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  • 100 People Who Changed 20th-Century America

    100 People Who Changed 20th-Century America

    This book offers 100 answers, providing thought-provoking examples of how American culture was shaped within a crucial time period by individuals whose lives and ideas were major agents of change.

  • 9/11 and the Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq: A Chronology and Reference Guide

    9/11 and the Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq: A Chronology and Reference Guide

    Analyzes the complex causes and effects of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks both domestically and internationally, and examines the subsequent wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.

  • A Biographical Encyclopedia of Contemporary Genocide: Portraits of Evil and Good

    A Biographical Encyclopedia of Contemporary Genocide: Portraits of Evil and Good

    This book documents the devastating effects of genocide in the world's most destructive human environments since the end of World War II and explores why such events still occur. The entries describe the personal backgrounds, careers, and relationship to genocidal events, humanitarian actions, or international initiatives relevant to each person in the book.

  • A Closer Look at Bacteria, Algae, and Protozoa

    A Closer Look at Bacteria, Algae, and Protozoa

    Examines the properties and uses of bacteria, algae, and protozoa microorganisms detailed in our daily lives.

  • A Closer Look at Biology, Microbiology, and the Cell

    A Closer Look at Biology, Microbiology, and the Cell

    Surveys the many subjects that comprise the field of biology and includes an overview of the development of biology, microbiology, and cell theory.

  • A Closer Look at Genes and Genetic Engineering

    A Closer Look at Genes and Genetic Engineering

    Examines the biology behind genetics and genetic disorders, and considers the principles of gene manipulation and genetic engineering, becoming increasingly evident with every new discovery.

  • A Closer Look at Living Things

    A Closer Look at Living Things

    Surveys the parts, characteristics, and classifications of various living things and explores the evolution of life in general.

  • A Closer Look at Plant Classifications, Parts, and Uses

    A Closer Look at Plant Classifications, Parts, and Uses

    Examines the parts and growth stages of plants as well as their complex roles within our environment.

  • A Closer Look at Plant Reproduction, Growth, and Ecology

    A Closer Look at Plant Reproduction, Growth, and Ecology

    Examines the processes of plant reproduction and the stages of plant life, while also spotlighting the role of plants in various ecological settings.

  • A Closer Look at the Animal Kingdom

    A Closer Look at the Animal Kingdom

    Surveys the various members of the animal kingdom and the habits, behaviors, and physical characteristics that unite and distinguish all animals.

  • A Financial History of the United States

    A Financial History of the United States

    Provides a comprehensive financial history of the United States which focuses on the growth and expansion of banking, securities, and insurance from the colonial period right up to the incredible growth of the stock market during the 1990s and the attack on the World Trade Center in 2001.

  • A Global Chronology of Conflict: From the Ancient World to the Modern Middle East

    A Global Chronology of Conflict: From the Ancient World to the Modern Middle East

    Covers major diplomatic, military, and political events driving world conflicts from ancient times to the present.

  • A History of Art

    A History of Art

    This title examines Western art's original European roots, the ways and styles in which it has expanded and changed, and how it has grown into an integral part of Western culture.

  • A History of Dance

    A History of Dance

    This title examines Western dance's original European roots, the ways and styles in which it has expanded and changed, and how it has grown into an integral part of Western culture.

  • A History of Fashion

    A History of Fashion

    This title examines fashion's roots in ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome, the ways and styles in which it has expanded and changed, and how it has grown into an integral part of Western culture.

  • A History of Film

    A History of Film

    This title examines film's origins at the turn of the twentieth century, the ways and styles in which it has expanded and changed, and how it has grown into an integral part of Western culture.

  • A History of Music

    A History of Music

    This title examines Western music's original European roots, the ways and styles in which it expanded, and how it has grown into an integral part of Western culture.

  • A History of Television

    A History of Television

    This title examines television's origin in the United States, the ways different networks and shows have shaped history, and how it has grown to capture the nation's attention.

  • A New Pot of Gold: Hollywood Under the Electronic Rainbow, 1980-1989

    A New Pot of Gold: Hollywood Under the Electronic Rainbow, 1980-1989

    Looks at the effects of video-cassettes and cable television on Hollywood, and the idiosyncratic visions of newcomers like Spike Lee and Tim Burton.

  • A New World Power: America from 1920 to 1945

    A New World Power: America from 1920 to 1945

    This volume chronicles the political and social history of the United States in the aftermath of one world war through its engagement in another.

  • A Primary Source Investigation of Ellis Island

    A Primary Source Investigation of Ellis Island

    This book explores the immigrant history of the United States, using documents and photographs from the heyday of Ellis Island, one of the most important immigration ports. It uncovers how some of our ancestors came to the United States, seeking freedom and fortune, and often risking everything to make a home in America, and chronicles the grit, misfortune, and luck that is both true of the island and of the people it welcomed to Am

  • A Primary Source Investigation of Womens Suffrage

    A Primary Source Investigation of Womens Suffrage

    Accompanied by primary source documents, this resource chronicles the birth of the women's rights movement at Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848; the suffragists' sometimes-contentious partnership with the abolitionist movement; and the slow build toward national suffrage. The efforts of Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and other important leaders are recognized.

  • A Primary Source Investigation of the Alamo

    A Primary Source Investigation of the Alamo

    This book traces the Alamo's history, from the Native American peoples who lived in the area when the mission was first built through the continuing efforts to preserve the historic site. Particular attention is paid to the Battle of the Alamo and how the bravery of its defenders inspired Texans during the Texas War of Independence.

  • A Primary Source Investigation of the Erie Canal

    A Primary Source Investigation of the Erie Canal

    This volume examines the story of the Erie Canal, chronicling how political figures and surveyors-turned-engineers helped make one of the earliest American engineering marvels a reality. Primary source documents provide historical context, showing how the Erie Canal transformed the greater American landscape.

  • A Primary Source Investigation of the Gold Rush

    A Primary Source Investigation of the Gold Rush

    This book explores the story of California's gold rush through primary source material such as broadsheets, lithographs, and poems.

  • A Primary Source Investigation of the Salem Witch Trials

    A Primary Source Investigation of the Salem Witch Trials

    This book recounts the Salem witchcraft trials with a narrative and primary source documents, such as transcripts and letters, highlighting the tales and voices of both the victims and the perpetrators. It covers the harsh living conditions as well as the religious and social views of the day and how they influenced society's reactions to the unknown and difficult (or impossible) to explain.

  • A Primary Source Investigation of the Trail of Tears

    A Primary Source Investigation of the Trail of Tears

    This book investigates the Trail of Tears through primary sources related to this tragic episode of American history. Images and textual transcriptions are presented of historical documents such as presidential addresses, treaties, and the Cherokee constitution.

  • A Primary Source Investigation of the Underground Railroad

    A Primary Source Investigation of the Underground Railroad

    This book examines the Underground Railroad through primary source material.

  • Abolition Movement

    Abolition Movement

    Tells the story of the men and women who spent their lives and fortunes trying to abolish the institution of slavery in the United States.

  • Abraham Lincoln

    Abraham Lincoln

    Abraham Lincoln's remarkable life -- from his childhood to his role as Commander in Chief during the Civil War to his tragic death -- is chronicled in this volume.

  • Accountable Governance: Problems and Promises

    Accountable Governance: Problems and Promises

    Offers a detailed and informed consideration of accountability in both government and the contemporary world of governance.

  • Achieving Sustainability: Visions, Principles, and Practices

    Achieving Sustainability: Visions, Principles, and Practices

    Aimed at readers who are not experts in the field, the material is relevant to courses in natural sciences, social sciences, and the humanities. It presents and analyzes the underpinnings of the multi-disciplinary concept of sustainability.

  • Addiction: A Reference Encyclopedia

    Addiction: A Reference Encyclopedia

    Provides answers to many questions about addiction and addictive behaviors of all kinds, including drugs, alcohol, gambling, sex, Internet usage, and more.

  • Adolescent Health & Wellness

    Adolescent Health & Wellness

    Covers all aspects of adolescent health and wellness, broken down into three major areas that typically affect adolescents: physical and emotional issues; non-health topics with tremendous potential impact, like safe sex, paying for college, bullying, and leadership; and socially relevant issues, like shopping locally and recycling.

  • Advances in Democracy: From the French Revolution to the Present-Day European Union

    Advances in Democracy: From the French Revolution to the Present-Day European Union

    This book chronicles Europe's transformations from the late 18th century through the present and examines the European response to both prosperity and war.

  • Africa: An Encyclopedia of Culture and Society

    Africa: An Encyclopedia of Culture and Society

    This work provides readers with an overview of contemporary customs and life in North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa through discussions of key concepts and topics that touch everyday life among the nations' peoples.

  • Africa to America: From the Middle Passage Through the 1930s

    Africa to America: From the Middle Passage Through the 1930s

    This book chronicles the history of African Americans, the triumphs and tragedies, from origins on the African continent to the end of the Harlem Renaissance.

  • Africa: An Encyclopedia for Students

    Africa: An Encyclopedia for Students

    A general resource for African research for students at the high-school level or higher. Consists of 450 alphabetically arranged entries covering countries, regions, geographic features, cultural groups, personalities, and general subjects such as body adornment and clothing, oral tradition, and writing systems. Includes timelines, definitions and quick-reference fact boxes.

  • African American Eras: Contemporary Times

    African American Eras: Contemporary Times

    Covers a different era of importance to African American culture and includes the events, lifestyles, social history, and key figures unique to that time; included are eyewitness accounts and primary documents.

  • African American Eras: Segregation to Civil Rights Times

    African American Eras: Segregation to Civil Rights Times

    Covers the time period of 1865 through 1965; topics include the arts, medicine and health, education, religion, government and politics, law, and trade related to the African American experience.

  • African American History Day by Day: A Reference Guide to Events

    African American History Day by Day: A Reference Guide to Events

    This book allows readers to see the dates of famous births, deaths, and events that have affected the lives of African Americans and, by extension, of America as a whole.

  • African American Migrations in North America

    African American Migrations in North America

    This book explores the history of African American migration in North America. Readers will understand the push/pull factors involved in African American migration from the South and into Northern cities and the cultural developments that followed.

  • African Americans in the Nineteenth Century: People and Perspectives

    African Americans in the Nineteenth Century: People and Perspectives

    Provides insights into the way African Americans lived and how slave-era experiences affected their lives afterward.

  • African Americans in the West

    African Americans in the West

    Based on the latest research, this work provides a new look at the lives of African Americans in the Western United States, from the colonial era to the present.

  • Algebra

    Algebra

    This book explores the highlights of algebra, from its basic principles through real numbers, and the application of algebra's fundamental concepts.

  • All Things Julius Caesar: An Encyclopedia of Caesar's World and Legacy

    All Things Julius Caesar: An Encyclopedia of Caesar's World and Legacy

    Provides coverage of topics and themes related to the life and times of Julius Caesar. Organized alphabetically according to topic or theme--e.g., individuals such as Marc Antony, places such as the province of Gaul, events such as Roman elections or battles in the Civil War, and institutions such as Roman classes, slavery, patrons, and clients--the entries also cover all the territories of the Roman Empire during Caesar's time, fro

  • All Things Medieval: An Encyclopedia of the Medieval World

    All Things Medieval: An Encyclopedia of the Medieval World

    Covers the widest definition of 'medieval Europe' possible, not by covering history in the traditional, textbook manner of listing wars, leaders, and significant historic events, but by presenting detailed alphabetical entries that describe the artifacts of medieval Europe.

  • Alternative Energy, ed. 2

    Alternative Energy, ed. 2

    Introduces students to issues surrounding current energy sources and alternative energy options.

  • Alternative Energy Sources

    Alternative Energy Sources

    Allows readers to use critical thinking and to create informed opinions on where they stand on the issue of alternative energy sources.

  • Alternative, Country, Hip-Hop, Rap, and More: Music from the 1980s to Today

    Alternative, Country, Hip-Hop, Rap, and More: Music from the 1980s to Today

    This volume examines how some of the most popular musicians today--entertainers such as Madonna, Adele, Kanye West, and Taylor Swift--rose to fame and made important musical breakthroughs, all while paying tribute to those who came before them.

  • Amazing Feats of Aerospace Engineering

    Amazing Feats of Aerospace Engineering

    This book examines amazing feats of aerospace engineering, including the Saturn V moon rocket, the International Space Station, and the world's largest passenger jet. It also examines the engineers who made these projects a reality and traces the history of the discipline.

  • Amazing Feats of Biological Engineering

    Amazing Feats of Biological Engineering

    This title examines amazing feats of biological engineering, including bionic legs, artificial organs, and animal cloning. It also examines the engineers who made these projects a reality and traces the history of the discipline.

  • Amazing Feats of Civil Engineering

    Amazing Feats of Civil Engineering

    This title examines amazing feats of civil engineering, including massive bridges, the world's tallest skyscraper, and the Panama Canal. It also examines the engineers who made these projects a reality and traces the history of the discipline.

  • Amazing Feats of Electrical Engineering

    Amazing Feats of Electrical Engineering

    This title examines amazing feats of electrical engineering, including the global positioning system, solar power plants, and self-driving cars. It also examines the engineers who made these projects a reality and traces the history of the discipline.

  • Amazing Feats of Environmental Engineering

    Amazing Feats of Environmental Engineering

    This title examines amazing feats of environmental engineering, including projects that supply water to impoverished areas, structures in the Netherlands that hold back the Atlantic Ocean, and the cleanup of contaminated areas. It also examines the engineers who made these projects a reality and traces the history of the discipline.

  • Amazing Feats of Mechanical Engineering

    Amazing Feats of Mechanical Engineering

    This title examines amazing feats of mechanical engineering, including Mars rovers, robotic surgery systems, and advanced wind turbines. It also examines the engineers who made these projects a reality and traces the history of the discipline.

  • America Between the Civil War and the 20th Century: 1865 to 1900

    America Between the Civil War and the 20th Century: 1865 to 1900

    This volume looks at American history between the Civil War and 20th century and includes firsthand accounts that reveal the prevailing ideologies of the time and shed light on significant people and events.

  • America in the Cold War: A Reference Guide

    America in the Cold War: A Reference Guide

    The books in this series function as both reference guides and informed analyses to critical events that have shaped American life, culture, society, economy, and politics and fixed America's place in the world. This book features a chronology, historical overview, topical chapters on aspects of the Cold War, a set of biographies of key figures, selected essential primary documents, and an annotated bibliography.

  • America in the World, 1776 to the Present: A Supplement to the Dictionary of American History

    America in the World, 1776 to the Present: A Supplement to the Dictionary of American History

    This set provides a transnational view of US history, focusing on the role of Americans and the US while analyzing how the world has influenced the US and Americans. It examines the impact of US policies on the world, as well as on the domestic agenda and discusses the increasingly important role of the US, from the early days of the republic to the present.

  • American Civil War: The Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection

    American Civil War: The Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection

    Features comprehensive coverage of the American Civil War, including significant battles and skirmishes, important civilian and military figures, weaponry, and government relations with Native Americans. The entries also address the events that led to the conflict, the international diplomacy of the war, the rise of the Republican Party, the impact of slavery, the secession crisis, the complex challenges of the war's aftermath, and

  • American Civil War: The Essential Reference Guide

    American Civil War: The Essential Reference Guide

    Provides a single-volume source on the conflict that helped define the American nation and promotes a nuanced understanding of the events, personalities, and issues related to the war and its aftermath.

  • American Civil War Reference Library

    American Civil War Reference Library

    American Civil War Reference Library offers comprehensive and wide ranging research options on this compelling era of American history. Material in each of the three titles has been reviewed by an independent advisory board for its curriculum relevance and its accessibility to students in grades 6-12.

  • American Decades

    American Decades

    Cross-disciplinary source for junior and high school students and teachers, public librarians and general researchers who need to document and analyze periods of contemporary American social history (1900-1999).

  • American Decades: 2000-2009

    American Decades: 2000-2009

    Covers everything from monumental events and groundbreaking individuals to the fascinating details of Americans' daily lives. Supports historical research in disciplines from the arts and business to law, medicine, technology and social trends.

  • American Decades Primary Sources

    American Decades Primary Sources

    Cross-disciplinary source spanning the 20th century. Each volume in the set includes full or excerpted primary sources representing the seminal issues, themes, movements and events from a decade. Includes oral histories, songs, speeches, advertisements, TV, play and movie scripts, letters, laws, legal decisions, newspaper articles, cartoons, recipes, and more.

  • American Decades Primary Sources, Vol. 11

    American Decades Primary Sources, Vol. 11

    This volume covers the first decade of the twenty-first century from monumental events and groundbreaking individuals to the details of Americans' daily lives. Topics include world events, the arts, business and the economy, education, fashion, government and politics, law and justice, lifestyles and social trends, media, medicine and health, religion, science and technology, and sports.

  • American Eras

    American Eras

    Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to particular eras in U.S. history.

  • American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 1

    American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 1

    Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the era of industrial development in U.S. history.

  • American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 2

    American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 2

    Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the Civil War and Reconstruction Era in U.S. history.

  • American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 3

    American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 3

    Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the Westward Expansion Era in U.S. history.

  • American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 4

    American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 4

    Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the Reform Era and eastern United States development in U.S. history.

  • American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 5

    American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 5

    Includes primary sources documenting events, publications, lifestyles, and individuals important to the early Republic period in U.S. History.

  • American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 6

    American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 6

    Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the Revolutionary Era in U.S. history.

  • American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 7

    American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 7

    Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the American colonial era.

  • American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 8

    American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 8

    Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the era of early American civilizations and exploration before 1600.

  • American First Ladies, ed. 3

    American First Ladies, ed. 3

    Offers a detailed profile of every first lady from Martha Washington to Michelle Obama. Biographical chapters are divided into various sections dealing with family and educational background; each first lady's relationship with the president; the first lady's years in the White House; and additional insights into those activities and accomplishments for which the first lady became known.

  • American Folk Songs: A Regional Encyclopedia

    American Folk Songs: A Regional Encyclopedia

    Provides a state-by-state collection of folksongs describing the history, society, culture, and events characteristic of all fifty states. Focus on songs concerning the life and times of the people of that state.

  • American Governance

    American Governance

    Provides answers on all questions related to the variety of ways by which the American people govern themselves - from their constitutions and governments to the political norms and ideals that guide their actions as citizens and leaders; to local communities, civic associations, and political associations people form for collective deliberation and action; and to the relationships they form with their elected representatives.

  • American History Through Literature 1820-1870

    American History Through Literature 1820-1870

    Designed for the general reader, this set presents literature not as a simple inventory of authors or titles but rather as a historical and cultural field viewed from a wide array of contemporary perspectives. The set, which is 'new historicist' in its approach to literary criticism, endorses the notion that not only does history affect literature, but literature itself informs history.

  • American History Through Literature 1870-1920

    American History Through Literature 1870-1920

    Designed for the general reader, this set presents literature not as a simple inventory of authors or titles but rather as a historical and cultural field viewed from a wide array of contemporary perspectives. The set, which is 'new historicist' in its approach to literary criticism, endorses the notion that not only does history affect literature, but literature itself informs history.

  • American History through American Sports: From Colonial Lacrosse to Extreme Sports

    American History through American Sports: From Colonial Lacrosse to Extreme Sports

    This collection blends historical and popular culture perspectives in its analysis of the development of sports and sports figures throughout American history.

  • American Home Front in World War II

    American Home Front in World War II

    Examines the effect of World War II on people living in America. The Almanac discusses major events on the home front, including the changing role of women, Civil Defense and the draft. Biographies highlights 26 key figures, such as John L. Lewis, J. Robert Oppenheimer and others. Primary Sources includes primary material from a variety of sources, including speeches, documents and other material.

  • American Indians in the Early West

    American Indians in the Early West

    Covers thousands of years of American Indian history, from the first migrations into North America, through the development of specific tribal identities, to the turbulent first centuries of encounters with European settlers up until 1800.

  • American Indians of California, the Great Basin, and the Southwest

    American Indians of California, the Great Basin, and the Southwest

    Examines the various cultures of the indigenous peoples of California, the Great Basin and the Southwest, including social practices and spiritual beliefs.

  • American Indians of the Northeast and Southeast

    American Indians of the Northeast and Southeast

    Explores the history, languages, rituals and interaction with European colonizers of the indigenous tribes of the Northeast and Southeast region of the United States, also known as Eastern Woodlands.

  • American Indians of the Plateau and Plains

    American Indians of the Plateau and Plains

    Examines the defining features of Native American tribes of the Plateau and Plains region of the United States, both before and after horses were introduced to the region and shaped these cultures.

  • American Literature from 1600 Through the 1850s

    American Literature from 1600 Through the 1850s

    This book describes literary development in American literature from religious and political writings from the 1830s to the 1860s.

  • American Literature from 1945 Through Today

    American Literature from 1945 Through Today

    This book describes the development of American literature emerging after World War II to the postwar drama, literary criticism, and literary biography of the end of the twentieth century.

  • American Literature from the 1850s to 1945

    American Literature from the 1850s to 1945

    Examines American literature that emerged after the mid-19th century, adopting a distinct realism and an often critical view of American society. Features writers such as Henry Adams and Upton Sinclair who exposed fundamental flaws in government and industry, while Mark Twain and H.L. Mencken incisively satirized social ills such as prejudice and intolerance.

  • American Poets, ed. 4

    American Poets, ed. 4

    Profiles major poets throughout history and the world, including analyses of their significant individual poems or collections. This subset focuses on American poets.

  • American Poets and Poetry: From the Colonial Era to the Present

    American Poets and Poetry: From the Colonial Era to the Present

    This encyclopedia covers U.S. poetry from the Colonial era to the present, and includes entries on hundreds of poets of the American canon.

  • American Political Culture: An Encyclopedia

    American Political Culture: An Encyclopedia

    This encyclopedia examines an exceptionally broad range of factors shaping modern American politics, including popular belief, political action, and the institutions of power and authority. Readers will see how political culture is shaped by the attitudes, opinions, and behaviors of Americans, and how it affects those things in return.

  • American Presidential Campaigns and Elections

    American Presidential Campaigns and Elections

    This reference work provides coverage of every presidential election campaign in American history, from 1788-1789 through 2012. The section on each election includes profiles of the major candidates, maps and tables of the voting results, a chronology of key events, a selection of primary-source documents (speeches, party platforms, letters, songs, and the like), and recommended readings.

  • American Presidents, ed. 4

    American Presidents, ed. 4

    This reference presents 44 essays on the life and politics of the U.S. presidents, all arranged chronologically by administration. Each essay begins with ready reference information, including name, administration number, years served, birth and death dates, political part, vice president, and cabinet members by department.

  • American Revolution: People and Perspectives

    American Revolution: People and Perspectives

    Explores the world of the average citizens who played an integral part in the Revolutionary era of American history.

  • American Revolution Reference Library

    American Revolution Reference Library

    This 4-vol. set supplies the in-depth information about the American Revolution that students and researchers need for class assignments and reports.

  • American Slavery: A Historical Exploration of Literature

    American Slavery: A Historical Exploration of Literature

    Utilizing key selections from American literature, this volume aligns with ELA Common Core Standards to give students a fresh perspective on and a keener understanding of slavery in the United States.

  • American Women Writers: A Critical Reference Guide from Colonial Times to the Present, ed. 2

    American Women Writers: A Critical Reference Guide from Colonial Times to the Present, ed. 2

    Provides coverage on the best-known American women writers spanning from colonial days to the present, including biography, criticism, and bibliography for each; also includes lesser-known writers whose work is found in journals, letters, stories, and even hymns. Entries feature an assessment of the writer's works; basic biography and complete bibliography, as well as comprehensive data on writers' names, including pseudonyms, alias

  • American Writers, Supplement 20

    American Writers, Supplement 20

    Bio-critical essays on the lives and works of more than 1,400 important authors from around the world. Entries include concise essays, citations, and biographical information that places the author's work in personal and historical context.

  • Americans at War

    Americans at War

    Covers major American conflicts from the Colonial Wars through the War on Terrorism in the context of cultural and social events and conditions on the home front. Illustrated articles cover both biographies and topics such as civil liberties, media, politics, popular culture, religion, memory and national identity, civic celebrations, monumental art, literature, the roles of women and minorities, veterans, science and technology, hu

  • An Encyclopedia of American Women at War: From the Home Front to the Battlefields

    An Encyclopedia of American Women at War: From the Home Front to the Battlefields

    This comprehensive resource reviews the role of women within the American military from the colonial period to the present day.

  • An Encyclopedia of Human Rights in the United States, ed. 2

    An Encyclopedia of Human Rights in the United States, ed. 2

    Provides explanations of the basic concepts and laws, with emphasis on human rights in the historical, political, and legal experience of the United States.

  • An Evenings Entertainment: The Age of the Silent Feature Picture, 1915-1928

    An Evenings Entertainment: The Age of the Silent Feature Picture, 1915-1928

    Chronicles how theatrical feature films dominated newly developed movie palaces, how expressive film faces became household names, and how Hollywood became the center of film as a major growth industry.

  • Anarchism, Revolution, and Terrorism

    Anarchism, Revolution, and Terrorism

    This book looks at some of the most famous revolutionary groups, their beliefs, and the ways in which they achieved their goals. From national revolutions to the 9/11 terrorist attacks, this book shows how revolutionaries have changed the world, for both good and evil.

  • Anatomy and Physiology: An Illustrated Guide

    Anatomy and Physiology: An Illustrated Guide

    Takes a comparative look at numerous biological systems and at their foundations in cell biology and genetics. Covers the circulatory; digestive and excretory; endocrine and exocrine; immune, defense, and lymphatic; muscular; nervous; reproductive; respiratory; and skeletal systems.

  • Ancient Aztecs

    Ancient Aztecs

    In Ancient Aztecs, readers discover the history and impressive accomplishments of the Aztec civilization, including their military power and feats of engineering. Text provides details on the civilization's history, development, daily life, culture, art, technology, warfare, social organization, and more.

  • Ancient China

    Ancient China

    In Ancient China, readers discover the history and impressive accomplishments of the people of ancient China, including their technological wonders and feats of construction. Text provides details on the civilization's history, development, daily life, culture, art, technology, warfare, social organization, and more.

  • Ancient Chinese Dynasties

    Ancient Chinese Dynasties

    This book explores the history of Ancient Chinese dynasties, covering art and language to large-scale building projects such as the Great Wall and the bureaucratic structure of society itself.

  • Ancient Civilizations Reference Library

    Ancient Civilizations Reference Library

    The ancient civilizations of Iraq, Egypt, India, China, Central America and other regions are the focus of this remarkable contribution to student reference.

  • Ancient Egypt

    Ancient Egypt

    Explores the society, politics and beliefs of Ancient Egypt and the surrounding Nile Valley region, along with the cultural achievements of this ancient civilization.

  • Ancient Egypt: From Prehistory to the Islamic Conquest

    Ancient Egypt: From Prehistory to the Islamic Conquest

    Covers ancient Egyptian culture and traditions and profiles important sites throughout Egypt, many of which still contain remnants and artifacts that illustrate the importance of this extraordinary civilization.

  • Ancient Egypt

    Ancient Egypt

    In Ancient Egypt, readers discover the history and impressive accomplishments of the people of ancient Egypt, including their extraordinary cultural achievements and feats of construction. Text provides details on the civilization's history, development, daily life, culture, art, technology, warfare, social organization, and more.

  • Ancient Egypt

    Ancient Egypt

    This book explores the history of Egypt's timeless culture and its influence on modern philosophy, religion, art, medicine, astrology, and architecture.

  • Ancient Egypt and the Near East: An Illustrated History

    Ancient Egypt and the Near East: An Illustrated History

    Explores the early civilizations that developed in Egypt and Mesopotamia.

  • Ancient Europe, 8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000: Encyclopedia of the Barbarian World

    Ancient Europe, 8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000: Encyclopedia of the Barbarian World

    Examines the diverse peoples of early European civilization through a series of 212 essays, presented in chronological order. Coverage includes prehistoric origins through the early Middle Ages (8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000). Includes maps, photos, and chronologies. For the general reader.

  • Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece

    This book explores the history of Greece, its many internal conflicts, and its contributions to the civilized world in the areas of democracy, theater, science and philosophy.

  • Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece

    Explores the legacy of the Ancient Greek culture by examining the society, politics and beliefs of this ancient civilization, which has influenced the arts, philosophy and democracy of the Western world for centuries.

  • Ancient Greece: An Illustrated History

    Ancient Greece: An Illustrated History

    Follows the progress of the Greeks from the early establishment of farming communities around 6500 BCE, to the rise of the great city-states of Sparta and Athens, and on to the dissolution of the empire of Alexander the Great following his death in 323 BCE.

  • Ancient Greece: From the Archaic Period to the Death of Alexander the Great

    Ancient Greece: From the Archaic Period to the Death of Alexander the Great

    This book recounts the events that were instrumental to the development of this civilization and the legacies it has left behind. Offers in-depth discussion on the Pre-Greek societies that fueled the imagination and gave birth to an enduring body of Greek mythology.

  • Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece

    In Ancient Greece, readers discover the history and impressive accomplishments of the people of ancient Greece, including their extraordinary cultural achievements and feats of construction. Text provides details on the civilization's history, development, daily life, culture, art, technology, warfare, social organization, and more.

  • Ancient Greece and Rome: An Encyclopedia for Students

    Ancient Greece and Rome: An Encyclopedia for Students

    Covers an extensive array of topics on ancient Greece and Rome including daily life, art and architecture, philosophy, science, religion, statesmen, military leaders, emperors, and more.

  • Ancient India

    Ancient India

    In Ancient India, readers discover the history and impressive accomplishments of the people of ancient India, including their enduring religions and rich literary traditions. Text provides details on the civilization's history, development, daily life, culture, art, technology, warfare, social organization, and more.

  • Ancient Maya

    Ancient Maya

    In Ancient Maya, readers discover the history and impressive accomplishments of the Maya people, including their advanced mathematics and massive stone cities. Text provides details on the civilization's history, development, daily life, culture, art, technology, warfare, social organization, and more.

  • Ancient Mesopotamia

    Ancient Mesopotamia

    In Ancient Mesopotamia, readers discover the history and impressive accomplishments of the ancient Mesopotamians, including their extraordinary cultural achievements and technological wonders. Text provides details on the civilization's history, development, daily life, culture, art, technology, warfare, social organization, and more.

  • Ancient Rome

    Ancient Rome

    This book explores the history of the Roman Empire and its influences on today's democratic governments, literature and films, architecture, and even professional football.

  • Ancient Rome: From Romulus and Remus to the Visigoth Invasion

    Ancient Rome: From Romulus and Remus to the Visigoth Invasion

    This book covers the history of ancient Rome as it was shaped by strife and by prosperity, making it a cradle of endless and enduring possibilities.

  • Ancient Rome

    Ancient Rome

    Explores the legacy of the Roman Empire and its famous leaders such as Julius Caesar, along with the society, politics and beliefs of this ancient civilization, which has influenced the Western world for centuries.

  • Ancient Rome: An Illustrated History

    Ancient Rome: An Illustrated History

    Covers the legendary founding of Rome by Romulus in 753 BCE, to the heights of the Roman Empire around 117 CE, and on to the death of Theodosius (the last man to rule over a unified Roman Empire) in 395 CE.

  • Ancient Rome

    Ancient Rome

    In Ancient Rome, readers discover the history and impressive accomplishments of the ancient Romans, including their military power and feats of engineering. Text provides details on the civilization's history, development, daily life, culture, art, technology, warfare, social organization, and more.

  • Andrew Jackson

    Andrew Jackson

    This volume covers Andrew Jackson, the seventh president of the United States, often remembered for his 'firsts'; he was the first leader from west of the Appalachians and the first to win office by directly appealing to the American people, rather than relying on association with a political party. It chronicles his military career during the War of 1812.

  • Animal Rights and Welfare: A Documentary and Reference Guide

    Animal Rights and Welfare: A Documentary and Reference Guide

    Through the use of primary sources, this book addresses a range of topics within the subject of animal rights and welfare, including zoos, animal testing, philosophy regarding the treatment of animals, and practical measures instituted to protect animals.

  • Animal Sciences

    Animal Sciences

    Provides a wide range of scientific, historical and cultural information about the animal world. Covers careers in the animal sciences in addition to biological concepts, the history of zoology, biographies of scientists, and ethical issues such as the practice of animal experimentation. Includes illustrations, sidebars, charts, a glossary, bibliographies, filmographies and the addresses of institutions devoted to the protection and

  • Animals: From Mythology to Zoology

    Animals: From Mythology to Zoology

    Provides brief glimpses of some of the events that have led to the present scientific understanding of animals, as well as short accounts of the lives of a few individuals who have contributed to that story.

  • Antarctica and the Arctic Circle: A Geographic Encyclopedia of the Earth's Polar Regions

    Antarctica and the Arctic Circle: A Geographic Encyclopedia of the Earth's Polar Regions

    This two-volume encyclopedia lays a foundation for understanding global warming and other issues related to the North and South Poles. Approximately 350 alphabetically arranged entries treat key terms and topics, important expeditions, major figures, territorial disputes, and much more. Expedition tourism is covered, as is climate change.

  • Anti-Immigration in the United States: A Historical Encyclopedia

    Anti-Immigration in the United States: A Historical Encyclopedia

    Covers major historical periods and relevant concepts, as well as discussions of various anti-immigration stances. Leading figures and groups in the anti-immigration movements of the past and present are also explored.

  • Anti-Semitism and the

    Anti-Semitism and the "Final Solution": The Holocaust Overview

    This book analyzes the factors that led to the persecution of Jews, as well as the rise and fall of Hitler's Third Reich.

  • Arab-Israeli Conflict: The Essential Reference Guide

    Arab-Israeli Conflict: The Essential Reference Guide

    This book is an introduction to the origins, events, and impact of the adversarial relationship between Arabs and Israelis. It illuminates the complexities and the consequences of this long-lasting conflict.

  • Archaeology: Excavating Our Past

    Archaeology: Excavating Our Past

    In this book, readers discover archaeologists' goals as they dig up discoveries and the training needed to get a foothold in the field. It lays out the rich stages of archeological history, and readers learn why this field remains so important to this day.

  • Architects of the Information Age

    Architects of the Information Age

    Provides an introduction to the titans of the technology industry, including Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, and Mark Zuckerberg.

  • Are We Running Out of Energy?

    Are We Running Out of Energy?

    This work looks at the worldwide drive to produce and consume increasing amounts of energy and at its potentially catastrophic effects on the environment.

  • Arithmetic: The Foundation of Mathematics

    Arithmetic: The Foundation of Mathematics

    This book provides an overview of arithmetic. It offers examples of how they are used in routine activities, such as social media applications.

  • Armored Tanks: Battlefield Dominance

    Armored Tanks: Battlefield Dominance

    This book discusses the armored tank. Used all over the world, the armored tank has become a standard military weapon. Learn how they work, what they do, and why they are so effective from the soldiers who operate them.

  • Arms Control: History, Theory, and Policy

    Arms Control: History, Theory, and Policy

    This encyclopedia provides a reference on the recent history and contemporary practice of arms control and nonproliferation.

  • Art That Changed the World

    Art That Changed the World

    This guide tells the story of every major art style, movement by movement, from ancient and medieval times to modern day, giving art lovers a visual timeline showing key paintings that sparked each transition and explaining major events that shaped their evolution.

  • Art and Architecture of the Worlds Religions

    Art and Architecture of the Worlds Religions

    Explores the major faiths from countries and continents around the globe, to help understand the creations their beliefs have inspired.

  • Art in World History

    Art in World History

    This book covers art from the Paleolithic period and the millennium-long heyday of porcelain to performance art of the postmodernist world, exploring the origins of art making and the case for including visual studies in world history. Overviews on vernacular architecture and textiles examine how the study of these art forms can provide insight on a people's aesthetic sense and development, as well as on the cultural, political, and

  • Artifacts from Ancient Rome

    Artifacts from Ancient Rome

    This book provides a unique social history that explores major aspects of daily life in a long-ago era via images of physical objects and historical information about these items. Entries on the artifacts follow, with each containing an introduction, a description of the artifact, an explanation of its significance, and a list of further sources of information.

  • Artifacts from Medieval Europe

    Artifacts from Medieval Europe

    This book provides a unique social history that explores major aspects of daily life in a long-ago era via images of physical objects and historical information about these items. Entries on the artifacts follow, with each containing an introduction, a description of the artifact, an explanation of its significance, and a list of further sources of information.

  • Arts and Humanities Through the Eras

    Arts and Humanities Through the Eras

    Profiling milestones and movements in the arts, literature, music and religion from a specific period, each volume in this set helps students and researchers understand the various disciplines of the humanities in relation to each other, as well as to history and culture. An overview of the period and a chronology of major world events begin each volume.

  • As You Like It

    As You Like It

    Provides a literary analysis of the play 'As You Like It'. Includes information on the history and culture of Elizabethan England.

  • Asian Americans: An Encyclopedia of Social, Cultural, Economic, and Political History

    Asian Americans: An Encyclopedia of Social, Cultural, Economic, and Political History

    This work represents a leading reference resource for Asian American studies that provides up-to-date information about Asian ethnic groups, historical and contemporary events, important policies, and notable individuals. The entries devote attention to diverse Asian and Pacific Islander American groups as well as the roles of women, distinct socioeconomic classes, Asian American political and social movements, and race relations in

  • Astronomical Observations: Astronomy and the Study of Deep Space

    Astronomical Observations: Astronomy and the Study of Deep Space

    Traces the path of modern astronomy, from initial efforts to map the heavens to today's use of high-tech telescopes and cutting-edge devices that help people delve deeper into celestial discovery.

  • Astronomy: Understanding the Universe

    Astronomy: Understanding the Universe

    Recounts some of the major discovery milestones in the field of astronomy and examines the tools and techniques currently used by astronomers to study the universe.

  • Astronomy: Understanding Celestial Bodies

    Astronomy: Understanding Celestial Bodies

    This title provides an engaging and up-to-date presentation of fundamental astronomy facts and principles. The text explains the nature of celestial bodies such as the planets, dwarf planets, stars, moons, asteroids, and comets. It also examines the tools and techniques used by today's astronomers, including high-tech telescopes, spectroscopy, and computer modeling.

  • At the Table: Food and Family around the World

    At the Table: Food and Family around the World

    This book examines all aspects of dinner in international settings, enabling cross-cultural comparisons and an understanding of the effects of modernization and globalization on food habits.

  • Atlas A-Z, ed. 6

    Atlas A-Z, ed. 6

    This book acts an up-to-date world overview, in a single volume. It consists of an atlas section of detailed maps arranged by continent, and country profiles, arranged alphabetically, providing facts and figures, including details of geography, climate, society, and economics.

  • Atlas of Ancient Worlds

    Atlas of Ancient Worlds

    Provides facts about Egyptian pharaohs, Japanese dynasties, Peruvian people, and other ancient civilizations.

  • Atmosphere: A Scientific History of Air, Weather, and Climate

    Atmosphere: A Scientific History of Air, Weather, and Climate

    Covers atmospheric sciences, beginning with the recognition that air is a material substance (a mixture of gases) and describes the unraveling of its chemical composition.

  • Atmosphere and Air Pollution

    Atmosphere and Air Pollution

    Discusses the many different types of air pollution and its various causes.

  • Auschwitz

    Auschwitz

    This book examines the history of Auschwitz, the infamous Nazi death camp during the Holocaust, and how it came to be built and used.

  • Auschwitz, Bergen-Belsen, Treblinka: The Holocaust Camps

    Auschwitz, Bergen-Belsen, Treblinka: The Holocaust Camps

    This book details the system of camps in Europe during the Holocaust and recounts the horrifying conditions suffered by camp inmates as well as their struggles for life and hope in a world gone mad.

  • Austria, Croatia, and Slovenia

    Austria, Croatia, and Slovenia

    This book gives a thorough introduction to Austria, Croatia, and Slovenia, covering their physical and human geography and their complex and often intersecting histories, tracing their journeys from small settlements and polities in the post-Roman Empire world, illustrating how Austria, Croatia, and Slovenia have progressed through the centuries, and now join together through their membership in the European Union as coequals facing

  • Authors of The Enlightenment: 1660 to 1800

    Authors of The Enlightenment: 1660 to 1800

    Reason, rationality, and reform were the watchwords of the Enlightenment era and the themes of much of the writing that appeared at that time. Such luminaries as Voltaire, Benjamin Franklin, and Thomas Paine took up their pens to illuminate the social injustices and injuries to personal freedom that pervaded their societies. The lives of these writers and others--from novelists, dramatists, and poets to satirists, social critics, an

  • Authors of the 19th Century

    Authors of the 19th Century

    From Romanticism to Realism, the 19th century saw a flourishing of literary movements, as well as the arrival of several now-revered luminaries on the literary scene. This volume examines the lives of some of the 19th century's greatest writers--Jane Austen, Charles Dickens, and Leo Tolstoy, to name just a few--and reveal the stories behind the works they crafted.

  • Authors of the Early to Mid-20th Century

    Authors of the Early to Mid-20th Century

    At the dawn of the 20th century, writers began experimenting with literary styles as never before. The modernism of Marcel Proust, Virginia Woolf, James Joyce, and T.S. Eliot, the existentialism of Jean-Paul Sartre and Albert Camus, Samuel Beckett's absurdist writings, and the range of literary output from around the world reflect the spirit of the period. The lives and works of these and other authors are surveyed in this volume.

  • Authors of the Medieval and Renaissance Eras: 1100 to 1660

    Authors of the Medieval and Renaissance Eras: 1100 to 1660

    By capturing the transformative spirit of the medieval and Renaissance periods, such literary giants as Geoffrey Chaucer, Miguel de Cervantes, William Shakespeare, and John Milton laid the foundations for literature, drama, and poetry today. Readers will be introduced to these and other notable figures whose works have had an enduring impact on the global literary canon.

  • Avant-Garde Poets

    Avant-Garde Poets

    Profiles major poets throughout history and the world, including analyses of their significant individual poems or collections. Discusses influential poets such as Louis Aragon, John Ashbery, Jean Cocteau, and Gertrude Stein.

  • Baby Boom: People and Perspectives

    Baby Boom: People and Perspectives

    Explores the many ways Americans of every race, class, gender, and political leaning experienced the Baby Boom.

  • Bacteria and Viruses

    Bacteria and Viruses

    Explores the structure, nature, and role of both bacteria and viruses as well as all other aspects of microbiology.

  • Bakers Biographical Dictionary of Musicians

    Bakers Biographical Dictionary of Musicians

    Covers all musical genres, with new entries written by a distinguished group of area specialists as well as the original articles by Nicolas Slonimsky. This work continues the tradition of offering the most comprehensive and authoritative information on musicians, along with interesting and insightful evaluations of their contributions to the musical world.

  • Bakers Biographical Dictionary of Popular Musicians Since 1990

    Bakers Biographical Dictionary of Popular Musicians Since 1990

    An A-Z biographical reference that focuses on individual artists and groups in all popular styles active from 1990 to the present, including those in rock, rhythm and blues, rap, country, electronica, jazz, vocal and classical. Features include select discographies, bibliographies, a glossary of musical terms, and other information. Also features appendix essays on various topics including the music industry, rap, and grunge.

  • Bands, Tribes, & First Peoples and Nations

    Bands, Tribes, & First Peoples and Nations

    Anthropology, politics, and history come together to form an insightful blend in this authoritative title covering kinship, tribalism, and nonurban cultures the world over. Both the theory and practical examples of tribal cultures are presented, with several chapters dedicated to the various schools of anthropological thought on nonurban societies, accompanied by a survey of tribal and indigenous cultures both historically and in mo

  • Banking and Finance

    Banking and Finance

    This text examines the role of banks and the process of business financing as insightful text breaks down such terms as interest rate, capital, and dividend.

  • Barack Obama

    Barack Obama

    Barack Obama's life and journey to the White House are chronicled in this volume. The major issues -- including the financial crisis, healthcare, and foreign policy -- faced by his administration are also examined.

  • Barack Obama and the Idea of a Postracial Society

    Barack Obama and the Idea of a Postracial Society

    This guide features Barack Obama, a first-term senator from Illinois, who became the first African American to be nominated for the presidency by a major political party.

  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg

    This book details the Battle of Gettysburg, which occurred July 1-3, 1863. Learn what led up to the battle, including Fort Sumter and the secession of the Southern states, and about the key historical figures, including General Robert E. Lee and his Army of Northern Virginia, Major General George G. Meade and the Union's Army of the Potomac, Union president Abraham Lincoln, Confederate president Jefferson Davis, and military leaders

  • Battle of Hastings

    Battle of Hastings

    This book details the Battle of Hastings, which occurred October 14, 1066. Learn what led up to the battle, including King Edward of England's death without an heir, and about the key historical figures, including King Harold II, the last Anglo-Saxon king of England, Harold Hardrada of Norway, who sought the throne, and William, Duke of Normandy, who won the day and became William I, or William the Conqueror.

  • Battle of Little Bighorn

    Battle of Little Bighorn

    This book details the Battle of Little Bighorn, which occurred June 25-26, 1876. Learn what led up to the battle, including Native Americans' forced movement to the Great Sioux Reservation after the discovery of gold on their land, and about the key historical figures, including Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer, Sitting Bull, Crazy Horse, and Lakota Sioux and Cheyenne warriors.

  • Battle of Normandy

    Battle of Normandy

    This book details the decisive World War II Battle of Normandy, which occurred June 6, 1944. Learn what led up to battle and about the key historical figures, including American presidents Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman, American generals Dwight D. Eisenhower and Omar Bradley, British prime minister Winston Churchill and commander Bernard Law Montgomery, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, and German leader Adolf Hitler and

  • Battle of Waterloo

    Battle of Waterloo

    This book details the Battle of Waterloo, which occurred June 18, 1815. Learn what led up to battle and about the key historical figures, including French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte, Commander of the Allies (Britain, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Germany) Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington, and commander of the Prussian army, Gebhard Leberecht von Blucher.

  • Battles That Changed American History: 100 of the Greatest Victories and Defeat

    Battles That Changed American History: 100 of the Greatest Victories and Defeat

    Spanning more than 500 years of military events, the book begins its coverage with the Battle of Mabila in 1540 during the Age of Discovery and ends with the Second Battle of Falluja during the Iraq War/Insurgency in 2004. The 100 battles spotlighted in this work are deemed to have had the greatest impact on American history.

  • Battles of Lexington and Concord

    Battles of Lexington and Concord

    This book details the Battles of Lexington and Concord, which occurred April 19, 1775. Learn what led up the battle, including the Boston Tea Party, the Intolerable Acts, the Boston Massacre, and the First Continental Congress, and about the key historical figures including Colonial leaders Samuel Adams, John Hancock, Paul Revere, Captain John Parker, and Major John Buttrick and British leaders Major John Pitcairn, General Thomas Ga

  • Battles that Changed History: An Encyclopedia of World Conflict

    Battles that Changed History: An Encyclopedia of World Conflict

    Covers the most decisive and important battles throughout world history, interpreted by a noted military historian.

  • Battling and Managing Disease

    Battling and Managing Disease

    Covers the historical, legal, and scientific factors that form the basis of public health locally and globally.

  • Beat Poets

    Beat Poets

    Profiles major poets throughout history and the world, including analyses of their significant individual poems or collections. Discusses influential beat poets such as Paul Blackburn, Robert Duncan, Anselm Hollo, Marie Ponsot, and Allen Ginsberg.

  • Belgium, Luxembourg, and The Netherlands

    Belgium, Luxembourg, and The Netherlands

    Despite being known as the Low Countries, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands are far from insignificant. Each of the three countries have rich histories, and what they lack in size or population, they make up for in thriving cultural climates. This book pays each country its due, surveying the lands, societies, traditions, and histories that have elevated the Low Countries on the world stage.

  • Biblical Allusions

    Biblical Allusions

    This title examines the role and theme of Biblical allusions in The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, The Matrix, Lord of the Flies, and The Lion King. It features four analysis papers that consider Biblical allusions, each using different critical lenses, writing techniques, or aspects of the theme.

  • Bioengineering

    Bioengineering

    This book covers recent advances in bioengineering that have changed both the world in which we live and the bodies within which we live. Among the topics covered are homeostasis, biological and artificial control systems, diagnostic imaging, prostheses, biomaterials, environmental engineering, and various subfields of bioengineering.

  • Biographical Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa

    Biographical Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa

    Illuminates the lives of the most influential and controversial figures in the Middle East and North Africa who came to prominence during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Includes profiles of contemporary leaders who belong to various political, ethnic, and religious groups, as well as notable individuals associated with business, law, science, social issues, sports, entertainment, literature, and the fine and performing ar

  • Biographies of the American Revolution: Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, John Paul Jones, and more

    Biographies of the American Revolution: Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, John Paul Jones, and more

    This volume profiles some of the notable military and political leaders of Revolution as well as some of the lesser-known figures instrumental to securing the country's future.

  • Biographies of the Civil War and Reconstruction: Abraham Lincoln, Robert E. Lee, Ulysses S. Grant, and more

    Biographies of the Civil War and Reconstruction: Abraham Lincoln, Robert E. Lee, Ulysses S. Grant, and more

    This volume profiles many of the soldiers, generals, political leaders, and social activists who left indelible marks on the Civil War and Reconstruction eras, thereby altering the entire course of American history.

  • Biographies of the New American Nation: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Frederick Douglass, and more

    Biographies of the New American Nation: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Frederick Douglass, and more

    This volume surveys the lives of the individuals responsible for some of the nation's earliest political, social, and cultural achievements.

  • Biographies of the New World: Leif Eriksson, Henry Hudson, Charles Darwin, and more

    Biographies of the New World: Leif Eriksson, Henry Hudson, Charles Darwin, and more

    This volume examines the lives of explorers from across Europe--including Leif Eriksson, Sir Francis Drake, and Alexander von Humboldt--who voyaged to the New World. They discovered the lands that would later be known as the Americas--motivated by curiosity, commercial interests, or scientific inquiry.

  • Biographies of the New World Power: Rutherford B. Hayes, Thomas Alva Edison, Margaret Sanger, and more

    Biographies of the New World Power: Rutherford B. Hayes, Thomas Alva Edison, Margaret Sanger, and more

    This volume examines the lives of many of the noteworthy individuals of the time--including Andrew Carnegie, Susan B. Anthony, and Theodore Roosevelt--and the lasting influence they have had over time.

  • Biology: Understanding Living Matter

    Biology: Understanding Living Matter

    This volume is a straightforward, comprehensive guide to the study of living matter: what it is composed of, how it reproduces, how it reacts to the environment around it, and how it evolves. Readers will enjoy the bright photos and engaging information while learning an important part of the study of biology.

  • Biology

    Biology

    Explains biological concepts and explores related fields as well as the history of biological science. Discusses critical issues such as embryogenesis and commercial applications of research in biology and addresses ethical issues. Provides information on careers in biology and contains color illustrations, sidebars, bibliographies, timelines, charts, and a glossary.

  • Biology, ed. 2

    Biology, ed. 2

    Explains biological concepts and explores related fields as well as the history of biological science. Discusses critical issues such as embryogenesis and commercial applications of research in biology and addresses ethical issues. Provides information on careers in biology. Contains sidebars, bibliographies, timelines, charts, a glossary, and individual and cumulative indexes.

  • Biomes and Ecosystems

    Biomes and Ecosystems

    Examines the animals and plants from the many diverse biomes and ecosystems found on the planet, along with influential factors on these terrains such as evolution.

  • Biomes and Ecosystems

    Biomes and Ecosystems

    This book presents the extraordinary diversity of life on Earth through the lens of the diversity of biomes and ecosystems. The overview essays fall into a set of broad divisions: marine and oceanic biomes, inland aquatic biomes, deserts, forests, and grasslands, tundra, and human-dominated systems, and the place-based articles provide greater detail on particular ecosystems, such as the Great Barrier Reef.

  • Biopharmaceuticals

    Biopharmaceuticals

    This book examines the history of biopharmaceuticals, the ins and outs of the pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical industries, and the future of the field.

  • Biotechnology: In Context

    Biotechnology: In Context

    Examines biotechnology and related subjects in the context of science, government, politics, culture and society, and the environment. It also covers historical, political and ethical debates and issues.

  • Biotechnology: Changing Life Through Science

    Biotechnology: Changing Life Through Science

    Covers biotechnological applications ranging across medicine, agriculture, and industry. Devoted to helping younger students and general readers understand the fast-developing science and issues related to: advances in biotechnology, the science of molecular biology and genetics.

  • Birds

    Birds

    Illustrations and photos assist in a detailed exploration of birds, including the art of flying, diversity, and distribution and variation of species across the world. Covers today's most popular science topics, from digital TV to microchips to touchscreens and beyond. Perennial subjects in earth science, life science, and physical science are all explored in detail.

  • Black American Biographies: The Journey of Achievement

    Black American Biographies: The Journey of Achievement

    This book profiles many Black Americans, from Frederick Douglass to Oprah Winfrey to Barack Obama, whose efforts and ideas continue to enrich the foundations of the nation.

  • Black Literature Criticism, ed. 2: Classic and Emerging Authors since 1950

    Black Literature Criticism, ed. 2: Classic and Emerging Authors since 1950

    Focuses on writers and works published since 1950. The majority of the authors surveyed are African American, but representative African and Caribbean authors are also included.

  • Body Systems

    Body Systems

    Covers the 14 systems of the human body and their role and functions both from an individual organ perspective and each system as a whole, as well as what occurs when systems are not functioning properly due to injury, disease, or other causes. Entries cover the development of each body system from birth to full adult growth, as well as adjustments by the body during the senior years.

  • Boom and Bust: The American Cinema in the 1940s

    Boom and Bust: The American Cinema in the 1940s

    Covers the period of 1939-1949, when the film industry came to grips with the development of the documentary, a shift to independent production, renewed government antitrust activity, and the emergence of television as a competitor.

  • Bowling, Beatniks, and Bell-Bottoms, ed. 2: Pop Culture of 20th- and 21st-Century America

    Bowling, Beatniks, and Bell-Bottoms, ed. 2: Pop Culture of 20th- and 21st-Century America

    Covers the popular culture of the 20th Century and first decade of the 21st Century. Provides a cross-disciplinary source for junior and high school students and teachers, public librarians and general researchers who need a single, consistent reference to explore and analyze the social trends, events, and people that have impacted contemporary history.

  • Breakthroughs in Telephone Technology: From Bell to Smartphones

    Breakthroughs in Telephone Technology: From Bell to Smartphones

    Examines the development of the telephone and related technologies, including everything from the transistor to fax machines, smart phones, and VoIP technology.

  • British Colonial America: People and Perspectives

    British Colonial America: People and Perspectives

    Reveals the day-to-day lives of the British colonists who laid the foundation for what became the United States.

  • British, Irish, and Commonwealth Poets, ed. 4

    British, Irish, and Commonwealth Poets, ed. 4

    Profiles major poets throughout history and the world, including analyses of their significant individual poems or collections. This subset focuses on British, Irish, and Commonwealth poets.

  • Building Blocks of Matter: A Supplement to the Macmillan Encyclopedia of Physics

    Building Blocks of Matter: A Supplement to the Macmillan Encyclopedia of Physics

    This supplement to the Macmillan Encyclopedia of Physics presents the most recent data on particle physics. Reviews all observed and theoretical particles known to date, retracing the history of each particle's discovery and function. Covers current research; practical applications both hypothetical and actual; and provides biographical entries on scientists who made significant contributions. Case studies and experiments round out

  • Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia

    Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia

    This book takes a look at five countries in this region--Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia--exploring both what they are like today and how they have become what they are through the course of their histories. Each had ties to the Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman empires in earlier times, all became Eastern-bloc countries in the 20th century, and all successfully emerged from Communist rule in the late 20th a

  • Business Leader Profiles for Students

    Business Leader Profiles for Students

    Profiles of significant contributors to business and industry, past and present, written especially for high school students.

  • Business Plans Handbook, Vol. 1

    Business Plans Handbook, Vol. 1

    Actual business plans compiled by, and aimed at, entrepreneurs seeking funding for small businesses. Presents sample plans taken from businesses in the manufacturing, retail and service industries which serve as examples of how to approach, structure and compose business plans.

  • CDs, Super Glue, and Salsa: How Everyday Products are Made, Series 3

    CDs, Super Glue, and Salsa: How Everyday Products are Made, Series 3

    Provides descriptions of household and high-interest products, step-by-step descriptions of manufacturing processes, and sidebars with additional information. Covers for each entry: why there was a need, who invented it, how it is made, what it is made of, and how it works. Includes photographs, illustrations and line drawings, and a glossary of definitions.

  • Campaigning for President in America, 1788?2016

    Campaigning for President in America, 1788?2016

    Provides insight into the major issues and events surrounding American presidential elections across more than two centuries, from the earliest years of the Republic through the campaigns of the 21st century.

  • Capitalism

    Capitalism

    This book covers Capitalism, an economic system that prizes free and competitive markets, private ownership, and a comparatively small role for government intervention and regulation. Yet capitalism also has many political undertones and has become associated with notions of freedom, individualism, self-determination, and anti-unionism.

  • Career Information Center, ed. 10

    Career Information Center, ed. 10

    Provides the most current information available on careers in the United States and Canada to people of all ages and all stages of career development. Each volume covers a career cluster and its common career pathways. Job profiles cover the following: job facts, nature of work, work environment, education, licenses, certification, and training, job outlook, similar occupations, and sources of additional information such as books, a

  • Careers: The Graphic Guide to Findng the Perfect Job for You

    Careers: The Graphic Guide to Findng the Perfect Job for You

    This book about careers is the perfect guide for teens to start thinking about a career. Charts and tables are included to help young people gauge interest about possible careers.

  • CaseBase, Vol. 1: Case Studies in Global Business

    CaseBase, Vol. 1: Case Studies in Global Business

    Covers business case studies focused on issues in emerging markets and emerging industries across the globe.

  • Catastophic Events of the 2000s

    Catastophic Events of the 2000s

    This text recounts the catastrophic events that took place in the 2000s, including a massive and deadly tsunami, a bridge collapse, killer tornadoes, and devastating terrorist acts.

  • Cause & Effect: The Fall of the Soviet Union

    Cause & Effect: The Fall of the Soviet Union

    This title begins with a brief history of the Soviet Union's collapse and then examines these questions: How did czarist policies contribute to the rise of communism? How did Soviet economic polices lead to collapse? What role did the Cold War weapons buildup play in the Soviet collapse? How did the collapse of the Soviet Union lead to war and ethnic conflict?

  • Cause & Effect: September 11 Attacks

    Cause & Effect: September 11 Attacks

    This title begins with a brief history of the September 11 attacks and then examines the following questions: How did the Afghan-Soviet War contribute to the rise of Islamist terrorism? How did Middle East politics contribute to the rise of al-Qaeda? How did the attack by a stateless group lead to us wars in Afghanistan and Iraq? How did life in the United States change after the September 11 attacks?

  • Cause & Effect: The American Revolution

    Cause & Effect: The American Revolution

    This title begins with a brief history of the American Revolution and then examines these questions: How did the actions by the King and Parliament give rise to the Revolution? How did the battles of Trenton and Princeton change the course of the Revolution? How did assistance from France help the American cause? How did the American Revolution spark change throughout the world?

  • Cause & Effect: The Fall of Rome

    Cause & Effect: The Fall of Rome

    This title begins with a brief history of Rome's fall and then examines these questions: Did the barbarian invasions cause Rome's fall? Did internal disunities fatally weaken Rome? Did economic and military factors destroy Rome? Which aspects of Rome survived to become its legacy?

  • Cause & Effect: The French Revolution

    Cause & Effect: The French Revolution

    This title begins with a brief history of the French Revolution and then examines the following questions: How did inequality lead to revolution? How did the Enlightenment contribute to the toppling of the French monarchy? How did the Revolution result in a reign of terror? How did the French Revolution lead to the rise of Napoleon?

  • Cause & Effect: World War II

    Cause & Effect: World War II

    This title begins with a brief history of World War II and then examines these questions: How did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to Hitler's rise? How did the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor influence the war's outcome? How did the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union change the course of the war? How did the end of World War II contribute to the start of the Cold War?

  • Celebrating Women in American History

    Celebrating Women in American History

    Presents a diverse and panoramic view of women and their accomplishments in American history by bringing their achievements to light and helping them gain the recognition they deserve.

  • Central & South America

    Central & South America

    This volume provides insight into the social, cultural, economic, historical, and religious practices of countries in Central and South America.

  • Central, South & Southeast Asia

    Central, South & Southeast Asia

    This volume provides insight into the social, cultural, economic, historical, and religious practices of countries in Central, South, and Southeast Asia.

  • Checks and Balances: The Three Branches of the American Government

    Checks and Balances: The Three Branches of the American Government

    Presents easy to understand information about the inner workings of the federal government. Includes historical overviews and examinations of the day-to-day operations of each branch, as well as Constitutional duties and obligations of each branch, specifics related to eligibility, elections and appointments of key positions, changes since 1776, the future of each branch, and other topics. For student and general audiences.

  • Chemical Compounds

    Chemical Compounds

    Offers information on the ways in which different chemical elements combine to form commonly-used chemical compounds, such as water, ammonia, and aspirin. Defines what a chemical compound actually is and the difference between organic and inorganic compounds, as well as providing definitions of acids, bases, salts, oxides, and coordination compounds. Features a general historical overview of major discoveries and the notable scienti

  • Chemical Elements, ed. 2

    Chemical Elements, ed. 2

    Provides in-depth information on 112 known chemical elements, plus coverage of recently discovered elements 113 through 116 and 118.

  • Chemistry: Foundations and Applications

    Chemistry: Foundations and Applications

    Provides a broad approach to chemistry, its laws, processes, applications and subdisciplines, and its many branches, including inorganic, industrial, atmospheric and computational chemistry as well as biotechnology, including biographies of scientists past and present. Reviews the history of the field up to modern research and practical applications, and topical essays examine the role chemistry plays in various aspects of everyday

  • Chemistry: Understanding Substance and Matter

    Chemistry: Understanding Substance and Matter

    In this volume, readers learn about the history of chemistry and the concepts they might encounter in an introductory chemistry course, including chemical and volumetric analysis, atomic theory, gravitation, elements and the periodic table, chemical reactions and formulas, and organic and inorganic compounds and bonds.

  • Children of the Holocaust

    Children of the Holocaust

    This series examines the people and events that lie at the heart of the Holocaust. This title focuses on the experiences of Jewish children.

  • Christianity: History, Belief, and Practice

    Christianity: History, Belief, and Practice

    Examines one of the most influential religions in the world, Christianity, and its evolution, philosophy, and history throughout the centuries.

  • Christianity, Rev. ed.

    Christianity, Rev. ed.

    Covers the faith of Christianity from its origins to its role in the 21st century.

  • Chronology of the U.S. Presidency

    Chronology of the U.S. Presidency

    This work covers each president's early life and rise to power, the pivotal events during his presidency, and when applicable, his post-presidential life.

  • Cities of the World, ed. 6

    Cities of the World, ed. 6

    A compilation of current information on cultural, geographic, and political conditions in 193 countries and their cities covering six continents, based on the Department of State's Post Reports. Maps and photos of many cities included.

  • Civil Rights Movement: People and Perspectives

    Civil Rights Movement: People and Perspectives

    Documents the importance of the civil rights movement and its lasting impression on American society and culture.

  • Civil War: People and Perspectives

    Civil War: People and Perspectives

    Offers a social historian's view of the Civil War, shifting the focus away from political and military leaders to look at how the war affected, and was affected by, ordinary citizens of all kinds.

  • Civil War

    Civil War

    This book explores the causes of and events leading to the American Civil War, including slavery, Abraham Lincoln's presidential victory, secession, and the Battle of Fort Sumter. Easy-to-read, engaging text discusses major battles and key figures of the war and the technology and weapons used during the war.

  • Classical Authors: 500 BCE to 1100 CE

    Classical Authors: 500 BCE to 1100 CE

    Epics such as Homer's Odyssey and Virgil's Aeneid and tales such as those contained in the collected The Thousand and One Nights offer readers a glimpse into ancient cultures and eras. This volume profiles individuals and works that have withstood the test of time, remaining culturally significant and influential for centuries.

  • Clean Air and Clean Water Acts

    Clean Air and Clean Water Acts

    Takes a behind the scenes view to show the drama that led to the passing of the Clean Air and Clean Water Acts and the effect that this bill has had in the development of our country.

  • Climate Change: An Encyclopedia of Science and History

    Climate Change: An Encyclopedia of Science and History

    This book provides a holistic consideration of climate change that goes beyond pure science, fleshing out the discussion by considering cultural, historical, and policy-driven aspects of this important issue.

  • Climate Change: Our Warming Earth

    Climate Change: Our Warming Earth

    This title presents the history of climate change. The text details how early studies of greenhouse gases and climate models led to our modern understanding of Earth's climate. It also puts a spotlight on the brilliant scientists who made these advances possible.

  • Climate Change: In Context

    Climate Change: In Context

    Offers coverage of the history, politics, and ethical debates related to climate change, including the impact of climate change on daily life, trade and commerce, travel, and the future of both industrialized and impoverished nations. Provides insights on leading social issues and spurs critical thinking about the impact of environmental issues on daily life and globalization.

  • Climate and Climate Change

    Climate and Climate Change

    Covers the relationship between human activity and global climate change, in addition to factors that contribute to global warming and how Earth's atmosphere is affected.

  • Cloning

    Cloning

    This book explores the history, science, applications, and ethical issues of cloning. Profiles include pioneers in the field, including John Bertrand Gurdon, Ian Wilmut, Shinya Yamanaka, and James Thomson.

  • Clothing and Fashion: American Fashion from Head to Toe

    Clothing and Fashion: American Fashion from Head to Toe

    This encyclopedia examines the historical significance of fashion trends, revealing the social and cultural connections of clothing from the precolonial times to the present day. This overview of fashion and apparel covers several centuries of American history as seen through the lens of the clothes we wear--from the Native American moccasin to Manolo Blahnik's contribution to stiletto heels.

  • Cold War: The Essential Reference Guide

    Cold War: The Essential Reference Guide

    This work is intended to introduce students to the tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States that dominated international affairs in the second half of the 20th century.

  • Cold War: A Student Encyclopedia

    Cold War: A Student Encyclopedia

    Offers portrayals of leading individuals, significant battles, economic developments, societal/cultural events, changes in military technology, and major treaties and diplomatic agreements during the Cold War.

  • Cold War Reference Library

    Cold War Reference Library

    Covers the Cold War period between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II through 1989. Includes discussion of the historic causes of the tension and information on the lives and actions of major figures, such as Harry Truman, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin.

  • Cold War and McCarthy Era: People and Perspectives

    Cold War and McCarthy Era: People and Perspectives

    Covers how the Cold War and McCarthy eras affected men, women, and children of varying backgrounds to provide a more personal examination of this important era.

  • Colonial America

    Colonial America

    This book explores the colonial period of American history, a time during which the foundation of the United States was built.

  • Colonial America Reference Library

    Colonial America Reference Library

    The Colonial America Reference Library provides students with the comprehensive information on the Colonial American period they need to write reports and class assignments including biographical profiles and primary source documents.

  • Company Profiles for Students

    Company Profiles for Students

    Covers more than 400 prominent companies most studied by students. Entries follow a standard set of rubrics to facilitate comparison between companies. Also included are company logos, illustrations and ticker symbols, current market share, new products, and where to write for an annual report.

  • Competing Voices from the Russian Revolution

    Competing Voices from the Russian Revolution

    Presents documents that cover public discussion about key events and issues during the 1917 Russian Revolution.

  • Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography

    Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography

    Provides information on the history of science through articles on the professional lives of scientists. All periods of science from classical antiquity to modern times are represented.

  • Complete Family Nutrition

    Complete Family Nutrition

    This book guides parents on healthy food choices for their families, using tailored advice for every age group, from infants to adults. From essential nutrients to ideal serving size, this book explains how nutrition can promote healthy weight, optimal memory, growth and development, digestive health, and balanced moods, and provides nutritious, healthy recipes to help any family achieve this.

  • Complete Flags of the World

    Complete Flags of the World

    This guide provides everything you need to know about flags, from the meaning behind the designs and symbols of the world's 196 national flags, to information on the use of flags and banners in other fields, as well as their starring role in famous historical moments. This book is the ultimate reference, explaining the widespread use and significance of flags and how they have evolved over the course of history.

  • Computer Sciences, ed. 2

    Computer Sciences, ed. 2

    Reviews the history of computer science, discusses concepts, and profiles contributors in the field. Also explores the impact of computers on society, with examples in literature and film to illustrate and support trends. Includes illustrations, sidebars, bibliographies, filmographies, timelines, charts, and a glossary. For general audiences.

  • Computers in Science and Mathematics

    Computers in Science and Mathematics

    Examines the contributions that have been made to computer technology as well as the many ways in which scientists and mathematicians use computers in their daily work.

  • Computing: From the Abacus to the iPad

    Computing: From the Abacus to the iPad

    Chronicles the history of computing devices, from simple tabulators such as the abacus and the earliest analog calculators to the tablet computer.

  • Concise Major 21st Century Writers

    Concise Major 21st Century Writers

    A comprehensive, five-volume set, Concise Major 21st-Century Writers profiles today's most outstanding and widely known writers. Clearly written in an easy-to-use format, it collects detailed biographical and bibliographical information on approximately 700 authors who are most often studied in college and high school.

  • Conflict and Conquest in the Islamic World: A Historical Encyclopedia

    Conflict and Conquest in the Islamic World: A Historical Encyclopedia

    Documents the extensive military history of the Islamic world between the 7th century and the present day.

  • Conflict in Ancient Greece and Rome: The Definitive Political, Social, and Military Encyclopedia

    Conflict in Ancient Greece and Rome: The Definitive Political, Social, and Military Encyclopedia

    The complex role warfare played in ancient Greek and Roman civilizations is examined through coverage of key wars and battles; important leaders, armies, organizations, and weapons; and other noteworthy aspects of conflict. The set covers ancient Greek history from archaic times to the Roman conquest and ancient Roman history from early Rome to the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 CE.

  • Conflict in the Early Americas: An Encyclopedia of the Spanish Empire's Aztec, Incan, and Mayan Conquests

    Conflict in the Early Americas: An Encyclopedia of the Spanish Empire's Aztec, Incan, and Mayan Conquests

    This detailed study focuses primarily on the defeat of the Aztec, Incan, and Mayan civilizations, but also includes Spanish interactions with lesser-known native groups.

  • Congress A to Z, ed. 6

    Congress A to Z, ed. 6

    Explains key aspects of the national legislature, its organization, processes, personalities, major legislation, and history. Includes entries covering congressional events of recent years.

  • Conservation and Ecology

    Conservation and Ecology

    Examines the efforts of wildlife conservation and wildlife preservation and the factors such as pollution and habitat destruction that have put so many species at risk.

  • Constitutional Amendments: An Encyclopedia of the People, Procedures, Politics, Primary Documents and Campaigns for the 27 Amendments to the Constitution of the United States

    Constitutional Amendments: An Encyclopedia of the People, Procedures, Politics, Primary Documents and Campaigns for the 27 Amendments to the Constitution of the United States

    This reference work defines the 27 amendments in comprehensive chapters with detailed narratives on the process behind each amendment. Each chapter includes a valuable collection of supportive material, such as biographies of individuals significant to the amendment's passage, reprints of actual political debates, newspaper articles, government reports, and Supreme Court cases.

  • Constitutional Amendments, ed. 2: From Freedom of Speech to Flag Burning

    Constitutional Amendments, ed. 2: From Freedom of Speech to Flag Burning

    Provides the history and social context of the amendment process, covering each of the 27 amendments. Significant issues, events, figures, movements and judicial/legislative actions in the history of each amendment are also covered chronologically.

  • Consumer Health Care

    Consumer Health Care

    This text focuses on the U.S. healthcare system and the individual's experience with it. Entries cover topics related to the current state of health insurance, the various kinds (including government programs like Medicare and Medicaid) and methods of its delivery, as well as the history of insurance and the evolution of our current for-profit system. Healthcare legislation and reform is also discussed.

  • Contemporary American Religion

    Contemporary American Religion

    Explores contemporary American religion in all its diversity. In addition to profiling religious groups, from the modern forms of Catholicism and Judaism to cults such as Heaven's Gate and the Branch Davidians, the set includes articles on cultural, social, and legal issues, as well as holidays and celebrations, the arts, and other topics. 2 volumes. For general and academic audiences.

  • Contemporary Authors: 1945 to the Present

    Contemporary Authors: 1945 to the Present

    In the tradition established by literary heavyweights who came before, modern writers of all backgrounds have continued to entertain and to confront the social, cultural, and psychological realities of the times with their own flair and insight. This volume profiles a diverse selection of authors--from Toni Morrison to Sylvia Plath to Stephen King to David Foster Wallace--an attestation to the scope and complexity of modern society.

  • Contemporary Black Biography, Vol. 1

    Contemporary Black Biography, Vol. 1

    Provides biographical profiles of the important and influential persons of African American and/or black heritage. Covers persons of various nationalities in a wide variety of fields, including architecture, art, business, dance, education, fashion, film, industry, journalism, law, literature, medicine, music, politics and government, publishing, religion, science and technology, social issues, sports, television, theater, and others.

  • Contemporary Fashion, ed. 2

    Contemporary Fashion, ed. 2

    Provides biographical and critical coverage of primarily U.S. designers, milliners, footwear designers, fashion companies and textile houses. Entries include a biographical summary; primary and secondary bibliography that includes articles and exhibition catalogs; and a signed, critical essay written by an expert in the field as well as photographs.

  • Contemporary Hispanic Biography, Vol. 1

    Contemporary Hispanic Biography, Vol. 1

    Provides informative biographical profiles of the important and influential persons of Latino heritage who form the international Hispanic community. Covers persons of various nationalities in a wide variety of fields, including art, music and literature to science, politics and business.

  • Contemporary Immigration in America: A State-by-State Encyclopedia

    Contemporary Immigration in America: A State-by-State Encyclopedia

    This encyclopedia examines state and local immigration issues and policies for all 50 states.

  • Contemporary Novelists, ed. 7

    Contemporary Novelists, ed. 7

    Concise discussions of the lives and principal works of contemporary novelists, written by subject experts.

  • Contemporary Poets, ed. 7

    Contemporary Poets, ed. 7

    Concise discussions of the lives and principal works of poets from around the world, written by subject experts.

  • Contemporary Supreme Court Cases, ed. 2: Landmark Decisions since Roe v. Wade

    Contemporary Supreme Court Cases, ed. 2: Landmark Decisions since Roe v. Wade

    This book serves to explain the legal and cultural underpinnings of landmark U.S. Supreme Court decisions of the past 35 years -- and to illuminate how these decisions have shaped the trajectory and character of modern American society.

  • Controlling Earths Pollutants

    Controlling Earths Pollutants

    Provides comprehensive information on pollution, the interrelationships of the natural world, environmental problems both natural and man-made, the relative risks associated with these problems, and solutions for resolving and/or preventing them.

  • Corporal Punishment around the World

    Corporal Punishment around the World

    Provides an insightful research-based overview of corporal punishment as implemented in a variety of venues and cultures. It is the first comprehensive analysis of practices that while often controversial, remain deeply ingrained in human culture.

  • Cosmology: Understanding the Evolution of the Universe

    Cosmology: Understanding the Evolution of the Universe

    This volume examines the historical developments in the field of cosmology, the evidence supporting the Big Bang theory, and the future implications of dark matter and an expanding universe.

  • Countdown to Catastrophe

    Countdown to Catastrophe

    Covers the aftermath of World War I and events in Europe, Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and the U.S. from 1919 to 1939 which lead to the outbreak of World War II.

  • Counterterrorism: From the Cold War to the War on Terror

    Counterterrorism: From the Cold War to the War on Terror

    This book addresses counterterrorism issues from the days of the Cold War to the current global campaign. It provides a comprehensive examination of modern nation-state legislative, military, and nonmilitary attempts tocombat terrorism within and outside borders. Special emphasis is placed on the counterterrorism efforts of the international community, post-911.

  • Countries and Their Cultures

    Countries and Their Cultures

    Presents the cultural similarities within a country that set it apart from others by examining over 200 countries to document the myriad ways in which culture defines and separates the nations of the world as much as geographical borders do. Surveys each country's shared values, behaviors and cultural variations from foods and rituals to pastimes and arts, using a standard entry format for easy comparison. Provides illustrations, ph

  • Crime Fighting

    Crime Fighting

    This work examines advancements in forensic science and explores the positive and negative aspects of using this technology to fight crime.

  • Crime Labs

    Crime Labs

    Examples of actual cases accompany an exploration of the history of crime labs, discussing the equipment and techniques used in various types of forensic analysis.

  • Crime and Punishment around the World

    Crime and Punishment around the World

    Explores crime and punishment throughout the world through the eyes of leading experts, local authors and scholars, and government officials.

  • Crime and Punishment in America Reference Library

    Crime and Punishment in America Reference Library

    Covering the evolution of the American criminal justice system throughout history, Crime and Punishment in America Reference Library explores everything from juvenile justice to organized crime.

  • Crimes of the Centuries: Notorious Crimes, Criminals, and Criminal Trials in American History

    Crimes of the Centuries: Notorious Crimes, Criminals, and Criminal Trials in American History

    This resource offers a comprehensive summary of the misdeeds, perpetrators, and victims involved in the most memorable crime events in American history, featuring the most famous crimes and trials in the United States since colonial times.

  • Crisis in a Divided Korea: A Chronology and Reference Guide

    Crisis in a Divided Korea: A Chronology and Reference Guide

    This book presents readers with descriptions of historical developments in Korea's past and supplies the necessary context for understanding why the Korean Peninsula remains divided today. Includes a broad overview of events in Korea's history from ancient times through the start of World War II, as well as Korea's role in the Cold War.

  • Critical Survey of Shakespeares Sonnets

    Critical Survey of Shakespeares Sonnets

    This work offers a collection of new essays on the Sonnets written by William Shakespeare. Each essay is devoted to a single sonnet and provides an in-depth critical analysis of the sonnet's historical significance, literary technique and discusses its meaning to a contemporary audience.

  • Critical Survey of Short Fiction, ed. 4: European Writers

    Critical Survey of Short Fiction, ed. 4: European Writers

    Discusses major writers from many different regions of Europe. The essays include such writers as Franz Kafka, Hans Christian Andersen, the Brothers Grimm, Homer, Miguel de Cervantes, Dante, and Anais Nin.

  • Critical Survey of Short Fiction, ed. 4: World Writers

    Critical Survey of Short Fiction, ed. 4: World Writers

    Examines 77 writers from a wide range of different countries, including Argentina's Jorge Luis Borges, China's Ha Jin, India's Salman Rushdie, and Russia's Alexander Puskin. New writers include Japan's Haruki Murakami, and Jamaican Michelle Cliff.

  • Critical Survey of Short Fiction, ed. 4: Topical Essays

    Critical Survey of Short Fiction, ed. 4: Topical Essays

    Provides 53 overview essays organized into three categories: Theories, Themes & Types, History of Short Fiction, and Short Fiction Around the World. New overviews include Experimental Short Fiction, Twenty-first Century Short Fiction, and Spanish Short Fiction.

  • Critical Survey of Short Fiction, ed. 4: American Writers

    Critical Survey of Short Fiction, ed. 4: American Writers

    Provides profiles of major short-story writers throughout history and the world. 350 American authors covered including Sherman Alexie, Saul Bellow, Benjamin Franklin, Dashiell Hammett, Herman Melville, Dorothy Parker, John Updike, and Edith Wharton. New to this edition are Edwidge Danticat, John Grisham, Walter Mosley and Paul Yoon.

  • Critical Survey of Short Fiction, ed. 4: British, Irish and Commonwealth Writers

    Critical Survey of Short Fiction, ed. 4: British, Irish and Commonwealth Writers

    Provides profiles of major short-story writers throughout history and the world. 132 British, Irish, and Commonwealth writers covered including Margaret Atwood, Jane Austen, Aldous Huxley, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Alice Munro, and Roald Dahl. New writers to this edition are David Malouf, Kazuo Ishiguro and Anne Enright.

  • Cryptography: Cracking Codes

    Cryptography: Cracking Codes

    This work examines the logic and science behind various ciphers, their real world uses, how codes can be broken, and the use of technology in this oft-overlooked field.

  • Cuba: A Global Studies Handbook

    Cuba: A Global Studies Handbook

    Provides a tour of the island of Cuba's historical, political, economic, cultural, and social development from the pre-Columbian period to the present.

  • Cuban Missile Crisis: The Essential Reference Guide

    Cuban Missile Crisis: The Essential Reference Guide

    This book captures the historical context, the minute-by-minute drama, and the profound repercussions of the 'Missiles of October' confrontation that brought the very real threat of nuclear attack to the United States' doorstep.

  • Cyber Warfare: How Conflicts in Cyberspace Are Challenging America and Changing the World

    Cyber Warfare: How Conflicts in Cyberspace Are Challenging America and Changing the World

    This book provides an up-to-date, accessible guide to the growing threats in cyberspace that affects everyone from private individuals to businesses to national governments.

  • Cyber Warfare: A Reference Handbook

    Cyber Warfare: A Reference Handbook

    This book examines the many facets of cyber combat--from the threats of information exposure that American civilians encounter on a daily basis, to the concern of keeping up with the capabilities of China and Russia, to the inherent dangers in ignoring cyber threats.

  • Cyprus, Greece, and Malta

    Cyprus, Greece, and Malta

    This book introduces readers not only to Greece but also to Cyprus and Malta, island countries that were also amongthe earliest sites of civilization in Europe, and examines the historical events that shaped these European Union countries as well as the cultural traditions of the diverse societies that call them home. The three countries share a rugged landscape, Mediterranean climate, and membership in the EU.

  • DK Illustrated Family Bible

    DK Illustrated Family Bible

    Retells the best-loved stories from both the Old and the New Testaments, meant to capture the imaginations of young readers or listeners via illustrations, paintings, photographs, maps, and historical objects.

  • Daily Life behind the Iron Curtain

    Daily Life behind the Iron Curtain

    This book describes how everyday people courageously survived under repressive Communist regimes until the voices and actions of rebellious individuals resulted in the fall of the Iron Curtain in Europe.

  • Democracy

    Democracy

    The book covers the concept of democracy and addresses some of the volatile questions that continue to puzzle even the best of us. It provides a survey of the development of this form of government, dating back to its invention in ancient Athens and continuing to the present, following its development with the changing times.

  • Denmark, Finland, and Sweden

    Denmark, Finland, and Sweden

    This study of Denmark, Finland, and Sweden shows how these nations have emerged from the long shadow of their early days in the Viking era to become vibrant societies with proud traditions, distinct customs, and promising futures. Readers will learn about the land, people, governments, and economies of these fascinating countries, and examine the historical paths each took to achieve the successes they enjoy in the modern age.

  • Deserts and Steppes

    Deserts and Steppes

    Explores the harsh, arid ecosystems of deserts and steppes where diverse plants and animal life are found despite the extreme climate.

  • Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library

    Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library

    In the second half of the 19th century, America transformed itself into an industrial power, ready to assume a dominant position on the world scene in the 20th century. The development of industrialization and the consumer society brought about opportunities for many Americans as part of an ever-growing middle class, but also resulted in environmental and social degradation that we continue to deal with at the present time.

  • Dictatorship, Fascism, and Totalitarianism

    Dictatorship, Fascism, and Totalitarianism

    This book examines the historical trajectory of dictatorship, fascism, and totalitarianism; their characteristics; where they intersected and how they differed; and some of the individuals--including Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini, among many others--infamous for violently imposing their often extreme agendas.

  • Dictionary of American History, ed. 3

    Dictionary of American History, ed. 3

    The first comprehensive revision of this classic reference source, originally published in 1940, features updated and revised entries from previous editions, as well as more than 800 new entries covering recent events and topics not covered previously. This authoritative work serves students, scholars, and general readers interested in a wide range of topics in American history, from the well studied and familiar to the obscure.

  • Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages

    Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages

    This dictionary contains more than 20,000 brief biographical entries on women, including thousands of entries on non-U.S. figures.

  • Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

    Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

    Covers the history of the Arab-Israeli conflict from the birth of Zionism at the end of the 19th century. Covers five Arab-Israeli wars, and provides biographies of political personnel in Syria, Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Jordan, and the occupied territories. The Dictionary provides clear definitions and comprehensive explanations of the history, geography, religion, and demographics of the area. 2 volumes.

  • Directory of Congressional Voting Scores and Interest Group Ratings, ed. 4

    Directory of Congressional Voting Scores and Interest Group Ratings, ed. 4

    Compiles CQ voting studies and interest group rating data for every legislator who has served in Congress from 1947 to 2004. Includes information on six congressional sessions (106th, 107th, and 108th Congresses). Enables researchers to gauge the political orientation of members of Congress over time.

  • Dirty Deals?: An Encyclopedia of Lobbying, Political Influence, and Corruption

    Dirty Deals?: An Encyclopedia of Lobbying, Political Influence, and Corruption

    This encyclopedia focuses on lobbying, corruption, and political influence in America to inspire readers to think critically about the U.S. government and to appreciate the opportunities of citizenship.

  • Disasters and Tragic Events: An Encyclopedia of Catastrophes in American History

    Disasters and Tragic Events: An Encyclopedia of Catastrophes in American History

    From the Salem Witch Trials of 1692 to the Sandy Hook school massacre of 2012, this two-volume encyclopedia surveys tragic events--natural and man-made, famous and forgotten--that helped shape American history.

  • Disasters, Accidents, and Crises in American History: A Reference Guide to the Nation's Most Catastrophic Events

    Disasters, Accidents, and Crises in American History: A Reference Guide to the Nation's Most Catastrophic Events

    Covers some of the most significant calamities and crises in American history; includes a broad array of events such as hurricanes, earthquakes, fires, floods, epidemics, riots, assassinations, rebellions, shipwrecks, collisions, plagues, depressions, explosions, tornadoes, blizzards, poisonings, scandals, bombings, bridge collapses, dam failures, environmental calamities, and others.

  • Disco, Punk, New Wave, Heavy Metal, and More: Music in the 1970s and 1980s

    Disco, Punk, New Wave, Heavy Metal, and More: Music in the 1970s and 1980s

    This volume examines the various styles of music that defined the 1970s and '80s, profiling the artists who captured the spirit of rapid social and cultural change.

  • Discover Ancient China

    Discover Ancient China

    Confucius, the Great Wall, silk, oracle bones, writing, and paper are among the topics explored in this text. Beginning with Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi's life size terracotta army of soldiers, chariots, and horses, it also covers early development, early dynasties, the unification of China, and the achievements, gifts, and inventions of the ancient Chinese

  • Discover Ancient Egypt

    Discover Ancient Egypt

    This text follows the story from the Egyptians' prehistoric origins to their conquest by the Persians, Greeks, and Romans. Beginning the journey at Hatshepsut's tomb, Egypt's first woman pharaoh, it also explores the pyramids at Giza, learn about the language of hieroglyphics, and the rise and fall of the mighty pharaohs.

  • Discover Ancient Greece

    Discover Ancient Greece

    This text provides an overview of the history of ancient Greece, beginning with the Minoans, Greek mythology, and Mycenae, and continuing to the advent of Rome. Greek philosophy, religion, daily life, love of sports, and art and architecture are also explored.

  • Discover Ancient Mesopotamia

    Discover Ancient Mesopotamia

    Mesopotamia, often called the Cradle of Civilization, is the focus of this book. It explores the rise of city-states and innovations in agriculture, as well as the complex systems of writing, architectural wonders, advancements in military tactics and weaponry, and some of the first recorded legal codes developed by the people of Mesopotamia.

  • Discover Ancient Persia

    Discover Ancient Persia

    This history of ancient Persia discusses the contributions of rulers from Cyrus to Darius as they expanded the boundaries of the empire. Over a period of almost 1,200 years, the ancient Persians learned to cultivate crops such as wheat and barley and to domesticate animals. They also demonstrated their talents for architecture and art by building enormous palaces, such as at the site of Persepolis, and introduced the idea of worship

  • Discover Ancient Rome

    Discover Ancient Rome

    This text covers the highlights of ancient Rome, including its founding, mythology, social life and customs, and Roman law, civilization, and religion. Aspects of everyday life are also featured, including trade guilds, blood games, chariot races, baths, theatre, poetry, and education.

  • Discoveries in Modern Science: Exploration, Invention, Technology

    Discoveries in Modern Science: Exploration, Invention, Technology

    This set cover more than 300 of the most important scientific discoveries as defined by a Board of scientists and historians. It aims to present an in-depth treatment of 'curiosity-led science,' as well as directed research that led to important inventions and technologies. It will spark curiosity and engagement among readers, ranging from advanced high school students, to those in college and universities, as well as educated reade

  • Discovering Ancient China

    Discovering Ancient China

    In this book, readers will explore the different dynasties of ancient China, the memorable leaders that spearheaded them, and the lasting influences each period had on civilizations to follow, as well as learning about the oldest examples of Chinese writing, which ruler was responsible for completing the Great Wall, and the cultural context in which Confucius became a prominent philosopher.

  • Discovering Ancient Egypt

    Discovering Ancient Egypt

    In this book, readers will discover the history and culture of ancient Egypt, from the earliest settlers of the Nile to the final dynasty of Antony and Cleopatra. Egypt's most famous inventions, including papyrus, hieroglyphs, and the 365-day calendar, are presented along with facts about its pantheon of deities and highly organized class system.

  • Discovering Ancient Greece

    Discovering Ancient Greece

    This book covers all aspects of Greek society, including daily life, deities and legends, and the political systems of Greek city-states. Important writers and thinkers receive equal treatment, with profiles of Sophocles, Plato, and Homer presented, among others.

  • Discovering Ancient Mesoamerican Civilizations

    Discovering Ancient Mesoamerican Civilizations

    This book introduces young readers to the ancient civilizations of Mesoamerica. Among the civilizations examined are the Olmec, Zapotec, Aztec, and Maya. Lands, cultures, religions, and daily life activities are considered, as well as the colossal rock heads of the Olmec that still exist, the maguey plant that the Zapotec grew and used for making houses, and the temple at Chichen Itza, among other remarkable facts and achievements.

  • Discovering Ancient Rome

    Discovering Ancient Rome

    This book presents the city and empire of Ancient Rome, from its rise to its fall. Readers will learn how Romans lived their daily lives, as well as the accomplishments they contributed that continue to influence the world today.

  • Discovering Native North American Cultures

    Discovering Native North American Cultures

    This book explores the pre-Columbian native civilizations that thrived in North America, revealing a diverse range of cultures, languages, and customs. The devastating impact of European contact and conquest is described, as is the story of cultural survival in the face of near extinction. The modern life of native North American peoples and the ways in which they are keeping their heritage alive are also celebrated.

  • Diseases and Disorders

    Diseases and Disorders

    Provides details on numerous infectious diseases, mental disorders, and noninfectious diseases and disorders. Examines risk factors, symptoms, treatment, and prevention. Also explores broad health care issues such as alcohol-related disorders, food poisoning, cardiovascular disorders, and injury.

  • Diseases, Disorders, and Injuries

    Diseases, Disorders, and Injuries

    Provides basic information about the most common afflictions that young people are likely to encounter.

  • Drama for Students, Vol. 1

    Drama for Students, Vol. 1

    Provides critical overviews of the most-studied plays of all time periods, nations, and cultures. Includes discussions of themes, characters, critical reception, dramatic devices and traditions as well as cultural and historical context.

  • Drugs and Controlled Substances: Information for Students

    Drugs and Controlled Substances: Information for Students

    This single-volume resource provides detailed information on the physiological and psychological effects of addictive drugs and substances, from illegal drugs to commonly abused classes of prescription and over-the-counter drugs. Arranged alphabetically by drug name, each entry follows a standard format, allowing researchers to easily find the information they need and also to facilitate comparison between drugs.

  • Drugs of Abuse

    Drugs of Abuse

    Provides details about the most popular and most dangerous substances, both legal and illegal, affecting students and the general public today.

  • Drugs, Alcohol, and Tobacco: Learning about Addictive Behavior

    Drugs, Alcohol, and Tobacco: Learning about Addictive Behavior

    This 3-volume set is written for readers at grade 7 and higher and covers addictions, causes, and treatments of particular importance to adolescents. Articles on the nature of addiction and its roots include advertising, genetics, families, and personal problems.

  • Dwight D. Eisenhower

    Dwight D. Eisenhower

    As president, Dwight D. Eisenhower ended the Korean War, grappled with anticommunism investigations, established NASA, defended school desegregation, and toured around the world to address Cold War issues. This volume provides insight into Eisenhower's childhood and military career, including his impressive invasions of North Africa, Italy, and France during World War II.

  • Early Civilizations in the Americas Reference Library

    Early Civilizations in the Americas Reference Library

    This reference library provides a comprehensive overview of the history of the regions of the American continents in which two of the world's first civilizations developed: Mesoamerica (the name for the lands in which ancient civilizations arose in Central America and Mexico) and the Andes Mountains region of South America (in present-day Peru and parts of Bolivia, northern Argentina, and Ecuador).

  • Early Civilizations of the Americas

    Early Civilizations of the Americas

    Examines the rich cultural achievements of the early civilizations from North, Middle and South America, including the Inca and Maya societies, beliefs and innovations.

  • Early Republic: People and Perspectives

    Early Republic: People and Perspectives

    Explores the varied experiences of many different groups of Americans across racial, gender, religious, and regional lines in the early years of the country.

  • Earth Materials and Resources

    Earth Materials and Resources

    Provides an encyclopedic review of the material world in which we live and the uses to which those materials can be put. Describes in depth everything from gold to hazardous waste and put in the context of humans' life on earth.

  • Earth and Its Moon

    Earth and Its Moon

    Examines the unique properties of the Earth and its Moon, bodies in the solar system often overlooked by those of us so close to them.

  • Earths Changing Climate

    Earths Changing Climate

    Provides comprehensive information on Earth's climate changes. An exploration of case studies, ancient Earth's climate, it's impact on Arctic regions, and recent studies are explored.

  • Earths Growing Population

    Earths Growing Population

    Provides comprehensive information on population growth and its effects on the environment.

  • Earths Landscape: An Encyclopedia of the World's Geographic Features

    Earths Landscape: An Encyclopedia of the World's Geographic Features

    This encyclopedia provides information on over 450 natural geographic features from around the world. Each entry provides a geographic overview of the feature's significance, location, description, geologic history, biota, protected areas, and environmental issues, as well as the cultural importance of each natural place.

  • Earths Secrets

    Earths Secrets

    Describes the invisible forces responsible for shaping life on Earth.

  • Earths Weather, Water, and Atmosphere

    Earths Weather, Water, and Atmosphere

    This book covers the exploration of the fluids on the surface of the earth and the gases that surround us. It explores the evolution of these interactions during the earth's history, theories regarding the future of the atmosphere and oceans and specific causes and effects that are at work.

  • Earth?s Surface and History

    Earth?s Surface and History

    Describes mountain ranges, the oceans, continental movement, and a wide variety of features that have influenced life on earth. Includes detailed explorations of the evolution of dinosaurs, fish, birds, plant life and humans, as they were influenced by the earth's surface.

  • East Asia & The Pacific

    East Asia & The Pacific

    This volume provides insight into the social, cultural, economic, historical, and religious practices of countries in East Asia and the Pacific.

  • Eastern & Southern Africa

    Eastern & Southern Africa

    This volume provides insight into the social, cultural, economic, historical, and religious practices of countries in Eastern and Southern Africa.

  • Eastern Europe

    Eastern Europe

    This volume provides insight into the social, cultural, economic, historical, and religious practices of countries in Eastern Europe.

  • Ecology

    Ecology

    Uses illustrations and photographs to explore the areas of ecology, including the study of nature, major world biomes, water creatures and humans in the biosphere.

  • Ecology: Plants, Animals, and the Environment

    Ecology: Plants, Animals, and the Environment

    Traces the origin of ecology and explains what it is and how it has developed over the years.

  • Ecology and Ecosystems

    Ecology and Ecosystems

    Discusses the study of ecology and the world's delicate ecosystems. Articles include overviews on cultural and historical ecology, biodiversity, and environmental education.

  • Economics and Economic Systems

    Economics and Economic Systems

    This text provides a detailed explanation of the scope of economics, historical development, and the strengths and weaknesses of various economic systems are provided.

  • Egyptian Gods & Goddesses

    Egyptian Gods & Goddesses

    This volume examines the characteristics and significance of many of the Egyptian gods and goddesses. It also looks at related topics such as ancient symbols and the influence of Egyptian mythology on other cultures and belief systems.

  • Elections A to Z, ed. 4

    Elections A to Z, ed. 4

    The guide explains how campaigns and elections, the hallmark of any democracy, are conducted in the United States.

  • Electricity

    Electricity

    Covers the many aspects that relate to electricity, from circuits, lightning and generators, as well as how we utilize this physical power in our lives.

  • Electronics

    Electronics

    Examines the inner working components of electronic devices many use in everyday life, most without ever knowing exactly how something like a computer or television really works.

  • Elizabethan England

    Elizabethan England

    This book explores the Elizabethan era, a time of Shakespeare, the English Renaissance, pirates in the Caribbean, and the majestic glory of Queen Elizabeth--but also a time of plague, poverty, and religious revolution.

  • Elizabethan World Reference Library

    Elizabethan World Reference Library

    Provides background and information on the culture and history of the Elizabethan period, biographies of significant men and women of the time, and primary sources that represent some of the most significant and studied documents of the era.

  • Employment

    Employment

    This book guides the reader in gaining job skills, seeking work, interviewing, negotiating salaries and benefits, and thriving in the workplace. It also offers information that applies to all job seekers, as well as guidance for first-time job applicants and workers returning to the workforce after an absence.

  • Encyclopaedia Judaica, ed. 2

    Encyclopaedia Judaica, ed. 2

    Provides an exhaustive and organized overview of Jewish life and knowledge from the Second Temple period to the contemporary State of Israel, from Rabbinic to modern Yiddish literature, from Kabbalah to 'Americana' and from Zionism to the contribution of Jews to world cultures, Encyclopaedia Judaica, 2nd edition is important to scholars, general readers and students.

  • Encyclopedia of Adventure Fiction

    Encyclopedia of Adventure Fiction

    Covers adventure fiction, from literary classics such as Charles Dickens's A Tale of Two Cities and Joseph Conrad's The Secret Agent to tales for younger readers, such as Treasure Island and The Wizard of Oz, to the finest of today's adventure stories.

  • Encyclopedia of African American Music

    Encyclopedia of African American Music

    Showcases all facets of African American music including folk, religious, concert and popular styles.

  • Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History, ed. 2

    Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History, ed. 2

    A five-volume set and supplement covering all aspects of the African-American experience from 1619 to the present day. Using biographies, historical essays, and thematic pieces, many written by foremost scholars, it addresses a wide array of subjects in over 2,300 articles to define in one source the cultural roots, participation in American life, and current condition of the African-American community..

  • Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy, ed. 2

    Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy, ed. 2

    Essays by subject experts treat concepts and doctrines, policymaking, commerce and science, human rights and arms control, with specific articles on topics ranging from anti-imperialism to environmental diplomacy, from refugee policies to terrorism and countermeasures. Also includes a chronology.

  • Encyclopedia of American Industries, ed. 6

    Encyclopedia of American Industries, ed. 6

    A three-volume business reference that provides detailed, comprehensive information on a wide range of industries in every realm of American business. The work consists of more than 1,000 detailed profiles of the manufacturing and service industries.

  • Encyclopedia of American Popular Fiction, ed. 2

    Encyclopedia of American Popular Fiction, ed. 2

    A guide to popular contemporary fiction, covering writers and works enjoying commercial success in the United States but are usually neglected by more 'literary' guides. Includes writers (American or other) whose work has reached or consistently come very close to the annual top ten list of best sellers during the past 30 years, in addition to a representative selection of individual works that have reached top ten best-seller statu

  • Encyclopedia of Beat Literature

    Encyclopedia of Beat Literature

    Provides comprehensive coverage of the writers of the Beat generation, who emphasized experimental techniques, bohemian lifestyles, and rebellious attitudes, and whose writings had a profound effect on the literature and culture of the 1950s and '60s.

  • Encyclopedia of British Poetry, ed. 2: 1900 to the Present

    Encyclopedia of British Poetry, ed. 2: 1900 to the Present

    This encyclopedia introduces high school and college students to some of the best-loved 20th- and 21st-century British poets and poetry.

  • Encyclopedia of Buddhism

    Encyclopedia of Buddhism

    This encyclopedia describes the Buddhist world view, basic teachings and practices of Buddhism, as well as its different schools and sects. In addition to containing entries on Buddhist scriptures, art, architecture, divinities, monastic orders, festivals, rites and ceremonies, this 2-vol. set explores the history of Buddhism, the different forms it has taken in different parts of the world, and how Buddhism has blended with other r

  • Encyclopedia of Business and Finance, ed. 3

    Encyclopedia of Business and Finance, ed. 3

    Designed for the nonspecialist, the Encyclopedia of Business and Finance is a 2-vol. complete reference covering five general areas: finance and banking; accounting; marketing; management; and information systems. Drawing on practical professional expertise as well as that of noted scholars, the contributors include executives, government administrators and scholars from leading business programs from around the United States.

  • Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion

    Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion

    A survey of clothing, costume and fashion. Coverage includes the origins of clothing and body adornment, the development of fabrics and technologies, and the social meanings of dress, as well as representative costumes from a wide range of historical eras. For students and researchers at the high-school level or higher.

  • Encyclopedia of Constitutional Amendments, Proposed Amendments, and Amending Issues, ed. 4

    Encyclopedia of Constitutional Amendments, Proposed Amendments, and Amending Issues, ed. 4

    This encyclopedia contains entries that discuss amendments that have been proposed in Congress from 1789 to the present. It also discusses prominent proposals for extensive constitutional changes introduced outside Congress as well as discussions of major amending issues.

  • Encyclopedia of Contemporary Writers and Their Work

    Encyclopedia of Contemporary Writers and Their Work

    Provides a comprehensive overview of the best writers and works of the current English-speaking literary world.

  • Encyclopedia of Contemporary Writers and Their Work, ed. 2

    Encyclopedia of Contemporary Writers and Their Work, ed. 2

    This encyclopedia is a guide to English-language fiction writers born after 1959.

  • Encyclopedia of Cultivated Plants: From Acacia to Zinnia

    Encyclopedia of Cultivated Plants: From Acacia to Zinnia

    Presents scientific, sociological, and demographic insight into the complex relationship between plants and humans across history.

  • Encyclopedia of Diseases and Disorders

    Encyclopedia of Diseases and Disorders

    Provides instructive details on more than 200 infectious diseases, mental disorders, and noninfectious diseases and disorders; covers risk factors, symptoms, treatment, and prevention.

  • Encyclopedia of Education, ed. 2

    Encyclopedia of Education, ed. 2

    Offers a complete view of the institutions, people, processes, roles, and philosophies in educational practice in the United States and throughout the world. Features biographies of influential educators; profiles of historic colleges and universities and of organizations active in the field; and an appendix of full text source documents, including education related legislation, international treaties, and testing methods. 8 volumes

  • Encyclopedia of Emerging Industries, ed. 6

    Encyclopedia of Emerging Industries, ed. 6

    Provides information about the inception, emergence and current status of new and established industries and business segments that are pioneering new technologies, introducing break-through marketing strategies or implementing innovative means of serving new markets. Consists of detailed profiles newer industries, such as biometrics, risk management services, satellites, specialty tourism, and others.

  • Encyclopedia of Energy

    Encyclopedia of Energy

    This reference work provides a resource for students and teachers to understand the importance of energy and to appreciate the influence of energy on societies around the world, and to learn the history of energy.

  • Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy

    Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy

    Examines the philosophical and ethical issues underlying contemporary and historical environmental issues, policies, and debates. Covers concepts, institutions, topics, events and people, including global warming, animal rights, environmental movements, alternative energy, green chemistry, industrial ecology, and eco-sabotage.

  • Encyclopedia of Environmental Issues, Rev. ed.

    Encyclopedia of Environmental Issues, Rev. ed.

    Provides information from numerous fields of knowledge relevant to the study of environmental issues, including biology, geology, anthropology, demographics, genetics, and engineering, and explains the interrelationships of these issues.

  • Encyclopedia of Espionage, Intelligence and Security

    Encyclopedia of Espionage, Intelligence and Security

    Comprehensive guide to the history, uses, related scientific principles, and technology of espionage and intelligence, written by experts in the field. Topics range from the historical use of espionage to the emerging use of technology in modern espionage and counterintelligence.

  • Encyclopedia of European Social History

    Encyclopedia of European Social History

    This six-volume reference includes more than 230 articles, ranging from 5,000 to 10,000 words, on everything from serfdom and the economy, to witchcraft and public health.

  • Encyclopedia of Feminist Literature, ed. 2

    Encyclopedia of Feminist Literature, ed. 2

    A guide to the history and development of feminist literature, from early fairy tales to works by great women writers of today. Covers a wide range of works and writers from around the world, as well as a range of genres, including novels, short stories, poetry, plays, and criticism.

  • Encyclopedia of Food and Culture

    Encyclopedia of Food and Culture

    A three-volume survey of food and its place in human culture and society, presented through 600 alphabetically sorted entries. Features multidisciplinary coverage of such topics as comfort food, ethnicity and food, medieval banquets, and nutrient composition, among many others. Includes photographs, illustrations, sidebars, recipes, menus, and timelines. For students and general readers.

  • Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity

    Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity

    This encyclopedia spans the globe to explain the issues behind crimes against humanity and human rights issues as they relate to individual countries and the world at large. It traces the history of events that qualify as genocide and crimes against humanity, profiles perpetrators and heroes, and explains international laws and law proceedings aimed at ending genocide and crimes against humanity.

  • Encyclopedia of Global Industries, ed. 5

    Encyclopedia of Global Industries, ed. 5

    Chronicles the history, development and current status of the world's most lucrative and high profile industries. Each entry covers size and economic/social impact of the industry; its organization and structure; its history and development; major countries and companies involved (including rankings); size and nature of the work force; and research.

  • Encyclopedia of India

    Encyclopedia of India

    A four-volume survey of the history, cultures, geography and religions of India from ancient times to the present day. Includes more than 600 entries, arranged alphabetically. For students and general readers.

  • Encyclopedia of Invasive Species: From Africanized Honey Bees to Zebra Mussels

    Encyclopedia of Invasive Species: From Africanized Honey Bees to Zebra Mussels

    Provides information on invasive plants, animals, fungi, and microorganisms in the United States, which are threatening native ecosystems, agriculture, economies, and human health.

  • Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture

    Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture

    Spans Irish history from prehistoric times to the present, treating both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland in detail. Entries represent an inclusive, cross-disciplinary approach, written by specialists and covering history, archaeology, anthropology, geography, politics, economics, the Irish and English languages and literatures, the visual arts, and other fields.

  • Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, ed. 2

    Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, ed. 2

    This reference work includes articles on the history, religion, cultural practices, and political economies of Muslims from the seventh-century in West Asia to today's Muslim societies throughout the continents of Asia, Africa, the Subcontinent, Europe, and the Americas.

  • Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World

    Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World

    This encyclopedia looks at Islam's role in the modern world, doing so in the context of the religion's history and development over the last 13 centuries. Containing thematic articles, biographies of key figures, definitions, illustrations, maps and more, this new encyclopedia fills a need in this key area of religious studies.

  • Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture, ed. 2

    Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture, ed. 2

    Provides a comprehensive, multidisciplinary view of Latin American history and culture from prehistoric times to the present. Covers cultural issues and includes numerous biographical profiles of important figures in politics, letters and the arts.