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  • A Dolls House: Ibsen's Myth of Transformation

    A Dolls House: Ibsen's Myth of Transformation

    Twayne's is devoted to literary critical interpretation and discussion. It offers in-depth critical introductions to the lives and works of major writers of the world, including close analysis of key works. It provides insightful and original commentary on the history and influence of literary movements.

  • A New Pot of Gold: Hollywood Under the Electronic Rainbow, 1980-1989

    A New Pot of Gold: Hollywood Under the Electronic Rainbow, 1980-1989

    Looks at the effects of video-cassettes and cable television on Hollywood, and the idiosyncratic visions of newcomers like Spike Lee and Tim Burton.

  • Achieving Sustainability: Visions, Principles, and Practices

    Achieving Sustainability: Visions, Principles, and Practices

    Aimed at readers who are not experts in the field, the material is relevant to courses in natural sciences, social sciences, and the humanities. It presents and analyzes the underpinnings of the multi-disciplinary concept of sustainability.

  • Acronyms, Initialisms & Abbreviations Dictionary, ed. 50

    Acronyms, Initialisms & Abbreviations Dictionary, ed. 50

    Provides definitions of a wide variety of acronyms, initialisms, abbreviations and similar contractions, translating them into their full names or meanings. Terms from subject areas such as associations, education, the Internet, medicine and others are included.

  • Africa: An Encyclopedia for Students

    Africa: An Encyclopedia for Students

    A general resource for African research for students at the high-school level or higher. Consists of 450 alphabetically arranged entries covering countries, regions, geographic features, cultural groups, personalities, and general subjects such as body adornment and clothing, oral tradition, and writing systems. Includes timelines, definitions and quick-reference fact boxes.

  • African American Eras: Contemporary Times

    African American Eras: Contemporary Times

    Covers a different era of importance to African American culture and includes the events, lifestyles, social history, and key figures unique to that time; included are eyewitness accounts and primary documents.

  • African American Eras: Segregation to Civil Rights Times

    African American Eras: Segregation to Civil Rights Times

    Covers the time period of 1865 through 1965; topics include the arts, medicine and health, education, religion, government and politics, law, and trade related to the African American experience.

  • African American Writers, ed. 2

    African American Writers, ed. 2

    Bio-critical essays on the lives and works of more than 1,400 important authors from around the world. Entries include concise essays, citations, and biographical information that places the author's work in personal and historical context.

  • Alternative Energy, ed. 2

    Alternative Energy, ed. 2

    Introduces students to issues surrounding current energy sources and alternative energy options.

  • America in the World, 1776 to the Present: A Supplement to the Dictionary of American History

    America in the World, 1776 to the Present: A Supplement to the Dictionary of American History

    This set provides a transnational view of US history, focusing on the role of Americans and the US while analyzing how the world has influenced the US and Americans. It examines the impact of US policies on the world, as well as on the domestic agenda and discusses the increasingly important role of the US, from the early days of the republic to the present.

  • American Civil War Reference Library

    American Civil War Reference Library

    American Civil War Reference Library offers comprehensive and wide ranging research options on this compelling era of American history. Material in each of the three titles has been reviewed by an independent advisory board for its curriculum relevance and its accessibility to students in grades 6-12.

  • American Decades

    American Decades

    Cross-disciplinary source for junior and high school students and teachers, public librarians and general researchers who need to document and analyze periods of contemporary American social history (1900-1999).

  • American Decades: 2000-2009

    American Decades: 2000-2009

    Covers everything from monumental events and groundbreaking individuals to the fascinating details of Americans' daily lives. Supports historical research in disciplines from the arts and business to law, medicine, technology and social trends.

  • American Decades Primary Sources

    American Decades Primary Sources

    Cross-disciplinary source spanning the 20th century. Each volume in the set includes full or excerpted primary sources representing the seminal issues, themes, movements and events from a decade. Includes oral histories, songs, speeches, advertisements, TV, play and movie scripts, letters, laws, legal decisions, newspaper articles, cartoons, recipes, and more.

  • American Decades Primary Sources, Vol. 11

    American Decades Primary Sources, Vol. 11

    This volume covers the first decade of the twenty-first century from monumental events and groundbreaking individuals to the details of Americans' daily lives. Topics include world events, the arts, business and the economy, education, fashion, government and politics, law and justice, lifestyles and social trends, media, medicine and health, religion, science and technology, and sports.

  • American Eras

    American Eras

    Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to particular eras in U.S. history.

  • American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 1

    American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 1

    Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the era of industrial development in U.S. history.

  • American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 2

    American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 2

    Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the Civil War and Reconstruction Era in U.S. history.

  • American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 3

    American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 3

    Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the Westward Expansion Era in U.S. history.

  • American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 4

    American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 4

    Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the Reform Era and eastern United States development in U.S. history.

  • American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 5

    American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 5

    Includes primary sources documenting events, publications, lifestyles, and individuals important to the early Republic period in U.S. History.

  • American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 6

    American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 6

    Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the Revolutionary Era in U.S. history.

  • American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 7

    American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 7

    Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the American colonial era.

  • American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 8

    American Eras: Primary Sources, Vol. 8

    Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to the era of early American civilizations and exploration before 1600.

  • American Governance

    American Governance

    Provides answers on all questions related to the variety of ways by which the American people govern themselves - from their constitutions and governments to the political norms and ideals that guide their actions as citizens and leaders; to local communities, civic associations, and political associations people form for collective deliberation and action; and to the relationships they form with their elected representatives.

  • American History Through Literature 1820-1870

    American History Through Literature 1820-1870

    Designed for the general reader, this set presents literature not as a simple inventory of authors or titles but rather as a historical and cultural field viewed from a wide array of contemporary perspectives. The set, which is 'new historicist' in its approach to literary criticism, endorses the notion that not only does history affect literature, but literature itself informs history.

  • American History Through Literature 1870-1920

    American History Through Literature 1870-1920

    Designed for the general reader, this set presents literature not as a simple inventory of authors or titles but rather as a historical and cultural field viewed from a wide array of contemporary perspectives. The set, which is 'new historicist' in its approach to literary criticism, endorses the notion that not only does history affect literature, but literature itself informs history.

  • American Home Front in World War II

    American Home Front in World War II

    Examines the effect of World War II on people living in America. The Almanac discusses major events on the home front, including the changing role of women, Civil Defense and the draft. Biographies highlights 26 key figures, such as John L. Lewis, J. Robert Oppenheimer and others. Primary Sources includes primary material from a variety of sources, including speeches, documents and other material.

  • American Law Yearbook 2005

    American Law Yearbook 2005

    An annual supplement to the Gale Encyclopedia of American Law that updates and expands the content with new topics, updates, biographies of prominent figures and government appointees, and other features. Each year's edition contains the full U.S. Supreme Court docket in addition to the non-Supreme Court cases. Includes a glossary of legal terms.

  • American Men & Women of Science, ed. 34: A Biographical Directory of Today?s Leaders in Physical, Biological and Related Sciences

    American Men & Women of Science, ed. 34: A Biographical Directory of Today?s Leaders in Physical, Biological and Related Sciences

    Profiles living persons in the physical and biological fields, as well as public health scientists, engineers, mathematicians, statisticians, and computer scientists.

  • American Revolution Reference Library

    American Revolution Reference Library

    This 4-vol. set supplies the in-depth information about the American Revolution that students and researchers need for class assignments and reports.

  • American Women Writers: A Critical Reference Guide from Colonial Times to the Present, ed. 2

    American Women Writers: A Critical Reference Guide from Colonial Times to the Present, ed. 2

    Provides coverage on the best-known American women writers spanning from colonial days to the present, including biography, criticism, and bibliography for each; also includes lesser-known writers whose work is found in journals, letters, stories, and even hymns. Entries feature an assessment of the writer's works; basic biography and complete bibliography, as well as comprehensive data on writers' names, including pseudonyms, alias

  • Americans at War

    Americans at War

    Covers major American conflicts from the Colonial Wars through the War on Terrorism in the context of cultural and social events and conditions on the home front. Illustrated articles cover both biographies and topics such as civil liberties, media, politics, popular culture, religion, memory and national identity, civic celebrations, monumental art, literature, the roles of women and minorities, veterans, science and technology, hu

  • An Evenings Entertainment: The Age of the Silent Feature Picture, 1915-1928

    An Evenings Entertainment: The Age of the Silent Feature Picture, 1915-1928

    Chronicles how theatrical feature films dominated newly developed movie palaces, how expressive film faces became household names, and how Hollywood became the center of film as a major growth industry.

  • Ancient Civilizations Reference Library

    Ancient Civilizations Reference Library

    The ancient civilizations of Iraq, Egypt, India, China, Central America and other regions are the focus of this remarkable contribution to student reference.

  • Ancient Europe, 8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000: Encyclopedia of the Barbarian World

    Ancient Europe, 8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000: Encyclopedia of the Barbarian World

    Examines the diverse peoples of early European civilization through a series of 212 essays, presented in chronological order. Coverage includes prehistoric origins through the early Middle Ages (8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000). Includes maps, photos, and chronologies. For the general reader.

  • Ancient Greece and Rome: An Encyclopedia for Students

    Ancient Greece and Rome: An Encyclopedia for Students

    Covers an extensive array of topics on ancient Greece and Rome including daily life, art and architecture, philosophy, science, religion, statesmen, military leaders, emperors, and more.

  • Animal Sciences

    Animal Sciences

    Provides a wide range of scientific, historical and cultural information about the animal world. Covers careers in the animal sciences in addition to biological concepts, the history of zoology, biographies of scientists, and ethical issues such as the practice of animal experimentation. Includes illustrations, sidebars, charts, a glossary, bibliographies, filmographies and the addresses of institutions devoted to the protection and

  • Arts and Humanities Through the Eras

    Arts and Humanities Through the Eras

    Profiling milestones and movements in the arts, literature, music and religion from a specific period, each volume in this set helps students and researchers understand the various disciplines of the humanities in relation to each other, as well as to history and culture. An overview of the period and a chronology of major world events begin each volume.

  • Authors and Artists for Young Adults, Vol. 55

    Authors and Artists for Young Adults, Vol. 55

    Covers the writers, artists, film directors, graphic novelists, and other creative personalities that most interest young adults. Entries include personal behind-the-scenes information, portraits, movie stills, bibliographies, and more. International in scope.

  • Bakers Biographical Dictionary of Musicians

    Bakers Biographical Dictionary of Musicians

    Covers all musical genres, with new entries written by a distinguished group of area specialists as well as the original articles by Nicolas Slonimsky. This work continues the tradition of offering the most comprehensive and authoritative information on musicians, along with interesting and insightful evaluations of their contributions to the musical world.

  • Bakers Biographical Dictionary of Popular Musicians Since 1990

    Bakers Biographical Dictionary of Popular Musicians Since 1990

    An A-Z biographical reference that focuses on individual artists and groups in all popular styles active from 1990 to the present, including those in rock, rhythm and blues, rap, country, electronica, jazz, vocal and classical. Features include select discographies, bibliographies, a glossary of musical terms, and other information. Also features appendix essays on various topics including the music industry, rap, and grunge.

  • Biographical Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa

    Biographical Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa

    Illuminates the lives of the most influential and controversial figures in the Middle East and North Africa who came to prominence during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Includes profiles of contemporary leaders who belong to various political, ethnic, and religious groups, as well as notable individuals associated with business, law, science, social issues, sports, entertainment, literature, and the fine and performing ar

  • Biology, ed. 2

    Biology, ed. 2

    Explains biological concepts and explores related fields as well as the history of biological science. Discusses critical issues such as embryogenesis and commercial applications of research in biology and addresses ethical issues. Provides information on careers in biology. Contains sidebars, bibliographies, timelines, charts, a glossary, and individual and cumulative indexes.

  • Biotechnology: In Context

    Biotechnology: In Context

    Examines biotechnology and related subjects in the context of science, government, politics, culture and society, and the environment. It also covers historical, political and ethical debates and issues.

  • Biotechnology: Changing Life Through Science

    Biotechnology: Changing Life Through Science

    Covers biotechnological applications ranging across medicine, agriculture, and industry. Devoted to helping younger students and general readers understand the fast-developing science and issues related to: advances in biotechnology, the science of molecular biology and genetics.

  • Black Literature Criticism, ed. 2: Classic and Emerging Authors since 1950

    Black Literature Criticism, ed. 2: Classic and Emerging Authors since 1950

    Focuses on writers and works published since 1950. The majority of the authors surveyed are African American, but representative African and Caribbean authors are also included.

  • Body Systems

    Body Systems

    Covers the 14 systems of the human body and their role and functions both from an individual organ perspective and each system as a whole, as well as what occurs when systems are not functioning properly due to injury, disease, or other causes. Entries cover the development of each body system from birth to full adult growth, as well as adjustments by the body during the senior years.

  • Boom and Bust: The American Cinema in the 1940s

    Boom and Bust: The American Cinema in the 1940s

    Covers the period of 1939-1949, when the film industry came to grips with the development of the documentary, a shift to independent production, renewed government antitrust activity, and the emergence of television as a competitor.

  • Bowling, Beatniks, and Bell-Bottoms, ed. 2: Pop Culture of 20th- and 21st-Century America

    Bowling, Beatniks, and Bell-Bottoms, ed. 2: Pop Culture of 20th- and 21st-Century America

    Covers the popular culture of the 20th Century and first decade of the 21st Century. Provides a cross-disciplinary source for junior and high school students and teachers, public librarians and general researchers who need a single, consistent reference to explore and analyze the social trends, events, and people that have impacted contemporary history.

  • Building Blocks of Matter: A Supplement to the Macmillan Encyclopedia of Physics

    Building Blocks of Matter: A Supplement to the Macmillan Encyclopedia of Physics

    This supplement to the Macmillan Encyclopedia of Physics presents the most recent data on particle physics. Reviews all observed and theoretical particles known to date, retracing the history of each particle's discovery and function. Covers current research; practical applications both hypothetical and actual; and provides biographical entries on scientists who made significant contributions. Case studies and experiments round out

  • Business Leader Profiles for Students

    Business Leader Profiles for Students

    Profiles of significant contributors to business and industry, past and present, written especially for high school students.

  • Business Plans Handbook, Vol. 1

    Business Plans Handbook, Vol. 1

    Actual business plans compiled by, and aimed at, entrepreneurs seeking funding for small businesses. Presents sample plans taken from businesses in the manufacturing, retail and service industries which serve as examples of how to approach, structure and compose business plans.

  • CDs, Super Glue, and Salsa: How Everyday Products are Made, Series 3

    CDs, Super Glue, and Salsa: How Everyday Products are Made, Series 3

    Provides descriptions of household and high-interest products, step-by-step descriptions of manufacturing processes, and sidebars with additional information. Covers for each entry: why there was a need, who invented it, how it is made, what it is made of, and how it works. Includes photographs, illustrations and line drawings, and a glossary of definitions.

  • Canadian Parliamentary Guide, ed. 2005

    Canadian Parliamentary Guide, ed. 2005

    An annual guide that provides the following information in English and French: biographical sketches of current parliamentarians, including the Privy Council, Senate and House of Commons; results of all federal general and by-elections since 1867; current and historical data and statistics on provincial and territorial governments, listings for provincial and territorial legislative assemblies, general by-election results; and other

  • Career Information Center, ed. 10

    Career Information Center, ed. 10

    Provides the most current information available on careers in the United States and Canada to people of all ages and all stages of career development. Each volume covers a career cluster and its common career pathways. Job profiles cover the following: job facts, nature of work, work environment, education, licenses, certification, and training, job outlook, similar occupations, and sources of additional information such as books, a

  • CaseBase, Vol. 1: Case Studies in Global Business

    CaseBase, Vol. 1: Case Studies in Global Business

    Covers business case studies focused on issues in emerging markets and emerging industries across the globe.

  • Checks and Balances: The Three Branches of the American Government

    Checks and Balances: The Three Branches of the American Government

    Presents easy to understand information about the inner workings of the federal government. Includes historical overviews and examinations of the day-to-day operations of each branch, as well as Constitutional duties and obligations of each branch, specifics related to eligibility, elections and appointments of key positions, changes since 1776, the future of each branch, and other topics. For student and general audiences.

  • Chemical Compounds

    Chemical Compounds

    Offers information on the ways in which different chemical elements combine to form commonly-used chemical compounds, such as water, ammonia, and aspirin. Defines what a chemical compound actually is and the difference between organic and inorganic compounds, as well as providing definitions of acids, bases, salts, oxides, and coordination compounds. Features a general historical overview of major discoveries and the notable scienti

  • Chemical Elements, ed. 2

    Chemical Elements, ed. 2

    Provides in-depth information on 112 known chemical elements, plus coverage of recently discovered elements 113 through 116 and 118.

  • Chemistry: Foundations and Applications

    Chemistry: Foundations and Applications

    Provides a broad approach to chemistry, its laws, processes, applications and subdisciplines, and its many branches, including inorganic, industrial, atmospheric and computational chemistry as well as biotechnology, including biographies of scientists past and present. Reviews the history of the field up to modern research and practical applications, and topical essays examine the role chemistry plays in various aspects of everyday

  • Childrens Literature Review, Vol. 100

    Childrens Literature Review, Vol. 100

    Presents full-text literary criticism on writers and illustrators for children and young adults. Critical essays are selected from leading sources, including published journals, magazines, books, monographs, reviews, and scholarly papers.

  • Cities of the United States, ed. 8

    Cities of the United States, ed. 8

    Provides information on America's top cities--those fastest-growing, as well as those with a particular historical, political, industrial, and/or commercial significance. City-specific profiles organize pertinent facts, data, and figures related to demographic, economic, cultural, geographic, social, and recreational conditions.

  • Climate Change: In Context

    Climate Change: In Context

    Offers coverage of the history, politics, and ethical debates related to climate change, including the impact of climate change on daily life, trade and commerce, travel, and the future of both industrialized and impoverished nations. Provides insights on leading social issues and spurs critical thinking about the impact of environmental issues on daily life and globalization.

  • Cold War Reference Library

    Cold War Reference Library

    Covers the Cold War period between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II through 1989. Includes discussion of the historic causes of the tension and information on the lives and actions of major figures, such as Harry Truman, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin.

  • Colonial America Reference Library

    Colonial America Reference Library

    The Colonial America Reference Library provides students with the comprehensive information on the Colonial American period they need to write reports and class assignments including biographical profiles and primary source documents.

  • Company Profiles for Students

    Company Profiles for Students

    Covers more than 400 prominent companies most studied by students. Entries follow a standard set of rubrics to facilitate comparison between companies. Also included are company logos, illustrations and ticker symbols, current market share, new products, and where to write for an annual report.

  • Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography

    Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography

    Provides information on the history of science through articles on the professional lives of scientists. All periods of science from classical antiquity to modern times are represented.

  • Computer Sciences, ed. 2

    Computer Sciences, ed. 2

    Reviews the history of computer science, discusses concepts, and profiles contributors in the field. Also explores the impact of computers on society, with examples in literature and film to illustrate and support trends. Includes illustrations, sidebars, bibliographies, filmographies, timelines, charts, and a glossary. For general audiences.

  • Concise Major 21st Century Writers

    Concise Major 21st Century Writers

    A comprehensive, five-volume set, Concise Major 21st-Century Writers profiles today's most outstanding and widely known writers. Clearly written in an easy-to-use format, it collects detailed biographical and bibliographical information on approximately 700 authors who are most often studied in college and high school.

  • Constitutional Amendments, ed. 2: From Freedom of Speech to Flag Burning

    Constitutional Amendments, ed. 2: From Freedom of Speech to Flag Burning

    Provides the history and social context of the amendment process, covering each of the 27 amendments. Significant issues, events, figures, movements and judicial/legislative actions in the history of each amendment are also covered chronologically.

  • Consumer Health Care

    Consumer Health Care

    This text focuses on the U.S. healthcare system and the individual's experience with it. Entries cover topics related to the current state of health insurance, the various kinds (including government programs like Medicare and Medicaid) and methods of its delivery, as well as the history of insurance and the evolution of our current for-profit system. Healthcare legislation and reform is also discussed.

  • Contemporary American Religion

    Contemporary American Religion

    Explores contemporary American religion in all its diversity. In addition to profiling religious groups, from the modern forms of Catholicism and Judaism to cults such as Heaven's Gate and the Branch Davidians, the set includes articles on cultural, social, and legal issues, as well as holidays and celebrations, the arts, and other topics. 2 volumes. For general and academic audiences.

  • Contemporary Authors, Vol. 207

    Contemporary Authors, Vol. 207

    Provides biographical details on thousands of modern novelists, poets, playwrights, nonfiction writers, journalists and scriptwriters. Includes current writers as well as the most-studied literary figures of the early 20th century and authors from around the world. Information is provided by the authors themselves or drawn from published interviews, feature stories, book reviews and other materials provided by the authors/publishers.

  • Contemporary Authors, New Revision Series, Vol. 119

    Contemporary Authors, New Revision Series, Vol. 119

    A biographical and bibliographical guide to current writers in all fields including poetry, fiction and nonfiction, journalism, drama, television and movies. Includes the most recent data on the world's most-popular authors. Profile sketches are entirely revised and completely replace the original Contemporary Authors entries. Each volume contains approximately 250 writers.

  • Contemporary Black Biography, Vol. 100

    Contemporary Black Biography, Vol. 100

    Provides biographical profiles of the important and influential persons of African American and/or black heritage. Covers persons of various nationalities in a wide variety of fields, including architecture, art, business, dance, education, fashion, film, industry, journalism, law, literature, medicine, music, politics and government, publishing, religion, science and technology, social issues, sports, television, theater, and others.

  • Contemporary Fashion, ed. 2

    Contemporary Fashion, ed. 2

    Provides biographical and critical coverage of primarily U.S. designers, milliners, footwear designers, fashion companies and textile houses. Entries include a biographical summary; primary and secondary bibliography that includes articles and exhibition catalogs; and a signed, critical essay written by an expert in the field as well as photographs.

  • Contemporary Hispanic Biography, Vol. 1

    Contemporary Hispanic Biography, Vol. 1

    Provides informative biographical profiles of the important and influential persons of Latino heritage who form the international Hispanic community. Covers persons of various nationalities in a wide variety of fields, including art, music and literature to science, politics and business.

  • Contemporary Musicians, Vol. 45

    Contemporary Musicians, Vol. 45

    Provides biographical information on important figures in today's musical arena, covering artists working in all genres of modern music, including rock, jazz, pop, rap, rhythm and blues, folk, New Age, country, gospel and reggae.

  • Contemporary Novelists, ed. 7

    Contemporary Novelists, ed. 7

    Concise discussions of the lives and principal works of contemporary novelists, written by subject experts.

  • Contemporary Poets, ed. 7

    Contemporary Poets, ed. 7

    Concise discussions of the lives and principal works of poets from around the world, written by subject experts.

  • Contemporary Theatre, Film and Television, Vol. 100

    Contemporary Theatre, Film and Television, Vol. 100

    Biographical and career information on people currently working in the entertainment industry. For general and trade audiences.

  • Corporate Disasters: What Went Wrong and Why

    Corporate Disasters: What Went Wrong and Why

    Profiles the biggest corporate mistakes or misdeeds throughout history, covering the people, the times, the decisions made.

  • Countries and Their Cultures

    Countries and Their Cultures

    Presents the cultural similarities within a country that set it apart from others by examining over 200 countries to document the myriad ways in which culture defines and separates the nations of the world as much as geographical borders do. Surveys each country's shared values, behaviors and cultural variations from foods and rituals to pastimes and arts, using a standard entry format for easy comparison. Provides illustrations, ph

  • Countries of the World and Their Leaders Yearbook 2017

    Countries of the World and Their Leaders Yearbook 2017

    Covering nearly 200 countries, this yearbook is filled with background notes reports from the U.S. Department of State. Entries typically cover geography, history, government and political conditions, economy, and state of relations with the United States.

  • Crime and Punishment in America Reference Library

    Crime and Punishment in America Reference Library

    Covering the evolution of the American criminal justice system throughout history, Crime and Punishment in America Reference Library explores everything from juvenile justice to organized crime.

  • Cuba

    Cuba

    Presents the major forces that have shaped the country both historically and culturally, offering a close look at themes emblematic to the nation's history. Features articles on works of art and nonfiction, political documents, speeches, testimonies, flashpoint events and places of cultural significance.

  • Cuba: Versi   n en Espa   ol

    Cuba: Versi n en Espa ol

    Presenta las principales fuerzas que han dado forma al pais tanto historica como culturalmente, ofreciendo un vistazo de cerca a los temas emblematicos de la historia del pais. Contiene articulos sobre obras de arte y no ficcion, documentos politicos, discursos, testimonios, eventos punto de inflamacion y lugares de importancia cultural.

  • Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library

    Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library

    In the second half of the 19th century, America transformed itself into an industrial power, ready to assume a dominant position on the world scene in the 20th century. The development of industrialization and the consumer society brought about opportunities for many Americans as part of an ever-growing middle class, but also resulted in environmental and social degradation that we continue to deal with at the present time.

  • Dictionary of American History, ed. 3

    Dictionary of American History, ed. 3

    The first comprehensive revision of this classic reference source, originally published in 1940, features updated and revised entries from previous editions, as well as more than 800 new entries covering recent events and topics not covered previously. This authoritative work serves students, scholars, and general readers interested in a wide range of topics in American history, from the well studied and familiar to the obscure.

  • Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages

    Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages

    This dictionary contains more than 20,000 brief biographical entries on women, including thousands of entries on non-U.S. figures.

  • Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

    Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

    Covers the history of the Arab-Israeli conflict from the birth of Zionism at the end of the 19th century. Covers five Arab-Israeli wars, and provides biographies of political personnel in Syria, Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Jordan, and the occupied territories. The Dictionary provides clear definitions and comprehensive explanations of the history, geography, religion, and demographics of the area. 2 volumes.

  • Discoveries in Modern Science: Exploration, Invention, Technology

    Discoveries in Modern Science: Exploration, Invention, Technology

    This set cover more than 300 of the most important scientific discoveries as defined by a Board of scientists and historians. It aims to present an in-depth treatment of 'curiosity-led science,' as well as directed research that led to important inventions and technologies. It will spark curiosity and engagement among readers, ranging from advanced high school students, to those in college and universities, as well as educated reade

  • Drama for Students, Vol. 17

    Drama for Students, Vol. 17

    Provides critical overviews of the most-studied plays of all time periods, nations, and cultures. Includes discussions of themes, characters, critical reception, dramatic devices and traditions as well as cultural and historical context.

  • Drugs, Alcohol, and Tobacco: Learning about Addictive Behavior

    Drugs, Alcohol, and Tobacco: Learning about Addictive Behavior

    This 3-volume set is written for readers at grade 7 and higher and covers addictions, causes, and treatments of particular importance to adolescents. Articles on the nature of addiction and its roots include advertising, genetics, families, and personal problems.

  • Early Civilizations in the Americas Reference Library

    Early Civilizations in the Americas Reference Library

    This reference library provides a comprehensive overview of the history of the regions of the American continents in which two of the world's first civilizations developed: Mesoamerica (the name for the lands in which ancient civilizations arose in Central America and Mexico) and the Andes Mountains region of South America (in present-day Peru and parts of Bolivia, northern Argentina, and Ecuador).

  • Elizabethan World Reference Library

    Elizabethan World Reference Library

    Provides background and information on the culture and history of the Elizabethan period, biographies of significant men and women of the time, and primary sources that represent some of the most significant and studied documents of the era.

  • Employment

    Employment

    This book guides the reader in gaining job skills, seeking work, interviewing, negotiating salaries and benefits, and thriving in the workplace. It also offers information that applies to all job seekers, as well as guidance for first-time job applicants and workers returning to the workforce after an absence.

  • Encyclopaedia Judaica, ed. 2

    Encyclopaedia Judaica, ed. 2

    Provides an exhaustive and organized overview of Jewish life and knowledge from the Second Temple period to the contemporary State of Israel, from Rabbinic to modern Yiddish literature, from Kabbalah to 'Americana' and from Zionism to the contribution of Jews to world cultures, Encyclopaedia Judaica, 2nd edition is important to scholars, general readers and students.

  • Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History, ed. 2

    Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History, ed. 2

    A five-volume set and supplement covering all aspects of the African-American experience from 1619 to the present day. Using biographies, historical essays, and thematic pieces, many written by foremost scholars, it addresses a wide array of subjects in over 2,300 articles to define in one source the cultural roots, participation in American life, and current condition of the African-American community.

  • Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy, ed. 2

    Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy, ed. 2

    Essays by subject experts treat concepts and doctrines, policymaking, commerce and science, human rights and arms control, with specific articles on topics ranging from anti-imperialism to environmental diplomacy, from refugee policies to terrorism and countermeasures. Also includes a chronology.

  • Encyclopedia of American Industries, ed. 6

    Encyclopedia of American Industries, ed. 6

    A three-volume business reference that provides detailed, comprehensive information on a wide range of industries in every realm of American business. The work consists of more than 1,000 detailed profiles of the manufacturing and service industries.

  • Encyclopedia of Buddhism

    Encyclopedia of Buddhism

    This encyclopedia describes the Buddhist world view, basic teachings and practices of Buddhism, as well as its different schools and sects. In addition to containing entries on Buddhist scriptures, art, architecture, divinities, monastic orders, festivals, rites and ceremonies, this 2-vol. set explores the history of Buddhism, the different forms it has taken in different parts of the world, and how Buddhism has blended with other r

  • Encyclopedia of Business and Finance, ed. 3

    Encyclopedia of Business and Finance, ed. 3

    Designed for the nonspecialist, the Encyclopedia of Business and Finance is a 2-vol. complete reference covering five general areas: finance and banking; accounting; marketing; management; and information systems. Drawing on practical professional expertise as well as that of noted scholars, the contributors include executives, government administrators and scholars from leading business programs from around the United States.

  • Encyclopedia of Business and Finance, ed. 2

    Encyclopedia of Business and Finance, ed. 2

    Designed for the nonspecialist, the Encyclopedia of Business and Finance is a 2-vol. complete reference covering five general areas: finance and banking; accounting; marketing; management; and information systems. Drawing on practical professional expertise as well as that of noted scholars, the contributors include executives, government administrators and scholars from leading business programs from around the United States.

  • Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion

    Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion

    A survey of clothing, costume and fashion. Coverage includes the origins of clothing and body adornment, the development of fabrics and technologies, and the social meanings of dress, as well as representative costumes from a wide range of historical eras. For students and researchers at the high-school level or higher.

  • Encyclopedia of Education, ed. 2

    Encyclopedia of Education, ed. 2

    Offers a complete view of the institutions, people, processes, roles, and philosophies in educational practice in the United States and throughout the world. Features biographies of influential educators; profiles of historic colleges and universities and of organizations active in the field; and an appendix of full text source documents, including education related legislation, international treaties, and testing methods. 8 volumes

  • Encyclopedia of Emerging Industries, ed. 6

    Encyclopedia of Emerging Industries, ed. 6

    Provides information about the inception, emergence and current status of new and established industries and business segments that are pioneering new technologies, introducing break-through marketing strategies or implementing innovative means of serving new markets. Consists of detailed profiles newer industries, such as biometrics, risk management services, satellites, specialty tourism, and others.

  • Encyclopedia of Emerging Markets

    Encyclopedia of Emerging Markets

    This business encyclopedia provides custom-written articles offering rare insight into nations with social or business activity in the process of rapid growth and industrialization, as well as highlighting key emerging industries within those economies.

  • Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy

    Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy

    Examines the philosophical and ethical issues underlying contemporary and historical environmental issues, policies, and debates. Covers concepts, institutions, topics, events and people, including global warming, animal rights, environmental movements, alternative energy, green chemistry, industrial ecology, and eco-sabotage.

  • Encyclopedia of European Social History

    Encyclopedia of European Social History

    This six-volume reference includes more than 230 articles, ranging from 5,000 to 10,000 words, on everything from serfdom and the economy, to witchcraft and public health.

  • Encyclopedia of Food and Culture

    Encyclopedia of Food and Culture

    A three-volume survey of food and its place in human culture and society, presented through 600 alphabetically sorted entries. Features multidisciplinary coverage of such topics as comfort food, ethnicity and food, medieval banquets, and nutrient composition, among many others. Includes photographs, illustrations, sidebars, recipes, menus, and timelines. For students and general readers.

  • Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity

    Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity

    This encyclopedia spans the globe to explain the issues behind crimes against humanity and human rights issues as they relate to individual countries and the world at large. It traces the history of events that qualify as genocide and crimes against humanity, profiles perpetrators and heroes, and explains international laws and law proceedings aimed at ending genocide and crimes against humanity.

  • Encyclopedia of Global Brands, ed. 2

    Encyclopedia of Global Brands, ed. 2

    Contains 270 entries, written in case-study style, that highlight interesting details including how a product originated and was first marketed, how it developed commercially and how it fares today compared with its competitors and its own past history. Included are anecdotes pertaining to the famous, or infamous, marketing strategies and advertising campaigns that managed to capture the sometimes jaded viewers' attention.

  • Encyclopedia of Global Industries, ed. 5

    Encyclopedia of Global Industries, ed. 5

    Chronicles the history, development and current status of the world's most lucrative and high profile industries. Each entry covers size and economic/social impact of the industry; its organization and structure; its history and development; major countries and companies involved (including rankings); size and nature of the work force; and research.

  • Encyclopedia of India

    Encyclopedia of India

    A four-volume survey of the history, cultures, geography and religions of India from ancient times to the present day. Includes more than 600 entries, arranged alphabetically. For students and general readers.

  • Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture

    Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture

    Spans Irish history from prehistoric times to the present, treating both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland in detail. Entries represent an inclusive, cross-disciplinary approach, written by specialists and covering history, archaeology, anthropology, geography, politics, economics, the Irish and English languages and literatures, the visual arts, and other fields.

  • Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, ed. 2

    Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, ed. 2

    This reference work includes articles on the history, religion, cultural practices, and political economies of Muslims from the seventh-century in West Asia to today's Muslim societies throughout the continents of Asia, Africa, the Subcontinent, Europe, and the Americas.

  • Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture, ed. 2

    Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture, ed. 2

    Provides a comprehensive, multidisciplinary view of Latin American history and culture from prehistoric times to the present. Covers cultural issues and includes numerous biographical profiles of important figures in politics, letters and the arts.

  • Encyclopedia of Major Marketing Campaigns, Vol. 2

    Encyclopedia of Major Marketing Campaigns, Vol. 2

    An annual publication that profiles important marketing campaigns of the 20th century.

  • Encyclopedia of Major Marketing Strategies, Vol. 3

    Encyclopedia of Major Marketing Strategies, Vol. 3

    A continuation of Encyclopedia of Major Marketing Campaigns (1999 and 2007), this new volume expands its international coverage through its 100 essays covering some of the top global and emerging brands that appeared from 2010 to 2013. Essays are aligned to the strategic marketing framework, ensuring that the marketing strategies covered can easily be utilized in an academic environment as case studies, or illustrative examples ofte

  • Encyclopedia of Management, ed. 7

    Encyclopedia of Management, ed. 7

    Covers numerous topics in management theories and applications, such as aggregate planning, benchmarking, logistics, diversification strategy, non-traditional work arrangements, performance measurement, productivity measures, supply chain management, and much more.

  • Encyclopedia of Modern Asia

    Encyclopedia of Modern Asia

    A six-volume survey of modern Asia, defined as extending from Japan in the east to Turkey in the west, and from Kazakhstan in the north to Indonesia in the south. Presents entries covering such subjects as countries, cities, regions, natural features, religions, social issues, languages, people, events, customs, politics, and economics.

  • Encyclopedia of Modern China

    Encyclopedia of Modern China

    Provides critical information on the most populous country and most dynamic trade market in the world: the people, politics, economics, religion, philosophy, traditions, art, and literature of this ancient and enduring civilization are explored from the beginning of the nineteenth century to the present day.

  • Encyclopedia of Philosophy, ed. 2

    Encyclopedia of Philosophy, ed. 2

    English-language reference source for philosophy,' has been the cornerstone of the philosophy reference shelf. Lauded for its clear and accessible presentation of wide-ranging philosophical subjects, the Encyclopedia has earned its place as a first-stop resource for general readers, students and educators.

  • Encyclopedia of Products & Industries - Manufacturing

    Encyclopedia of Products & Industries - Manufacturing

    Provides information on products and the relationships between products and their industries. Explores various aspects of a product, the manufacturers, suppliers, immediate and adjacent industries and markets. Emphasizes manufacturers of numerous durable goods such as tires, automobiles, appliances, business equipment, home furnishing and sporting goods.

  • Encyclopedia of Public Health

    Encyclopedia of Public Health

    Aimed at the nonspecialist reader interested in health and medicinal issues, the Encyclopedia examines a broad range of topics such as environmental health, drug abuse, epidemiology, nutrition, demographics and diseases. Includes overviews, definitions and biographical entries. appropriate for upper class high school and university students, professionals and the general public. 4 volumes.

  • Encyclopedia of Recreation and Leisure in America

    Encyclopedia of Recreation and Leisure in America

    A two-volume survey of the pursuit of leisure in the United States, from Colonial to modern times, presented through 271 alphabetically arranged entries. Coverage includes specific types of recreational activities as well as important themes in the history of leisure. For students, researchers, and general readers.

  • Encyclopedia of Religion, ed. 2

    Encyclopedia of Religion, ed. 2

    The second edition of a resource that is considered a standard reference in the field. Presents a cross-cultural approach that emphasizes religion's role within everyday life and as a unique experience from culture to culture. The original 2,750 entries have been retained, many heavily updated, and approximately 600 entirely new articles have been added by an international team of scholars and contributors.

  • Encyclopedia of Russian History

    Encyclopedia of Russian History

    Provides a comprehensive discussion of Russia's people, politics, economics, religion, and social systems; and is designed to complement the study of comparative politics, world history, geography, literature, arts and culture and world cultures. Entries span the period from the earliest beginnings of the Russian nation to the rise and fall of the Soviet Union.

  • Encyclopedia of Science and Religion

    Encyclopedia of Science and Religion

    A multidisciplinary approach that addresses all aspects of the dialogue between the sciences and the world's religions, reaching into the humanities as well as into the physical sciences and technology. Examines controversial issues such as human cloning and stem cell research long with more traditional questions such as the origins of life, the nature of sin, and the philosophy of science and religion. 4 volumes.

  • Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics

    Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics

    This Encyclopedia considers both the professional ethics of science and technology, and the ethical and political issues raised by science and technology in an increasingly complex and global society. This broad coverage supports the numerous courses in applied and professional ethics and policy related to the practice of science and technology in education.

  • Encyclopedia of Small Business, ed. 4

    Encyclopedia of Small Business, ed. 4

    Provides entrepreneurs with how-to information that they can apply to their own business. Features revised and expanded coverage to reflect the most current small business topics.

  • Encyclopedia of Western Colonialism since 1450

    Encyclopedia of Western Colonialism since 1450

    Provides students and researchers with a much-needed, comprehensive resource on the subject of colonialism and expansion. From a global perspective, the set traces many facets of colonial growth and imperialism, and much more.

  • Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 24

    Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 24

    A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

  • Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 25

    Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 25

    A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

  • Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 26

    Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 26

    A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

  • Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 27

    Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 27

    A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

  • Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 28

    Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 28

    A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

  • Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 29

    Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 29

    A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

  • Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 30

    Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 30

    A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

  • Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 31

    Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 31

    A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

  • Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 32

    Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 32

    A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

  • Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 33

    Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 33

    A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

  • Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 34

    Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 34

    A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

  • Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 35

    Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 35

    A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

  • Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 36

    Encyclopedia of World Biography, ed. 2, Vol. 36

    A multicultural biographical source that covers notable individuals from every part of the world and from all time periods who have made significant contributions to human culture.

  • Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, ed. 2

    Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, ed. 2

    Contains new and updated original articles covering recent concepts (i.e. adoption, race, the Constitution, birthright citizenship) and court cases since 1992 offering comprehensive coverage of all aspects of constitutional law, as well as biographies of people who have had an impact on our government's legal framework (Supreme Court Justices, Presidents, Cabinet Members, Lawyers, and more). Also covers judicial decisions handed dow

  • Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History

    Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History

    A three-volume survey of the military aspects of the American Revolutionary War, covering the period 1763-1783. The alphabetically arranged entries include biographies as well as discussions of campaigns and strategy; battles, skirmishes, and naval actions; weaponry; political issues and events; and how the European powers participated in the conflict. For students, historians, and general readers.

  • Encyclopedia of the Great Depression

    Encyclopedia of the Great Depression

    This 2-vol. set encompasses nearly two decades of American history, beginning with the farm crisis of the mid-1920s, through the 1929 stock market crash, the gradual recovery during the 1930s with Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal and World War II. This wide-ranging, multidisciplinary encyclopedia features entries on depression-era politics, government, business, economics, literature, the arts, society and culture.

  • Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa, ed. 2

    Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa, ed. 2

    The set covers the modern history of the Middle East and North Africa, with major sections on Colonialism and Imperialism, the World Wars, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the United Nations involvement in the region. Each country in the region is reviewed, detailing its population, economy and government.

  • Encyclopedia of the New American Nation

    Encyclopedia of the New American Nation

    A three-volume survey of the formative years of the United States, starting just prior to the American Revolution and ending with the inauguration of Andrew Jackson in 1829. Presents 671 alphabetically arranged entries focusing on the major political markers and milestones, as well as the art, music, literature and daily life, of this period. For secondary and college students, researchers, and general readers.

  • Encyclopedia of the Supreme Court of the United States

    Encyclopedia of the Supreme Court of the United States

    Focuses on the substance of American law, the processes that produce its legal principles, and the history of the Supreme Court, from its creation to the present. Overview essays address the history of such topics as citizenship, due process, Native Americans, racism, and contraception, emphasizing the social context of each and the social and political pressures that shaped interpretation.

  • Energy: In Context

    Energy: In Context

    This book explains the fundamentals of energy science and the impact of energy on human life and the environment. Interdisciplinary in nature, it covers topics from such fields as geology, biology, physics, history, sociology, and economics.

  • Enfermedades y Trastornos de la Salud

    Enfermedades y Trastornos de la Salud

    Provides a translation of Scribner's Human Diseases and Conditions for Spanish-speaking researchers. Details health and medical information on 280 diseases and conditions.

  • Environmental Encyclopedia, ed. 3

    Environmental Encyclopedia, ed. 3

    Provides in-depth, worldwide coverage of environmental issues. Each article is written in a nontechnical style and provides current status, analysis, and suggested solutions whenever possible.

  • Environmental Encyclopedia, ed. 4

    Environmental Encyclopedia, ed. 4

    Provides in-depth, worldwide coverage of environmental issues. Each article is written in a nontechnical style and provides current status, analysis, and suggested solutions whenever possible.

  • Environmental Science: In Context

    Environmental Science: In Context

    Provides comprehensive coverage of the environmental sciences. Cross-curricular in nature, the title supports both basic and advanced curricula in earth and environmental science, physics, chemistry, and biology, as well as general science, history, government, and the social sciences.

  • Epics for Students, ed. 2

    Epics for Students, ed. 2

    Provides critical overviews of literary epics of all time periods, nations, and cultures. Includes discussions of themes, characters, literary traditions and cultural context.

  • Ethics, Science, Technology, and Engineering, ed. 2: A Global Resource

    Ethics, Science, Technology, and Engineering, ed. 2: A Global Resource

    This work considers both the professional ethics of science and technology, and the ethical and political issues raised by science and technology in an increasingly complex and global society. This broad coverage supports the numerous courses in applied and professional ethics and policy related to the practice of science and technology in education, including new analytical and interpretive essays on events, scholarship, people, an

  • Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire

    Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire

    A five-volume survey of European history from the onset of the French Revolution to the outbreak of World War. Alphabetically arranged entries cover the period's most significant personalities and meaningful developments in the arts, religion, politics, exploration, and warfare. For students, scholars, and general readers.

  • Europe Since 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction

    Europe Since 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction

    A multi-volume survey of European history from the beginning of World War I in 1914 to the present, presented through alphabetically arranged entries that focus on the period's scientific, social and cultural history as well as the political, military and economic developments. For students and general readers.

  • Europe, 1450 to 1789: Encyclopedia of the Early Modern World

    Europe, 1450 to 1789: Encyclopedia of the Early Modern World

    A six-volume survey of European history from 1450, the beginning of the print revolution, to 1789 and the French Revolution. Presents over 1,000 alphabetically arranged entries covering the period's most significant personalities and meaningful developments in the arts, religion, politics, exploration, and warfare. For students, scholars, and general readers.

  • Everyday Finance: Economics, Personal Money Management, and Entrepreneurship

    Everyday Finance: Economics, Personal Money Management, and Entrepreneurship

    Provides a mix of basic and practical information on economics, personal money management, and starting a business.

  • Experiment Central, ed. 2: Understanding Scientific Principles Through Projects

    Experiment Central, ed. 2: Understanding Scientific Principles Through Projects

    Provides examples of science projects and experiments that can be replicated for science fairs and other purposes, as well as suggestions on ways to design projects that investigate specific scientific topics and includes step-by-step descriptions of projects.

  • Fashion, Costume, and Culture, ed. 2: Clothing, Headwear, Body Decorations, and Footwear Through the Ages

    Fashion, Costume, and Culture, ed. 2: Clothing, Headwear, Body Decorations, and Footwear Through the Ages

    Provides facts and information about the cultural, religious, and social implications of human decoration and adornment throughout history, with a particular emphasis on the decades of the 20th century. In 500 entries, detailed information about clothing, hairstyles, tattoos, jewelry, body piercing, feet binding, and other types of fashion or style is examined. Entries explain the fashion or style within the context of the tradition

  • Feminism in Literature: A Gale Critical Companion

    Feminism in Literature: A Gale Critical Companion

    This six-volume set explores the history of women and feminism throughout literature, from classical antiquity to modern times. Topics covered include misogyny and women's social roles in ancient civilizations, 16th-century women's devotional literature, 17th- and 18th-century women's captivity narratives, the women's suffrage movement in 19th-century America, women writers of the 'Lost Generation,' lesbian literature, and much more

  • Food: In Context

    Food: In Context

    Examines food in relationship to nutrition, world health issues, agriculture, environmental concerns, current events and political decision-making.

  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War

    Contains historical overviews, biographical entries, and primary source material on the French and Indian War. Features include illustrations, maps, graphs and charts, photographs, and a further reading list. Designed for student and general audiences.

  • From Green Industries to Green Jobs

    From Green Industries to Green Jobs

    Presents occupational profiles, alongside overviews of the green job that cover such details as, what job it is most similar to, what skills are required to perform the job, and what a typical day in the life of that job is like.

  • Gale Business Insights Handbook of Cultural Transformation

    Gale Business Insights Handbook of Cultural Transformation

    This series centers on the specific projects, tasks, and activities in which businesspeople currently engage. This volume focuses on the topic of organizational change and corporate culture.

  • Gale Business Insights Handbook of Global Business Law

    Gale Business Insights Handbook of Global Business Law

    This series centers on the specific projects, tasks, and activities in which businesspeople currently engage. This volume focuses on the topic of global business law.

  • Gale Business Insights Handbook of Global Marketing

    Gale Business Insights Handbook of Global Marketing

    This series centers on the specific projects, tasks, and activities in which businesspeople currently engage. This volume focuses on the topic of global marketing.

  • Gale Business Insights Handbook of Innovation Management

    Gale Business Insights Handbook of Innovation Management

    This series centers on the specific projects, tasks, and activities in which businesspeople currently engage. This volume focuses on the topic of technical innovations in business management.

  • Gale Business Insights Handbook of Investment Research

    Gale Business Insights Handbook of Investment Research

    This series centers on the specific projects, tasks, and activities in which businesspeople currently engage. This volume focuses on investment research and analysis.

  • Gale Business Insights Handbook of Social Media Marketing

    Gale Business Insights Handbook of Social Media Marketing

    This series centers on the specific projects, tasks, and activities in which businesspeople currently engage. This volume focuses on the social aspects of internet marketing.

  • Gale Contextual Encyclopedia of American Literature

    Gale Contextual Encyclopedia of American Literature

    Covers American authors from many periods and genres, building a broad understanding of the various contexts - from the biographical to the literary to the historical - in which literature can be viewed.

  • Gale Contextual Encyclopedia of World Literature

    Gale Contextual Encyclopedia of World Literature

    Covers world authors from many periods and genres, building an understanding of the various contexts -- from the biographical to the literary to the historical -- in which literature can be viewed. Identifies the significant literary devices and global themes that define a writer's style and place the author in a larger literary tradition as chronicled and evaluated by critics over time.

  • Gale E-Commerce Sourcebook, ed. 2

    Gale E-Commerce Sourcebook, ed. 2

    Combines a variety of information including approximately 100 how to topical entries covering the most commonly asked questions relating to e-commerce. Topics include how to write business and marketing plans, secure financing, and evaluate candidates for designing a website. Covers directory listings of approximately 4,700 associations, consultants, and other organizations related to e-commerce as well as the top 250 leading e-comm

  • Gale Encyclopedia of American Law, ed. 3

    Gale Encyclopedia of American Law, ed. 3

    Covers today's leading cases, major statutes, legal terms and concepts, notable persons involved with the law, and important documents. Includes topics such as the Americans with Disabilities Act, capital punishment, domestic violence, gay and lesbian rights, physician-assisted suicide and more.

  • Gale Encyclopedia of E-Commerce

    Gale Encyclopedia of E-Commerce

    Provides access to the world of Internet commerce and addresses the concerns of those who want to join the ranks of the Internet business community. Presents answers to common questions about website development, financing, advertising, and more. Features 470 essays covering topics and terms, profiles of the top e-commerce companies, biographies of e-commerce innovators, and coverage of events and legislation related to e-commerce.

  • Gale Encyclopedia of E-Commerce, ed. 2

    Gale Encyclopedia of E-Commerce, ed. 2

    Provides access to the world of Internet commerce and addresses the concerns of those who want to join the ranks of the Internet business community. Features 470 essays on topics related to the emerging world of e-commerce. Includes profiles of individuals and organizations considered to be the industry leaders and innovators and covers significant events, case studies and legal issues important to understanding the current e-commer

  • Gale Encyclopedia of Everyday Law, ed. 3

    Gale Encyclopedia of Everyday Law, ed. 3

    This encyclopedia fills a much-needed gap between legal texts focusing on the theory and history behind the law and more practical guides dealing with the law and its everyday effect upon its citizens. Containing approximately 200 articles, the Encyclopedia includes: brief descriptions of each issue's historical background, covering important statutes and cases; profiles of various U.S. laws and regulations; and details of how laws

  • Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America, ed. 3

    Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America, ed. 3

    This work includes 23 new ethnic groups and contains 152 revised ethnic entries on specific minority groups in the U.S., with an emphasis on culture (religions, holidays, customs, language) in addition to information on historical background and settlement patterns. The encyclopedia also covers ethnoreligious groups such as Jews, Chaldeans and Amish.

  • Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. History: War

    Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. History: War

    Provides a broad overview of war throughout American history, with a special emphasis on how war effects, and is affected by, political, economic, and social change in American and global society.

  • Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. History: Government and Politics

    Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. History: Government and Politics

    Provides a concise history of the U.S. government and political scene throughout American history, with a particular emphasis on how government and politics effects, and is affected by, social change.

  • Gale Encyclopedia of World History: War

    Gale Encyclopedia of World History: War

    Provides a broad overview of war throughout world history, from ancient times to present, with a special emphasis on its causes and repercussions.

  • Gale Encyclopedia of World History: Governments

    Gale Encyclopedia of World History: Governments

    Provides a broad overview of national governments throughout history, explaining their structures and histories, key players and events, and how governments effect, and are affected by, social change.

  • Gale Library of Daily Life: American Civil War

    Gale Library of Daily Life: American Civil War

    Provides historical information on the battlefield and homefront experience and the political, economic, social, and cultural life of the North and South during the War. Primary source documents in the form of first-person accounts, letters, diaries, journals, newspapers, and literature bring to life the experiences of the Union and Confederate participants and the people they left behind.

  • Gale Library of Daily Life: Slavery in America

    Gale Library of Daily Life: Slavery in America

    Illuminates daily life in slave society in America from colonial times to the end of the Civil War. Provides information on the business and regulation of slavery, the plantation way of life, work, family and community, culture and leisure, health and medicine, religion, resistance and rebellion, and slavery and freedom in the North.

  • Genetics

    Genetics

    A comprehensive collection of articles on all aspects of genetics, from Mendel to the decoding of the human genome. Explains the workings of genes and chromosomes, genetic diseases, and biotechnology. Also covers the ethical, legal, and social issues connected to genetic science. Includes full-color photos and line drawings, a glossary of scientific terms, and coverage of careers in the field.

  • Gilded Age and Progressive Era Reference Library

    Gilded Age and Progressive Era Reference Library

    Focuses on the significant social and culture changes that occurred in the years 1878-1913.

  • Global Events: Milestone Events Throughout History

    Global Events: Milestone Events Throughout History

    Features more than 830 entries covering key global historical events from a regional perspective. Covering ancient civilizations to the present, important events in history are explored with an emphasis on their significance to overall world history. Volumes are chronologically arranged by region: Africa, Asia and Oceania, Central and South America, Europe, Middle East, and North America.

  • Gothic Literature: A Gale Critical Companion

    Gothic Literature: A Gale Critical Companion

    Spans all facets of gothic literature, including visual and performing arts, society and culture, themes, and settings. Includes primary source documents and critical material to provide a contextual perspective, a related chronology of key events, full-text commentaries, and lists of further readings.

  • Government, Politics, and Protest: Essential Primary Sources

    Government, Politics, and Protest: Essential Primary Sources

    A collection of primary source documents that focus on leading social issues of the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. International in scope, each title is devoted to one topic.

  • Governments of the World: A Global Guide to Citizens Rights and Responsibilities

    Governments of the World: A Global Guide to Citizens Rights and Responsibilities

    This wide-ranging, multidisciplinary encyclopedia describes and analyzes how the governments profiled affect citizens in the daily exercise of their rights and responsibilities. Arranged alphabetically and richly illustrated, Governments of the World features biographies and historical surveys on different types of political systems, such as constitutional monarchies, presidential systems, democracies and dictatorships, and much mor

  • Grand Design: Hollywood as a Modern Business Enterprise, 1930-1939

    Grand Design: Hollywood as a Modern Business Enterprise, 1930-1939

    Studies the advent of color, big musicals, the studio system and the beginning of institutionalized censorship which made the thirties the defining decade for Hollywood, the decade that ended with 'The Greatest Year in Motion Pictures' - the year of 'Gone With the Wind', 'The Wizard of Oz', 'Mr Smith Goes to Washington' and other classics.

  • Great Depression and the New Deal Reference Library

    Great Depression and the New Deal Reference Library

    Covers the failure of the U.S. economy and its gradual recovery, with special attention to the New Deal, as well as the global situation, including the rise of Hitler. The Almanac covers the era in 16 subject chapters. Biographies profiles 29 major figures of the period. Primary Sources features annotated excerpts from speeches, newspaper and magazine articles, literature, and other documents from the period. For middle school and g

  • Grzimeks Animal Life Encyclopedia: Evolution

    Grzimeks Animal Life Encyclopedia: Evolution

    Covers evolution in detail and explores it from a scientific viewpoint. Includes comprehensive coverage of recent ideas and discoveries in the field of evolution.

  • Grzimeks Animal Life Encyclopedia: Extinction

    Grzimeks Animal Life Encyclopedia: Extinction

    This new supplement explores all aspects of extinctions and extinct life, featuring approximately 80 articles outlining major extinctions and related scientific areas. Entries are written by nationally renowned subject experts specializing in zoology, paleontology, and environmental science. Written for students and general researchers.

  • Grzimeks Student Animal Life Resource

    Grzimeks Student Animal Life Resource

    This resource book offers broad, comprehensive coverage of the animal kingdom, ranging from the simple -- sponges and corals -- to the complex -- mammals. Animals are grouped by major classifications: sponges; corals; jellyfishes; segmented worms; crustaceans and mollusks; insects; fishes; amphibians; reptiles; birds; and mammals.

  • Harlem Renaissance

    Harlem Renaissance

    This authoritative resource presents the people, places and times that defined an era and documents the launch of cultural development among African Americans in 1920s Harlem. This single volume contains almanac and biographies sections with primary source documents in sidebars throughout.

  • Health and Wellness

    Health and Wellness

    This book guides readers in making healthy choices about hygiene, diet, exercise, and medical care. They present easy-to-understand information about health-care coverage options and offer overviews of the types of available medical care, from general practitioners to alternative medicine and mental health providers.

  • Healthy Living, ed. 2

    Healthy Living, ed. 2

    This set is designed to be a one-stop-shop for young student's first learning about healthy habits and health issues in general. Topics include nutrition, exercise, environmental health, medicine and healthcare, mental health and self-esteem.

  • Historic Events for Students: The Great Depression

    Historic Events for Students: The Great Depression

    Each volume includes 15-20 entries covering a specific issue or incident related to the Great Depression in a global perspective. Entries follow a standard format for comparison purposes and typically include an introduction, an issue or incident summary, an exploration of different perspectives, a summary of key political, social and economic influences, and sources for further research. Includes primary source documents. Aimed at

  • Histories of Everyday Life in Totalitarian Regimes

    Histories of Everyday Life in Totalitarian Regimes

    This set explores daily life in such totalitarian dictatorships as Nazi Germany, Stalin's Soviet Union, China under Mao, and North Korea. Entries focus on compelling personal histories detailing the experiences of individuals in these regimes. The personal experiences are conveyed in such first-hand accounts as memoirs, autobiographies, diaries, and letters.

  • History Behind the Headlines: The Origins of Conflicts Worldwide

    History Behind the Headlines: The Origins of Conflicts Worldwide

    Presents in-depth information on conflicts appearing in today's headlines. Users are provided with historical background and analysis to events to give a greater understanding of the politics, players, and layers of current affairs.

  • History of World Trade Since 1450

    History of World Trade Since 1450

    History of World Trade Since 1450 starts at a year regarded as the beginning of the Age of Exploration and examines how the hunt for new resources and markets during that period resulted in the establishment of colonies in Africa, the Americas and Asia. The set looks at the Industrial Revolution, the rise of capitalism and the effects of imperialism on the global economy.

  • How Everyday Products are Made

    How Everyday Products are Made

    Examines products that figure prominently in the everyday lives of teens, as well as many other items of interest. Entries describe the whys and hows of the inventions, provide step-by-step descriptions of the manufacturing process, and offer predictions about product enhancements for the future. Includes critical thinking questions, photos, illustrations, sidebars, and a 'For More Information' bibliography of books, periodicals, an

  • How Products Are Made, Vol. 1: An Illustrated Guide to Product Manufacturing

    How Products Are Made, Vol. 1: An Illustrated Guide to Product Manufacturing

    Provides information on the manufacture of a variety of items, from everyday household products to heavy machinery to sophisticated electronic equipment. Includes step-by-step descriptions of processes and simple explanations of technical terms and concepts. Covers a broad range of manufacturing areas including: food, clothing, electronics, transportation, machinery, instruments, sporting goods, and more.

  • Human Diseases and Conditions, ed. 3

    Human Diseases and Conditions, ed. 3

    Presents information on numerous diseases and conditions. Articles include a definition of the disease or condition, an explanation of how it works in the body, information on causes, symptoms and diagnosis, treatment or cure, and lifestyles.

  • Human and Civil Rights: Essential Primary Sources

    Human and Civil Rights: Essential Primary Sources

    These volumes of primary source documents focus on leading social issues of the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. International in scope, each title is devoted to one topic.

  • Industrial Revolution Reference Library

    Industrial Revolution Reference Library

    Covers the ideas and social turmoil that marked this transition as well as the machines, manufacturing processes and energy sources that spurred it on.

  • Infectious Diseases: In Context

    Infectious Diseases: In Context

    Covers the history, politics, and ethical debate related to infectious diseases. Includes articles on how such diseases impact trade and commerce, travel, and the future of industrialized and impoverished nations.

  • Innovation Masters: History's Best Examples of Business Transformation

    Innovation Masters: History's Best Examples of Business Transformation

    Covers the best examples of successful businesses and/or business people that have incorporated or developed a new product, service or technology that help to reinvent or revolutionize their business and/or industry.

  • International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers, ed. 4

    International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers, ed. 4

    Provides thorough coverage of films and filmmakers, including legendary films, actors and actresses, directors, writers and other production artists. Entries include a detailed essay written by an expert; biographies; filmographies; comprehensive credits; major awards; and updated bibliographies, as well as photographs. General and professional audiences.

  • International Directory of Business Biographies

    International Directory of Business Biographies

    Examines the career paths, business achievements, leadership styles, business strategies and industry impact of Fortune 500 and Global 500 corporate leaders, as well as entrepreneurs and other notable businesspeople through in-depth biographical narratives. For business and trade audiences.

  • International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 100

    International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 100

    Provides histories of companies that are a leading influence in a particular industry or geographic location. For students, job candidates, business executives, historians and investors.

  • Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of Foods and Recipes of the World, ed. 2

    Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of Foods and Recipes of the World, ed. 2

    Provides comprehensive coverage of the foods and recipes from 70 representative countries and culture groups worldwide -- from Algeria to Zimbabwe. Entries provide 10-15 recipes for each group and include data on the agriculture and dietary habits of each group as well as an overview of each group's nutrition and health.

  • Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of Physical Geography

    Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of Physical Geography

    Includes information on physical properties and characteristics of nearly 200 countries. Designed specifically for students in grades 5-12.

  • Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Cities

    Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Cities

    Students will find everything they need to conduct thorough research on 50 cities from all over the world, including information on each city's history, neighborhoods, museums, parks, transportation, geography, holidays and festivals, population profiles and much more.

  • Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Cultures, ed. 2

    Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Cultures, ed. 2

    A guide to the history and current status of numerous cultural groups outside the United States. Offer students background and current status on cultures of the countries they are most likely to study.

  • Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Holidays

    Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Holidays

    Written for students in middle and high school, offering in-depth information on such holidays as Children's/Youth Day, Christmas (and related celebrations), Halloween and Festivals of the Dead, Hanukkah, Independence Day (Cinco de Mayo, Bastille Day, etc.), Kwanza, Yom Kippur, New Year celebrations and many others. 4 volume set.

  • Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Canadian Provinces, ed. 5

    Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Canadian Provinces, ed. 5

    Provides information on Canada's provinces and territories. Includes details on Canada's arts, climate, government, health, languages, notable persons, and ethnic groups.

  • Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Mexican States, ed. 2

    Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Mexican States, ed. 2

    Presents profiles of the 31 states and the Distrito Federal (federal district) of Mexico. Topics include climate, plants and animals, population and ethnic groups, religions, transportation, history, state and local governments, political parties, judicial system, economy, education, arts, media, tourism, sports, famous people.

  • Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, ed. 6

    Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, ed. 6

    Presents profiles of 193 countries of the world. Topics include climate, plants and animals, population and ethnic groups, religions, transportation, history, government, political parties, judicial system, economy, education, arts, media, tourism, and famous people.

  • Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the States, ed. 6

    Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the States, ed. 6

    Presents profiles of the 50 states of the nation, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the US dependencies. Topics include climate, plants and animals, population and ethnic groups, religions, transportation, history, state and local governments, political parties, judicial system, economy, education, arts, media, tourism, sports, famous people.

  • Korean War Reference Library

    Korean War Reference Library

    Covers the Korean War by exploring the major topics and events related to the period. The combined Almanac and Primary Sources covers the background of and issues related to the conflict in 13 chapters. Biographies includes 25 biographical entries on major figures from the period and 50 photographs.

  • Landmarks of the American Revolution: Library of Military History, ed. 2

    Landmarks of the American Revolution: Library of Military History, ed. 2

    Zooming in on key locations connected to the American Revolution, this expanded and completely revised edition of Col. Mark M. Boatner III's original book goes beyond U.S. borders when profiling historical sites and landmarks significant to the war. The original state-by-state guide now also includes coverage of the war in the West Indies and an expanded treatment of Canada.

  • Learning About the Holocaust: A Student's Guide

    Learning About the Holocaust: A Student's Guide

    Offers articles written at the 9th and 10th grade reading levels; includes diary entries and stories about young people who lived during the Holocaust.

  • Literary Movements for Students, ed. 2: Presenting Analysis, Context, and Criticism on Literary Movements

    Literary Movements for Students, ed. 2: Presenting Analysis, Context, and Criticism on Literary Movements

    Entries provide in-depth historical background information on each movement as well as modern critical interpretation of each movement's characteristic styles and themes.

  • Literary Newsmakers for Students, Vol. 1

    Literary Newsmakers for Students, Vol. 1

    Provides analysis and criticism of recent novels and other works of fiction, nonfiction, poetry and drama.

  • Literary Themes for Students: Race and Prejudice

    Literary Themes for Students: Race and Prejudice

    Works included represent a wide range of circumstances in which individuals experience prejudice in American, British and world literature. The discussion goes well beyond race, religion, and gender into ethnicity, social status, mental and physical health, and personal beliefs and behaviors.

  • Literary Themes for Students: The American Dream

    Literary Themes for Students: The American Dream

    Provides readers with an overview of literary works that explore the theme of the American dream. Analyzes poetry, plays, short stories, novels, and works of nonfiction that address this theme in some capacity, and how that theme has been treated in literature at different times in history and across diverse cultures.

  • Literary Themes for Students: War and Peace

    Literary Themes for Students: War and Peace

    Presents a myriad of viewpoints, so that modern readers can begin to grasp the complexities of war and its impact. Such stories give voice to the individuals who fight and are fought against, who are injured, who suffer on the battlefield and at home, and who, inevitably, can no longer speak for themselves. Examines dominant and recurring subthemes in the literature of war; including survival, terrorism, leadership, and genocide.

  • Lost Illusions: American Cinema in the Shadow of Watergate and Vietnam, 1970-1979

    Lost Illusions: American Cinema in the Shadow of Watergate and Vietnam, 1970-1979

    Looks at how the emergence of new technology, such as steadicam and Dolby sound, and a new generation of talent challenged the old ways, with films like 'Nashville' and 'Five Easy Pieces'.

  • Macmillan Encyclopedia of Energy

    Macmillan Encyclopedia of Energy

    Articles explore everything from Albert Einstein, seismic energy, and acid rain, to lasers and building design. The Encyclopedia supports the curriculum in earth science, chemistry and life sciences, social studies, political science and more.

  • Magills Cinema Annual 2005, ed. 24: A Survey of the Films of 2004

    Magills Cinema Annual 2005, ed. 24: A Survey of the Films of 2004

    Offers an in-depth retrospective of significant domestic and foreign films released in the United States during the preceding year. Distinguishing features include its extensive credits, awards and nominations, MPAA ratings, thorough indexes, and its exhaustive critical reviews with author bylines.

  • Magills Cinema Annual 2006, ed. 25: A Survey of the Films of 2005

    Magills Cinema Annual 2006, ed. 25: A Survey of the Films of 2005

    Offers an in-depth retrospective of significant domestic and foreign films released in the United States during the preceding year. Distinguishing features include its extensive credits, awards and nominations, MPAA ratings, thorough indexes, and its exhaustive critical reviews with author bylines.

  • Magills Cinema Annual 2007, ed. 26: A Survey of the Films of 2006

    Magills Cinema Annual 2007, ed. 26: A Survey of the Films of 2006

    Offers an in-depth retrospective of significant domestic and foreign films released in the United States during the preceding year. Distinguishing features include its extensive credits, awards and nominations, MPAA ratings, thorough indexes, and its exhaustive critical reviews with author bylines.

  • Magills Cinema Annual 2008, ed. 27: A Survey of the Films of 2007

    Magills Cinema Annual 2008, ed. 27: A Survey of the Films of 2007

    Offers an in-depth retrospective of significant domestic and foreign films released in the United States during the preceding year. Distinguishing features include its extensive credits, awards and nominations, MPAA ratings, thorough indexes, and its exhaustive critical reviews with author bylines.

  • Magills Cinema Annual 2009, ed. 28: A Survey of the Films of 2008

    Magills Cinema Annual 2009, ed. 28: A Survey of the Films of 2008

    Offers an in-depth retrospective of significant domestic and foreign films released in the United States during the preceding year. Distinguishing features include its extensive credits, awards and nominations, MPAA ratings, thorough indexes, and its exhaustive critical reviews with author bylines.

  • Magills Cinema Annual 2010, ed. 29: A Survey of the Films of 2009

    Magills Cinema Annual 2010, ed. 29: A Survey of the Films of 2009

    Offers an in-depth retrospective of significant domestic and foreign films released in the United States during the preceding year. Distinguishing features include its extensive credits, awards and nominations, MPAA ratings, thorough indexes, and its exhaustive critical reviews with author bylines.

  • Magills Cinema Annual 2011, ed. 30: A Survey of the Films of 2010

    Magills Cinema Annual 2011, ed. 30: A Survey of the Films of 2010

    Offers an in-depth retrospective of significant domestic and foreign films released in the United States during the preceding year. Distinguishing features include its extensive credits, awards and nominations, MPAA ratings, thorough indexes, and its exhaustive critical reviews with author bylines.

  • Magills Cinema Annual 2012, ed. 31: A Survey of the Films of 2011

    Magills Cinema Annual 2012, ed. 31: A Survey of the Films of 2011

    Offers an in-depth retrospective of significant domestic and foreign films released in the United States during the preceding year. Distinguishing features include its extensive credits, awards and nominations, MPAA ratings, thorough indexes, and its exhaustive critical reviews with author bylines.

  • Magills Cinema Annual 2013, ed. 32: A Survey of the Films of 2012

    Magills Cinema Annual 2013, ed. 32: A Survey of the Films of 2012

    Offers an in-depth retrospective of significant domestic and foreign films released in the United States during the preceding year. Distinguishing features include its extensive credits, awards and nominations, MPAA ratings, thorough indexes, and its exhaustive critical reviews with author bylines.

  • Magills Cinema Annual 2014, ed. 33: A Survey of the Films of 2013

    Magills Cinema Annual 2014, ed. 33: A Survey of the Films of 2013

    Offers an in-depth retrospective of significant domestic and foreign films released in the United States during the preceding year. Distinguishing features include its extensive credits, awards and nominations, MPAA ratings, thorough indexes, and its exhaustive critical reviews with author bylines.

  • Magills Cinema Annual 2015, ed. 34: A Survey of the Films of 2014

    Magills Cinema Annual 2015, ed. 34: A Survey of the Films of 2014

    Offers an in-depth retrospective of significant domestic and foreign films released in the United States during the preceding year. Distinguishing features include its extensive credits, awards and nominations, MPAA ratings, thorough indexes, and its exhaustive critical reviews with author bylines.

  • Magills Cinema Annual 2016, ed. 35: A Survey of the Films of 2015

    Magills Cinema Annual 2016, ed. 35: A Survey of the Films of 2015

    Offers an in-depth retrospective of significant domestic and foreign films released in the United States during the preceding year. Distinguishing features include its extensive credits, awards and nominations, MPAA ratings, thorough indexes, and its exhaustive critical reviews with author bylines.

  • Major 21st-Century Writers

    Major 21st-Century Writers

    Contains detailed biographical and bibliographical information on the most-studied authors at the turn of the twenty-first century. More than 1,000 fully-updated entries cover the most influential contemporary writers and their careers through 2004.

  • Major Acts of Congress

    Major Acts of Congress

    In 262 entries, this 3-vol. set examines landmark pieces of legislation, explaining the historical factors that led to the proposal of each act, looking at the adoption process and assessing each act's impact on American life. All aspects of legislation are covered, including the National Prohibition Act, the Civil Rights Act, the Family and Medical Leave Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Fair Housing Act, the Freedom of

  • Manufacturing & Distribution USA, ed. 9: Industry Analyses, Statistics and Leading Companies

    Manufacturing & Distribution USA, ed. 9: Industry Analyses, Statistics and Leading Companies

    Presents statistics on numerous NAICS classifications in the manufacturing, wholesaling and retail industries. Compiled from the most recent government publications. Covers input-output data by industrial sector when available as well as classifications of leading public and private corporations in each industry.

  • Market Share Reporter: Trends Over Time

    Market Share Reporter: Trends Over Time

    Covers 50 key industries (and the companies and products therein) throughout the world (including but not limited to the US, Canada, Mexico, Europe and Asia).

  • Mathematics, ed. 2

    Mathematics, ed. 2

    Explains mathematical concepts with an historical overview of the field. Explores the uses and effects of math in daily life, and provides information on different career choices in this field.

  • Medicine, Health, and Bioethics: Essential Primary Sources

    Medicine, Health, and Bioethics: Essential Primary Sources

    A focus on leading social issues of the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. Each title contains approximately 175 full or excerpted documents---speeches, legislation, magazine and newspaper articles, essays, memoirs, letters, interviews, novels, songs, and works of art---as well as overview information that places each document in context.

  • Meltons Encyclopedia of American Religions, ed. 9

    Meltons Encyclopedia of American Religions, ed. 9

    Comprehensive coverage of more than 2,300 North American religious groups in the U.S. and Canada -- from Adventists to Zen Buddhists. Information is presented in two distinct sections, essays and directory listings describing the historical development of religious families and providing factual information about each group within those families. Includes, when available, rubrics for membership figures, educational facilities and pe

  • Mexican-American War

    Mexican-American War

    Covers the period from the U.S. annexation of Texas to the Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo (1848), including the battles of the conflict and also the mixed feelings of Americans regarding the war.

  • Middle Ages Reference Library

    Middle Ages Reference Library

    Covers the different civilizations and peoples of Medieval times; includes biographical essays on significant individuals of the era; and presents a collection of excerpts from relevant letters, journal entries, poems and more from the era.

  • Middle East Conflict, ed. 2

    Middle East Conflict, ed. 2

    Provides a comprehensive and objective overview of the people, events, and documents that are key to understanding the complex relationships of the countries and cultures of the Middle East.

  • Modern American Literature, ed. 5

    Modern American Literature, ed. 5

    Provides insight into the careers of nearly 500 20th-century American writers, including black and women writers. Entries include important critical excerpts, chronologically arranged and collected from a wide variety of sources such as books, scholarly journals, general periodicals and newspapers.

  • National Survey of State Laws, ed. 6

    National Survey of State Laws, ed. 6

    A quick, state-by-state comparison of current state laws -- how they differ and how they're similar -- for a range of relevant subjects from abortion to employment discrimination, child custody to interest rates.

  • New Catholic Encyclopedia Supplement 2009

    New Catholic Encyclopedia Supplement 2009

    A supplement to the New Catholic Encyclopedia that focuses on the theme of science and the church.

  • New Catholic Encyclopedia Supplement 2010

    New Catholic Encyclopedia Supplement 2010

    This supplement focuses on the Church in Modern History, particularly WWII and after. It also includes about 200 entries on the men and women who have been beatified or canonized since 2003.

  • New Catholic Encyclopedia Supplement 2011

    New Catholic Encyclopedia Supplement 2011

    This supplement covers the areas of art, music and literature. It includes articles written by specialists and scholars, bios of the beatified and canonized since 2010 as well as entries on other relevant current Catholic issues, events and topics, such as: Internet and the Church, Pope Benedict XVI, popular culture, sex abuse crisis, television and Catholicism, and women artists and Catholic art.

  • New Catholic Encyclopedia Supplement 2012-2013: Ethics and Philosophy

    New Catholic Encyclopedia Supplement 2012-2013: Ethics and Philosophy

    This supplement covers a wide range of topics including ethics, metaphysics, epistemology, logic, aesthetics, philosophy of literature, art, and music, political philosophy, and philosophy of law. It contains numerous articles of special interest to Catholic thought and culture covering such areas as the philosophical aspects of love, hope, wisdom, marriage, friendship, death, pain and suffering, the human person and the human soul,

  • New Dictionary of the History of Ideas

    New Dictionary of the History of Ideas

    A six-volume survey of the history of Western thought and culture, presented through 700 alphabetically arranged entries. Each entry explores the origin, cultural interpretations, and historical themes of such subjects as beauty, love, feminism, diversity, and social capital, among many others. For students and general readers.

  • New Encyclopedia of Africa, ed. 2

    New Encyclopedia of Africa, ed. 2

    Addresses the entire history of African cultures from the pharaohs and the ancient civilizations of the south through the colonial era to the emergence of 53 independent countries, some of them newly emergent in world commerce and others deep in conflict. Covers issues facing the continent such as global development, the AIDS crisis, and international terrorism.

  • Newsmakers 2004 Cumulation

    Newsmakers 2004 Cumulation

    Provides timely and informative profiles of the world's most interesting people.

  • Nonfiction Classics for Students: Presenting Analysis, Context, and Criticism on Nonfiction Works

    Nonfiction Classics for Students: Presenting Analysis, Context, and Criticism on Nonfiction Works

    Provides critical overviews on the most frequently studied nonfiction essays, books, biographies, and memoirs. Includes discussions of literary format, themes, and structure.

  • Notable Black American Men, Book II

    Notable Black American Men, Book II

    Profiles contemporary and historic figures whose accomplishments will inspire students of every heritage. Covering the most prominent newsmakers as well as lesser-known individuals, each volume offers full biographical entries, portraits, addresses for living listees and recommended sources for further study.

  • Novels for Students, Vol. 17

    Novels for Students, Vol. 17

    Provides critical overviews of novels from various cultures and time periods. Includes discussions of plot, characters, themes and structure as well as the work's cultural and historical significance.

  • Nutrition and Well-Being A to Z

    Nutrition and Well-Being A to Z

    This two-volume reference examines the relationship between food and health on a historical, national and personal level. It analyzes how nutrition has affected quality of life, health and fitness in various countries at different times in history.

  • Personal Finance

    Personal Finance

    This book guides readers in making prudent decisions about spending, saving, and borrowing, walking them through major life events, such as buying or renting a home, purchasing or leasing a car, and saving for college and retirement. It also offers practical guidance about purchasing insurance, applying for government benefits, and being an informed consumer.

  • Philosophy: Environmental Ethics

    Philosophy: Environmental Ethics

    This volume is composed of twelve chapters covering such topics as population, novel ecoysystem, geoengineering, climate change, animal ethics, conciliation, and extinction. The use of film, literature, art, case studies, and other disciplines or situations/events provide illustrations of human experiences which work as gateways to questions philosophers try to address.

  • Philosophy: Medical Ethics

    Philosophy: Medical Ethics

    This book addresses the themes of ethics across the life span, ethical issues in health and medical professionalism, and bioethics in social justice. The focus moves from the individual patient-provider relationship to those of the greater community.

  • Philosophy: Mind

    Philosophy: Mind

    This book covers such philosophical topics as the self, free will, consciousness, perception, memory, emotions, and artificial intelligence. The use of film, literature, art, case studies, and other disciplines or situations/events provide illustrations of human experiences which work as gateways to questions philosophers try to address.

  • Philosophy: Sex and Love

    Philosophy: Sex and Love

    This book covers topics relevant to sex and love, including friendship, gender, marriage, adultery, and virtual (online) relationships. The use of film, literature, art, case studies, and other disciplines or situations/events provide illustrations of human experiences which work as gateways to questions philosophers try to address.

  • Philosophy: Sources, Perspectives, and Methodologies

    Philosophy: Sources, Perspectives, and Methodologies

    This book serves as a primer to the study of philosophy, discussing some of the challenges from various forms of skepticism that philosophers have faced when, in the footsteps of Socrates, they have tried to gain knowledge. The primer also provides a sample of the diverse philosophical traditions that have developed through the centuries in different parts of the world.

  • Philosophy: Sport

    Philosophy: Sport

    This book addresses the theme of ethics in the field of sports, covering such topics as cheating, gender equality, aesthetics, steroid use, and spirituality.

  • Pirates Through the Ages Reference Library

    Pirates Through the Ages Reference Library

    Explores the history of piracy from ancient times to the present day. Topics include piracy in antiquity and the Middle Ages, the golden age of piracy in the Caribbean, female pirates, the pirate code of conduct and pirate slang, strongholds and hideouts, ships, weaponry, and sea battles, pirates in literature and film, and modern maritime piracy.

  • Plant Sciences

    Plant Sciences

    Introduces the fundamentals of plant sciences, such as cells, transportation and photosynthesis, and also examines related fields, such as agribusiness, conservation and ethnobotany. Fully illustrated with margin definitions, timelines and sidebars throughout. Academic and general interest. 4 volumes.

  • Poetry for Students, Vol. 17

    Poetry for Students, Vol. 17

    Features discussion and analysis of poems of all time periods, nations, and cultures. Provides an overview of the poem and discussion of its principal themes, images, form and construction.

  • Pollution A to Z

    Pollution A to Z

    Provides information on a variety of pollution issues, including sources of pollution; disposal; remediation; and the ethical, social and legal environment, as well as topics such as acid rain, cancer, noise pollution and zero growth population. Also covers careers and biographies of key people. For academic and general audiences. 2 volumes.

  • Prejudice in the Modern World Reference Library

    Prejudice in the Modern World Reference Library

    Explores the many different types of prejudice, their history, what causes these prejudices in people and societies, and their consequences. Presents profiles of diverse and unique men and women who played key roles in the history of prejudice. Excerpted documents tell various stories in the words of the people who fought prejudice, acted out prejudices, and those who were the victims of prejudice.

  • Presidents: A Reference History, ed. 3

    Presidents: A Reference History, ed. 3

    Presents in-depth profiles of each American president and his administration. Includes black-and-white portraits of the presidents and extensive bibliographies. Also features a new history of the White House and a general introduction to the presidency. For students in grades 10 and higher, as well as general readers.

  • Psychology of Classroom Learning: An Encyclopedia

    Psychology of Classroom Learning: An Encyclopedia

    Examines the fundamental psychological aspects of learning such as cognition, motivation, and emotion, as well as individual and environmental factors at work in the classroom. Explores how instruction and learning are affected by factors such as classroom management, multiculturalism, learning styles, home schooling, peer relationships, school culture, discipline, self-esteem, socioeconomic status, and more.

  • Real-Life Math

    Real-Life Math

    Provides an understanding of commonly studied math concepts by illustrating their use in everyday life in everyday tasks, such as buying insurance, constructing a budget, reading graphs, adjusting cooking recipes or planning for retirement. Topics are designed to support the modern mathematics curriculum and contain examples related to the global economy. 2 volumes.

  • Reconstruction Era Reference Library

    Reconstruction Era Reference Library

    The three-volume Reconstruction Era Reference Library provides targeted information on post-Civil War America, from the end of the war in 1865 to the Compromise of 1877.

  • Reference Guide to Holocaust Literature

    Reference Guide to Holocaust Literature

    Covering the entire spectrum of the literature of the Holocaust era, from the beginnings of Nazism through the concentration camp experience, survivor syndrome and second generation response, this detailed survey includes entries on more than 200 authors and 300 works.

  • Reference Guide to Short Fiction, ed. 2

    Reference Guide to Short Fiction, ed. 2

    Concise discussions of the lives and principal works of short-fiction authors, written by subject experts.

  • Reference Guide to World Literature, ed. 3

    Reference Guide to World Literature, ed. 3

    Covers writers from the ancient Greeks to 20th-century authors. Includes biographical-bibliographical entries on nearly 500 writers and approximately 550 entries focusing on significant works of world literature. Each author entry provides a detailed overview of the writer's life and works. Work entries cover a particular piece of world literature in detail. 2 volumes.

  • Religion: Beyond Religion

    Religion: Beyond Religion

    This book offers a 'state of the art' look at secular life that is focused mainly on, although certainly not limited to, the contemporary American context, covering the secular life beyond religion as well as its intersection with religion.

  • Religion: Embodied Religion

    Religion: Embodied Religion

    This book offers a 'state of the art' look at secular life that is focused mainly on, although certainly not limited to, the contemporary American context, covering the secular life beyond religion as well as its intersection with religion.

  • Religion: Just Religion

    Religion: Just Religion

    This book explores four dominant issues--race, gender, class, and the environment--and addresses each in relationship to religion.

  • Religion: Material Religion

    Religion: Material Religion

    This book explores religion and the arts through visual and material culture, discussing the various aesthetic elements of religious elements in art, architecture, dance, film, music, photography, and more. It also covers the creation of sacred spaces as well as how placement of art can affect the sacredness of material religion through discussion of museum exhibits, calligraphy, relics, and rituals.

  • Religion: Mental Religion

    Religion: Mental Religion

    This volume highlights religion, cognition, and the brain, discussing religious phenomena through different scientific lenses, including evolutionary psychology, evolutionary anthropology, cognitive linguistics, cognition and culture, and neuroscience.

  • Religion: Narrating Religion

    Religion: Narrating Religion

    This volume examines the ways in which people express ideas about religions and within religions, through oral and written speech, rituals, and the visual arts. It covers the role of narratives in the expression of religious beliefs; how narratives help to create and sustain beliefs; how people tell stories about religions; and the ways in which religious beliefs and practices have been interpreted by people who have tried to unders

  • Religion: Secret Religion

    Religion: Secret Religion

    This book explores esoteric or secret forms of religion throughout Western history and in contemporary scholarship. It looks at the margins of religion or religious texts and traditions that are not considered authoritative by orthodox communities.

  • Religion: Social Religion

    Religion: Social Religion

    This book introduces the study of religion through the lens of social science, covering psychology of religion, sociology of religion, anthropology of religion, and the historical method.

  • Religion: Sources, Perspectives, and Methodologies

    Religion: Sources, Perspectives, and Methodologies

    This book serves as a primer to the study of religion. By employing literature, film, art, history, and other disciplines, it begins with a brief history of the modern practice, segues into religion and the social sciences, continues with chapters on Gnosticism, material culture, studies of myths and rituals.

  • Religion: Super Religion

    Religion: Super Religion

    This volume reexamines the supernatural in the study of religion for the next generation of students and scholars. It takes an interdisciplinary approach to a variety of religious traditions to engage with new thinking about such classical and contemporary topics as spirits, possession, vision, deification, the miraculous, magical powers, and the paranormal, relating to such fields as modern medicine, cultural anthropology, folklore

  • Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library

    Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library

    This resource brings the people and the events of the Renaissance and Reformation to life for today's students. Covering everything from Luther's Revolt to the writings of Shakespeare, the Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library fills the need for comprehensive coverage of this amazing time.

  • Renaissance: An Encyclopedia for Students

    Renaissance: An Encyclopedia for Students

    A survey of the Renaissance-era topics most studied in high school world history, art literature, economics and science curriculum. Presents 465 alphabetically arranged entries broadly covering people, places, events, concepts, works of art and literature, and scientific achievements from around 1350 to 1620. For students in grades 7 and higher.

  • Roaring Twenties Reference Library

    Roaring Twenties Reference Library

    The Roaring Twenties Reference Library chronicles and illustrates a time of great social change in everything from fashion to music to politics.

  • Schirmer Encyclopedia of Film

    Schirmer Encyclopedia of Film

    This reference provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to film and film studies, covering such aspects as production, national traditions, studios, genres, critical theory and film history.

  • Scholarships, Fellowships and Loans, ed. 33: A Guide to Education-Related Financial Aid Programs for Students and Professionals

    Scholarships, Fellowships and Loans, ed. 33: A Guide to Education-Related Financial Aid Programs for Students and Professionals

    Provides comprehensive information on sources of education-related financial aid sponsored and administered by private organizations and companies. Covers a variety of programs in all educational areas, including area and ethnic studies, business, computer science, education, liberal arts, medicine, physical sciences, theology and religion, and more. Intended for students and others interested in education funding.

  • Scholarships, Fellowships and Loans, ed. 34: A Guide to Education-Related Financial Aid Programs for Students and Professionals

    Scholarships, Fellowships and Loans, ed. 34: A Guide to Education-Related Financial Aid Programs for Students and Professionals

    Provides comprehensive information on sources of education-related financial aid sponsored and administered by private organizations and companies. Covers a variety of programs in all educational areas, including area and ethnic studies, business, computer science, education, liberal arts, medicine, physical sciences, theology and religion, and more. Intended for students and others interested in education funding.

  • Science in Dispute, Vol. 1

    Science in Dispute, Vol. 1

    This series explores controversial topics in science and technology by featuring informative essays, both pro and con, on the major theories, ethical questions and commercial applications of science from all disciplines. 3 volumes.

  • Science in Dispute, Vol. 2

    Science in Dispute, Vol. 2

    This series explores controversial topics in science and technology by featuring informative essays, both pro and con, on the major theories, ethical questions and commercial applications of science from all disciplines. 3 volumes.

  • Science in Dispute, Vol. 3

    Science in Dispute, Vol. 3

    This series explores controversial topics in science and technology by featuring informative essays, both pro and con, on the major theories, ethical questions and commercial applications of science from all disciplines. 3 volumes.

  • Scientific Thought: In Context

    Scientific Thought: In Context

    Includes original essays written by leading experts in the field, primary source documents that articulate the interrelation of science and society, and sidebars on the cultural, economic, and political issues surrounding scientific thought -- providing insights on leading social issues and exploring the impact of science on society through the ages.

  • Shakespeare for Students, ed. 2: Critical Interpretations of Shakespeare's Plays and Poetry

    Shakespeare for Students, ed. 2: Critical Interpretations of Shakespeare's Plays and Poetry

    Collection of essays by Shakespeare scholars that have been selected for students at the high school or undergraduate college level. Each entry includes an introduction; a plot synopsis; a character list; a discussion of the work's principal themes; information about the style and literary devices used; a conversation about the work's historical context; and a critical overview.

  • Shaping of America, 1783-1815 Reference Library

    Shaping of America, 1783-1815 Reference Library

    This collection chronicles and illustrates the important period between 1783-1815 when America forged its place at home and on the international stage.

  • Short Stories for Students, Vol. 17

    Short Stories for Students, Vol. 17

    Provides critical overviews of short stories from all cultures and time periods. Includes discussions of plot, characters, themes and structure as well as the story's cultural and historical significance.

  • Small Business Sourcebook, ed. 33: The Entrepreneur's Resource

    Small Business Sourcebook, ed. 33: The Entrepreneur's Resource

    Designed to facilitate the start-up, development and growth of specific small businesses, as well as similar listings for general small business topics. Entries are provided on a state-by-state basis; also included are relevant U.S. federal government agencies and branch offices.

  • Social Skills

    Social Skills

    This book helps readers understand and hone the social skills necessary for success. Although the essays offer advice applicable to many aspects of life, the focus is primarily on the workplace. The essays guide readers in effective communication and conduct, emphasizing the characteristics of verbal, nonverbal, and written communication; stress the importance of ethics and etiquette; and provide tips for conflict resolution and tea

  • Something About the Author, Vol. 148

    Something About the Author, Vol. 148

    Provides illustrated biographical articles on authors and illustrators of works for children and young adults, ranging from established award winners to less prominent authors and illustrators whose works are just coming to be recognized, from past centuries through today. Covers such genres as picture books, humor, folk and fairy tales, mystery and adventure, science fiction and fantasy, historical fiction, poetry and nonsense verse, drama, biography, and nonfiction.

  • Space Exploration Reference Library

    Space Exploration Reference Library

    From Chinese rockets of the 11th century to the latest developments in modern space travel, the four-volume Space Exploration Reference Library provides a wealth of information on this still-emerging science.

  • Space Sciences, ed. 2

    Space Sciences, ed. 2

    From the history of space exploration to the future of 'space business', this set offers a broad survey of the space sciences. Includes biographies of scientists and the space-related job market.

  • Spanish-American War

    Spanish-American War

    Covers the underlying causes of the Spanish American war, the battles, and the resolution of the conflict with the signing of the Treaty of Paris.

  • St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide

    St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide

    The 2-vol. St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide provides in-depth analysis of more than 300 key events in labor history over the last 200 years, focusing on the relevance of these events to both the labor movement as a whole and to societal changes around the world.

  • St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, ed. 2

    St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, ed. 2

    Includes more than 3,036 signed essays (300 of them new), alphabetically arranged, and written or reviewed by subject experts and edited to form a consistent, readable, and straightforward reference. Entries cover topics and persons in major areas of popular culture: film; music; print culture; social life; sports; television and radio; and art and performance (which include theater, dance, stand-up comedy, and other live performanc

  • Supreme Court Drama, ed. 2: Cases That Changed America

    Supreme Court Drama, ed. 2: Cases That Changed America

    Profiles major U.S. Supreme Court decisions that have made a significant impact on American society. Each volume is organized by broad legal principles such as individual liberties, criminal justice and family law, equal protection and civil rights, and business and government law. Within this framework, case entries are arranged under the more specific legal issue to which they relate, such as affirmative action, capital punishment

  • Terrorism Reference Library

    Terrorism Reference Library

    This 3-vol. set provides students with an understanding of the complex issue of global terrorism.

  • Terrorism: Essential Primary Sources

    Terrorism: Essential Primary Sources

    These volumes of primary source documents focus on leading social issues of the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. International in scope, each title is devoted to one topic.

  • The African American Almanac, ed. 11

    The African American Almanac, ed. 11

    Provides a range of historical and current information on African American history, society and culture. Includes coverage of such topics as: Africa and the Black diaspora; film and television; landmarks; national organizations; population; religion; science and technology; and sports.

  • The African-American Years: Chronologies of American History and Experience

    The African-American Years: Chronologies of American History and Experience

    Discusses the history of African Americans from pre-colonial times to the present. Includes memoirs, letters, family histories, newspapers, oral histories, and city directories, providing historical evidence to help understand and interpret past events. For high school and college students, as well as general readers.

  • The Ancient Near East: An Encyclopedia for Students

    The Ancient Near East: An Encyclopedia for Students

    Provides an overview of Egypt, Mesopotamia, Iran/Persia, and the Arabian Peninsula, covering more than 4,000 years, from the Early Bronze Age to 325 B.C.E.

  • The College Blue Book, ed. 44

    The College Blue Book, ed. 44

    Guide to thousands of 2-and 4-year schools in the U.S. and Canada. Covers the expected listings and detailed descriptions, degree programs offered, scholarships, and occupational education programs.

  • The Crusades Reference Library

    The Crusades Reference Library

    The three-volume The Crusades covers everything from the First Crusade (1095-99) through the Ninth Crusade (1271-72).

  • The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers, Vol. 1: The Human Rights Years, 1945-1948

    The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers, Vol. 1: The Human Rights Years, 1945-1948

    Chronicling Eleanor Roosevelt's development as diplomat, journalist, and political strategist in the years 1945 to 1948, this publication is filled with original writings and speeches.

  • The Emergence of Cinema: The American Cinema to 1907

    The Emergence of Cinema: The American Cinema to 1907

    Provides an overview of the beginnings of cinema through the first boom in the specialized moving-picture theaters known as nickelodeons, looking at the initial years of projected motion pictures and their aural accompaniment from 1895 to the fall of 1907. Early American cinema is examined as an industry and as an influential cultural practice in the context of a centuries-long history of projected images.

  • The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, ed. 4

    The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, ed. 4

    Covers all aspects of the subject including therapies, conditions/diseases, herbs/plants, and people. Identifies numerous types of alternative medicine being practiced today, including reflexology, acupressure, acupuncture, chelation therapy, kinesiology, yoga, chiropractic, Feldenkrais, polarity therapy, detoxification, naturopathy, Chinese medicine, biofeedback, Ayurveda and osteopathy.

  • The Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer, ed. 4: A Guide to Cancer and Its Treatments

    The Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer, ed. 4: A Guide to Cancer and Its Treatments

    Comprehensive survey of cancers, cancer drugs, traditional and alternative treatments, side effects and diagnostic procedures.

  • The Gale Encyclopedia of Childrens Health, ed. 3: Infancy through Adolescence

    The Gale Encyclopedia of Childrens Health, ed. 3: Infancy through Adolescence

    Provides in-depth coverage of pediatric diseases and disorders, along with issues related to physical, cognitive and behavioral development. Covers every major body system. There is a distinct emphasis on health issues affecting children under the age of four.

  • The Gale Encyclopedia of Dermatology

    The Gale Encyclopedia of Dermatology

    This collection provides a comprehensive guide and unique source of information on skin, hair, nails, and associated mucous membrane diseases and conditions. It provides in-depth coverage of various issues related to dermatological diagnoses and procedures, encompassing information on treatment options, including medications.

  • The Gale Encyclopedia of Diets, ed. 2: A Guide to Health and Nutrition

    The Gale Encyclopedia of Diets, ed. 2: A Guide to Health and Nutrition

    Covers topics such as dieting and popular diets, dietary concerns, nutritional basics, and the effects of a person's dietary choices on one's health. Topics are organized around the development and history of a diet, its basic principles, any key figures that influence the trend, and any public or regulatory concerns associated with the practice. Provides information across all age groups from infants to the elderly.

  • The Gale Encyclopedia of Environmental Health

    The Gale Encyclopedia of Environmental Health

    This title covers topics in nursing and allied health written for students and professionals in the field. Alphabetically arranged entries cover topics in body systems and functions, conditions and common diseases, contemporary health care issues and theories, techniques and practices, and devices and equipment. Covers all major health professions, including nursing, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and respiratory therapy.

  • The Gale Encyclopedia of Fitness

    The Gale Encyclopedia of Fitness

    Covers 300 topics on physiology and fitness, including coverage of Healthy People 2010/2020, the nationwide initiative sponsored by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to improve the nation's health, as well as topics on diseases and conditions related to fitness.

  • The Gale Encyclopedia of Genetic Disorders, ed. 4

    The Gale Encyclopedia of Genetic Disorders, ed. 4

    Provides clear, complete information on genetic disorders, including conditions, tests, procedures, treatments and therapies, in articles that are both comprehensive and easy to understand in language accessible to laypersons.

  • The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, ed. 5

    The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, ed. 5

    Includes information on almost 2,000 medical disorders and concepts. Each article includes in-depth discussion of causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, procedures, and other related topics. Written for a general audience with an authoritative tone.

  • The Gale Encyclopedia of Mental Health, ed. 3

    The Gale Encyclopedia of Mental Health, ed. 3

    Provides detailed information on mental disorders and conditions. Also features entries for prescription, alternative and over-the-counter drugs, as well as the various therapies used to treat mental disorders.

  • The Gale Encyclopedia of Neurological Disorders, ed. 2

    The Gale Encyclopedia of Neurological Disorders, ed. 2

    Provides in-depth coverage of neurological diseases and disorders, including stroke, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson disease, Tourette Syndrome, Alzheimer's disease, cerebral palsy, vertigo, amnesia, and epilepsy, targeted to patients, their families and allied health students. Related topics include communication aids, electric personal assistive mobility devices, medications, and the needs of Alzheimer patient caregivers among other

  • The Gale Encyclopedia of Nursing and Allied Health, ed. 3

    The Gale Encyclopedia of Nursing and Allied Health, ed. 3

    This set provides more than 1,000 entries covering topics in nursing and allied health written for students and professionals in the field. Alphabetically arranged entries cover topics in body systems and functions, conditions and common diseases, contemporary health care issues and theories, techniques and practices, and devices and equipment. Covers all major health professions, including nursing, physical therapy, occupational th

  • The Gale Encyclopedia of Nutrition and Food Labels

    The Gale Encyclopedia of Nutrition and Food Labels

    This guide provides a unique source of information on food, nutrition, food labels, and associated legislation, organizations, and diseases and conditions. Coverage includes various topics related to nutrition and food labels.

  • The Gale Encyclopedia of Pregnancy and Childbirth

    The Gale Encyclopedia of Pregnancy and Childbirth

    This encyclopedia is a source for medical information that covers common and rare disease and medical conditions, immunizations and drugs, procedures, and developmental issues related to pregnancy and childbirth. It particularly addresses women's concerns about their health and their children's health from before birth through age 18.

  • The Gale Encyclopedia of Prescription Drugs: A Comprehensive Guide to the Most Common Medications

    The Gale Encyclopedia of Prescription Drugs: A Comprehensive Guide to the Most Common Medications

    This encyclopedia features entries on the most commonly prescribed drugs. It describes potential side effects, drug and food interactions, recommended dosages, and warnings/precautions.

  • The Gale Encyclopedia of Public Health

    The Gale Encyclopedia of Public Health

    Alphabetically arranged encyclopedia provides coverage of important public health concerns. Topics include diseases and conditions, health and wellness efforts, nutrition, ethics and law related topics and statistics, sanitation issues, and everyday environmental effects.

  • The Gale Encyclopedia of Science, ed. 5

    The Gale Encyclopedia of Science, ed. 5

    Covers all major areas of science, engineering, technology, as well as mathematics and the medical and health sciences, while providing a comprehensive overview of current scientific knowledge and technology. Entries typically describe scientific concepts, provide overviews of scientific areas and, in some cases, define terms.

  • The Gale Encyclopedia of Senior Health, ed. 2: A Guide for Seniors and Their Caregivers

    The Gale Encyclopedia of Senior Health, ed. 2: A Guide for Seniors and Their Caregivers

    Covers various issues related to one's aging body, how diseases affect it, and treatment options, including medications, for said diseases for this population. Also includes topics specific to the aging population, but beyond descriptions of medical diagnoses.

  • The Gale Encyclopedia of Surgery

    The Gale Encyclopedia of Surgery

    Written especially for patients and allied healthcare students by experts in the field, the Gale Encyclopedia of Surgery provides in-depth coverage of approximately 450 surgical procedures and related topics, such as anesthetics, medications and postoperative care. Entries for surgical procedures follow a consistent format, covering definition; purpose; demographic information; diagnosis/preparation; aftercare; risks; morbidity and

  • The Gale Encyclopedia of Surgery and Medical Tests, ed. 3

    The Gale Encyclopedia of Surgery and Medical Tests, ed. 3

    Provides coverage of numerous surgical procedures, medical tests and related topics, such as anesthetics, common lab test and procedures, medications and postoperative care. Entries for medical test and surgical include definition; purpose; demographic information; diagnosis/preparation; aftercare; risks; morbidity and mortality rates; alternatives; and more.

  • The Literature of Autobiographical Narrative

    The Literature of Autobiographical Narrative

    This collection examines works that chronicle a life or are compiled from narrated memories. The entries focus on autobiographies, diaries, journals and oral histories from around the world and various time periods to bring us closer to the human experience of history. Some entries look at those who carry on the tradition of oral history, such the West African Griot, Scandinavian Skald, British and Gaelic bards, and Native American

  • The Literature of Propaganda

    The Literature of Propaganda

    Contains 300 entries that explore literary works that deal with propaganda. The set includes a wide variety of genres and has an international scope. It explores the works of authors shaped by a variety of political, social, and economic movements, and places each work in its historical context. Each entry includes an overview of the work, historical context, primary themes and style, and critical discussion.

  • The Literature of War

    The Literature of War

    Provides historical, cultural and social context of works that focus on armed conflict throughout the world and time. It highlights the realities of war, its impact on society, and how it affects our understanding of it.

  • The Manifesto in Literature

    The Manifesto in Literature

    Spanning from the earliest published examples dating to 16th C. Europe, through the Declaration of Independence, to the 2006 Euston Manifesto, this work describes the authors and their causes, as well as the social, political, economic philosophies that are behind them. The context of history will play an important role in describing the circumstances of their writing and how they were received and acted upon at the time of writing

  • The Middle Ages: An Encyclopedia for Students

    The Middle Ages: An Encyclopedia for Students

    Covers an array of topics on the Middle Ages including daily life, art and architecture, science, religion, politics, women's issues, and more.

  • The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, Vol. 8

    The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, Vol. 8

    Presents original scholarly biographies of notable Americans. Profiles careers and achievements as well as biographical data including family members; educational background; names of spouses and marriage and divorce dates; addresses of residences; and cause of death and place of burial.

  • The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, Thematic Series: Sports Figures

    The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, Thematic Series: Sports Figures

    A two-volume biographical resource for professional sports figures. Presents over 600 entries covering a who's who of American sports, including athletes, coaches, owners, and media personalities. Each entry provides a brief introduction, photo, detailed biography, career highlights, and a bibliography. For general readers.

  • The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, Thematic Series: The 1960s

    The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, Thematic Series: The 1960s

    A two-volume biographical resource for key individuals of the 1960s. Presents 500 entries describing Americans who defined the decade, including politicians, athletes, entertainers, and artists, among many others. The alphabetically arranged entries focus on the individual's activities during the 1960s and include photos and bibliographies. For students and general readers.

  • The Sixties: 1960-1969

    The Sixties: 1960-1969

    Examines the issues of this period, including competition with other leisure activities, transformation of the theater, changes in production, and the arrival of conglomerates.

  • The Sixties in America Reference Library

    The Sixties in America Reference Library

    The Sixties in America Reference Library presents a broad overview of the turbulent 1960s, a decade that forever changed the American social, political and cultural landscape.

  • The Talkies: America's Cinema Transition to Sound, 1926-1931

    The Talkies: America's Cinema Transition to Sound, 1926-1931

    Chronicles the film industry's transition from silent films to sound cinema as it takes a critical step on its way to becoming the modern business enterprise of the 1930s.

  • The Transformation of Cinema, 1907-1915

    The Transformation of Cinema, 1907-1915

    Chronicles the history of the American film business from the days of the little store-show nickelodeon to the premiere of D. W. Griffith's The Birth of A Nation, looking at the imbalance of the 'Griffith did it all' cliche by discussing the efforts of countless lesser-known figures who also helped to create Hollywood and shape the growing American film industry. The effect of the surroundings are all examined for their impact on th

  • The Writers Directory, ed. 34

    The Writers Directory, ed. 34

    Features bibliographical, biographical and contact information for living authors worldwide who have at least one English publication. Entries include name, pseudonyms, addresses, citizenship, birth date, specialization, career information and a bibliography.

  • Tobacco in History and Culture: An Encyclopedia

    Tobacco in History and Culture: An Encyclopedia

    A two-volume survey of how tobacco became one of the most important commodities in the history of world trade and the source of one of the biggest public health concerns in modern history. Presents 136 alphabetically arranged entries on all aspects of tobacco. Illustrated with graphs, charts, drawings and photographs. For high school and college students as well as general readers.

  • Transforming the Screen, 1950-1959

    Transforming the Screen, 1950-1959

    Explores the challenges American cinema faced in the 1950's from the divorce of production companies from theater chains forced by an anti- trust decision, to the growth of television.

  • Twenty-First Century Drama: The First Decade

    Twenty-First Century Drama: The First Decade

    Provides first or unique coverage of both domestic and international works of drama from the first decade of the 21st century, featuring in-depth information on around 175 plays and musicals first produced between the years 2000 and 2009.

  • Twenty-First Century Novels: The First Decade

    Twenty-First Century Novels: The First Decade

    Brings the most important fictional works of the last 10 years into view, discussing plot, characters, critical reception and more. Features broad coverage of multiethnic/multicultural communities and curricula, bringing an insight to readers of contemporary global literature in English translation.

  • U.S. Immigration and Migration Reference Library

    U.S. Immigration and Migration Reference Library

    Chronicles and interpretations of the phenomenal waves of immigration to the United States from the earliest times through the period from 1820 to 1930, when the United States was the destination of some 60% of the world's immigrants -- up to the present day, when restrictive policies have temporarily stanched the flow of immigrants.

  • UXL American Decades

    UXL American Decades

    This series covers 20th-century events and social history beginning in 1900 and ending in 1999, written expressly for middle school students. Each decade is covered in one volume. Topics for each decade include: Headline Makers, Topics in the News, Arts and Entertainment, Business and the Economy, Education, Government, Politics, and Law, Lifestyles and Social Trends, Medicine and Health, Science and Technology, and Sports.

  • UXL American Decades: 2000-2009

    UXL American Decades: 2000-2009

    A cross-disciplinary source for a single, consistent reference to document and analyze periods of contemporary American social history. Covers the first decade of the 21st Century and includes key events and social history.

  • UXL Civics

    UXL Civics

    This reference set supports middle school civics, economics, history, and U.S. government curricula.

  • UXL Complete Life Science Resource

    UXL Complete Life Science Resource

    Features alphabetically arranged entries on theories, concepts, and scientific discoveries and developments pertinent to the study of life science in schools today. Also featured is a chronology of discoveries and a report topic section that suggests a range of research topics and experiment ideas.

  • UXL Doomed: The Science Behind Disasters

    UXL Doomed: The Science Behind Disasters

    This work explores the science behind some of the worst global disasters of the 20th and 21st centuries, including structural and engineering failures, natural disasters, nuclear and industrial accidents, train derailments, and plane crashes. Entries cover physics, engineering, aerodynamics, chemical reactions, computer science, geology, materials science, and more.

  • UXL Encyclopedia of Biomes, ed. 2

    UXL Encyclopedia of Biomes, ed. 2

    Offers detailed comparative essays on major biomes and their component ecosystems. Includes entries on land biomes and water biomes and covers climate, elevation, soil, water bodies, vegetation, animal life, food web, plant and animal adaptations, endangered species, human effects on the biome and the effects of the environment on humans' culture and economy.