students

A survey of the Renaissance-era topics most studied in high school world history, art literature, economics and science curriculum. Presents 465 alphabetically arranged entries broadly covering people, places, events, concepts, works of art and literature, and scientific achievements from around 1350 to 1620. For students in grades 7 and higher.

Roaring Twenties Reference Library

The Roaring Twenties Reference Library chronicles and illustrates a time of great social change in everything from fashion to music to politics.

Shaping of America, 1783-1815 Reference Library

This collection chronicles and illustrates the important period between 1783-1815 when America forged its place at home and on the international stage.

Spanish-American War

Covers the underlying causes of the Spanish American war, the battles, and the resolution of the conflict with the signing of the Treaty of Paris.

St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide

The 2-vol. St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide provides in-depth analysis of more than 300 key events in labor history over the last 200 years, focusing on the relevance of these events to both the labor movement as a whole and to societal changes around the world.

St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture

Includes more than 2,700 signed essays ranging from 500 to 2,500 words, written by subject experts and edited to form a consistent, readable, and straightforward reference. Entries include subject-specific bibliographies and, where appropriate, photographs and textual cross-references to related essays.

Supreme Court Drama: Cases That Changed America

Profiles major U.S. Supreme Court decisions that have made a significant impact on American society. Each volume is organized by broad legal principles such as individual liberties, criminal justice, equal protection, and business and government law. Within this framework, case entries are arranged under the more specific legal issue to which they relate, such as affirmative action, capital punishment, freedom of speech, and monopolies.

The Ancient Near East

Provides an overview of Egypt, Mesopotamia, Iran/Persia, and the Arabian Peninsula, covering more than 4,000 years, from the Early Bronze Age to 325 B.C.E.

The Crusades Reference Library

The three-volume The Crusades covers everything from the First Crusade (1095-99) through the Ninth Crusade (1271-72).

The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers, v. 1

Chronicling Eleanor Roosevelt's development as diplomat, journalist, and political strategist in the years 1945 to 1948, this publication is filled with original writings and speeches.

The Gale Encyclopedia of the Unusual and Unexplained

Responding to the surging interest among students for information on topics relating to magic, witchcraft, the supernatural and other mysterious phenomena, Gale presents this in-depth, comprehensive 3-vol. set. Information is arranged in an objective manner, presenting varying viewpoints when appropriate, and is written at a level that younger students and researchers can understand.

The Middle Ages

Covers an array of topics on the Middle Ages including daily life, art and architecture, science, religion, politics, women's issues, and more.

The Sixties in America Reference Library

The Sixties in America Reference Library presents a broad overview of the turbulent 1960s, a decade that forever changed the American social, political and cultural landscape.

Tobacco in History and Culture: An Encyclopedia

A two-volume survey of how tobacco became one of the most important commodities in the history of world trade and the source of one of the biggest public health concerns in modern history. Presents 136 alphabetically arranged entries on all aspects of tobacco. Illustrated with graphs, charts, drawings and photographs. For high school and college students as well as general readers.

U.S. Immigration and Migration Reference Library

Chronicles and interpretations of the phenomenal waves of immigration to the United States from the earliest times through the period from 1820 to 1930, when the United States was the destination of some 60% of the world's immigrants -- up to the present day, when restrictive policies have temporarily stanched the flow of immigrants.

UXL American Decades

This series covers 20th-century events and social history beginning in 1900 and ending in 1999, written expressly for middle school students. Each decade is covered in one volume. Topics for each decade include: Headline Makers, Topics in the News, Arts and Entertainment, Business and the Economy, Education, Government, Politics, and Law, Lifestyles and Social Trends, Medicine and Health, Science and Technology, and Sports.

Vietnam War Reference Library

This title traces the progression of this controversial war from its beginnings in 1941 with the creation of the Vietminh guerrilla force under Ho Chi Minh, through its last days in 1975 with the fall of Saigon. It covers high ranking government officials both foreign and domestic, antiwar activists, and soldiers and provides a variety of perspectives on the country's involvement in the war with excerpts from screenplays, literature, speeches and hearing testimonies.

War in the Persian Gulf Reference Library

Triggered by its invasion of Kuwait, Iraq was pitted against a 32-nation coalition of forces commanded by Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf, whose air attacks led the way for a ground war that met with success in less than four days.

War of 1812

This concise resource covers the War of 1812 by providing a detailed overview of an often overlooked war.

Westward Expansion Reference Library

This 3-vol. set features volumes dedicated to events, people and insightful primary sources that present an objective yet entertaining look at frontier life.

Witchcraft in America

This fascinating and informative source covers the history of witchcraft in the United States from the hysteria that facilitated the witch hunts during the colonial period to modern day followers of Wicca.

World War I Reference Library

Covers major topics related to the period, including the roots of the war; causes of U.S. involvement; the Espionage Act and Sedition Act; weapons of mass destruction; and more. Profiles the major players of the period, including Woodrow Wilson, Kaiser Wilhelm II, John Pershing, and Henri-Philippe Petain. Presents full or excerpted primary source materials, including diaries, speeches, letters, journals and memoirs.

World War II Reference Library

Provides background and information on major topics about the World War II period, biographies of significant men and women involved in the war, and primary sources such as full or excerpted speeches, diary entries, newspaper accounts and other original documents.

Multicultural Studies

African American Almanac, ed. 10

Provides a range of historical and current information on African American history, society and culture. Includes coverage of such topics as: Africa and the Black diaspora; film and television; landmarks; national organizations; population; religion; science and technology; and sports.

Contemporary Hispanic Biography, v. 1

Provides informative biographical profiles of the important and influential persons of Latino heritage who form the international Hispanic community. Covers persons of various nationalities in a wide variety of fields, including art, music and literature to science, politics and business.

Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History, ed. 2

A five-volume set and supplement covering all aspects of the African-American experience from 1619 to the present day. Using biographies, historical essays, and thematic pieces, many written by foremost scholars, it addresses a wide array of subjects in over 2,300 articles to define in one source the cultural roots, participation in American life, and current condition of the African-American community.

Immigration and Multiculturalism: Essential Primary Sources

Provides primary source documents focused on immigration and multiculturalism in the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. Contains approximately 175 full or excerpted documents---speeches, legislation, magazine and newspaper articles, essays, memoirs, letters, interviews, novels, songs, and works of art---as well as overview information that places each document in context. International in scope.

Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Cultures

An easy-to-use, systematic guide to the history and current status of more than 290 cultural groups outside the United States. In nine volumes, the Encyclopedia is intended to offer students background and current status on cultures of the countries they are most likely to study.

Notable Black American Men, Book II

Profiles contemporary and historic figures whose accomplishments will inspire students of every heritage. Covering the most prominent newsmakers as well as lesser-known individuals, each volume offers full biographical entries, portraits, addresses for living listees and recommended sources for further study.

The African-American Years: Chronologies of American History and Experience

Discusses the history of African Americans from pre-colonial times to the present. Includes memoirs, letters, family histories, newspapers, oral histories, and city directories, providing historical evidence to help understand and interpret past events. For high school and college students, as well as general readers.

UXL Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes, ed. 2

Provides detailed studies of tribes from all over the United States and Canada, including small tribes and some that no longer exist. Gives detailed yet accessible information on history, religion, art, government, economy, daily life and current social and political issues.

Who's Who Among African Americans, ed. 19

Provides biographical and career details on notable African American individuals, including leaders from sports, the arts, business, religion and other fields.

Who's Who Among African Americans, ed. 20

Provides biographical and career details on notable African American individuals, including leaders from sports, the arts, business, religion and other fields.

Environment

Alternative Energy

This three-volume set introduces students to issues surrounding both current energy sources and alternative energy options. While there is significant discussion of the non-renewable resources now used to meet the majority of the world's energy needs (oil, coal and natural gas), the primary focus of the set is on newer options to meet the ever-growing demand.

Climate Change

Offers coverage of the history, politics, and ethical debates related to climate change, including the impact of climate change on daily life, trade and commerce, travel, and the future of both industrialized and impoverished nations. Provides insights on leading social issues and spurs critical thinking about the impact of environmental issues on daily life and globalization.

Endangered Species, ed. 2

Including the addition of 25 new species, this new 2nd edition is completely updated to reflect the changes in endangered and threatened status. Color photographs and maps provide further illustrate the many species threatened by extinction, including amphibians, birds, crustaceans, fish, insects, mammals, mollusks, reptiles, and more. Each entry gives a species description, location, reason for endangerment, and measures being taken to prevent it from extinction.

Environmental Encyclopedia, ed. 3

Provides in-depth, worldwide coverage of environmental issues. Each article is written in a nontechnical style and provides current status, analysis, and suggested solutions whenever possible.

Environmental Issues: Essential Primary Sources

A focus on leading social issues of the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. Each title contains approximately 175 full or excerpted documents---speeches, legislation, magazine and newspaper articles, essays, memoirs, letters, interviews, novels, songs, and works of art---as well as overview information that places each document in context.

Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia, ed. 2

A completely revised and updated version of the original work published in Germany in 1960, this edition incorporates recent developments in the animal world as noted by prominent advisors and contributors from the scientific community.

Pollution A to Z

Provides information on a variety of pollution issues, including sources of pollution; disposal; remediation; and the ethical, social and legal environment, as well as topics such as acid rain, cancer, noise pollution and zero growth population. Also covers careers and biographies of key people. For academic and general audiences. 2 volumes.

UXL Encyclopedia of Biomes

Offers students and researchers comprehensive information on 12 of the Earth's major biomes and its many component ecosystems. Includes entries on land and water biomes, and covers climate, vegetation, animal life, food web, plant and animal adaptations, endangered species, human effects on the biome, and more.

UXL Encyclopedia of Landforms and Other Geologic Features

Focuses on the physical and geological aspects, structure, and features of 48 of the earth's landforms - what they are, how they look, how they were created, how they change over time, and major geological events associated with them. Written for middle school students to support earth science and landform-related assignments, alphabetically arranged entries follow a standard and consistent subheaded format; and range in length from 9 to 11 pages.

UXL Encyclopedia of Water Science

This encyclopedia explores water science and issues from an international perspective. Topics covered include lakes and streams, oceans, aquatic animals, weather and climate, glaciers, wetlands, ecology, hydropower, commercial fishing, acid rain, recreation, pollution, economics, water conservation, international water law, global warming and much more.

UXL Encyclopedia of Weather and Natural Disasters

Introduces students to the topic of weather and natural disasters, covering such topics as weather basics, weather phenomena, forecasting, and climate. Provides information on the scientific aspects of various types of disasters including: blizzards, earthquakes, flooding, tornadoes, volcanoes, and wildfires.

Water: Science and Issues

This set covers all important water science concepts and current issues and highlights major historical developments and key figures. 4 volumes.

Weather Almanac, ed. 11

The almanac presents hundreds of in-depth weather records for 108 major U.S. cities and a climatic overview of the country, including 33 U.S. weather atlas maps.

Science

Alternative Energy

This three-volume set introduces students to issues surrounding both current energy sources and alternative energy options. While there is significant discussion of the non-renewable resources now used to meet the majority of the world's energy needs (oil, coal and natural gas), the primary focus of the set is on newer options to meet the ever-growing demand.

American Men & Women of Science, ed. 23

This respected resource is a biographical dictionary of the significant players in the physical, biological and related sciences. Each edition includes biographical entries on approximately 120,000 living scientists, providing birthdate; birthplace; field of specialty; education; honorary degrees; current position; professional and career information; awards; memberships; research information; and addresses for each entrant where available.

Biotechnology: Changing Life Through Science

Covers biotechnological applications ranging across medicine, agriculture, and industry. Devoted to helping younger students and general readers understand the fast-developing science and issues related to: advances in biotechnology, the science of molecular biology and genetics.

Building Blocks of Matter: A Supplement to the Macmillan Encyclopedia of Physics

This supplement to the Macmillan Encyclopedia of Physics presents the most recent data on particle physics. Reviews all observed and theoretical particles known to date, retracing the history of each particle's discovery and function. Covers current research; practical applications both hypothetical and actual; and provides biographical entries on scientists who made significant contributions. Case studies and experiments round out the broad range of topics covered.

CDs, Super Glue, and Salsa

Provides descriptions of household and high-interest products, step-by-step descriptions of manufacturing processes, and sidebars with additional information. Covers for each entry: why there was a need, who invented it, how it is made, what it is made of, and how it works. Includes photographs, illustrations and line drawings, and a glossary of definitions.

Chemical Compounds

Offers information on the ways in which different chemical elements combine to form commonly-used chemical compounds, such as water, ammonia, and aspirin. Defines what a chemical compound actually is and the difference between organic and inorganic compounds, as well as providing definitions of acids, bases, salts, oxides, and coordination compounds. Features a general historical overview of major discoveries and the notable scientists who made them.

Chemical Elements: From Carbon to Krypton

Provides in-depth information on 112 known chemical elements. For younger and middle school students, but also appropriate for high school students.

Chemistry

Provides a broad approach to chemistry, its laws, processes, applications and subdisciplines, and its many branches, including inorganic, industrial, atmospheric and computational chemistry as well as biotechnology, including biographies of scientists past and present. Reviews the history of the field up to modern research and practical applications, and topical essays examine the role chemistry plays in various aspects of everyday life. For academic readers.

Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography

Provides information on the history of science through articles on the professional lives of scientists. All periods of science from classical antiquity to modern times are represented.

Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics

This Encyclopedia considers both the professional ethics of science and technology, and the ethical and political issues raised by science and technology in an increasingly complex and global society. This broad coverage supports the numerous courses in applied and professional ethics and policy related to the practice of science and technology in education.

Genetics

A comprehensive collection of articles on all aspects of genetics, from Mendel to the decoding of the human genome. Explains the workings of genes and chromosomes, genetic diseases, and biotechnology. Also covers the ethical, legal, and social issues connected to genetic science. Includes full-color photos and line drawings, a glossary of scientific terms, and coverage of careers in the field.

Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia, ed. 2

A completely revised and updated version of the original work published in Germany in 1960, this edition incorporates recent developments in the animal world as noted by prominent advisors and contributors from the scientific community.

Real-Life Math

Provides an understanding of commonly studied math concepts by illustrating their use in everyday life in everyday tasks, such as buying insurance, constructing a budget, reading graphs, adjusting cooking recipes or planning for retirement. Topics are designed to support the modern mathematics curriculum and contain examples related to the global economy. 2 volumes.

Science and Its Times

The histories of science, technology, and mathematics merge with the study of humanities and social science in this interdisciplinary reference work. Essays on people, theories, discoveries, and concepts are combined with overviews, bibliographies of primary documents, and chronological elements to offer students a fascinating way to understand the impact of science on the course of human history and how science affects everyday life. Approximately 2,000 entries.

Science in Dispute, v. 1

This series explores controversial topics in science and technology by featuring informative essays, both pro and con, on the major theories, ethical questions and commercial applications of science from all disciplines. 3 volumes.

Science in Dispute, v. 2

This series explores controversial topics in science and technology by featuring informative essays, both pro and con, on the major theories, ethical questions and commercial applications of science from all disciplines. 3 volumes.

Science in Dispute, v. 3

This series explores controversial topics in science and technology by featuring informative essays, both pro and con, on the major theories, ethical questions and commercial applications of science from all disciplines. 3 volumes.

Science of Everyday Things

This 4-vol. set illustrates the importance of scientific and mathematical principles through their use in everyday life. Each volume focuses on a specific scientific discipline -- biology, chemistry, earth sciences and physics -- offering students an in-depth understanding of each discipline and its theories.

Space Exploration Reference Library

From Chinese rockets of the 11th century to the latest developments in modern space travel, the four-volume Space Exploration Reference Library provides a wealth of information on this still-emerging science.